Vietnam Center and Archive Collection Finding Aid

Collection Finding Aid

Title
My Lai Collection
Collection Number
154
Date(s)
Undated
Size
4.0 linear feet
Physical Location(s)
D078.5A
Processed by
R. Frankum, Nov. 2001[Updated: Jan. 2013 by G. Lerma]
Digitization Status
Items from this collection have been digitized and are available in the Virtual Vietnam Archive.

To search for items within this collection, or within all of the holdings of the Vietnam Archive, go to the Virtual Vietnam Archive

Scope and Content

Just over four linear feet of photographs, legal documents, correspondence, handwritten notes, printed materials, and military records document the My Lai incident (16 March 1968) and the subsequent investigation and trial of the participants of the incident by the Department of Defense in 1969. The materials are dated between 1956 and 1973, with the majority of the documents from 1968 to 1972, and are divided into the following categories: legal documents, correspondence, handwritten notes, printed materials, military records, and photographs.



Included in these documents are witness statements of many of the participants at My Lai, which formed the basis of evidence the U.S. Army used to indict Lieutenant William L. Calley, Jr. and others. Also included are legal documents of the court cases between the United States Government and members of Company C, 1st Battalion, 20th Infantry and Department of the Army documents, which explain the procedures of the trial process in a military court of law during the Vietnam Conflict era.



The My Lai Collection has eighteen photographs taken by United States Army photographer Ronald Haeberle, some of which were subsequently published in Life magazine. Haeberle won a Pulitzer prize for these photographs which document the horrific results of the incident. Most of the pictures are quite graphic in their depiction of violence and should only be viewed by a mature audience. The remaining photographs were taken by Defense Department officials to document the My Lai investigation and other biographical information.

Biographical Note

On March 16, 1968, Company C/1st Battalion/20th Infantry under Captain Ernest L. Medina's command executed what was supposed to be another routine search and destroy mission against the village My Lai 4, believed to be a Viet Cong stronghold. Upon entering the hamlet with no resistance, 1st platoon's commander, Lieutenant William L. Calley, Jr., ordered his men to round all of the civilians living there and to bring them to the center of the village. Lt. Calley then opened fire on the unarmed Vietnamese, summarily executing them. The rest of his platoon subsequently looted the hamlet, burned the huts, and shot all Vietnamese that were still alive. The massacre remained covered up until Ronald Ridenhour wrote a letter describing what he knew of the incident to President Richard Nixon and several congressmen and defense department officials in 1969. The letter prompted an investigation and the indictment of several officers and enlisted men on charges of murder and assault with the intent to commit murder. Lt. Calley was the only soldier to be found guilty while the others were either acquitted or had their charges dismissed. Calley was later pardoned by President Nixon.

Rights and Access

Access Restrictions
Collection is open for research

Collection Inventory

Contents
Box
Folder
Location
Legal Documents
1
D078.5A
List of Hearing Testimonies, April 1970 and undated
1
Hearing Testimony - Lawrence Charles La Croix, May 1969
2
Hearing Testimony - William F. Doherty, May 1969
3
Hearing Testimony - Michael A. Bernhardt, May 1969
4
Hearing Testimony - Robert L. Hauck, May 1969
5
Hearing Testimony - Ernest L. Medina , May 1969
6
Hearing Testimony - Manuel Lopez, May 1969
7
Hearing Testimony - Charles C. Calhoun, May 1969
8
Hearing Testimony - L. G. Bacon, May 1969
9
Hearing Testimony - Isaiah Cowen, May 1969
10
Hearing Testimony - Oran K. Henderson, May 1969
11
Hearing Testimony - David Mitchell, May 1969
12
Hearing Testimony - William L. Calley, Jr., June 1969
13
Hearing Testimony - Roger D. Murray, June 1969
14
Hearing Testimony - John H. Paul, June 1969
15
Hearing Testimony - Dan R. Millians, June 1969
16
Hearing Testimony - Lawrence M. Colburn, June 1969
17
Hearing Testimony - Stephen J. Gamble, June 1969
18
Hearing Testimony - Andress Delgado, July 1969
19
Hearing Testimony - Frederick J. Widmer, July 1969
20
Hearing Testimony - Paul D. Meadlo, July 1969
21
Hearing Testimony - Oran K. Henderson, December 1969
22
Hearing Testimony - Eugene M. Kotouc, December 1969
23
Hearing Testimony - Oran K. Henderson, December 1969
24
Hearing Testimony - Oran K. Henderson, December 1969
25
Hearing Testimony - L. G. Bacon, December 1969
26
Hearing Testimony - Oran K. Henderson, December 1969
27
Hearing Testimony - Louis B. Martin, December 1969
28
Hearing Testimony - Frederick J. Widmer, December 1969
29
Hearing Testimony - Oran K. Henderson, December 1969
30
Hearing Testimony - David B. Hein, January 1970
31
Hearing Testimony - Joe Grimes, January 1970
32
Hearing Testimony - Brian W. Livingston, January 1970
33
Hearing Testimony - Dennis M. Bunning, January 1970
34
Hearing Testimony - Mr. Partsch, January 1970
35
Hearing Testimony - Eugene M. Kotouc, February 1970
36
Hearing Testimony - James H. Flynn, February 1970
37
Hearing Testimony - Oran K. Henderson, February 1970
38
Hearing Testimony - Oran K. Henderson, February 1970
39
Hearing Testimony - Dennis Bunning, May 1970
40
Hearing Testimony - James H. Flynn, July 1970
41
Hearing Testimony - Mrs. Pham Thi Di, December 1970
42
Hearing Testimony - Duong Minh, December 1970
43
Hearing Testimony - Nguyen Duc Te, December 1970
44
Hearing Testimony - Ta Linh Vien, December 1970
45
Hearing Testimony - Nguyen Van Toan, December 1970
46
Witness Statements, September 1969 - November 1969
47
Witness Statements, November 1969
48
Witness Statements, December 1969
49
Witness Statements, December 1969
50
Witness Statements, December 1969
51
Witness Statements, December 1969
52
Legal Documents
2
Witness Statements, January 1970
1
Witness Statements, January 1970
2
Witness Statements, January 1970
3
Witness Statements, January 1970
4
Witness Statements, January 1970 - March 1970
5
Witness Statements, March 1970
6
Witness Statements, March 1970
7
Witness Statements, March 1970
8
Witness Statements, March 1970 - November 1970
9
Affidavit - James H. Flynn, July 1970
10
Witness Statements - James H. Flynn, April 1971
11
Witness Statements Against Kenneth Hodges, April 1970 - May 1970
12
Addendum to Witness Statement - General S. W. Koster, December 1969
13
CID Investigation Reports, December 1969 - June 1970
14
Charges and Specifications - Ernest L. Medina, August 1970
15
Statements to Senate Subcommittee to Investigate Juvenile Delinquency, March 1970
16
U. S. vs. William L. Calley, Jr., November 1969 - March 1970 and undated
17
U. S. vs. William L. Calley, Jr., December 1969 - July 1970 and undated
18
Counsel's Oaths, August 1969 - November 1969
19
Court-Martial Convening Orders, August 1969 - January 1971
20
Witness Lists, April 1970 - May 1970 and undated
21
Charles Hutto vs. Melvin Laird, Secretary of Defense, et al., January 1970 - February 1970
22
U. S. vs. Charles Hutto, January 1970 - July 1970
23
U. S. vs. Charles Hutto, October 1970 - December 1970
24
U. S. vs. Charles Hutto, Undated
25
U. S. vs. Charles Hutto, October 1970 - December 1970
26
U. S. vs. Charles Hutto, Hutto's Personal Records, Undated
27
U. S. vs. Kenneth Schiel, May 1970 and undated
28
U. S. vs. Kenneth Schiel, June 1970 - February 1971 and undated
29
Charles Hutto / Kenneth Schiel vs. U. S., Undated
30
U. S. vs. Eugene Kotouc, March 1971 - April 1971 and undated
31
U. S. vs. Eugene Kotouc, Undated
32
Esequiel Torres vs. Albert O. Connor, June 1970 - July 1970
33
Esequiel Torres vs. Albert O. Connor, July 1970 - August 1970 and undated
34
Robert T'Souvas vs. Albert O. Connor, July 1970 - August 1970
35
Robert T'Souvas vs. Albert O. Connor, Undated
36
U. S. vs. Robert T'Souvas, August 1970
37
U. S. vs. Gerald Smith, July 1970 and undated
38
U. S. vs. Gerald Smith, Undated
39
U. S. vs. Max Hutson, March 1970 and undated
40
U. S. vs. Max Hutson, Undated
41
Max Hutson vs. U. S., May 1970
42
U. S. vs. Ardell Faul, September 1965 - June 1970 and undated
43
U. S. vs. Ardell Faul, September 1965 - December 1970
44
U. S. vs. Frank Smith, December 1969 - February 1970
45
U. S. vs. Terry Manion, April 1970 - January 1971
46
Captain Jeffrey MacDonald vs. Major General Edward M. Flanagan, July 1970
47
Oran Henderson vs. Stanley Resor, September 1970
48
U. S. vs. Michael Coates, November 1970
49
U. S. vs. Haywood Barnes / U. S. vs. Sam Barnwell, Undated
50
U. S. vs. Billy Baskette, February 1970 - March 1970 and undated
51
U. S. vs. James G. Entrekin, May 1970
52
U. S. vs. Gilford Tyler, Undated
53
U. S. vs. Williams, Undated
54
U. S. vs. David Mitchell, Undated
55
U. S. vs. William Doherty, et al., March 1970 - April 1970
56
Draft of Court Instructions, Undated
57
Fact Sheet Briefs, Undated
58
Correspondence
3
Ronald Ridenhour, March 1969
1
Defense Counsel, February 1970 - June 1970 and undated
2
Defense Counsel, July 1970 - September 1970
3
Memorandums - Reports of Quang Ngai Province , March 1968 - January 1970
4
Memorandums - General , March 1970 - April 1971 and undated
5
Memorandum for Record, April 1970
6
Memorandums - "Obedience to Orders...", Undated
7
Miscellaneous - James W. Lane, September 1969 - February 1972
8
U. S. vs. William L. Calley, Jr., October 1969 - May 1970
9
Charles Hutto vs. Melvin Laird, Secretary of Defense, et al., January 1970
10
U. S. vs. Charles Hutto, December 1969 - March 1970
11
U. S. vs. Charles Hutto, April 1970 - December 1970
12
U. S. vs. Charles Hutto, January 1971 - March 1971 and undated
13
U. S. vs. Kenneth Schiel, April 1970 - February 1971
14
Memorandums - U. S. vs. Kenneth Schiel, May 1970 - June 1970 and undated
15
U. S. vs. Eugene Kotouc, March 1970 - March 1971
16
U. S. vs. Esequiel Torres, July 1970
17
U. S. vs. Max Hutson, October 1969 - December 1969
18
U. S. vs. Ardell Faul, February 1970 - January 1971
19
U. S. vs. Frank Smith, January 1970 - February 1970
20
U. S. vs. Terry Manion, June 1970
21
U. S. vs. Oran K. Henderson , April 1970
22
U. S. vs. Haywood Barnes / U. S. vs. Sam Barnwell, February 1972 - March 1972
23
U. S. vs. Billy Baskette, February 1970 - March 1970
24
Request for Discharges for the Good of the Service, February 1970 - July 1970 and undated
25
U. S. vs. James Rector, April 1970 - July 1970 and undated
26
National Committee for a Citizens' Commission of Inquiry on U. S. War Crimes in Vietnam
27
Handwritten Notes
U. S. vs. Max Hutson, March 1970 and undated
28
U. S. vs. Frank Smith, Undated
29
Courtroom Notes - James W. Lane, April 1971 and undated
30
Courtroom Notes - James W. Lane, Undated
31
Article 32 Investigation - James W. Lane, Undated
32
Article 32 Investigation - James W. Lane, Undated
33
U. S. vs. Charles Hutto, September 1970 - October 1970
34
U. S. vs. Kenneth Schiel, April 1970 - February 1971 and undated
35
U. S. vs. Eugene Kotouc, March 1970
36
Miscellaneous, Undated
37
Printed Materials
News Releases, March 1970 - September 1970 and undated
38
Map of My Lai 4, Undated
39
Criminal Justice Military Structure, Undated
40
U. S. Army Rosters, Undated
41
Army Staff Judge Advocate Headquarters / Third U. S. Army, March 1971
42
Table of Forfeitures and Detentions of Pay Upon Enlisted Persons, July 1969
43
Enlisted Personnel Reclassification Guidance, July 1971
44
Combat Standard Operating Procedures - 6th Battalion / 11th Artillery, November 1967
45
Americal Division Artillery Field Standard Operating Procedures, December 1967
46
Investigation of Artillery Incidents, January 1968
47
Americal Division - Combat Operations, March 1968
48
U. S. vs. Ardell Faul, June 1970 - July 1970
49
Military Justice Jurisdiction of Courts-Martial, June 1965
50
Trial Technique Handbook, April 1968
51
Personnel Procurement - Regular Army Enlistment Program, May 1968
52
Legal Clerk's Handbook, February 1969
53
General Military Criminal Law and Affirmative Defenses, March 1969
54
Lessons in Military Law, January 1972
55
Exchange Service Personnel Policies, April 1973
56
Military Justice Handbook, November 1962 - May 1969
57
The Judge Advocate General's School, Extension Course - Evidence, July 1968
58
Legal Aspects of Internal Defense / Internal Development Operations, July 1964 - August 1968
59
Documents on International Law for Military Lawyers, Volume One - General International Relations, January 1969
60
Documents on International Law for Military Lawyers, Volume Two - Security Arrangements, January 1969
61
Documents on International Law for Military Lawyers, Volume Three - Status of Forces, January 1969
62
International Law, Volume Two, October 1962
63
Military Justice Trial Procedure, June 1964
64
Military Justice Evidence, June 1962
65
Printed Materials
4
Military Justice, November 1968 - July 1969
1
Procedure for Investigating Officers and Boards of Officers Conducting Investigations, August 1966
2
Disposition of Conscientious Objectors, September 1970
3
Personnel Procurement - Regular Army Enlistment, March 1969 - January 1970
4
The Decisions of the Supreme Court of the United States at October Term, 1945 - The Matter of Yamashita, Undated
5
Department of the Army Pamphlet - Judge Advocate Legal Service, November 1970 and Undated
6
Department of the Army Pamphlet - Judge Advocate Legal Service, Semiannual Index, July 1970
7
Class Q Allotments, February 1965 - 1968
8
Court of Military Appeals - U. S. vs. Nathan Salinsky, Undated
9
Court of Military Appeals - U. S. vs. Ronald D. Cieslak, Undated
10
Court of Military Appeals - U. S. vs. Bill G. Wood, Undated
11
Court of Military Appeals - U. S. vs. Samuel L. Griffin, Undated
12
Court of Military Appeals - U. S. vs. John E. Savoy, Jr., Undated
13
Court of Military Appeals - U. S. vs. Robert H. Hirt, Undated
14
Court of Military Appeals - U. S. vs. Horace J. Noble, Jr., Undated
15
Court of Military Appeals - U. S. vs. Harvey D., Undated
16
Court of Military Appeals - U. S. vs. Martin, Undated
17
Court of Military Appeals - U. S. vs. Wallace M. Wheeler, Jr., Undated
18
Court of Military Appeals - U. S. vs. Schuering, Undated
19
The United States LAW WEEK, October 1970 and undated
20
The Criminal Law Reporter, May 1969 - November 1969
21
U. S. Supreme Court Reports, Ernest A. Miranda vs. State of Arizona, Undated
22
U. S. Supreme Court Reports, William Murphy vs. Waterfront Commission of New York Harbor, Undated
23
American Bar Association - "Lawyers and Law Firms Look Ahead - 1971 to 2000", October 1971
24
Flag Control Procedures for Military Personnel in National Security Cases and Other Investigations or Proceedings, June 1970
25
Demands for Production of Statements and Reports of Witnesses, Undated
26
Materials on the Law of War - Basic Rules and Principles, Undated
27
Compliance with Military Orders in Municipal Law and according to the Law of War, May 1970
28
Military Police - Confinement Procedures, July 1969
29
Third U. S. Army Circular, Personnel - General, Army Command Policy and Procedure, June 1970
30
Treaties Governing Land Warfare, December 1956
31
Grants of Immunity and Military Law, March 1971
32
Developments Under the Federal Tort Claims Act, Undated
33
Pre-Trial Investigation and Court Martial Procedures Under the Uniform Code of Military Justice, Undated
34
"O'Callahan vs. Parker, Where Are We Now?" by Franklin R. Wurtzel, Undated
35
"Is There Justice in the Military?" by Major General Kenneth J. Hodson, Undated
36
Command Information Fact Sheet - Correctional Training Facility, June 1969
37
Command Information Fact Sheet - Guidelines for Handling Dissident and Protest Activities Among Members of the Armed Forces, October 1969
38
U. S. Army Command Information Fact Sheet, April 1971
39
U. S. Army Criminal Investigation Laboratory Newsletter, September 1969
40
The Advocate, November 1969
41
Armed Forces Management, February 1970
42
Armed Forces Journal, July 1970
43
Newsweek, August 1970
44
Castle Courier, September 1970 - December 1970
45
Tropic, December 1970
46
The JAG Journal, December 1970 - January 1971
47
Fort McPherson's Lucky Times, February 1971
48
Liberty Letter, April 1971
49
Master Training Program, Undated
50
Cartoon Captions, Undated
51
Business Reply Mail Cards - American Judicature Society, February 1971 and Undated
52
Military Records
Court Members' Biographies, August 1970 - December 1970 and undated
53
Travel Orders, April 1970 - August 1970 and undated
54
Travel Orders, December 1970 - January 1972
55
Disposition Forms, February 1970 and undated
56
Letter Orders Numbers, November 1970
57
Minutes of I Corps Phoenix Committee, April 1968
58
Military Identifications, May 1960 - December 1967
59
Fiscal Year 1972 Third U. S. Army Reserve Training Expenditures, Undated
60
Photographs
My Lai Incident by Ronald Haeberle, March 1968
61
My Lai Investigation, 1969
62
Eugene Kotouc, Undated
63
Court Members' Profiles, Undated
64

Separated Materials

Photographs
VA025963 - VA026046: 84 photographs taken by United States Army photographer Ronald Haeberle and Department of Defense officials.

VAN019510-VAN019527.

Digitized Materials

Items from this collection have been digitized and are available in the Virtual Vietnam Archive.

To search for items within this collection, or within all of the holdings of the Vietnam Archive, go to the Virtual Vietnam Archive