- THE VIETNAM CENTER AND ARCHIVE
- Texas Tech University
Aftermath of the Battles
During the early fighting of the Tet Offensive, the Viet Cong successfully exploited the element of surprise and succeeded in striking more than one hundred towns and cities throughout the Republic of Vietnam. As the initial shock of the attack began to wear off, however, the Americans and South Vietnamese were able to bring their firepower to bear against the communist attackers and virtually annihilated them. Thus, in the aftermath of the fighting, it became immediately apparent that the Tet Offensive and the battle of Khe Sanh had both been tactical disasters for the communists. Of the 84,000 communist soldiers who participated in the fighting, some 45,000 were killed. Such a high casualty rate effectively wiped out the Viet Cong as a fighting force, and from that point on, the war became primarily an NVA (North Vietnamese Army) affair. In addition to the massive casualties, the general uprising that the communists had planned for did not materialize. As a result, communist morale suffered a significant setback. The North Vietnamese had always believed that they were fighting to free the South Vietnamese from foreign occupation, but the fact that they did not join them in their fight against the Americans shattered many of their illusions. Despite the lack of an insurrection and the setbacks that they suffered from Tet, the North Vietnamese emerged from the battles more determined than ever to expel the Americans and unite all of Vietnam under their rule, particularly after learning of the reaction to the offensive on the American home-front.