Vietnam Center and Archive Collection Finding Aid

Collection Finding Aid

Title
Rufus Phillips Collection
Association
USOM/Office of Rural Affairs, Saigon
Collection Number
2397
Date(s)
Undated[Inclusive Dates: 1/1/1962 - 12/31/1967]
Size
3.5 linear feet
Physical Location(s)
D050.7C; D048.2 Oversize; D185.5
Processed by
M. Scheerer, Oct. 2012[Updated: Dec. 2013 by S. Montgomery]
Digitization Status
Items from this collection have been digitized and are available in the Virtual Vietnam Archive.

To search for items within this collection, or within all of the holdings of the Vietnam Archive, go to the Virtual Vietnam Archive

Scope and Content

Approximately three linear feet of documents and photographs from Rufus C. Phillips III's service in Southeast Asia in the 1950s and 1960s first with the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) as part of Edward Lansdale's operation, and later with the United States Agency for International Development's (USAID) U.S. Operations Mission (USOM), Office of Rural Affairs. The documents date from 1962 through 1967 and include information on South Vietnamese provinces; the structure of the South Vietnamese government; and papers on pacification, rural development, and the Viet Cong. Photographs date from mid-1950s to early 1960s.

Biographical Note

Rufus C. Phillips III was born in 1929 and graduated from Yale University in 1951. Phillips joined the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) in 1952 but was given no particular assignment at that time. He volunteered for the U.S. Army in 1953 and completed OCS. He was sent to Korea in 1954 and was soon picked up for CIA service. He was assigned to Edward Lansdale's operation in Vietnam in the American Military Assistance Advisory Group (MAAG), working as an advisor with the Vietnamese psychological warfare unit. He spent the rest of the decade working in Vietnam and Laos. In 1962 President Kennedy charged Phillips with organizing the United States Agency for International Development's (USAID) Office of Rural Affairs in Saigon, South Vietnam, where he was instrumental in developing the Strategic Hamlet Program in an effort to protect villages from Viet Cong infiltration.

Rights and Access

Access Restrictions
Collection is open for research

Collection Inventory

Contents
Box
Folder
Location
Monthly reports of U.S. Operations Mission (USOM) Provincial Representatives, August 1965 and September 1965
1
1
D050.7C
Monthly report of U.S. Operations Mission (USOM) Provincial Representatives, October 1965
2
Monthly report of U.S. Operations Mission (USOM) Provincial Representatives, November 1965
3
Montly report of U.S. Operations Mission (USOM) Provincial Representatives, December 1965
4
Briefing Paper on the Program Activities of the USOM Office of Provincial Operations, December 15, 1964 Public Administration Bulletin, USOM-Saigon, No. 24, August 31, 1965 Selected Officials of Provinces, Districts, and Autonomous Citizens of South Viet Nam as of August 5, 1965 Office of Field Operations Operational Memorandum No. 139-66, August 16, 1966: Revolutionary Development Budget, Expenditure Report, July 31, 1966
5
USOM orgainzation charts, 1962 Provinces of Vietnam, USOM, February 1, 1962: Alphabetical listing with names of subordinate districts and cantons and numbers of villages in each.
6
List and biographies of Key GVN Officials, November 1, 1965
7
Publication, Center for International Studies, MIT, C/67-9, August 1967: 'Parapolitics and Pacification Vietnam: A Study in Applied Cadre Technique' by Stuart E. Methven Field Bulletin - Provincial Operations, Vol. 1 No. 14 Rural Affair Memorandum No. 22-64 - Concept, Principle, and Program of New Rural LIfe Hamlets 'Ap Tan-Sinh' 'Secret' Report - Rural Rehabilitation and Pacification Memo on Pacification
8
Paper - 'Revolutionary Development in South Vietnam: The Next Step' by Ben R. Ferguson and Edgar Owens (3 copies) Report - 'U.S. Policy and Democratic Development in South Vietnam' by Paul Sakwa, November 5, 1963 Report - 'U.S. Organization for the War' 'The New Life Hamlet Program: A Tool for Development in South Vietnam' 'Strengthening South Viet-Nam Politically' 'Building a Politically Viable South Viet-Nam' (with note: SLO Papers with contributions by R. Phillips) 'The Vietnam Problem' Informal Memorandum - Task Force-Vietnam, April 19, 1964 Paper, P-3470 - 'The Short Run and the Long Walk' by Amrom H. Katz, October 1966
9
Paper - 'Towards a Workable Near-Term Agrarian Reform Policy in Viet Nam' by J. P. Gittinger, 1965 Reports - 'Policy and Programmes of Land Reform in Rural Areas' / 'Short-term Program of Land Reform' / Programme Implementation Agenda
10
'Guidelines: Revolving Rural Construction Fund' 'A Proposal for a Joint Vietnamese American Rural Construction Project'
11
Annual Report (Draft), July 10, 1965-July 9, 1966 by Farmers' Service Division (FSD) of Chinese Agricultural Technical Mission to Vietnam
12
Paper - 'The Viet Cong' (Draft) by Bohannan, June 14, 1965 Paper, VCD 46 (English Translation) - "Programme of The National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam'
13
Memorandum RM-5414-ISA, Rand Corporation - 'Viet Cong Cadres and the Cadre System: A Study of the Main and Local Forces (U)' by Melvin Gurtov, December 1967
14
Research Report R-150-64, U.S. Information Agency - 'Hanoi and the South: Propaganda on Reunification', October 7, 1964
15
Office of Provincial Operations, USOM-Saigon, August 1965 - Organization charts, lists, summary Paper - 'Notes on Buddhism' Correspondence, 1985 - re: input for George McT Kahin's book 'Intervention: How America Became Involved in Vietnam'
16
Publication - Preliminary Report on the Achievements of the War Cabinet from June 19, 1965 to September 29, 1965 Pamphlet - Operation Brotherhood International, ca. 1964 Foreign Service Institute Viet-Nam Training Center, Office of Civil Operations Viet-Nam Area Studies, April 17-May 5, 1967 Foreign Service Institute Viet-Nam Training Center, Office of Civil Operations Program - Operations Studies course schedule for May 1967
17
Miscellaneous papers: protest letter, Vietnamese poem 'The Twelve of Us' by Nguyen-Phouc-Thien, Sister City Proposal
18
Booklet - Activity Report: Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam - June 30,1954
19
Vietnam Press Clippings B4-Bd [1954-1956]
20
Miscellaneous, 1954
21
Miscellaneous, 1954-1956
22
Guest List 6, June 1955
23
Temporary Duty Assignment to Vietnam
24
Historical memoranda (Trim Notes, etc.), 1955-1956
25
Memorandum for the Secretary of Defense Deputy Secretary of Defense from Brigadier General Edward G. Lansdale, OSO/OSD re: Vietnam, January 17, 1961
26
Pre-1962 Vietnam Carevelle Declaration by the President of the Republic of Vietnam - Saigon, April 26, 1960
27
A Report on Counter-Insurgency in Vietnam
28
Rural Affairs Evaluation of the State, Hamlet Prequel, June 1 to September 1, 1963
29
Rural Affairs documents, 1962-1963
30
Rural Affairs documents, 1963-1966
31
Population Control
32
John O'Donnell materials file, Vietnam, 1962-1964

correspondence, briefs, memos, repots, handwritten notes and analysis

booklet: Southeast Asian Tribes, Minorities, and Nations
33
A and D Vietnam Papers 1963
34
Memos, 1963 Pre-Coup of President Ngo Dinh Diem
35
Newspaper articles by Joseph Alsop - Saigon, September 1963
36
Vietnam Memos and Correspondence, 1962-1964, bulk 1963
2
1
D185.5A
Memo and Documents, 1963 Post-Coup of President Ngo Dinh Diem
2
Personal correspondence
3
Kennedy Library Materials
4
Newspaper Articles from Times of Vietnam, 1963
5
Booklets: Organization and Functions Manual

Telephone Directory May 1963

South Vietnamese CPSVN Comprehensive Plan

6
Lou Conein testimony re: 1963 Coup
7
Note to File by Rufus Phillips

Monthly Letters [correspondence and memos 1963-1964 of Rufus Phillips, Henry Cabot Lodge, John M. Dunn, and others]
8
Material at the LBJ Library pertaining to Edward G. Lansdale, January 1993
9
Earl Young, correspondence and reports
10
Booklet: Notes on Strategic Hamlets from the Office of Rural Affairs USOM- Saigon
11
Thank you letter From David Bell to Rufus Philips
12
Humphrey, correspondence and miscellaneous, 1965-1968
13
Miscellaneous, 1965-1968 [memos, briefs, correspondence, magazine and newspaper articles on Southeast Asia, Strategy in Vietnam, with the terms 'Pacification' and 'Exit Strategy' recurring many times throughout.]
14
Correspondence from Rufus Phillips to J. B. Killen, Directorof USOM, July 9 1964

other correspondence
15
Correspondence and miscellaneous documents, 1964
16
Documentation on Reorganization and Pacification Support
17
Press about Lansdale Mission, 1965-1968
18
Correspondence and Miscellaneous Documents, 1965
19
Correspondence and Miscellaneous Documents, 1966
20
Miscellaneous papers from 1966 Warrenton Conference
21
Documents re: 1966 Vietnam Election
22
Correspondence and Miscellaneous Documents, 1967
23
Correspondence and Miscellaneous Documents, 1968
24
Papers for Humphrey on Nixon 1968
25
Correspondence concerning Quarter from Rufus Phillips used in HHH Book, by Garrettson III [Correspondence between Rufus Phillips and Chuck Garrettson, June 3, 1986, and 24 January 1992]
3
1
D185.5B
Programme of the National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam, 1961
2
'Vietnam Reconsidered' by Wesley R. Fishel, 1963
3
Outtake about Lansdale from Daniel Ellsberg Book 'Secrets' [Entitled 'Ed Landsale and the Assassination of Ngo Dinh Diem']
4
U.S. Policy In Vietnam: A Synopsis, November 25, 1964

Vietnam: A Test of American Understanding of the Revolution by E.G. Lansdale, October 1964

Dilemma in Vietnam by Dang Van Sung
5
Chapter One of 'A Solution to the Problem of Vietnam' by Houng Van Lac, Spring 1965
6
Maps used for 'Why Vietnam Matters'
7
Documents entitled: 'A Brief Narrative on the Staus and Process of Activities Planned Under the 1965 Rural Construction Program in Phu-yen Covering the period From May 1965 Through September 1965

' 'Aid Program in Vietnam: Office of Vietnam Affairs Agency for International Development Department of State, Washington D.C. 1965'
8
Miscellaneous Documents re: Vietnam 1964-1965
9
Passport

Vietnam Government decrees and U.S. pop- on Pacification 1964 [memos concerning the Republic of Vietnam January to July 1965]
10
Documents re: 1964 Vietnam USAID Training Center Program
11
Documents re: Bohannon Lectures, USAID Training Center, Hawaii 1964
12
Documents re: Tran Ngoc Chau
13
Miscellaneous documents, 1953-2003
14
Miscellaneous srticles re: Vietnam
15
Newspaper Clippings, 1963-1992
16
Book research National Archives MSO 2005-2006: National Archives 1964 to 1965 Kennedy Library [Correspondence between Rufus Phillips and Lt. Gen. (ret) Sam Wilson, Michelle MeMartino, Ed Miller, Ms Maura Porter, Ted Gittinger, Bert Fraleigh, 2003 to 2006]

Memos, 1964

Washington Post article 'His Father's Secrets' August 5, 2005
17
Book research, continued - re: 1993 LBJ Library, Rufus Phillips notes [handwritten notes no date

correspondence

U.S. News and World Report 1983

Memo September 10, 1963]
18
Documents re: LBJ Library, November 1-3, 2001
19
Rufus hillip's copy of USOM/ Provincial Representative Guide
20
Vietnam: A Background Kit
21
US Voluntary Agencies, Foundations, and Missions June 1966
22
Booklet: An Approach to Better Understanding of Vietnamese Society: A Primer for Americans June 1962
23
The American People, Vietnam and the President 1968
24
Booklet: 'The Coup D'Etat of November 1, 1963' (Overthrow of South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem)
25
Indo-China: A Geographical Appreciation 1953
26
Booklets: The US Government and the Vietnam War - Part 1 & 2: Executive and Legislative Roles and Relations
27
Transcript of interview with Rufus C. Phillips III conducted by Charles Stuart Kennedy, July 19, Aug. 15, 1995 - Rufus C. Phillips III, Association for Diplomatic Studies, Foreign Affairs Oral History Program, Georgetown University
28
Interview One of Rufus Phillips by Ted Gittinger, March 4, 1982
29
Interview One of Lucien Conein by Ted Gittinger, November 12, 1982
30
Interview Two of W.J. Jordan by Ted Gittinger, March 20,1985 Interview One of E.G. Lansdale by Ted. Gittinger, June 5, 1981
31
Interview Two of E.G. Lansdale by Ted Gittinger, September 19, 1981
32
Newspaper Articles, Times of Vietnam, September 24, 1962 to October 28, 1964
4
1
D185.5C
Newspaper Articles, Times of Vietnam, September 2, 1963 to November 30, 1964
2
Newspaper Articles, Times of Vietnam, August 25, 1963 to October 1, 1963
3
Newspaper Articles, Times of Vietnam, September 3, 1963 to September 29, 1964
4
The Capriccio Magazine, October 6, 1963

The Times of Vietnam Magazine (newspaper excerpt), August 18,1963
5
Several issues of Kien-Quoc: To Bao Cua Nong Dan August 8, 1963, September 7, 1963, July 15, 1963, August 12, 1963, August 8, 1963

Strategic Hamlets 1962

Excerpt form The Washington Post Magazine April 21,1985
6
Booklets: About Laos Operation Brotherhood- Laos Vietnam Politics 1969 Les Messages Spirites
7
Book Division Numbers, June 1, 1962-November 30, 1963
8
Booklets: Future September 1955 Montagnard Tribal Groups of the Republic of South Vietnam
9
Vietnamese Realities: Saigon 1967
10
Booklet: Vietnam Date Book Vietnam District Chief in Action The Delta Village of My Thuan: Some Administrative and Financial Aspects Southeast Asia Tribes, Minorities, and Nations Southeast Asia Tribes, Minorities, and Nations
11
Focus on Vietnam: The Terror in South Vietnam by Kenneth Gee, Reprint No 9' January 1970 Journal of the Vietnam Veterans Institute Volume 4, November 1, 1995
12
Vietnam Vet's Conference on McNamara: 'In Retrospect'
13
Interview two of Maxwell D. Taylor by Ted Gittinger, June 1, 1981 Interview one of John Michael Dunn by Ted Gittinger, July 25, 1984
14
Interview one of Frederick Nolting by Ted Gittinger, November 11, 1982 Interview one of Willaim Trueheart by Ted Gittinger, March 2, 1982
15
Interview one of Daniel Boone Porter by Ted Gittinger, March 29, 1982 LBJ Library Oral History Collection, Updated November 2005 Interview one of William E. Colby by Ted Gittinger, June 2, 1981
16
Interview one of General Samuel T. Williams by Ted Gittinger, March 2, 1981 Interview two of General Samuel T Williams, by Ted Gittinger, March 16, 1981
17
Interview one of Paul D. Harkins, by Ted Gittinger, November 10, 1981
18
Booklet: Historical Materials in the Lyndon Baines Johnson Library
19
Copy of book: 'From Trust to Tragedy' by Frederick Nolting
20
Except from Keyes Beech Oral History with Ted Gittinger

Interview 1 of Zorthian III LBJ Library

Excerpt From the R. Gilpatric Oral History with Ted Gittinger

Excerpt Stan Karnow interview

Excerpt From interview of Richard Helm September 16, 1981
21
Republic of Vietnam War Cabinet Organization Chart, June 1965
2
1
D048.2 Oversized
Newspaper articles and charts re: Vietnam 1955-1998
3
1
D047.2 (Oversized)
Newspaper articles and charts re: Vietnam1963-1964
2
Complete Set of 1:250,000 Scale Road Maps of Vietnam (9) by National Geographic Service of Vietnam
3

Separated Materials

Books
A Tale of Three Wars by Edward A. Atkeson, 1997.

Adventure in Viet-Nam: The Story of Operation Brotherhood, 1954-1957 by Miguel A. Bernad, 1974.

After the War Was Over: Hanoi and Saigon by Neil Sheehan, 1992.

History and Philosophy of Caodaism by Gabriel Gobron.

Le Caodaisme en Images, 1949.

Lodge in Vietnam: A Patriot Abroad by Anne Blair, 1995.

Modern Guerrilla Warfare: Fighting Communist Guerrilla Movements, 1941-1961,edited by Franklin Mark Osanka, 1962.

My Father the Spy: An Investigative Memoir by John H. Richardson, 2005.

Not a Gentleman's War: An Inside View of Junior Officers in the Vietnam Warby Ron Milam, 2009 (signed by the author).

South Vietnam: Nation Under Stress by Robert Scigliano, 1963.

The Palace File by Nguyen Tien Hung and Jerrold L. Schecter, 1986.

The Politics of Foreign Aid: American Experience in Southeast Asia by John D.Montgomery, 1962.

The U.S. Government and the Vietnam War: Executive and Legislative Roles and Relationships, Part III, January-July 1965, United States Senate Foreign Relations Committee U.S. Army Area Handbook for Vietnam, September 1962.

Vietnam: The First Five Years, edited by Richard W. Lindholm, 1959.

Tale of Three Wars by Edward A. Atkeson, 1997.

Adventure in Viet-Nam: The Story of Operation Brotherhood, 1954-1957 by Miguel A. Bernad, 1974.

Le Caodaisme en Images, 1949.

Lodge in Vietnam: A Patriot Abroad by Anne Blair, 1995.

Modern Guerrilla Warfare: Fighting Communist Guerrilla Movements, 1941-1961,edited by Franklin Mark Osanka, 1962.

My Father the Spy: An Investigative Memoir by John H. Richardson,, 2005.

Not a Gentleman's War: An Inside View of Junior Officers in the Vietnam War by Ron Milam,, 2009 signed by the author.

The Politics of Foreign Aid: American Experience in Southeast Asia by John D. Montgomery, 1962.

The U.S. Government and the Vietnam War: Executive and Legislative Roles and Relationships, Part III, January-July 1965, United States Senate ForeignRelations Committee , 1965.

U.S. Army Area Handbook for Vietnam, September 1962.
Photographs
2 Boxes (188 count & 428 count).

83 count Negatives.

VA066240-VA066956.

VAN019840-VAN019921.
Slides
31 slides Box 1 of 1 (VAS066158-VAS066188).
Maps
Shell oil road Map of Cambodia and South Vietnam, Circ 1960.

South Vietnam, 1 :1, 960,000 scale.

1:250,00 Scale road Maps of Vietnam by National Geographic Service of Vietnam (nine maps).
Museum Objects
2397 musuem4262: Joint American-French Training Mission Shoulder Patch, 1955.

2397museum4263: Lao Civic Action Graduation, 1957 'Lao civic action graduation badge for team members- 1957'.

2397museum4264: Identity Card.

2397museum4265 a,b,c,d: Stamps 'SVN Stamped of Diem'.

2397museum4266 a, b, c, e, f, g: Bank Notes 'Vietnam Currency 1954-55 obtained in Binh Dinh Province in 1955 Dinh Province in 1955 RCP III'.
Periodicals
Vietnam Perspective volume 1, May 1966, Number 4.

Vietnam Perspectives Volume 1, August 1965, Number.

Journal of Vietnam Veterans Institution, Volume, Number 1, 1993.

National Geographic, Volume 134, Number 6 December, 1968.

National Geographic, Volume, 172, Number 1, January 1965.

Time Magazine, Volume 65, Number 14, April 4, 1955.

Time Magazine, Volume 82, Number 19, November 8,1963.

Digitized Materials

Items from this collection have been digitized and are available in the Virtual Vietnam Archive.

To search for items within this collection, or within all of the holdings of the Vietnam Archive, go to the Virtual Vietnam Archive