Vietnam Operations
Operation Name CTZ TAO Start Date End Date Allied Units Involved Enemy Units Involved Allied Operational Strength Enemy Operational Strength Allied KIA Allied WIA Allied MIA Enemy KIA Enemy WIA Objective of Operation Descriptive Narrative of Operation Sources Used in Archive
"The Name of the Operation". Sometimes a Vietnamese and an American name is given. S. Vietnam Corps Tactical Zone (I, II, III, IV) Description of the tactical area of operation. This can include provinces, cities, towns, or landmarks. A listing of the American, South Vietnamese, or other allied units involved in the operation. Each force is designated with its branch of service (e.g. USA=US Army, USMC=US Marine Corps, USAF= US Air Force, USN=US Navy, ARVN=Army of the Republic of Vietnam, VNN= South Vietnamese Navy) A listing of the North Vietnamese and Viet Cong units involved in the operation. Each force is designated with its branch of service (e.g. PAVN=People's Army of Vietnam, VC=Viet Cong) Total number of allied soldiers involved Total number of enemy soldiers involved Allied Killed-in-Action Allied Wounded-in-Action Allied Missing-in-Action Enemy Killed-in-Action Enemy Wounded-in-Action Descriptive narrative of the operation's objectives (e.g. search-and-destroy, reconnaissance in force, etc.) Descriptive narrative of the operation from beginning to end and its consequences. A List of all the sources used to compile the information by title and author.
"Vinh Loc" I Thua Thien Province - Vinh Loc Island 9/10/1968 9/20/1968 2d Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (USA); USN; 54th ARVN Regiment pacification operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
17-65 Phuoc Thanh Province 7/6/1965 7/9/1965 173d Airborne Brigade (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
19-65 (Opord 19-65) III Phuoc Tuy Province 7/28/1965 8/2/1965 173d Airborne Brigade (USA); 1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment to disrupt suspected VC supply route from Rung Sat into III CTZ Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
24 - 65 (OPORD 24 - 65) III Binh Duong Province 9/14/1965 9/28/1965 173d Airborne Brigade (USA); 1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
27 - 65 (OPORD 27 - 65) III Bien Hoa Province 10/23/1965 10/26/1965 1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Abilene III 40 miles east of Saigon, south of Cam My village; Phuc Tuy and Long Khanh Provinces 3/30/1966 4/15/1966 2d and 3d Brigades, 1st Infantry Division (USA)(reinforced by the 1st Battalion of the Royal Australian Regiment and the 161st New Zealand Artillery Battery); 173d Airborne Brigade (USA); II Field Force Vietnam (HQ) D800 main force VC battalion 36 from Company C (USA) 71 from Company C (USA) 81-180 VC search-and-destory operation The major battle of the operation occurred on 11 April when Company C, 2d Battalion, 16th Infantry fought the VC force. The U.S. killed a few of the VC and then followed the retreating soldiers. However, the VC were falling back on their battalion base. The VC attacked with mortar, automatic weapons and human-wave assaults. Company C had to be evacuated by helicopter. Company B reached the battle area before dawn, but there were no other major contacts. During this operation, Allied forces penetrated VC jungle, but the area was still controlled by the Communists. Gen. Johnson, the Army Chief of Staff, realized that more high casualty battles like Operation ABILENE would result in a loss of the American public's support. The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Adair I Quang Nam and Quang Tin Provinces 6/15/1967 6/24/1967 5th Marines (HQ, USMC); 1st and 3d Battalions, 5th Marines (USMC) Search and Destroy Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Adairsville III Ben Hoa Province, defense of Long Binh 1/31/1968 3/8/1968 11th Armored Cavalry (USA) Part of III corps Operation Quyet Thang Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Adams II Phu Yen Province 10/26/1966 3/30/1967 1st Brigade, 4th Infantry Division (USA); 1st Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (USA); 47th ARVN Regiment 18B and 95th PAVN Regiments to protect rice harvest in Tuy Hoa/Tuy An Area Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Adelaide I III III Corps Tactical Zone 5/30/1966 6/9/1966 1st Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (USA) Search-and-destroy operation and security and repair of Highway 16 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Adelaide II III Binh Duong Province 5/31/1966 6/8/1966 search-and-destroy and cordon and search operation suspended June 7 to move troops to Adelaide III Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Adelaide III III? Di An to Phuoc Vinh 6/7/1966 6/9/1966 search-and-destroy, road clearing from Di An to Phuoc Vinh Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Ahina III Binh Duong and Tay Ninh Provinces, War Zone C 5/13/1967 5/18/1967 25th Infantry Division (HQ); 3rd Brigade, 4th Infantry Division (USA); 1st Brigade, 9th Infantry Division (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Aiea III? Hau Nghia Province 8/8/1966 9/1/1966 1st Battalion, 27th Infantry (2d Brigade, 25th Infantry Division, USA) Search-and-destroy Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Ainslie III 8/31/1967 9/21/1967 1st Australian Task Force, Vietnam (HQ); 2d and 7th Battalions, Royal Australian Regiment Resettlement operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Akron III 10 km North of Cu Chi 5/8/1966 5/11/1966 1st Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (USA) search-and-destroy Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Akron (2nd part) III Phuc Tuy and Bien Hoa Provinces 6/9/1967 6/29/1967 1st and 2d Brigades, 9th Infantry Division; 11th Armored Cavalry search-and-destroy Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations in Southeast Asia
Akron II III Long Khanh Province 8/22/1967 8/27/1967 9th Infantry Division search-and-destroy Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Akron III III Bien Hoa Province 9/26/1967 10/21/1967 1st Brigade, 9th Infantry Division(USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Akron V III Bien Hoa Province - Southeast Binh Son rubber plantation 1/11/1968 1/21/1968 1st Brigade, 9th Infantry Division (USA) search-and-destroy operation in conjunction with 1st Australian Task Force operation DUNTROON Preliminary Checklist Of United States Mlitary Operations In Southeast Asia
Akumu / Xay Duong 12-7 III Binh Duong Province 7/8/1967 8/24/1967 1st Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (USA); 7th ARVN Regiment cordon and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Ala Moana III Binh Duong, Hau Nghai, and Tay Ninh Provinces 12/1/1966 5/14/1967 25th Infantry Division (USA) VC to push VC away from a major rice producing area near Sai Gon; search-and-destroy In December of 1966, the US troops occasionally made contact with the VC near Duc Hoa. In 1967 the Division moved to along Highway 1. CEDAR FALLS was taking place at the same time and part of the division temporarily served there. In Late February the divison saw the heaviest action. The 4th Battalion, 9th Infantry and the 3d Squadron, 4th Cavalry engaged in a fight northeast of Cu Chi. After CEDAR FALLS ended, the action shifted to around Duc Hoa. During the time that the 25th Division was carrying out ALA MOANA, elements of the division pariticpated in JUNCTION CITY. Most of the division was assigned to clearing operations during ALA MOANA. However, little contact was made. After the operation concluded, the 25th Division focused on pacification in Hau Nghia Province. The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Alabama III 3/29/1966 3/30/1966 USMC search-and-destroy operations Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Alcorn Grove III Long Khanh Province 3/21/1968 4/6/1968 11th Armored Cavalry (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Alexandria Duc Thanh and Xuan Loc Provinces 12/4/1966 12/5/1966 11th Armored Cavalry (USA) search-and-destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Alice III Tay Ninh Province 9/1/1966 9/7/1966 196th Infantry Brigade (USA) Security Operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
All The Way II Pleiku Province 10/24/1965 11/26/1965 1st Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (USA) in conjunction with Operation LONG REACH Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Allegheny I Quang Nam Province 8/19/1966 8/29/1966 2d Battalion, 3d Marines (USMC) search-and-destory operatoin Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Allenbrook I Quang Nam Province, Go Noi Island, west of Hoi An City 5/3/1968 8/24/1968 7th Marines (HQ, USMC); 1st, 2d, & 3d Battalions, 7th Marines (elements, USMC); 3d Battalion, 5th Marines (USMC); 1st Battalion, 26th Marines (USMC); 1st, 2d, & 3d Battalions, 27th Marines (USMC); 2d Battalion, 13th Marines (USMC) 1,017 clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia; Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton
Allentown / Lam Son II South III Bien Hoa, Binh Duong, and Gia Dinh Provinces 10/21/1966 11/5/1966 2d Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (USA) search-and-destroy Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Allons Dong Nai float bridge 4/22/1968 4/26/1968 168th Engineer Battalions; 100th Float Bridge Company; 573d Float Bridge Company Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Altoona III Bien Hoa Province 1/13/1968 1/23/1968 199th Infantry Brigade (Light)(Separate)(USA) search-and-destroy Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Amarillo III Binh Duong Province 8/22/1966 9/1/1966 1st Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (USA) Security operation, road clearing operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Ambush Ally III Highway 13 3d Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (USA) road and convoy security operation on Highway 13 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Anvil III 8/16/1965 8/17/1965 search-and-destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Apache I Quang Tri Province 6/6/1966 6/12/1966 2d Battalion, 5th Marines (USMC) search-and-destory operations Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Apache Snow I Quang Tri and Thua Thien Provinces, A Shau Valley 5/10/1969 6/7/1969 1st and 2d Battalions, 9th Regiment (USMC); 3d Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (Airmobile, USA)(3d Battalion, 187th Infantry; 2d Battalion, 501st Infantry; 2d Battalion, 506th Infantry in "Hamburger Hill"); ARVN 2d Battalion, 3d Regiment, 1st Infantry Division 29th Regiment (7th and 8th Battalions)PAVN 56-70 (US); 5 (ARVN) 372 (US) 630-977 PAVN to keep pressure on PAVN units and base camps in the A Shua Valley; to disrupt and destroy PAVN units to prevent attacks on the coastal provinces (included battle of Ap Bia Mountain or "Hamburger Hill"); a sweep and clear operation During the operation, most units encountered some resistance from the PAVN. However, the 3d/187th engaged in the most heavy fighting as they approached Ap Bia Mountain (Hill 937). Here the PAVN uncharacteristically decided to stand against U.S. frontal attacks. The 3d/187th assaulted the hill for three days before they were reinforced. Then two other 101st Airborne Division battalions and a battalion from the 3d ARVN Regiment joined the original battalion to fight against the 7th and 8th Battalions of the 29th PAVN Regiment in the major battle of APACHE SNOW. It became one of the bloodiest battles in the war. A two battalion assault nearly took the hill on 18 May when weather forced them back. Finally on the 20 May, the PAVN were forced out of A Shau and into Laos. However, they soon returned after the Allied forces withdrew. This caused more controversy in the U.S. concerning the lives spent to take the territory when it was only abandoned for the Communists to reoccupy. Eventually this led to limitations on U.S. military operations. Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Selby L. Stanton; The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Historical Atlas Of The Vietnam War, by Harry G. Summers, Jr.; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Arc Light (B-52 Raids) South Vietnam and Laos South Vietnam and Laos, flown from Thailand and Guam 6/18/1965 8/15/1973 USAF B-52 Stratofortresses (7th, 22d, 91st, 99th, 306th, 320th, 454th, 461st Bomb Wings VC; PAVN 31 B-52s lost USAF B-52 bombing missions to support ground tactical operations and to interdict enemy supply lines in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia and later to strike at targets in North Vietnam These operations were most often used in close air support (CAS) bombing raids of enemy base camps, troop concentrations, or supply lines. They were usually carried out at high altitudes and often called "aerial excavations" by the ground forces. Most of the sorties were carried out in South Vietnam, though a few were flown near the DMZ. The first ARC LIGHT raid occured on 28 June 1965, and though the media questioned its effectiveness, Gen. Westmoreland continued to support the program. Most missions during 1965 were saturation attacks, with a few tactical support missions. Eventually the need to deliver bigger payloads led to increasing the amount of bombs the B-52D could carry in the "Big Belly" program. In April of 1966, the bombers raided outside South Vietnam for the first time when bombing Laos to stop PAVN inflitrations in the Mu Gia Pass and later the Ho Chi Minh Trail. In 1968, the B-52s supported the U.S. Marines at Khe Sanh and attacked other targets including the A Shau Valley, the Kontum-Dak To border area, and the PAVN/VC infiltration area in War Zone C. Strikes continued throughout 1969. Vietnamizationn began to reduce ARC LIGHT raids during 1970, though missions continued to be flown in Laos and Cambodia. In April 1970, the B-52s flew in COMMANDO HUNT III. In response to the PAVN's Easter Offensive, the bombers participated in raids on Ha Noi and Hai Phong. LINEBACKER I and LINEBACKER II were composed of ARC LIGHT missions. Even though Ha Noi agreed to return to negotiations on 30 December 1972, the bombings continued until 15 August 1973 due to cease-fire violations. At the end of ARC LIGHT, 55 percent of the sorties were flown in South Vietnam. The USAF lost 31 B-52s, 18 to enemy fire and due 13 to operations problems. The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast History
Arcadia I Quang Nam Province 11/8/1966 11/14/1966 1st and 3d Battalions,1st Marines (USMC) search-and-destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Ardmore I Quang Tri Province 7/17/1967 10/31/1967 26th Marines (HQ USMC); 1st Battalion, 13th Marines (USMC); 1st and 3d Battalions, 26th Marines (USMC) search-and-destroy operation renamed Operation SCOTLAND at the end of October and continued Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Arizona I Quang Nam Province 6/13/1967 6/22/1967 7th Marines (HQ, USMC); 2d Battalions, 5th Marines (USMC); 2d and 3d Battalions, 7th Marines (USMC); 3d Battalion, 11th Marines (USMC) search-and-destroy Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Arkansas City I III Phuoc Tuy Province 9/18/1967 9/23/1967 11th Armored Cavalry (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Arkansas City II III Phuoc Tuy Province 9/24/1967 10/9/1967 11th Armored Cavalry (USA) search and destroy operations Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Arlington 1/27/1969 1/27/1969 2d Battalion, 1st Infantry (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Arlington Canyon I Quang Tri Province 7/3/1969 9/21/1969 4th Marines (HG, USMC); 2d and 3d Battalions, 4th Marines (USMC) Clear and search operation; security of Vandegrift Combat Base from rocket attacks Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Asheville III 5/12/1966 5/13/1966 4th Battalion, 9th Infantry (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Ashfield 5/15/1970 5/25/1970 2d RAR/NZ (ANZAC) Battalion Rifle company reconnaisance and ambush operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Ashgrove Tram 3/25/1968 3/26/1968 2d RAR/NZ (ANZAC) Battalion cordon and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Ashland III Bien Hoa and Long Khanh Provinces 5/18/1967 6/8/1967 3d Squadron, 5th Cavalry (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations On Southeast Asia
Atalla III Binh Long Province 1/20/1968 1/27/1968 1st Infantry Division (USA); 2d Brigade and 101st Airborne (USA); 11th Armored Cavalry (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Athens I Thua Thien Province, 25 km south of Hue 5/23/1966 6/25/1966 3d Battalion, 4th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation, patrol and ambush operations Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Atherton 12/10/1969 1/10/1970 8th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment reconnaissance and ambush operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Atlanta III Long Khang, Phuoc Tuy, Hau Nghia and Binh Duong Provinces, the Iron Triangle area 10/20/1966 12/8/1966 11th Armored Cavalry (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Atlanta (2nd part) III Binh Duong and Hau Nghia Provinces 11/18/1967 12/23/1967 25th Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 2d and 3d Brigades, 25th Infantry Division (USA); 5th ARVN Division search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Atlantic City III Binh Duong Province 9/13/1966 9/22/1966 3d Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (USA); 25th Infantry Division (USA); 173d Airborne Brigade (USA) security and search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Atlas I III Binh Long Province 4/3/1968 4/7/1968 1st Infantry Division (USA) security operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Atlas Power III Saigon Area 4/10/1969 The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker
Atlas Wedge III 40 miles northwest of Sai Gon, in the Michelin Rubber Plantation area 3/18/1969 4/2/1969 3d Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (USA); 11th Armored Cavalry Regiment (USA): 25th Infantry (USA); 1st Cavalry Divisions (1st Squadron, 4th Cavalry) VC; 7th PAVN Division 20 (USA) 100 (USA) 421 (PAVN) part of the larger TOAN THANG III Operation beginning on 17 February 1969; to enact the Vietnamization program with securing the local hamlets from VC and PAVN inrfiltration and control, while supporting the ARVN units that were to manage the area. The operation targeted the 7th PAVN Division. Major contact developed on 30 March as the 1st Squadron, 4th Cavalry followed a platoon-sized PAVN force north until the U.S. men came under fire in an ambush. The cavalry-men positioned their armored personnel carriers (APCs) so that all the automatic weapons could be fired at the attackers. The Charlie Troop began to move south. Then Bravo Troop moved in to continue the attack. The PAVN suffered heavily. This operation was followed on 10 April by ATLAS POWER. The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Attala III Binh Long Province 1/21/1968 1/27/1968 2d Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (USA); 11th Armored Cavalry (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Attleboro III War Zone C, Tay Ninh Province 9/14/1966 11/25/1966 196th Light Infantry Brigade and 2d Brigade,25th Infantry Division (USA); 1st Infantry "Big Red One" Division (USA); 1st Battalion, 27th Infantry (USA); 3d Brigade, 4th Infantry Division (USA); 173d Airborne Brigade(USA); 11th Armored Cavalry (USA); ARVN Battalions 9th VC Division (101st PAVN Regiment, 271st, 272d, and 273d VC Regiments) 155 494 1,106 A search-and-destroy operation meant to combat test the 196th Light Infantry Brigade against "light" guerrilla opposition This operation began as a single battalion air assault leading to a search-and-destroy mission. By the time it ended in November, it had expanded into the largest U.S. Joint operation of the war at that time. During Phase I, there was relatively little contact with the VC as the 196th Infantry Brigade conducted operations in the area. In late October / early November(?) the 196th Brigade and the 1st Battalion, 27th Infantry encountered the 9th VC Division. During Phase II, the 27th Infantry and the 9th VC Division's Regiments fought a major three day battle. More contacts with the VC expanded the operation and command eventually passed from the 1st Infantry Division to II Field Force, the U.S. headquaters near Saigon. During Phase III, the 1st Infantry Division took over the fight. Soon afterwards, the 3d Brigade, 1st Division moved into Suoi Da and the 1st Battalion, 28th Infantry moved to a landing zone to the north. The 2d Battalion, 28th Infantry had cleared the area and both battalions were in position by nightfall. On 8 November, reconnaissance-by-fire began under the 1st Battalion's command. The VC began to use intense fire and the VC began to assault the perimeter. 1st Battalion artillery fire and air strikes defeated the VC. The operation included many other battles between the Allied forces and the Communists, but the battle on the 8th was probably the most significant. At its conclusion, a large base camp was discovered which housed one of the largest weapons caches found up to that time. Operation ATTLEBORO illustrated that, due to better maneuverability and firepower, the Allies had an advantage in stand-up fights. This would be tested again in later operations. Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Historical Atlas Of The Vietnam War, by Harry G. Summers, Jr.; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Auburn I Quang Nam Province 7th Marines (USMC) Security of Da Nang rocket belt in 1967 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Aurburn (2) I Quang Nam Province 12/28/1967 1/3/1968 5th Marines (HQ, USMC); 2d and 3d Battalions, 5th Marines (USMC) search-and-destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Aurora I III Long Khanh Province 7/9/1966 7/17/1966 173d Airborne Brigade (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Aurora II Phuong Lam Province 7/17/1966 8/3/1966 173d Airborne Brigade (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Austin III Binh Thuan, Binh Tuy, Lam Dong, Phuoc Long and Quang Doc Provinces 4/12/1966 5/18/1966 1st Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Austin I III Upper Dak Som River Valley 4/12/1966 4/26/1966 1st Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Austin II III Northwest of Phan Thiet, along the II/III CTZ Boundary 4/11/1966 4/26/1966 1st Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Austin IV III Quang Duc and Phuoc Long Provinces 5/1/1966 5/18/1966 1st Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (USA); 173d Ariborne Brigade (USA); 45th ARVN Regiment search and destroy operation on II/III CTZ boundaries near the Cambodian border Preliminary Checklist Of United States Mliitary Operations In Southeast Asia
Badger Catch I Quang Tri Province 1/23/1968 1/26/1968 3d Battalion, 1st Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Badger Hunt I Quang Nam Province, Dai Loc District 11/13/1967 11/29/1967 2d Battalion, 3d Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation coordinated with Operation FOSTER Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Badger Tooth I Quang Tri and Thua Thien Provinces 12/26/1967 1/2/1968 1st Marines (HQ, USMC); 3d Battalion, 1st Marine Regiment (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Baek Ma (Whitehorse) south/southwest of Nha Trang 10/11/1968 11/1/1968 9th ROK Infantry Division Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Baird Silver II Kontum and Pleiku Provinces 4/24/1970 5/4/1970 4th Infantry Division (USA) security operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Bald Eagle III 2/8/1966 2/9/1966 3d Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Ballard Valley I vicinity of Danang 9/10/1970 9/19/1970 1st Marine Division (USA) see operation Dubois Square Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Ballistic Arch I Quang Tri Province - 7 km south of the DMZ 11/24/1967 11/27/1967 1st Battalion, 3d Marines(USMC) helicopter and amphibious assault Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Ballistic Charge I Quang Nam and Quang Tin Provinces - 4 miles southwest of Dai Loc 9/16/1967 9/22/1967 1st Battalion, 3d Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Bangor III Binh Duong Province 9/6/1966 9/12/1966 2d Battalion, 26th Infantry, 1st Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Banish Beach 1/7/1969 USAF to destroy the enemy and to produce a sustained forest fire This was Operation INFERNO until May 1968. Bulk fuel was dropped from C-130s in concentrated areas. The Operation was deemed cost prohibitive based on analysis of missions flown from April 1968 - August 1968. Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Banjo Royce / Quang Trung 23/4 II Lam Dong and Tuyen Duc Provinces 6/7/1968 6/18/1968 1st Brigade, 101st Airborne Division(USA) reconnaissance in force and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Barbara Glade I I Khe Sanh plain and Da Krong River valley 5/15/1970 5/30/1970 Project DELTA Force intelligence gathering Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Barbara Glade II I Khe Sanh plain and Da Krong River valley 6/23/1970 6/30/1970 Project DELTA Force Intelligence gathering Preliminary Chekclist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Barking Sands III Tay Ninh and Binh Duong Provinces; in the Ho Bo Woods, Bui Loi Woods, Fillhol Plantation, and the Iron Triangle 5/19/1967 12/7/1967 1st Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operation Included Operations KAWELA, AKUMU, WAIMEA, and KUNIA Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Barracuda Khanh Hoa Province 8/19/1965 8/20/1965 1st Battalion, 18th Infantry (USA) Search and destroy Preliminary Checklist of United States Military OperationsIn Southeast Asia
Barrel Roll Laos northern Laos; stretching from Vientiane at the Thailand border north to the strategic Plain of Jars and then northeast to the Pathet Lao capital fo Sam Neua bordering Nnorth Vietnam 6/9/1964 4/17/1973 USAF: Hmong and irregular units; Royal Lao Air Force (RLAF); Royal Lao Army (RLA) PAVN; Pathet Lao to support ground forces of the Royal Laotian Government (RLG) and the CIA-trained Hmong irregular forces of Gen. Vang Pao This operation originated in response to the failure of the 1962 Geneva Accords which would have set Laos as an independent and neutral state. In response to the Pathet Lao/PAVN offensive in the Plain of Jars, Johnson approved this air operation beginning in 1964. The attacks began on 9 June 1964. Throughout the operation, the U.S. ambassador in Vientiane controlled the air operations, mainly by validating targets. The operation attempted to support the RLG forces and the Royal Lao Air Force (RLAF). Headquarters 2d Air Division/ Thirteenth Air Force at Udorn, Thailand actually ran BARREL ROLL. Later this unit was designated Seventh Air Force / Thirteenth Air Force. Operations centers were set up in each military region. The American forward air controllers (FACs) not only supported the Royal Lao air and ground units, but also the Hmong units. All of this was risky because Laos and the United States were pretending to follow the Geneva Accords and not place belligerent forces in Laos. Because of Laos' weather, the campaign took on a regular pattern. The PAVN operated as the regular forces while the Loatian were often guerilla units and sometimes poor fighters. The Hmong, who fought for the Allies, used the monsoon season to take the offensive while the PAVN/Pathet Lao forces used the dry season for counterattacks. Though the RLG forces were usually outnumbered and outgunned, they had significant U.S. and RLAF air power support. With this support, they were able to hold their own and even launch successful offensives. In August 1966, the Hmong pushed in close to North Vietnam, but a 1967 counterattack by the Pathet Lao and PAVN overran several key Royal Lao and Hmong positions. The U.S. used its air power to give the Hmong and the RLG the advantage again during the 1967 monsoon season. Then in the 1967-1968 dry season, the PAVN attacked with Soviet supplies. They captured LS85 which had a tactical navigation system defended by the U.S. Seven U.S. airmen were killed. Even though during the 1968-1969 season the Communists were better equipped, the RLG forces enjoyed some of their greatest victories. Aircraft was diverted from ROLLING THUNDER to support the RLG. By September, the RLG forces had taken land all the way to the Plain of Jars as well as supplies and ammunition. The Communist counteroffensive at the end of 1969 and the beginning of 1970 resulted in all the RLG gains being lost. B-52 strike were called to save the situation. 1971 resulted in another Communist success, followed by more victories by the determined Hmong forces. Cease-fire negotiations began on 10 November 1972. The Communists used this time to take more Hmong outposts. On 21 February 1973 the U.S. signed a cease-fire. Though they continued to fly B-52 sorties, these were futile gestures due to cease-fire violations. The last sortie was flown on 17 April 1973. Though the number of sorties and performance of the forces were impressive, all this was futile in the end. The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker
Barren Green 7/24/1970 7/26/1970 III Marine Amphibious force (USMC) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Barrier Reef IV Mekong Delta; extending from GIANT SLINGSHOT on the Vam Co Tay along the Lagrange Canal from Tuyen Nhon to Ap Bac and westward along the Ong Lan Canal to the upper Mekong River at An Long 1/2/1969 USN; SEALORDS VC to construct a fourth barrier by connecting TRAN HUNG DAO and GIANT SLINGSHOT The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker
Bastion Hill I Quang Tri and Thua Thien Provinces - Hai Long National Forest 10/11/1967 10/20/1967 1st Marines (HQ, USMC); 1st and 2d Battalions, 1st Marines (USMC); 1st Battalion, 3d Marines (USMC); 1st Battalion, 4th Marines (USMC); 1st Battalion, 11th Marines (USMC) code name for Operation MEDINA during the 1/3 move into area Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operation In Southeast Asia
Bathurst III Phuoc Tuy Province 10/2/1966 10/27/1966 1st Australian Task Force (HQ); 5th and 6th Battalions, Royal Australian Regiment security and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Baton Rouge Rung Sat Special Zone 9/4/1966 10/8/1966 1st Battalion, 18th Infantry, 1st Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Batten Down / Dagger Thrust 7th Fleet Landing Force to destroy VC Installations and capture or destroy VC personnel and material Originally called DAGGER THRUST. This was a series of short (usually 1 or 2 day) amphibious operations aimed at the destruction of Viet Cong installations and capturing or destroying VC personnel and material. Code name changed to BATTEN DOWN in February 1966.
Baxter Garden/ Lam Son 214 I Thua Thien Province 4/19/1968 4/26/1968 5th Marines (HQ); 1st and 2d Battalions, 5th Marines (USMC) Combat sweep Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Beacan Torch I Quang Nam and Quang Tin Provinces 7/17/657 7/25/1967 III Marine Amphibious Force (HQ, USMC); 2d Battalion, 3d Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation and amphibious assault This operation phased into Operation CALHOUN on June 25. CALHOUN ended on July 1. Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Beacon Gate I Quang Nam and Quang Tin Provinces 8/7/1967 8/11/1967 1st Battalion, 3d Marines (USMC) sweeping mission succeeded by Operation COCHISE Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Beacon Guide I 18 miles southeast of Hue 7/21/1967 7/30/1967 1st Battalion, 3d Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Beacon Hill I Quang Tri Province - northeast of Dong Ha 3/20/1967 3/31/1967 III Marine Amphibious Force (HQ, USMC); 1st Battalion, 4th Marines (USMC) search and destroy Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Beacon Point I Thua Thien Province - "Street Without Joy" area 9/1/1967 9/3/1967 4th Marine Regiment (HQ, USMC); 1st Battalion, 3d Marines (USMC) sweeping mission; amphibious assault Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Beacon Star I Phase I: Quang Tri and Thua Thien Provinces - along O Lau River in the area known as the "Street Without Joy" Phase II: move to Khe Sanh 4/24/1967 5/12/1967 III Marine Amphibious Force (HQ, USMC); 2d Battalion, 3d Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation; amphibious assault Phase II was the "first battle of Khe Sanh." The action moved to Khe Sanh on April 26 and engaged the enemy from april 27 - May 10. Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Bear Bite I 40 km south of the DMZ in the "Street Without Joy" area 6/2/1967 6/12/1967 1st Battalion, 35d Marines (USMC) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Bear Chain / Fremont I coastal region between Quang Tri City and Hue 7/20/1967 7/26/1967 2d Battalion, 3d Marines (USMC) 806th VC Battalion to attack the VC along their exposed section attack on seaward exposed section of the 806th VC Battalion. This operation was phased into Operation FREMONT on July 21. Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Bear Trap III 12/11/1965 12/12/1965 search and destroy Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Beau Charger I Quang Tri Province 5/17/1967 5/26/1967 1st Battalion, 3d Marines (USMC) amphibious assault see Operation HICKORY Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Beau Diddly I 4/22/1967 2d Battalion, 3d Marines (USMC) amphibious operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Beaumauris III 2/12/1967 2/14/1967 Australian search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Beauregard II Kontum and Pleiku Provinces 6/24/1966 7/15/1966 1st Brigade, 101st Airborne (USA) security operation This operation surveyed the Loatian/Cambodian border in the western highlands in the vicinity of Dak To. Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Beaver III 12/17/1965 12/21/1965 3d Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (USA) road clearing and security operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Beaver (2nd part) I 6/1/1966 6/9/1966 USMC search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Beaver Cage I Quang Nam and Quang Tin Provinces - Que Son Valley 4/30/1967 5/12/1967 1st Marine Division (HG, USMC); 1st Battalion, 3d Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation; amphibious assault Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Beaver Dam 4/13/1969 4/19/1969 5th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment protection escort for land clearing operations Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Beaver Track I Cam Lo area south of the DMZ 7/4/1967 7/16/1967 2d Battalion, 3d Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Bee Bee II Bong Son village and Binh Dinh Province 4/26/1966 4/28/1966 3d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (HQ, USA) Show of force Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Beer Barrel III Binh Duong Province 3/1/1966 3/2/1966 3d Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (USA) Route security operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Belfast III Binh Duong Province 8/15/1966 8/17/1966 1st Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Belt Drive I Quang Tri Province - Nhung River south of Quang Tri City 8/27/1967 9/6/1967 2d Battalion, 3d Marines (USMC) This operation was interrupted September 1-4 to take part in Operation LIBERTY. Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Belt Line III Binh Duong Province, Highway 13 2/18/1966 2/19/1966 3d Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (USA) road clearance and security operation on Highway 13 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Belt Tight I DMZ buffer area south of Ben Hai River 5/20/1967 5/23/1967 2d Battalion, 3d Marines (USMC) search and destroy Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Benning / Trail Boss II 3/21/1966 5/5/1966 USA security operation Preliiminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Benning II II 6/6/1966 6/20/1966 USA security operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Benning III II Binh Dinh Province 6/30/1966 7/31/1966 2d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (USA) security operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Benning IV II Binh Dinh Province 7/31/1966 9/2/1966 1st Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (USA) security operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operation In Southeast Asia
Benning V II Binh Dinh Province 9/2/1966 9/29/1966 3d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (USA) security operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Benning VI II Binh Dinh Province 9/29/1966 10/11/1966 2d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (USA) security operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Benton I Quang Tin Province 8/13/1967 9/1/1967 1st Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Bethlehem III Binh Duong Province 10/20/1966 10/24/1966 2d Brigade, 1st Infantry (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Big Horn III Binh Duong Province 10/26/1965 10/26/1965 3d Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Big Horn (2d operation) I Thua Thien Province 4/4/1967 4/21/1967 3d Marine Division (HQ, USMC); 2d Battalion, 4th Marines (USMC); 1st, 2d, and 3d Battalions, 9th Marines (USMC); 2d Battalion, 26th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Big Lodge I Quang Nam Province 1/15/1966 1/17/1966 2d Battalion, 9th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Big Muddy III Saigon River 1/5/1969 1/17/1969 3rd Brigade, 25th Infantry Division Saigon River operations Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Big Spring III War Zone D 1/29/1967 2/16/1967 1st Brigade, 9th Infantry Division (USA); 173d Airborne Brigade (USA) search and destroy Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Billings III Binh Long, Phuoc Long and Binh Duong Provinces - War Zone D 6/12/676 6/26/1967 1st Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Binder I III Bihn Duong Province 11/1/1965 11/1/1965 3d Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (HQ, USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Binder II III Binh Duong Province 11/2/1965 11/2/1965 3d Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (HQ, USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Binder III III Binh Duong Province 11/7/1965 11/7/1965 3d Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (HQ, USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Binder IV III Binh Duong Province 11/8/1965 11/8/1965 3d Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 1st Battalion, 16th Infantry (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Binh Dinh II 8/10/1965 8/11/1965 USMC search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Binh Son Support Chu Lai 12/3/1967 12/5/1967 198th Infantry Brigade (Light, USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Binh Tay I (Tame The West) adjacent III and IV Fishhook and Parrot's Beak areas in Cambodia (Ratanakiri province) 5/4/1970 5/25/1970 4th Infantry Division (USA); 40th Regiment, 22d Division, 2d Ranger Group (ARVN); 23d Division, 2d Ranger Group (ARVN); 2d Armored Brigade (ARVN); 3d Battalion, 506th Airborne Infantry (USA) PAVN B-3 Front in northeastern Cambodia 43 118 212 PAVN Part of the Cambodian Incursion; part one of a four stage operation directed at logistical support complexes of the PAVN in northeastern Cambodia. This was the third MACV Cambodian assault The U.S. 4th Infantry Division did not particpate in this operation for long because it had recently been relocated to the area and had no forward installations and limited logistical support. When the 3d Battalion, 506th Infantry attempted to land , they encountered heavy fire and the insertions were aborted. The next day, the 3/506th and 1st Battalion, 14th Infantry were under heavy fire on the ground. The 2d Battalion, 8th Infantry joined them on the 6th of May. Since the battalions were taking heavy casualties, the U.S. commander decided to turn the operation over to the ARVN. The U.S. withdrew and continued to support the ARVN 22d and 23d Divisions, 2d Ranger Group, and 2d Armored Brigade by air and artillery from inside south Vietnam. Later, captured documents revealed that the PAVN forces had been ordered to avoid direct contact. The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Binh Tay II (Tame The West) adjacent III and IV Corps along the Darlac and Pleiku Province in Vietnam (Ratanakiri Province) 5/14/1970 5/27/1970 40th and 47th Regiments, 22d ARVN Division; 3d Armored Cavalry Squadron (USA) PAVN B-3 Front 1 ARVN 4 ARVN 73 PAVN Part of the Cambodian Incursion; part two of a four stage operation directed at logistical support complexes of the PAVN in northeastern Cambodia This part of the Cambodian Incursion began along the Darlac Province in Vietnam. It was directed at Enemy Base Area 701. The regiments of the 22d ARVN Division were inserted by helicopter while the Cavalry Squadron drove across the border. Contact with the enemy was restricted to security forces and many caches of weapons and supplies were discovered. The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Binh Tay III (Tame The West) adjacent to III and IV Corps Enemy Base Area 740, west of Ban Me Thuot, west of Darlac and Quang Duc Provinces 5/20/1970 6/27/1970 23d ARVN Division PAVN B-3 Front (33d Regiment and 251st Transportation Battalion) 29+ ARVN 77+ ARVN 98+ PAVN Part of the Cambodian Incursion; part three of a four stage operation directed at logistical support complexes of the PAVN in northeastern Cambodia This operation took place in three phases. Phase one lasted from May 20 - June 3; Phase two lasted from June 4 - 12; Phase three lasted from June 19 - 27. During the first phase, the 23d Division was inserted to search for the PAVN 33d Regiment and 251st Transportation Battalion while covered by U.S. artillery and gunships. A ten-truck convoy was destroyed by the ARVN infantry and U.S. gunships. During the later phases, tactical air and gunships attacked the PAVN units in the Nam Lyr Mountains area. The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Binh Tay IV adjacent to III and IV Corps Highway 19; Ba Kev 6/23/1970 6/27/1970 22d Division ARVN task force; U.S. artillery and air cavalry support PAVN B-3 Front 2 ARVN 8 ARVN 6 PAVN Part of the Cambodian Incursion; part four of a four stage operation directed at logistical support complexes of the PAVN in northeastern Cambodia This final Binh Tay operation was unplanned. An ARVN 22d Division task force, protected by the U.S. artillery and air cavalry, sought Khmer refugees at an army garrison and moved them to Ba Kev. From there they were moved to Duc Co in Pleiku Province. By the end of the operation, II Corps ARVN troops had left Cambodia along with 7,571 Khmer soldiers, dependents, and refugees. The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker
Birdwood III Phuoc Tuy Province 6/29/1970 7/23/1970 7th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment to interdict movement to and from the Long Hai Mountains a continuation of operation CUNG CHUNG Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Birmingham III Tay Ninh Province - War Zone C 4/24/1966 5/17/1966 1st and 3d Brigades, 1st Infantry Division; 25th ARVN Division search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Bismark III Highway 16 between Phuoc Vinh and Di An 11/25/1966 12/9/1966 1st Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operation and road clearing along Highway 16 between Phuoc Vinh and Di An Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Bismark / Brunswick III Highway 13 3/24/1966 3/26/1966 USA security operation; road clearance on Highway 13 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Black Ferret I Quang Ngai Province 11/3/1965 11/5/1965 7th Marines (HQ, USMC); 1st and 3d Battalion, 7th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Black Horse II Binh Dinh Province 3/1/1966 3/5/1966 2d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Black Lion III Binh Duong Province 10/13/1965 10/13/1965 2d Battalion, 28th Infantry, 1st Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Blackjack 4/15/1967 5/26/1967 5th Special Forces Group; Mobile Guerrilla Forces 876 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Blackjack 22 II Darlac Province 12/10/1966 1/12/1967 OMEGA Team (B-50 Detatchment); Mobile Guerrilla Force 768 surveillance mission Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Blackjack 23 II 3/3/1967 4/3/1967 Mobile Guerrilla Force Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Blackjack 24 II 3/15/1967 4/30/1967 Mobile Guerrilla Force Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Blackjack 25 II 4/15/1967 5/26/1967 Mobile Guerrilla Force Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Blast Out I 8/2/1965 8/3/1965 USMC search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Blue Bonnet / Red Bayonet II Binh Dinh Province, Highway 19 10/1/1965 10/9/1965 3d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (USA) security operation on Highway 19 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Blue Jay III Tay Ninh Province 8/30/1966 9/29/1966 196th Infantry Brigade (Light, USA) to deploy the 196th Light Infantry Brigade from Vung Tau to Tay Ninh Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Blue Light (Holokai XII) II from Hawaii to Pleiku Province 12/23/1965 1/23/1966 two Military Airlift Command units (USAF); the 60th and 61st Military Airlift Wings (MAW) (USAF); 25th Infantry Division to transport men and equipment required for the 25th Infantry's advance deployment team; to transport the remainder of the 3d Brigade of the 25th Infantry Division; security operation for the arrival of the 25th Infantry Division This was the first major U.S. Air Force airlift operation of the Vietnam War. It transported men and supplies from Hawaii to Pleiku in the middle of an already heavy transport schedule. C-141s and C-133s were used to transport the cargo. In the first phase of the operation, the planes transported the men and equipment of the 25th Infantry's advance deployment team to Pleiku. The second phase involved transporting the rest of the 3d brigade of the 25th Infantry Division. This operation tested the new C-141 and reasserted the usefulness of the C-133. The Air Force managed to place military power in previously inaccessible areas. The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker
Blue Marlin I Quang Tin Province 11/10/1965 11/12/1265 2d Battalion, 7th Marines (USMC); 3d Battalion, 3d Marines (USMC); 3d Battalion VNMC search and destroy operation First joint Vietnamese-US amphibious landing Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Blue Marlin II I Quang Nam and Quang Tin Provinces 11/16/1965 11/18/1965 3d Battalion, 3d Marines (USMC); 11th and 39th ARVN Raner Battalions search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Bluefield III 6/5/1967 6/9/1967 USA search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Bluefield II III 9/23/1967 9/28/1967 1st Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operation, road clearing operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Bob Cat III 1/30/1966 1/31/1966 USA search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Bobcat Tracker III Hau Ngai Province 1/30/1966 2/3/1966 2d Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (HQ, USA) clearing operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Bold Lancer I Cambodia Cambodia 5/4/1970 5/14/1970 1st Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Bold Lancer II Cambodia Cambodia 5/15/1970 6/28/1970 1st Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Bold Mariner / Russell Beach I Batangan Peninsula in Quang Ngai 1/13/1969 two Marine Corps battalion landing teams (USMC); two battalions, 23d Division (Americal, USA) VC 56 USA/USMC 158 VC to support the pacification of the peninsula by clearing out VC forces and converting the Communist stronghold into an area of government control In this operation, the U.S. forces helped to round up VC forces. They relocated civilians to tents where they were screened for VC cadres, and then returned home. CORDS and the government approved these actions because the civilians would be returned to their homes in about a month. When the operation began, the USMC battalions landed on the peninsula while Task Force Cooksey from the 23d Division blocked the southern boundary. During the time of the operation, Army engineers destroyed more than 13,000 yards of underground passages and hiding places along with all the houses in the area of operation. The 23d Division claimed it identified 256 memebers of the Viet Cong Infastructure, though some reports place the number as low as 50. The civilians were not allowed to rebuild on their original home sites, but were moved to new settlements south of the peninsula. It was not untl 1971 when security improved enough to allow the refugees to return home. This operation mainly succeeded in alienating the people. There were no lasting military gains. The area remained insecure and the VC continued to assert a major influence on the people. This operation was later followed by NANTUCKET BEACH. The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker
Bolivar from Lai Khe to Phu Chcong 4/15/1966 4/17/1966 3d Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (USA) road clearing from Lai Khe to Phu Chcong Preliminary Checklist Of United States Mlitary Operations In Southeast Asia
Bolling II Phu Yen Province; Tuy Hao Basin 9/19/1967 1/31/1969 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile, USA); 4th Battalion, 503d Airborne Infantry (173d Airborne Brigade, USA) 715 search and destroy/combat operation against Communists in the Tuy Hao Basin; reconnaissance in force and search operation Lasted from Sept 19 1967 - January 31 1969. It was suspended and then reinstated on 15 October 1968, suspended again on 30 November 1968 and reinstated again on 22 January 1969. Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Bolo North Vietnam Hanoi Area 1/2/1967 1/2/1967 8th Tactical Fighter Wing (USAF); 366th Tactical Fighter Wing (USAF) North Vietnamese Air Force three flights (28 F-4s) 16 MiG-21s no USAF losses 7 MiG-21s and 2 probable MiG-21s ruse designed to engage North Vietnamese MiG-21s Before April 1967, Washington would not allow the Air Force to bomb DRV airfields and destroy the enemy's aircraft while it was grounded. Operation BOLO became a plan to lure the MiG-21s into the air where they could be defeated. F-4s imitated the formations of slower F-105s to convince the DRV that the USAF planes were on a normal strike mission. The MiG-21s that were sent up found the quicker F-4s ready to fight. Originally the mission included 14 flights of USAF fighters: 28 Phantoms from the 8th TFW and 28 from the 366th TFW. Due to weather, the 366th was not able to reach the area. Only three flights actually fought. The dogfight lasted 15 minutes, and the DRV lost seven MiG-21s. The USAF aircraft returned to base safely. This was the largest single aerial dogfight of the Vietnam War. The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Historical Atlas Of The Vietnam War, by Harry G. Summers, Jr.
Bondi I III Phuoc Tuy Province 12/28/1969 12/31/1969 5th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment village cordon and search Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Bondi II III Phuoc Tuy Province 12/31/1969 2/16/1970 5th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment reconnaissance and ambush operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Boone I Quang Ngai Province 3/31/1967 4/7/1967 1st Marine Division (HQ, USMC); 3d Battalion, 5th Marines (USMC); 1st Battalionn 7th Marines (USMC); 2d ARVN Division; 2d ROK Marine Brigade search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Boston III Binh Duong Province 3/6/1966 3/8/1966 3d Brigade 1st Infantry Division (HQ, USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Boudinot II Darlac Province 10/15/1967 12/31/1967 5th Special Forces; 27th MSF Company; Camp Strike Force, Trang Phuc CIDG Camp Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Boulder 1st Battalion, 26th Infantry ca. December 1966 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Boundary Rider III Phuoc Tuy Province 12/27/1968 12/31/1968 9th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment blocking and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Bowen III 5/10/1967 5/12/1967 Australian search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Bowie III Highway 13 in vicinity of Lai Khe 4/22/1966 4/23/1966 3d Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (USA); 5th ARVN Division search and destroy operation; saturation patrolling along Highway 13 in vicinity of Lai Khe Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Box Springs III Binh Duong Province 3/16/1968 3/28/1968 3d Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (USA); 199th Light Infantry Brigade (Light)(Separate)(USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Boyd III Binh Duong Province 9/25/1966 2d Battalion, 28th Infantry (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Brandeis Blue II Binh Dinh Province 7/2/1970 9/1/1970 2d Battalion, 8th Infantry, 4th Infantry Division (USA)
Brandeis Blue I II Binh Dinh, Phu Bon, and Pleiku Provinces 7/2/1970 7/22/1970 4th Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 2d Battalion, 8th Infantry (USA) combat operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Brandeis Blue II II Binh Dinh Province 7/27/1970 8/25/1970 4th Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 2d Battalion, 8th Infantry (USA) combat operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Brandywine IV Dinh Tuong Province 2/20/1967 2/20/1967 3d Brigade, 9th Infantry Division (HQ, USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Breezeway III Binh Duong Province on Highway 13 2/14/1966 2/16/1966 1st Battalion, 16th Infantry, 1st Infantry Division (USA) road clearance and security operation on Highway 13 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Bremerton Rung Sat Special Zone 10/25/1966 11/28/1966 3d Battalion, 22d Infantry (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Bribie III 2/17/1967 2/18/1967 Australian search and destroy operation
Bright Light I Quang Ngai Province 3/9/1971 3/9/1971 198th Infantry Brigade (Light, USA) prisoner of war recovery operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Brisbane 7/16/1966 7/18/1966 6th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Bristol III 4/20/1966 4/21/1966 USA security operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Bristol Boots I Thua Thien and Quang Nam Provinces - Ruong Ruong Valley 4/24/1969 5/15/1969 1st Brigade, 101st Airborne Division Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Broken Hill III 6/6/1967 6/13/1967 Australian search and destroy operations Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Broome III 8/18/1966 8/20/1966 USA search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Brown I Quang Nam Province 6/17/1967 6/22/1967 1st Marine Division (HQ, USMC); 1st and 2d Battalions, 1st Marines (USMC); 4/51st ARVN Regiment search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Brownsville III 3/23/1966 3/25/1966 3d Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Brunswick III along Highway 16 from Phuoc Vinh to Di An 3/24/1966 3/26/1966 USA search and destroy operation along Highway 16 See Operation BISMARCK Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Brush II/III CTZ Boundary 12/14/1967 1/20/1968 5th Special Forces (USA); Mobile Strike Force 25 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Bryan White II Darlac Province 5/20/1970 6/29/1970 3d Battalion, 506th Airborne Infantry (USA); 2d Squadron, 1st Cavalry (USA) Combat Operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Buchanan / Wyatt Earp / Kam IV II Highway 19 3/14/1966 3/21/1966 2d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (USA); 2d Battalion, 35th Infantry, 25th Infantry Division (USA) reconnaissance in force and security operation along Highway 19 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Buchanan II II Binh Dinh Province, along Highway 19 from Qhi Nhon to Pleiku 3/27/1966 5/5/1966 2d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (USA); 3d Brigade 25th Infantry Division (USA) road clearing along Highway 19 from Qhi Nhon to Pleiku Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Buckner II 4/15/1967 5/15/1967 OMEGA Team (B-50 Attachment) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Bucks I Quang Nam Province- 15 km South of Danang 8/2/1966 8/8/1966 3d Battalion, 1st Marines (USMC) search and destroy Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Buckskin III Binh Duong and Hau Nghai Provinces - vicinity of Ho Bo Woods 1/12/1966 1/31/1966 3d Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operation; clearing operation north and west of Chu Chi; follow up to Operation CRIMP Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Buena Vista III Binh Duong and Binh Hoa Provinces 199th Infantry Brigade (Light, USA); 5th ARVN Marine Battalion search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Buffalo (I Corp) I Quang Tri Province, south of the DMZ at Con Thien 7/2/1967 7/14/1967 3d Marines (HQ, USMC); 3d Battalion, 3d Marines (USMC); 3d Battalion, 4th Marines (USMC); 1st Battalion, 9th Marines (1/9)(USMC); 2d Battalion, 9th Marines (USMC); 3d Battalion, 9th Marines (3/9)(USMC); Battalion landing team (BLT) 1/3 from Special Landing Force (SLF) Alpha (USMC); BLT 2/3 from SLF Bravo (USMC); 9th Marines (HQ) 304th, 320th, 324B, and 325C Divisions (PAVN) (especially the 90th PAVN Regiment ) 159 (USMC) 345 (USMC) 1,281-1290 (PAVN) To defend the Con Thien combat base; search and destroy operation This operation followed Operation CIMARRON and was succeded by Operation HICKORY II. Con Thien, because of its position, was widely considered to be the most important natural observation post along the DMZ. Prior to BUFFALO, PAVN troops were positioning across the DMZ to invade Quang Tri Province. On 2 July Companies A and B of the 1/9 came under fire from PAVN battalions in positions designated for regrouping and employment of heavy artillery. Company C was deployed to Company B's area and tanks from Company D were sent. Company D secured the LZ aand evacuated casualties. Later, the 3/9 was sent in to assist the 1/9. There was constant heavy artillery fire and mortar. On 3 July BLT 1/3 joined the battle, as did BLT 2/3 on the next day. The plan was to drive north in an attempt to push th PAVN out of the Lang Son area. Both battalions were under heavy artillery fire. Throughout the night of the 6th, PAVn continued to pressure the Marines. On the 7th Company A pulled back to the battalion perimeter. That afternoon the Marines began to counter the attack with supporting arms, attack aircraft, flare ships, naval gunfire, and artillery. By the 8th the Marines had repelled the Communits and PAVN had withdrawn across the Ben Hai River. The last major conflicts of the operation also occurred on the 8th when Companies F and G fell under fire. The operation had held Con Thien and reaffirmed Marine docterine of coordinating ground and air commands, but PAVN had also increased their use of accurate long range artillery and SAMs. Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Buffalo (III Corp) III 5/19/1966 5/19/1966 USA search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Bull Run I III Phuoc Long Province 8/18/1969 9/24/1969 5th Special Forces Group (USA); 3d Mobile Strike Force Command reconnaissance in force operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Bull Run II III Phuoc Long Province 1/19/1970 3/15/1970 5th Special Forces Group (USA); 3d Mobile Strike Force Command reconnaissance in force operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Bullard II 5/16/1967 6/28/1967 Mobile Guerrilla Force Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Bullseye V II Binh Dinh Province - southwestern Bong Son Plain 1/27/1967 1/31/1967 2d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (USA); 40th ARVN Regiment reconnaissance in force; part of Operation THAYER II Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Bundaberg 10/30/1966 10/31/1966 1st Australian Task Force (HQ); 5th and 6th Battalions, Royal Australian Regiment a COUNTY FAIR operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Bunker Hill IV Dinh Tuong Province 2/16/1967 2/16/1967 3d Brigade, 9th Infantry Division (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Burlington Trail I Quang Tin Province along the Quang Nam Province border 4/8/1968 11/11/1968 198th Infantry Brigade, 23d Infantry Division (Americal, USA); 16th Infantry Brigade (Light, USA); 11th Infantry Brigade (Light, USA) 1,931 Combat Sweep Operation Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Burnham III Phuoc Tuy Province 8/29/1969 9/30/1969 6th RAR/NZ (ANZAC) Battalion reconnaissance operations; land clearing protection, and combined operation with 199th Infantry Brigade (Light) and Royal Thai Army Volunteer Force Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Burtrand II Hon Tre Island - southeast of Nha Trang 11/14/1969 11/17/1969 5th Special Forces Group (USA); 5th Mobile Strike Force Command reconnaissance in force operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Bushmaster III Binh Duong Province 11/14/1965 11/22/1965 3d Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operation south of the Michelin rubber plantation Heavy action on November 20 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Bushmaster Bravo III Binh Duong Province 10/17/1965 10/17/1965 3d Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (HQ, USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Bushmaster II III Binh Duong Province 11/28/1965 12/9/1965 3d Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (HQ, USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Bushmaster III III Binh Duong Province 12/9/1965 12/16/1965 1st Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (USA) search and desroy operations Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Butler I Quang Nam Province 6/9/1967 6/12/1967 1st, 2d, and 3d Battalions, 7th Marines (One company each, USA) search and destroy Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Byrd II Binh Thuan, Lam Dong, Ninh Thuan, and Tuyen Duc Provinces 8/26/1966 1/20/1968 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile); 2d Battalion, 7th Cavalry, 1st Cavalry Division (USA) 849 an economy-of-force operation in Binh Thuan Province; search and destroy operation in support of revolutionary development One or two Battalions were usually involved. This was an independent tast force operation under control of I Field Force. It was suspended from November 30, 1967 - January 8, 1968 for Operation KLAMATH FALLS. Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Cactus II 9/13/1965 9/14/1965 search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Calhoun I Quang Nam and Quang Tin Provinces 6/25/1967 7/1/1967 1st Marine Division (HQ, USMC); 1st, 2d, 3d Battalions, 1st Marines (USMC); 2d Battalion, 3d Marines (USMC); 1st, 2d, 3d Battalions, 5th Marines (USMC); 1st Battalion, 7th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Operation BEACON TORCH phased into CALHOUN on June 25 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Caloundia III 1/9/1967 1/10/1967 Australian search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Cambodian Incursion III Cambodia 4/29/1970 6/30/1970 50,000 ARVN troops (9th, 21st, 22d, 23d, Divisions); 30,000 USA troops (3d Brigade, 1st Calvary (USA); 11th Armored Calvary Regiment (USA); 4th Infantry Division; 3d ARVN Airborne Brigade) PAVN; VC 638 (ARVN); 338 (USA) 4,009 (ARVN); 1,525 (USA) 35 (ARVN); 13 (USA) 10,000-11,349+ relieve pressure on the National Khmer Armed Forces, destroy Communist sanctuaries, capture the headquarters of the Central Office for South Vietnam, demonstrate Vietnamization, buy time for U.S. troops withdrawal, & break the bargaining stalemate Excursions into Cambodia began in April when RVN forces initiated raids against Communist bases in Parrot's Beak. There were 13 major combat operations in Cambodia during the following months, two of which included U.S. ground units. The other operations were accompanied by U.S. advisors and supported by U.S. air assets. In all, this was the largest series of Allied operations since JUNCTION CITY. There were three groups of operations: TOAN THANG (Total Victory) with ARVN III Corps and U.S. II Field Force; CUU LONG (Mekong) with ARVN IV Coprs; and BINH TAY (Tame the West) with ARVN II Corps and U.S. I Field Force. The ARVN units would reach deeper than 60 kilometers into Cambodia, while the U.S. forces would not push farther than 30 kilometers inside the borders. TOAN THANG 42 was an entirely ARVN operation meant to clear Communist base areas in the Parrot's Beak. During some phases of the operation, the ARVN and National Khmer Armed Forces (FANK) worked together. Eventually they had thwarted the Communist plans to overthrow the Lon Nol regime and captured or killed 3,588. During TOAN THANG 43-46, joint U.S.-ARVN operations worked to clear communist sanctuaries in the Fishhook area. The mission largely became one of search-and-destory when it became obvious that the PAVN would avoid open-battlefield confrontations. The 1st Cavalry stumbled across many supplies during this time, and this part of the Cambodian incursion accounted for 3,190 Communist troops killed or captured. Increased Communist activity forced TOAN THANG 46 to end by 20 June. The ARVN operation CUU LONG I began on 9 May to open the Mekong River. ARVN divisions cleared the banks of the river and repatriated nearly 20,000 Vietnamese in refugee camps. In CUU LONG II, ARVN IV Corps and FANK forces worked together to recapture Takeo and clear Routes 2 and 3. Finally in CUU LONG III, ARVN IV Corps again joined FANK forces to reestablish control over towns and evacuate more ethnic Vietnamese. About this same time, the Allies began to attack bases in Cambodia facing II Corps. These operations were designated BINH TAY I-IV and included ARVN 22d and 23d Infantry divisions, the 2d Ranger Group, the 2d Armor Brigade, and two U.S. 4th Infantry Division brigades. However U.S. participation was brief. The 4th Division ws overextended, and upon attempting to insert into Cambodia, they suffered significant casualties and several downed helicopters. By 16 May, all 4th Division troops had left Cambodia and turned the operation over to the ARVN. In BINH TAY II, ARVN units uncovered more supplies and weapons and in BINH TAY III they searched for Enemy Base Area 740. In BINH TAY IV, ARVN troops pushed back to a FANK garrisonn at Labang Siek and evacuated its 7,000 Khmer soldiers and dependents across the border into Pleiku Province. By 27 June, all II Corps ARVN troops had left. U.S. ground troops left Cambodia by 30 June, but ARVN units continued to operate up to 60 kilometers inside Cambodia all the way into 1971. Throughout the invasion, there were 2,328 Communist soldiers who rallied or were captured. Though the Cambodian incursion captured ten times the supplies captured in Vietnam the previous year, temporarily reduced pressure on Lon Nol, lessened dangers to withdrawing U.S. troops, and displayed ARVN improvement, it was not as succesful as believed. It became obvious that the ARVN depended on U.S. air support and had numerous problems on the tactical and organizational level. This appeared again during the operations in Laos in 1971. The Communists quickly returned to eastern Cambodia and seized more towns in southern Laos while expanding the Ho Chi Minh Trail. As the U.S. continued to withdraw, the ARVN had to deploy troops in III Corps and reduce their strength in the north. The Communist threat grew. Meanwhile in the U.S., the anitwar movement gained a new rallying point. In the end, the Cambodian Invasion turned the war into one for all of Indo-China, which ARVN and FANK troops could not defend on their own. Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker
Camden III 1/14/1967 1/18/1967 Australian search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Camden (2nd part) III Hau Nghia and Tay Ninh Provinces 12/16/1967 12/31/1967 2d Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (USA); 49th ARVN Regiment searchand destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Cameron Falls I Quang Tri Province - south and southeast of Ca Lu 5/29/1969 6/23/1969 9th Marines (HQ, USMC); 2d and 3d Battalions, 9th Marines (USMC) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Campbell Steamer I Quang Nam and Thua Thien Provinces 7/12/1969 8/15/1969 2d Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (USA); 2d Battalion, 502d Airborne Infantry (USA) clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Canary III? from Vung Tau and Saigon to Long Binh 11/28/1966 1/5/1967 199th Infantry Brigade (Light) November 28, 1966-December 26, 1966 or December 7, 1966-January 5, 1967 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Canberra III 10/6/1966 10/10/1966 5th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Cane Field I Quang Ngai Province 3/25/1969 3/25/1969 1st Battalion, 1st Cavalry (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Operation In Southeast Asia
Cannon I Quang Nam Province 9/7/1966 9/12/1966 1st Marines (HQ, USMC); 2d Battalion, 1st Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Canyon I Quang Nam and Quang Tri Provinces 4/5/1967 4/10/1967 1st Marine Division (HQ, USMC); 1st Battalion, 1st Marines (USMC); 2d Battalion, 25th Marines (USMC); 2d Battalion, 26th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Capital 10/12/1968 10/30/1968 3d Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment; 4th RAR/NZ (ANZAC) Battalion reconnaissance in force operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Capricorn 5/26/1970 6/11/1970 2d RAR/NZ (ANZAC) Battalion battalion reconnaissance and ambush operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Carentan I I Quang Tri and Thua Thien Provinces 3/8/1968 3/31/1968 1st and 2d Brigades, 101st Airborne Division (USA); 3d Brigade, 82d Airborne Division (USA); 196th Infantry Brigade (Light, USA); 1st ARVN Division search and destroy / combat operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Carentan II (Carrington II) I Quang Tri and Thua Thien Provinces,the lowlands 4/1/1968 5/17/1968 1st and 2d Brigades, 101st Airborne Division (Airmobile, USA); 3d Brigade, 82d Airborne Division (USA); 196th Infantry Brigade (Light, USA); 1st ARVN Division search and destroy / combat operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia; Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton
Carlisle III Phuoc Long Province 4/3/1968 4/7/1968 1st Infantry Division (USA) security operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Carolina Blaster I Thua Thien and Quang Tri Provinces - A Shau and Da Krong Valleys 8/14/1969 9/28/1969 3d Brigade, 101st Airbonre Division (USA); 3d ARVN Regiment clear and search operation redesignated Operation RICHLAND SQUARE on August 17. Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Caroline Hill I Quang Nam Province 4/29/1971 7/1/1971 196th Infantry Brigade (Light, USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Aisa
Carrington II (Carentan II) I Quang Tri and Thua Thien Provinces 4/1/1968 5/17/1968 1st and 2d Brigades, 101st Airborne Division (USA); 3d Brigade, 82d Airborne Division (USA); 196th Infantry Brigade (Light, USA); 1st ARVN Division search and destroy / combat operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Casey 1/21/1968 1/31/1968 11th Armored Cavalry (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Castine III Binh Duong Province 8/19/1966 8/22/1966 2d Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Catawba Falls 9/18/1970 9/19/1970 1st Marine Division (USMC) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Cavalier Beach I Phu Bai; Camp Horn; Camp Hawskins 5/5/1970 5/9/1970 III Marine Amphibious Force (USMC); XXIV Corps (HQ) to transfer command of I CTZ from III Marine Amphibious Force to XXIV Corps XXIV Corps Headquaters moved from Phu Bai to Camp Horn. III Marine Amphibious Force moved to Camp Hawskins. On March 9 III Marine Amphibious Force turned over command of I CTZ to XXIV Corps Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Cedar Falls (Operation Niagara - Cedar Falls) III Iron Triangle, 25 miles northwest of Saigon including the Thanh Dien Forest Reserve; VC Military Region 4 Headquarters; Ben Suc and surrounding villages; Binh Duong, Hau Nghia and Tay Ninh Provinces 1/8/1967 1/27/1967 2d and 3d Brigades, 1st Infantry Division (USA); 3d Brigade, 4th Infantry Division (USA); 1st Division, 26th Infantry (USA); 2d Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (USA); 199th Light Infantry Brigade (USA); 196th Infantry Brigade (Light, USA); 173d Airborne Brigade(USA); 11th Armored Cavalry (USA); 5th ARVN Division; VNN 3d Riverine Company; 30th River Assault Group (VNN???) 165th and 272d VC Regiments; VC Main Force Phu Loi Battalion 72 (USA); 11 (ARVN) 337 (USA); 8 (ARVN) 720-750 (VC) To interdict VC control of the transportation and communications network in the area; search and destroy operation to seal off the Iron Triangle and crush everything within it The II Field Force (IIFFV) chose a "hammer-and-anvil" attack to be used on the target, with the anvil along the Saigon River at the southwestern boundary of the Iron Triangle and the hammer to swing through the triangle. The local residents were evacuated and the area was cleared of vegetation. The plan was only known to a few IIFFV personel and ARVN was not brieffed until two days beforehand. During Phase I, from 5-8 January, the anvil was positioned with the ARVN VNN forces, the 25th Infantry Division, and the 199th Light Infantry Brigade setting up south of the Saigon River. On 9 January, Phase II began with the hammer movement of the 11th Armored Cavalry and the 173d Airborne Brigade and the airmobile assaults of the 3d Brigade, 1st Infantry Division. With two U.S. and one ARVN infantry divisions, this was the largest operation to date. The 1st Battalion, 26th Infantry attacked Ben Suc, the VC headquarters in the secret base area, and three surrounding villages. The battalion was airlifted into the Ben Suc and by midmorning had secured the village. Meanwhile the forces involved in the hammer conducted search-and-destroy methods, searching by day and amsbushing by night. The VC avoided defensive positions as they tried to slip away from the Iron Triangle area. As the operation ended, the 1st Squadron, 4th Cavalry protected the engineer forces still clearing the area until 26 January. CEDAR FALLS provided lessons concerning the infantry and engineers working together to uncover the VC as well as refined the systems for clearing VC tunnel systems and preparing helicopter landings. VC documents revealed much to the Allies about their enemies and the VC were siginificantly setback in the area, though far from destroyed. There were 280 VC POWs. Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Historical Atlas Of The Vietnam War, by Harry G. Summers, Jr.; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Cedar Rapids I 7/17/1966 7/22/1966 1st Battalion, 2d Infantry (USA); 1st Battalion, 26th Infantry (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Cedar Rapids II 7/22/1966 7/24/1966 1st and 2d Battalions, 2d Infantry (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Champaign Grove I Quang Ngai Province - Son Tra Khuc Valley west of Qhi Nhon city 9/3/1968 9/24/1968 11th Infantry Brigade (Light, USA) clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Chapman III 2/16/1967 6/13/1967 USA search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Charger / Lam Son 235 I Quang Tri Province 6/26/1968 6/27/1968 1st Battalion, 12th Cavalry, 1st Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (USA); 1st ARVN Regiment Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Charger Sweep I I Quang Tri Province 12/6/1965 12/9/1965 1st Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (HQ, USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Charleston III 11/27/1966 12/23/1966 2d Battalion, 18th Infantry (USA) search and destroy operations Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Chatanooga III 4/22/1966 4/23/1966 1st Battalion, 26th Infantry, 1st Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Chattachoochee Swamp / Lien Ket 45 I Quang Ngai Province - Song Tea Khuc and Song Tam Rao valleys 6/20/1968 6/30/1968 3d Battalion, 1st Infantry, 11th Infantry Brigade; 2d ARVN Division clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Cheadle Blue II Pleiku Province 5/14/1970 5/28/1970 4th Infantry Division (USA); 2d Battalion, 8th Infantry (USA) combat operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Checkerboard (1st part) III Binh Duong Province 10/1/1965 10/1/1965 2d Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 2d Battalion, 16th Infantry (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Checkerboard (2d Part) III Nam Phan Province ? 11/28/1965 12/16/1965 1st Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Aisa
Checkmate III Binh Duong Province 10/14/1965 10/14/1965 2d Battalion, 28th Infantry, 1st Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Cherokee I Thua Thien Province 5/4/1966 5/7/1966 1st Battalion, 1st Marines (USMC); 2d and 3d Battalions, 4th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Cherokee Trail II Binh Dinh, Kontum and Pleiku Provinces; Highway 19 12/23/1965 12/26/1965 1st Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (HQ, USA) security operation on Highway 19 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Cheyenne I Quang Tri Province - on coast 20 km north of Chu Lai 5/24/1966 5/24/1966 1st Battalion, 5th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Cheyenne (III corps) III Highway 13, Lai Khe to An Loc 8/2/1966 8/14/1966 2d and 3d Brigades, 1st Infantry Division opening and securing Highway 13 also August 1-5 1966 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Cheyenne II I 5/31/1966 5/31/1966 USMC search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Cheyenne Sabre 2/4/1969 4/19/1969 1st Cavalry Division Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Chicago / Buffalo III 5/27/1966 5/28/1966 USA security operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Chieftain Duc Thanh 9/3/1969 10/4/1969 B Squadron, 1st Armored Regiment (Australian) Pacification of Duc Thanh district Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operatins In Southeast Asia
Chinook I I Thua Thien Province 12/20/1966 2/16/1967 3d Marine Division (HQ, USMC); 2d and 3d Battalions, 26th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Chinook II I Thua Thien Province 2/19/1967 4/4/1967 3d Marine Division (HQ, USMC); 1st and 2d Battalions, 9th Marines (USMC); 3d Battalion, 26th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Chisago Peak I Thua Thien Province 7/24/1970 8/11/1970 1st Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (HQ, USA); 1st Battalion, 3d Marines (USMC); 1st and 2d Battalions, 4th Marines (USMC); 3d Battalion, 12th Marines (USMC) Combat cooperation part of Operation TEXAS STAR Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Choctaw I Quang Tri and Thua Thien Provinces 5/21/1967 7/9/1967 4th Marines (HQ, USMC);1st Battalion, 3d Marines (USMC); 1st and 2d Battalions, 4th Marines (USMC); 3d Battalion, 12th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Cimarron I Quang Tri Province 6/1/1967 7/2/1967 3d Marine Division (HQ, USA); 2d and 3d Battalions, 3d Marines (USMC); 3d Battalion, 4th Marines (USMC); 1st, 2d and 3d Battalions, 9the Marines (USMC); 2d Battalion, 26th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation replaced by Operation PRARIE IV Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Cincinnati III 5/18/1967 5/23/1967 173d Airborne Division search and destroy Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Circle Pines III Hau Nghia Province - Ho Bo Woods and Filhol Rubber Plantation 3/28/1966 4/5/1966 2d Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (USA); 7th ARVN Regiment search and destroy operation First operation in which massed armored battalions were used. Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Citrus I Quang Nam Province 12/15/1967 12/23/1967 7th Marine Regiment (HQ); 3d Battalion, 7th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operations Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Claiborne Chute I Quang Tri and Thua Thien Provinces - vicinity of Hue 8/15/1969 9/28/1969 2d Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (USA) clear and search operation, security for rice harvest Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Clarksville III Bien Hoa Province 3/23/1968 4/7/1968 3d Brigade, 101st Airborne (USA) security operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Clay I Quang Tri Province 1/31/1967 2/3/1967 1st Battalion, 5th Marines (USMC) search and destroy Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Clean House I II Binh Dinh Province 12/16/1965 12/19/1965 3d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (USA) search and destroy Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Clean House II II Binh Dinh Province 12/19/1965 12/22/1965 3d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division search and destroy Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Clean House III II Binh Dinh Province 12/27/1965 12/31/1965 3d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Clean Sweep III Hau Nghia Province 2/22/1966 2/24/1966 2d Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (HQ, USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Clean Sweep (part 2 ) III Hau Nghia Province 12/30/1968 12/30/1968 2d Brigade, 25th Infantry Dviision (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Cleansweep I II Pleiku ProvinceCamp Enari TAOR 7/20/1968 7/20/1968 4th Infantry Division Artillery (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Clearwater I 1/1/1968 3/1/1973 USN to interdict enemy bases and lines of communications on inland waterways in I CTZ Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Clemens Green (Darlac Province) II Darlac Province 6/26/1970 4th Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 2d Battalion, 35th Infantry (USA) highway security Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southwest Asia
Clemens Green (Pleiku Province) II Pleiku Province 6/24/1970 6/26/1970 4th Infantry Division security operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeasst Asia
Cleveland I Quang Nam Province 1/24/1967 1/25/1967 2d Battalion, 4th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Cliff Dweller III Tay Ninh Province - Nui Ba Den (Black Virgin Mountain) 10/21/1969 10/24/1969 1st Brigade, 24th Infantry Division (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Cliff Dweller IV III Tay Ninh Province - Nui Ba Den 1/4/1970 1/11/1970 1st Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Clifton Corral War Zone D 4/15/1968 4/26/1968 11th Armored Cavalry (USA) armored cavalry raid and reconnaissance in force part of Operation TOAN THANG Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Clinch Valley I Quang Tri Province - Khe Sanh Plain 7/9/1970 7/15/1970 3d Brigade, 101st Airborne Division; 1st ARVN Division combat operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Coberg III Bien Hoa and Phuoc Tuy Provinces - east of Bien Hao 1/24/1968 3/1/1968 1st Australian Task Force (HQ); 2d, 3d and 7th Battalions, Royal Australian Regiment; A Squadron, 3d Cavalry Regiment reconnaissance in force operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Cobra / Settlement II Binh Dinh Province along Highway 19 10/9/1965 11/1/1965 2d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (HQ, USA) security of Highway 19 became Operation SETTLEMENT ca. October 16, 1965 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Cochise I Quang Nam and Quang Tin Provinces 8/11/1968 8/28/1968 1st Marine Division Task Force X-Ray (USMC); 1st Battalion, 3d Marines (USMC); 1st and 3d Battalions, 5th Marines (USMC); 2d Battalion, 11th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Cochise Green / Dan Sinh I & II Binh Dinh and Quang Ngai Provinces 3/30/1968 1/31/1969 173d Airborne Brigade (USA); 4th Infanry Division (elements, USA) 929 combat operation; reconnaissance in force and search; reconnaissance in force and pacification follow up to Operation PARTICK Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Coco Palms III Binh Duong and Hau Nghia Provinces - northwest of Cu Chi; Boi Loi Woods 6/25/1966 7/1/1966 1st Battalion, 5th Infantry, 25th Infantry Division search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Cocoa Beach III Binh Duong Province 3/3/1966 3/6/1966 3d Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (HQ, USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Coffee I Quang Nam Province 9/24/1966 9/24/1966 2d Battalion, 1st Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Colby III 1/19/1967 1/27/1967 USA search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Cold Steel II 9/10/1965 9/11/1965 search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Colgate I Thua Thien Province 6/6/1967 6/11/1967 4th Marines (HQ, USMC); 1st Battalion 3d Marines (USMC); 3d Battalion 12th Marines (USMC); 2d and 3d Battalions, 26th Marines (one company each, USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Colorado / Lien Ket 52 I Quang Nan & Quang Tin Provinces 8/5/1966 8/22/1966 5th Marines (HQ, USMC); 1st, 2d and 3d Battalions, 5th Marines (USMC): 1st, 3d and 4th VNMC Battalions; 35th and 39th ARVN Ranger Battalions 674 search and destroy operation Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Comeback Ridge I Thua Thien Province 8/13/1970 8/20/1970 3d Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Commanche Falls I Quang Tri and Thua Thien Provinces 9/10/1960 11/7/1968 1st Cavalry Division (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Commanche Falls I I Quang Tri and Thua Thien Provinces 9/10/1968 10/3/1968 1st Cavalry Division (USA); 1st ARVN Division clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Commanche Falls II I Quang Tri and Thua Thien Provinces 10/3/1968 11/2/1968 1st Cavalry Division (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Commanche Falls III I Southeast of Quang Tri City 11/2/1968 11/15/1968 1st Cavalry Division (USA); 1st Brigade, 5th Infantry Division (USA); 1st ARVN Division Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Commando Hunt Laos Ho Chi Minh Trail 11/15/1968 4/10/1972 USAF, USN, USMC, Royal Laotian Air force PAVN to reduce the flow of PAVN troops and supplies from North Vietnam into South Vietnam and Cambodia; to destroy trucks, supply caches, storage bases, the trail support structure, and the topography around th trail; to test sesnor devices During this time Laos became the third most bombed country in history. Each campaign in the operation lasted about six months and alternated between wet and dry seasons. Mostly the Air Force conducted these operations, though the U.S. Navy, Marines, and Royal Laotian Air Force also participated. The bombings focused on truck parks and storage areas during the day. At night, the planes attacked trucks. Also, passes from the DRV into Laos were bombed to casue landslides and at times RANCH HAND defoliation missions were flown along the trail. Predetermined sites were bombed near Tchepone, a key trans-shipment point, and in the four passes leading into Laos. However, COMMANDO HUNT failed due to the ability of the PAVN to control the war in the south and so control the amount of the supplies they needed. Also, the Ho Chi Minh Trail was all either paved or dirt road. There were no railroad yards or steal and concrete bridges to repair. The U.S. tried to measure their success by truck count, but these numbers were wildly estimated. At one time more trucks were reported destroyed than the CIA had estimated existed in the DRV. When the spring offensive began in 1972, COMMANDO HUNT was canceled, though bombing of the Ho Chi Minh Trail continued. The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Commando Vault 3/13/1969 to create landing zones for helocopters air delivery of 10,000 pound bombs (M121) to create LZs for helicopters Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Con Thien, Siege of I Con Thien, 14 miles inland from the South China Sea, 2 miles south of the DMZ 10/31/1967 2d Battalion, 4th Marines (USMC); 3d Battalion, 9th Regiment (USMC); 11th, 12th, and 13th Marine artillery regiments (USMC); III Marine Amphibious Force artillery (USMC); 2d Battalion, 94th Artillery (USA); 8th Battalion, 4th Artillery (USA); naval warships offshore 324B PAVN Division 1,117+ (PAVN) (over 1,800 killed and wounded) over 1,800 killed and wounded (PAVN) to defend Con Thien against PAVN attackers and keep the hill open to monitor the enemy's principle supply routes into South Vietnam During July, the PAVN had attacked the hill of Con Thien from the DMZ. However, these forces were driven back by the Marines. Then again in September, the hill was attacked by the 324B PAVN Division. Con Thien experienced one of the heaviest shellings of the war. In early September, Marines engaged PAVN forces south of the hill. The 3d Battalion, 26 Marines fought a battle with the PAVN on 10 September, which foiled a major PAVN attack. Later, the PAVN attacked the perimeter. However, they were not able to breach the defensive wire. The Marines sent two more battalions to reinforce the hill, and the PAVN increased their artillery fire. This bombardment peaked from 19-27 September. The U.S. responded to all of this with great amounts of firepower. The combat had taken heavy casualties, though. The 2d Battalion, 4th Marines were reduced from 952 to about 300 men by the end of October. However, the area remained unforgiving as the monsoon season made the environment very difficult to operate in. The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Historical Atlas Of The Vietnam War, by Harry G. Summers
Concord II Binh Dinh Province 10/10/1965 10/14/1965 1st Cavalry Division (HQ, USA); 3d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Concordia III Long An Province 6/19/1967 2d Brigade, 9th Infantry Division (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Concordia Square / Lamson 224 I Quang Tri Province 5/8/1968 5/16/1968 2d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Concrete I 4/19/1970 5/7/1970 7th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment reconnaissance and ambush operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Concrete II 5/8/1970 6/11/1970 7th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment reconnaissance and ambush operation Preliminary Checklist Of Untied States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Cook I Quang Ngai Province 9/2/1967 9/10/1967 23d Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 3d Brigade, 4th Infantry Division (USA); 1st Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (USA); 196th Infantry Brigade (Light, USA) cordon and search, search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Cooktown Orchid III Phuoc Tuy Province 4/1/1968 4/24/1968 1st Australian Task Force (HQ); 2d Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment security operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Cooparoo III 6/21/1967 Australian search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Copperhead III Bien Hoa and Long Khanh Provinces 11/3/1965 11/8/1965 1st Battalion, 18th Infantry (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Corn II Binh Dinh Province 11/14/1965 11/15/1965 2d Battalion, 12th Cavalry (USA) Search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Coronado I Cam Son Secret Zone 6/7/1967 6/8/1967 Task Force 117 (HQ); RAG 9 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Coronado I - XI IV Mekong Delta and the Rung Sat Special Zone Mobile Riverine Forces 263d and 516th Main Force VC battalions To push the VC out of the Mekong delta These were wide-ranging riverine and combined airmobile and riverine operations from June 1967 to July 1968. There were no major battles, but the VC were pushed back from the population centers and Highway 4 was reopened. Historical Atlas Of The Vietnam War, by Harry G. Summers; The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker
Coronado II / Song Thang 3 IV Dinh Tuong Province 7/7/1967 8/3/1967 2d Brigade, 9th Infantry Division (Mobile Riverine Force); 44th ARVN Ranger Battalion search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Coronado IV III Long An Province 8/20/1967 9/9/1967 2d Brigade, 9th Infantry Division (Mobile Riverine Force) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Coronado IX IV Dinh Tuong, Kien Hao, and Kien Phong Provinces 11/1/1967 1/18/1968 2d Brigade, 9th Infantry Division (Mobile Riverine Force); US Navy Task Force 117; 5th Battalion VNMC search and destroy operation suspended November 17-27 1967 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Coronado V IV Dinh Tuong Province 9/12/1967 10/8/1967 2d Brigade, 9th Infantry Division (Mobile Riverine Force) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Coronado VI III 10/11/1967 10/20/1967 2d Brigade, 9th Infantry Division (Mobile Riverine Force) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Coronado VII III 10/21/1967 11/1/1967 9th Infantry Division Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Coronado X IV Ba Xuyen, Dinh Tuong, Kien Hao, Phuoc Dinh, and Vinh Long Provinces 1/18/1968 2/12/1968 2d Brigade, 9th Infantry Division (Mobile Riverine Force); US Navy Task Force 117 search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Coronado XI IV Phung Dinh and Ba Xuyen Provinces - southwest of CanTho 2/12/1968 3/4/1968 2d Brigade, 9th Infantry Division (Mobile Riverine Force); 9th ARVN Division; 21st ARVN Division search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Coronado XII IV Dinh Tuong, Kien Tuong and Long An Provinces 3/4/1968 3/6/1968 2d Brigade, 9th Infantry Division (Mobile Riverine Force); 9th ARVN Division; 21st ARVN Division search and destroy operation suspended on March 6, 1968. Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Corral III 9/11/1967 2d Battalion, 39th Infantry (USA) Cordon and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Cortez I Quang Tin Province 12/7/1966 12/12/1966 3d Battalion, 5th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Country Fair 1 - 32 I Quang Nam Province 1/20/1967 1/22/1967 2d Battalion, 1st Marines (USMC) security operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
County Fair 1 - 25 I Quang Nam Province 1/5/1967 1/8/1967 2d Battalion, 1st Marines (USMC) security operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
County Fair 1 - 28 I Quang Nam Province 1/7/1967 1/9/1967 3d Battalion, 1st Marines (USMC) security operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
County Fair 1 - 29 I Quang Nam Province 1/9/1967 1/12/1967 1st Battalion, 1st Marines (USMC) security operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
County Fair 1 - 30 I Quang Nam Province 1/29/1967 2/1/1967 1st Marine Division (HQ, USMC); 3d Battalion, 1st Marines (USMC) security operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
County Fair 1 - 34 I Quang Nam Province 4/19/1967 4/21/1967 1st Marine Division (HQ, USMC); 1st Battalion, 1st Marines (USMC); 4th Battalion, 5th ARVN Regiment search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
County Fair 14 I? Quang Nam Province ? 12/7/1966 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Cove I Thua Thien Province 11/17/1967 11/21/1967 4th Marines (HQ, USMC); 1st Battalion, 4th Marines (USMC); 3d Battalion, 12th Marines (USMC); 2d and 3d Battalions, 26th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Craddock III 10/16/1966 10/17/1966 USA search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Cramer White 10/16/1969 1/6/1970 1st Squadron, 10th Cavalry Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Cranston between Lai Khe and Phu Loi 9/4/1966 9/6/1966 1st Battalion, 16th Infantry (USA) security and resupply between Lai Khe and Phu Loi Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Crazy Horse / Bun Khe 66 - 7 II Binh Dinh Province - between Vinh Thanh and Soui Ca Valley on the Bong Son Plain 5/16/1966 6/5/1966 1st Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (USA); Capitol ROK Division; ARVN Spoiling VC attack on Vinh Thanh CIDG Camp followed by a search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Crimp (or Crimp I) III Binh Duong and Haiu Nghia Provinces - Iron Triangle, Ho Bo Woods 1/7/1966 1/14/1966 1st Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 3d Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (USA); 173d Airborne Brigade (USA); 1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment search and destroy operation, joint US - Australian drive against VC in the Iron Triangle Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Crockett I Quang Tri Province 5/13/1967 7/16/1967 1st and 3d Battalions, 26th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Crown 9/19/1968 9/25/1968 3d Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment reconnaissance in force operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Crows Nest III 9/30/1966 10/3/1966 1st Australian Task Force; 5th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Cumberland I Thua Thien Province 6/3/1967 9/15/1967 4th Marines (HQ, USMC); 1st Battalion, 4th Marines (USMC); 3d Battalion, 12th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Cumberland Thunder I Thua Thien Province 8/18/1969 9/28/1969 1st Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (USA); 1st ARVN Division Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Cung Chung 1 ("We Together") III Phuoc Tuy Province 6/12/1970 6/29/1970 1st Australian Task Force (HQ); 2d RAR/NZ (ANZAC) Battalion; 7th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment; 8th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment 1st Australian Task Force reconnaissance and ambush operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Cung Chung 2 III Phuoc Tuy Province 8/3/1970 9/10/1970 8th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Cung Chung 3 III Phuoc Tuy Province 9/11/1970 10/25/1970 8th Battalion, Royal Australian Regmient Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Cung Chung III III Phuoc Tuy Province - Rung Sat Special Zone 10/1/1970 2/1/1971 2d Battalion, ANZAC; 7th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment Reconnaissance in force Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Custer Flats III Bien Hoa Province 11/1/1965 11/20/1965 2d Battalion, 18th Infantry (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Cutlass south of Nha Trang 8/19/1965 8/22/1965 1st Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (USA); 5th Special Forces Group (USA) to destroy VC/PAVN forces Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Dagger One III Bien Hoa Province 11/1/1965 1/17/1966 1st Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 2d Battalion, 16th Infantry (USA); 1st and 2d Battalions, 18th Infantry (USA) search and destroy operation see operation VIPER Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Dagger Thrust / Batten Down 7th Fleet Landing Force to destroy VC Installations and capture or destroy VC personnel and material A series of short (usually 1 or 2 day) amphibious operations aimed at the destruction of Viet Cong installations and capturing or destroying VC personnel and material. Code name changed to BATTEN DOWN in February 1966. Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Dai Do, Battle of I Bo Dieu and Cua Viet River area 4/30/1968 5/3/1968 Navy River Assault Group (USN); Battalion Landing Team 2/4 (USMC); B Company, 1st Battalion, 3d Marines (USMC); 3d Battalion, 21st Infantry (USA); 1st Battalion, 3d Marine Regiment (USMC) 320th PAVN Division (48th and 52d regiments) 81 (USMC); 29 (USA) 297 (USMC); 130 (USA) 1,568 (PAVN) To eliminate the threat to the junction of the Bo Dieu and Cua Viet Rivers This battle was to set up Phase III of the General Offensive/General Uprising which is also refered to as "Tet II" or "Mini Tet." On 30 April a U.S. Navy utility boat was ambushed by the 320th PAVN Division. This boat was at a vital link for the Marine forces because supplies were transported from the junction of the Bo Dieu and Cua Viet rivers to the Marine outposts. The Battalion Landing Team 2/4 was sent to fight the PAVN near the waterway. This group of Marines was reinforced by the B Company, 1st Battalion, 3d Marines and the Navy River Assault Group. The U.S. was heavily outnumbered and had to fall back to defensive positions, but the enemy attack had been stopped. The PAVNs reinforcements were turned back by the 3d Battalion, 21st Infantry. By the time the 1st Battalion, 3d Marine Regiment joined the battle, the PAVN had fled. The U.S. succeeded in thwarting the Communists attempt to form a corodor to attack into South Vietnam. The General Offensive/General Uprising had been forestalled. Historical Atlas Of The Vietnam War, by Harry G. Summers
Dak To, Battle for II Dak To, Kontum Province 10/26/1967 12/1/1967 4th Infantry Division to defend Dak To Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Dakota Clint I Quang Tri Province, 15 miles west of Quang Tri City 2/10/1970 3/29/1970 1st Brigade, 5th Infantry Division (USA) reconnaissance in force, search and clear, security, rice denial and saturation ambush/patrolling Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Dalby III 2/15/1967 2/16/1967 Australian search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Dale Common I Quang Ngai Province - Song Ve Valley 10/18/1968 10/19/1968 3d Battalion, 1st Infantry (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Dallas III War Zone D 5/17/1967 5/26/1967 1st Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (USA); 1st Squadron, 11th Armored Cavalry (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Dan Quyen 38-A (People's Right) II Ben Het - Dek To area 5/15/1969 6/7/1969 42d ARVN Regiment and 22d ARVN Ranger Group 945 Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton
Dan Sinh 22 - 6 II Binh Dinh Province - Bong Son Plains 8/22/1968 12/12/1968 173d Airborne Brigade (USA); 22d ARVN Division reconnaissance in force Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Dan Tam 81 III Long Khanh and Binh Tuy Provinces 11/16/1966 1/12/1967 11th Armored Cavalry (USA) (December 8 - 30, 1966); 10th ARVN Division rice harvest security Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Dan Thang 69 II Binh Dinh Province 4/18/1969 12/31/1969 ARVN 22d Division 507 Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton
Dan Tien 33d II Quang Duc Province 11/1/1969 12/28/1969 ARVN 23d Regiment 746 Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton
Dan Tien 40 II Quang Duc Province 11/12/1969 12/28/1969 ARVN 23d Regiment 1,012 Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton
Danbury III 9/15/1966 9/21/1966 USA search and destroy operation Preliminary checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Daniel Boone MACSOG to conduct reconnaissance of portions of Cambodia to verify suspected enemy locations, infiltration routes and bases of supply Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Darby Crest II Binh Dinh Province 1/31/1969 3/3/1969 173d Airborne Brigade (HQ, USA); 1st Battalion, 503d Airborne Infantry (USA) clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Darby Crest II II Binh Dinh Province 3/4/1969 3/25/1969 173d Airborne Brigade (HQ, USA); 1st Battalion, 503d Airborne Infantry (USA) clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Darby Crest III II Binh Dinh Province 3/16/1969 4/15/1969 173d Airborne Brigade (HQ, USA); 1st Battalion, 503d Airborne Brigade (USA) clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Darby March (or Darby March II) II Phu Yen Province 1/31/1969 3/6/1969 173d Airborne Brigade (HQ, USA); 4th Battalion, 503d Airborne Infantry (USA) clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Darby Swing II Binh Dinh Province 12/2/1970 12/24/1970 Task Force Ivy (HQ); 2d Battalion, 503d Airborne Infantry (USA) security operation merged into Operation HANCOCK DRAGON Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Darby Talon II Phu Yen Province 3/12/1970 4/21/1970 3d Battalion 503d Infantry, 173d Airborne Infantry (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Darby Trail (or Darby Trail II) II Binh Dinh Province 2/3/1969 4/15/1969 173d Airborne Brigade (HQ, USA); 2d Barralion, 503d Airborne Infantry (USA) clear and search operation suspended February 9 - 11, 1969 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Darby Trail III II Binh Dinh Province 10/1/1969 10/5/1969 4th Infantry Division (USA); 173d Airborne Brigade (USA) clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Darlinghurst III 8/25/1966 8/31/1966 Australian search and destroy Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Darwin III 6/6/1967 6/7/1967 Australian search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Davy Crockett II Binh Dinh Province - vicinity of Bong Son Special Forces camp; "Eagle Claw" and Soui Ca Valley 5/4/1966 5/27/1966 3d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (USA); 22d ARVN Division search and destroy operation repeat of Operation MASHER/WHITE WING Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Dawes II 3/3/1967 4/3/1967 OMEGA Team Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Dawn 12/7/1966 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Dawson River II Quang Tri and Thua Thien Provinces - vicinity of Khe Sanh 11/28/1968 1/26/1969 3d Marine Division (HQ, USMC); 1st, 2d, 3d Battalions, 9th Marines (USMC) clear and search operation suspended January 22, 1969 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Dawson River Afton Da Krong Valley 10/24/1968 12/25/1968 9th Marines (HQ, USMC); 1st, 2d, 3d Battalions, 9th Marines (USMC) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Dayton III Binh Tuy and Long Khanh Provinces 5/4/1967 5/17/1967 173d Airborne Brigade (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Dazzlem II Binh Dinh Provinces 10/1/1966 1st Cavalry Division (USA); 173d Airborne Brigade (USA) security operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Dazzlem (1967) II Binh Dinh Province 4/9/1967 4/10/1967 1st Cavalry Division (USA) defense of Camp Radcliff Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Dazzlem (1967-1968) II Binh Dinh Province 10/1/1967 2/8/1968 1st Cavalry Division (USA) (October 1, 1967 - January 17, 1968); 173d Airborne Brigade (USA) (January 17, 1968 - February 8, 1968) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Decade III Phouc Tuy Province 7/23/1970 8/2/1970 8th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment to deny enemy entry into villages Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Decatur 9/3/1966 1st Battalion, 26th Infantry (USA) security for Quon Loi - An Loc Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Decatur (2d Part) III 10/3/1966 10/10/1966 1st Infantry Division (USA) Security operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Deckhouse I II Phu Yen Province 6/18/1966 6/30/1966 3d Battalion, 5th Marines (Special Landing Force) support for 1st Cavalry Division's Operation NATHAN HALE Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Deckhouse II I Quang Tri Province 7/16/1966 7/30/1966 3d Battalion, 5th Marines (USMC) to support of Operation HASTINGS Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Deckhouse III III Binh Tuy Province - Vung Tau Peninsula, 60 miles northwest of Saigon 8/16/1966 8/20/1966 1st Battalion, 26th Marines (USMC) In conjuction with 173d Airborne Brigade Operation TOLEDO Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Deckhouse IV I area immediately south of the DMZ and north of Cua Viet River 9/15/1966 9/18/1966 1st Battalion, 26th Marines (USMC); 3d Marine Reconnaissance Battalion reconnaissance in force Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Deckhouse V / Song Than III Kien Hoa Province - Mekong River Delta 1/1/1967 1/16/1967 1st Battalion, 9th Marines (USMC); 3d and 4th VNMC Battalions First direct commitment of US troops to combat in Delta region. The target area was the VC's Thunh Phu Secret Zone, which had been controlled bu guerillas for 20 years. Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Deckhouse VI I Quang Ngai Province 2/16/1967 3/3/1967 1st Marine Division (HQ, USMC); 1st Battalion, 4th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Deerstalk 4/1/1969 4/12/1969 5th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Defiant Stand I Barrier Island, 34 miles south of Da Nang 9/7/1969 9/7/1969 Battalion of ROK Marine Corps; 1st Battalion, 26th Marines (USMC) VC an amphibious assault to fight VC along the shore in I Corps. This was the first amphibious assault in the history of the ROK Marine corps. The ROKMC and USMC landed on Barrier Island and moved inland. A Naval patrol blocked the escape routes. For the most part the VC avoided the Allies and only offered light resistance. The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Delaware / Lam Son 216 I Quang Tri and Thua Thien Provinces - A Shau Valley 4/18/1968 5/17/1968 1st Cavalry Division (Airmoble, USA)(1st Brigade (USA); 5th Battalion, 7th Cavalry (5/7th, USA); 1st Battalion, 7th Cavalry (1/7th, USA)); 101st Airborne Division (USA)(1st Brigade); 196th Infantry Brigade; ARVN 3d Regiment, 1st Division; ARVN Airborne Task Force Bravo PAVN 869 PAVN reconnaissance in force and area denial; combat operation; To eliminate PAVN bases used in Tet against Hue The original plan called for the 1st Cavalry Division and ARVN 3d Regiment to assault into the valley while the 1st Brigade, 101st Airborne and ARVN Ariborne Division blocked the routes of escape. The 1st Squadron, 9th Cavalry conducted air reconnaissance throughout the area and found anti-aircraft supplies. Even after these areas were attacked, the PAVN still brought down 23 helicopters. Fighting began on 19 April when the 5/7th and 1/7th landed on the peaks on the northern end of the valley. The PAVN tested the U.S. defenses that night. Weather became so bad that the 1/7th had to seek lower elevation to be resupplied. The 1st Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division began assautling the A Luoi airstrip, and the battle soon turned into an airhead. The 1st Brigade turned to the south and west, where they discovered a PAVN storage area. This area, nicknamed the "Punchbowl", was secured by May 3. Earlier, the ARVN 3d Regiment pushed south along the Rao Lao River where they found a large supply cache. To the east, the 101st Airborne and ARVN Airborne troops also found large caches. Meanwhile, the PAVN fired artillery and rockets from Laos. DELAWARE-LAM SON 216 was a success in capturing supplies, however PAVN troops returned after only a few weeks. Veitnam: Order Of Battle, be Shelby L. Stanton; The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Denver III Phuoc Long Province - vicinity of Song Be 4/9/1966 4/25/1966 173d Airborne Brigade (USA); 1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Depth III Binh Duong Province 10/16/1965 10/16/1965 2d Battalion, 28th Infantry (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
DeSoto I Gulf Of Tonkin; Coast of the DRV Seventh Fleet (USN); USMC PAVN intelligence program; commanders of the RVN landed shore parties to harass radar installations electronic intelligence (ELINT) ships would record resulting electronic transmissions. This operation was originally supposed to last four months, but was extended for an additional year. The first mission was canceled because of weather, and then the Maddox was sent to the Tonkin Gulf. On 31 July 1964, two OPLAN 34A teams attacked the islands of Hon Me and Hon Ngu. Though the Maddox monitored this activity from a five mile distance, the ship was still attacked on 2 August by North Vietnamese patrol boats. The Vietnamese were driven back by aircraft from the carrier Ticonderoga. The Constellation and C. Turner Joy were called in as reenforcements. On 4 August, a second attack on the Maddox and the C. Turner Joy caused Johnson to suspend both DeSoto and OPLAN 34A. Congress passed the Gulf Of Tonkin Resolution and American involvement in the war grew. The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker
Desoto (2d part) I Quang Ngai Province 1/26/1967 4/7/1967 1st Marine Division (HQ, USMC); 3d Battalion, 7th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Dewey Canyon I I Quang Tri Province and Thua Thien Provinces - A Shau Valley toward Da Krong Valley 1/22/1969 3/18/1969 9th Marines (HQ, USMC); 1st, 2d, 3d Battalions, 9th Marines (USMC); 2d Battalion, 3d Marines (USMC); 2d ARVN Regiment PAVN 121 (USMC) 803 (USMC) 1,335-1,617 (PAVN) to deny the Communist forces access to the critical populated areas of the coastal lowlands; conducted in response to a Communist buildup in Base Area 611 in the Da Krong Valley At the opening of the operation the 9th Regiment was sent into the Da Krong Valley, where they were completely dependent on helicopters for logistical support. This was often difficult because it was monsoon season. They developed fire support bases (FSBs) Shiloh, Razor, and Riley. As they pushed forward, the regiment opened more FSBs. Phase I of DEWEY CANYON focused on getting the forces established in the area. During Phase II, the troops cleared the area around the FSBs and prepared for Phase III. The 2/9th and 3/9th were ordered to extend their perimeters north of the Da Krong River, however because of the weather and limited supplies, they were later ordered to pull back in. This, along with the continued bad weather, allowed the Communist forces to prepare for an attack. Phase III began February 11 as the battalions moved away from the starting point at Phase Line Red and fought PAVN units as they advanced. From the 16-23 February, the Marines continued to push south and established new FSBs while collecting large quantities of arms and ordinance. Though the Marines were successful, PAVN fire made it difficult to resupply and evacuate troops. After 1 March, the weather created problems again. The only helicopters equipped to fly in the weather were Marine helicopters. However, they still managed to carry out missions within three hours from the demand. When the 1/9th pulled out on 18 March, the operation concluded as one of the most successful high-mobility regimental-size action of the war. Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Dewey Canyon II (In support of LAM SON 719) I Quang Tri Province, Khe Sanh and the A Shau Valley 1/30/1971 3/6/1971 1st Brigade, 5th Infantry (USA); 101st Airborne Division (airmobile, USA); 2/17th Cavalry (USA) PAVN 20,000 ARVN and 9,000 US To back up the ARVN attack into Laos in LAM SON 719. This operation was in support of LAM SON 719. Because the U.S. was not allowed to enter Laos with the ARVN during LAM SON 719, they conducted airmobile and aviation operations as well as tactical air and B-52 bomber support. At the beginning of operation DEWEY CANYON II, the 1st Brigade, 5th Infantry traveled down Route 9 to Khe Sanh. The road was secure 5 February. At the same time, the 101st Airborne feinted into A Shau Valley to distract the PAVN. Once the attack into Laos commenced, U.S. helicopters of the 2/17th Cavalry attacked weapons sites and troops columns and secured landing sites. Also, the U.S. provided logistical support and aritillery fire from Khe Sanh and the surrounding areas in South Vietnam. The U.S. helicopters even inserted ARVN divisions into Laos. Weather and antiaircraft fire hindered U.S. aid. Technically, DEWEY CANYON II concluded 7 February. However, U.S. involvement continued until the ARVN troops withdrew from Laos. Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Historical Atlas Of The Vietnam War, by Harry G. Summers, Jr.; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Dexter III Phuoc Thanh Province 5/4/1966 5/6/1966 173d Airborne Brigade (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Diamantina 8/28/1968 9/5/1968 3d Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment reconnaissance in force operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Diamond Head III Tay Ninh and Binh Duong Provinces - War Zone C; Michelin Rubber Plantation, Ho Bo Woods and the Trapezoid 5/17/1967 12/7/1967 3d Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In southeast Asia
Dixie I Quang Nam Province 4/7/1967 4/10/1967 2d Battalion, 5th Marines (USMC, two companies) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Docket I III Binh Duong Province 11/15/1965 11/16/1965 1st Battalion, 2d Infantry (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Dodge I 7/17/1966 7/23/1966 USMC search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Dodge Valley I Quang Nam Province 8/12/1968 8/16/1968 1st, 7th, 27th Marines (elements) (USA) clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Don Ched I III 10/17/1967 10/20/1967 9th Infantry Division (HQ, USA), 4th Battalion, 39th Infantry (USA); Royal Thai Army Volunteer Regiment search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Dong Tien II / Toan Thang 43 Cambodia Cambodian operations 5/1/1970 6/28/1970 1st Infantry Division (USA); 11th Armored Cavalry (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Double Eagle I Quang Ngai Province; beginning at Duc Pho 1/28/1966 2/28/1966 1st Cavalry Division (USA); 4th and 7th Regimetns (USMC); 2d and 22d Divisions (ARVN); 3d Battalion, 1st Marines (USMC); 2d Battalion, 3d Marines (USMC); 2d Battalion, 4th Marines (USMC); 2d Battalion, 9th Marines (USMC) PAVN; VC 2,000 PAVN / VC search and destroy operation; to trap VC and PAVN units in Quang Ngai Province This was an unsuccessful operation meant to trap the Communists in the Quang Ngai Province. The basic plan was to use a pincer movement to crush the Communists. The Mairnes landed northeast of Duc Pho. The buildup was slow to decieve the enemy into thinking that they would only strike against the coastal areas. However, as the operation developed the Marines encountered problems. The weather inhibited the B-52 raids and rain and the jungle slowed Marine progress on land. On the other side of the pincer movement, the 1st Cavalry made heavy contact with the PAVN. When the forces prepared to squeeze the pincer closed, the PAVN and VC forces escaped. The operation ended with most of the enemy casualties occuring during the first week. The delays DOUBLE EAGLE had experienced allowed the PVAN and VC to have time to escape. They were much quicker than the linear movements of the allied forces. The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Double Eagle II I Quang Tin Province 2/19/1970 3/1/1970 1st Cavalry Division (USA); 4th and 7th Regimetns (USMC); 2d and 22d Divisions (ARVN); 3d Battalion, 1st Marines (USMC); 2d Battalion, 3d Marines (USMC); 2d Battalion, 4th Marines (USMC); 2d Battalion, 9th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Dover I Quang Tin Province 10/18/1966 10/30/1966 1st Battalion, 5th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Dragon Fire I Quang Ngai Province 9/5/1967 10/30/1967 2d Marine Brigade (ROK) 541 Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton
Drum Head I Quang Ngai Province 10/27/1965 10/27/1965 3d Battalion, 7th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Dubois Square (initially BALLARD VALLEY) I Vicinity of Danang 9/10/1970 9/19/1970 1st Marine Division Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Duc Lap, Battle for 8/23/1968 8/31/1968 23d ARVN Division Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Duck from Vung Tao to Bear Cat 10/18/1966 2/1/1967 9th Infantry Division (USA) deployment of the 9th Infantry Division from Vung Tau to Bear Cat Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Duck Blind sensor delivery operations 1968 operation renamed DUFFLE BAG Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Duel Blade sensor delivery operations took place in 1968 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Dukes Glade I Quang Nam Province 10/1/1968 10/8/1968 11th Infantry Brigade (USA) clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Dump Truck MACSOG anti-personnel subsystem withing MUSCLE SHOALS Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Duntroon Hat Dich Secret Zone 1/10/1968 1/21/1968 1st Australian Task Force (HQ); 2d and 7th Battalions, Royal Australian Regiments; A Squadron, 3d Cavalry Regiment search and destroy operation in conjuction with 1st Brigade, 9th Infantry Division Operations AKRON V Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Duong Cua Dan (People's Road) IV Route 4 3/17/1968 7/30/1968 9th Infantry Division (USA) 1,251 (in both DUONG CUA DAN & TRUONG CONG DINH) To provide security for engineers working on Route 4. This operation combined with Operation TRUONG CONG DING on 21 May. Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Durham Peak I Quang Nam and Quang Tin Provinces 7/20/1969 8/13/1969 5th Marines (HQ, USMC); 1st and 2d Battalions, 1st Marines (USMC); 2d and 3d Battilions, 5th Marines (USMC); 2d Battalion, 11th Marines (USMC); 1st ARVN Ranger Group (21st and 37th ARVN Ranger Battalions) search and clear operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Duval I Quang Nam Province 5/19/1967 5/25/1967 1st and 3d Battalions, 7th Marines (USMC)(Separate Companies) search and destroy operation, reconnaissance in force Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Eagle II / Toan Thang 9/68 III Tay Ninh Province 9/11/1968 9/25/1968 III Corps Tactical Zone (HQ); ARVN Airborne Division; 2d, 5th, 6th, 9th ARVN Airborne Battalions; 2d, 3d, 4th VNMC Battalions Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Eagle Pull Cambodia Phnom Penh 4/11/1975 4/13/1975 USAF, USMC, USN PAVN 0 0 US Navy operation to evacuate US Embassy staff from Phnom Penh, Cambodia. This plan first developed when Khmer Rouge units closed in on Phnom Penh and it seemed imminent that Cambodia would fall in 1973. On August 15, 1973 the Cambodian Army stopped the attack. The Khmer Rouge began to take the towns and EAGLE PULL was only used to evacuate Americans and a few others. However, in April of 1975 the Khmer Rouge focused on Phnom Penh again. An area was designated "Landing Zone Hotel" by the Marine element sent in to prepare the city for evactuation. The operation began at 0850 on 12 April when a four-man Air Force team landed. It guided in a Ch-53 with the first element of the Marine security force. The Marine and Air Force helicopters evacuated 276 people: 82 Americans, 159 Cambodians, and 35 foreign nationals. The people were taken to U.S. Navy carriers in the Gulf of Thailand. By 1000 everyone had been evacuated with no casualties. Cambodia fell April 17, 1975. The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Eagle Thrust 101st Airborne (USA) to move the 101st Airborne to RVN The movement of the 101st Airborne to RVN in November 1967 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Eagles Claw II Binh Dinh Province 2/16/1966 2/27/1966 2d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Earhart White II Binh Dinh Province 3/11/1970 3/18/1970 4th Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 1st and 2d Brigades, 4th Infantry Division (USA) combat operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Early I Quang Nam Province 3/23/1967 3/24/1967 1st Battalion, 1st Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Eastertide (Easter Offensive): An Loc III An Loc 4/2/1972 7/11/1972 5th ARVN Division (reinforced by TF 52, 18th ARVN Division; 21st ARVN Division; 35th ARVN Division; 1st Airborne Brigade 24th PAVN Separate Infantry Regiment (consisting of the 5th, 7th, and 9th VC divisions); 100,000 PAVN in allof Eastertide to defend An Loc from the PAVN during the Eastertide Offensive The attack directed at An Loc began on April 2 when the PAVN feinted along the Cambodian border with the 24th Regiment. This regiment was comprised of VC divisions which were now mostly manned by PAVN regulars. On April 6, the 5th VC Division overran Loc Ninh. Only a few of the defenders from TF 52 survived to escape. The 5th VC Division continued to press on and overran the airfield at Quan Loi. Since the 7th VC Division had cut the supply route south, An Loc could only be resupplied by airdrop and helicopter.The 9th VC Division was supposed to take An Loc, but they delayed for a week after the 5th attacked because they were waiting for supplies. This saved An Loc. The 21st ARVN Division and the 1st Airborne Brigade were sent in to reinforce the 5th ARVN Division in defending the city. The 21st ARVN Division attacked the 7th VC Division and the 1st Airborne Brigade took "Windy Hill". The 9th VC Division finally attacked on 19th and managed to sieze part of An Loc before they stalled on 23 April. Later in May, the 5th VC Division continued the attack, but failed to take the city because of the ARVN Divisions and U.S. air support. The U.S. strikes were planned by military advisor Maj. General Hollingsworth. The PAVN continued to try to take the city, but the ARVN managed to clear the city of PAVN. The siege ended on July 11. This was the conclusion of the Easter Offensive. The PAVN had been turned back while taking more than 100,000 casualties and losing much equipment. The PAVN commander Gen. Giap was taken from power and replaced with Gen. Dung. The PAVN did gain half of the northern provinces of Quang Tri , Thua Thien, Quang Nam and Quang Tin. However, they failed to take An Loc as their capital. Meanwhile the Allies were encouraged in the success of Vietnamization, even though it was obvious that ARVN forces depended heavily on U.S. advisors and airpower. Historical Atlas Of The Vietnam War, Harry G. Summers, Jr.
Eastertide (Easter Offensive): Kontum II Kontum 4/12/1972 7/14/1972 23d Division (ARVN); 47th, 40th, 41st, 42d Regiments, 22d Division (ARVN) 2d and 320th PAVN divisions (supported by tank regiment and several artillery regiments); 3d PAVN Division 100,000 PAVN in all of Eastertide to defend Kontum Province and prevent the PAVN from dividing South Vientam in two. This second prong of the Eastertide Offensive was meant to divide South Vietnam in two by cutting across the Central Highlands. This was much the same plan as in the battle of Ia Drang, except the PAVN nearly succeeded this time. The assault began on the 12th of April, and by the 15th the bases of Dak To and Tan Canh were surrounded and the outposts to the west of Kontum were overrun. On the 23 April, an attack on Tan Canh overran the base. The base at Dak To also fell as the 47th Regiment fled. The Airborne Division had been withdrawn to reinforce I Corps, leaving Kontum defenseless. Meanwhile, the PAVN had cut Highway 1, the main north-south supply route. The PAVN only had to capture Kontum in order to divide South Vietnam. President Thieu fired II Corps commander, Lt. Gen. Dzu, and replaced him with Maj. Gen. Toan. Colonel Ba, who commanded the 23d ARVN Division, was brought in to be in charge of the battle. He brought in his own three regiments and reorganized the defenses in Kontum. They turned back the PAVN attack on May 14 and continued to hold back the communists during the attacks over the next two weeks. U.S. supported ARVN actions with air strikes and antitank helicopters. On May 28, a counterattack cleared the city. Col. Ba was promoted to general by President Thieu on May 30. Though they had already halted the attempt to cut South Vietnam in two at Kontum, the ARVN continued to fight and recaptured the coastal towns in July. This ended the Easter Offensive in central Vietnam. Historical Atlas Of The Vietnam War, by Harry G. Summers, Jr.
Eastertide (Easter Offensive): Quang Tri I Quang Tri Province 3/30/1972 9/16/1972 3d ARVN Division (reinforced by 2 marine brigades, four ranger groups, and one armored brigade); 1st ARVN Division; Marine Division (RVN Marines); Airborne Division (RVN Airborne) 308th, 304th, 325th, 320th, 312th, 324B Division (PAVN) 5,000 (RVN) 100,000 PAVN in all of Eastertide to defend the Quang Tri Province during the Eastertide offensive There were several reasons why Giap launched Eastertide when he did: almost all the U.S. ground froces were withdrawn, after the rout in Laos it was assumed the South Vietnamese would crumble under a PAVN attack, and a defeat at this time would humiliate Nixon and possibly force him from office. On March 30 the PAVN, with a definate advantage, attacked the newly formed 3d ARVN Division. The PAVN front consisted of the 304th and 308th Divisions with the 325th, 320th, 312th, and 324B in reserve. The 3d ARVN Division was driven back and its 56th Regiment surrendered. Eventually the Division was forced into the city of Quang Tri. On 1 May Quang Tri was abandoned and the 3d ARVN Division ceased to exist. President Thieu fired the I Corps commander and sent Gen. Truong, the best general in South Vietnam, to Hue. He used the Marine Division to defend the north and northwest and sent the 1st ARVN Division to defend the west. Then on June 28, Truong, along with reinforcements from the Airborne Division, set out to retake Quang Tri Province. The ARVN were assisted by senior U.S. adviser in I Corps Maj. Gen. Koresen. The U.S. also provided massive firepower, including bomber strikes and naval gunfire. The counterattack routed six PAVN divisions and retook Quang Tri City on September 16. By the end of October I Corps had been stabilized and one prong of the Easter offensive had been halted. Historical Atlas Of The Vietnam War, by Harry G. Summers, Jr.
Ehu III 6/21/1966 6/23/1966 USA search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Eichelberger Black II Binh Dinh Province 3/20/1970 4/30/1970 4th Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 1st and 2d Brigades, 4th Infantry Division (USA) combat operation Preliiminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
El Dorado III Bihn Duong Province 8/12/1966 8/14/1966 1st Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
El Paso I Quang Tin Province 9/4/1966 9/15/1966 1st and 3d Battalions, 5th Marines (USMC); 2d, 3d, 4th Battalions, 6th ARVN Regiment search and destroy operation redesignated NAPA on September 5 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
El Paso I III Binh Long Province - Loc Ninh 5/19/1966 5/26/1966 3d Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (USA) defense, search and destroy operation; reinforcement for Loc Ninh Special Forces camp; search for VC Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
El Paso II III Binh Long and Phuoc Long Provinces, War Zone C, Minh Thanh Road outside of Minh Thanh Village 6/2/1966 7/13/1966 3d Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (USA) (Troop A, B, and C, 1st Squadron, 4th Cavalry (USA),2d Battalion, 28th Infantry (2/28th USA), 2d Battalion, 18th Infantry (2/18th USA)); 5th Infantry Division (ARVN) 271st Regiment, 272d Regiment, 273d Regiment, 9th VC Division 200 (USA) 855 (VC) search and destroy, security operation; To open Route 13 and deter a VC offensive against An Loc The battles of Ap Tau O on June 8, Srok Dong on June 30, and An Hoa on July 9 were fought in this campaign. In the first major encounter on 8 June, the 272d VC Regiment amushed Troop A on Route 13. The infantry arrived too late to be a factor, but did kill around 100 of the enemy. Later, the 2/28th fought the 273d northwest of Loc Ninh. On 30 June, an ambush by the 271st VC Regiment at Srok Dong along Route 13 heavily damaged Troop B. Eventually, Troop C removed the dead and wounded and worked to clear a landing zone for companies from the 2/18th. This conflict was saved only by U.S. air superiority. The lessons learned from the two previous ambushes were applied to the next U.S. plan. Information was spread that the U.S. would move a large column up Route 13 and a small one down Minh Tanh Road, but the opposite was true. Ambush sites were located along Minh Thanh Road and troops were moved into ambush and counterambush sites as well as the Minh Thanh village. On 9 July, the 272d VC Regiment attacked Troop C before it reached the second checkpoint and Troop B advanced. Air and aitillery fire began and, after the VC were located, the infantry attacked both frontally and from the flanks. Air strikes finished the conflict. The operation was considered a success, in spite of significant casualties, because Route 13 was reopened and secured. Also a counter-ambush tactic had been developed from the two conflicts before the battle of Minh Thanh Road which could defeat a numerically superior enemy. Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
El Paso III III Binh Long and Phouc Long Provinces 7/12/1966 9/3/1966 1st Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (USA) (assumed control August 25) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Elanora 6/19/1970 6/23/1970 7th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment reconnaissance in force operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Elk Canyon I Quang Tri Province - vicinity of Kham Duc 7/12/1970 9/20/1970 196th Infantry Brigade (light,USA) clear and search operation Part 1: July 12 - August 26, 1970 & Part 2: August 27 - September 20, 1970 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Ellis Ravine I Quang Tri Province - Ba Long Valley 4/7/1969 4/15/1969 1st Brigade, 5th Infantry Division clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Emporia I III Long Khanh Province 7/21/1967 8/3/1967 9th Infantry Division (USA); 11th Armored Cavalry (USA); 52d ARVN Ranger Battalion search and destroy; convoy escort; fire support and base security Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Emporia II III Long Khanh 8/4/1967 8/17/1967 9th Infantry Division (USA); 11th Armored Cavalry (USA); 52d ARVN Ranger Battalion search and destroy; convoy escort; fire support and base security Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Emporia III III Long Khanh 8/19/1967 8/31/1967 9th Infantry Division (USA); 11th Armored Cavalry (USA); 52d ARVN Ranger Battalion search and destroy; convoy escort; fire support and base security Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Emporia IV III Long Khanh 9/4/1967 9/14/1967 9th Infantry Division (USA); 11th Armored Cavalry (USA); 52d ARVN Ranger Battalion search and destroy; convoy escort; fire support and base security Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Emporia VI III deception plan for Operation SANTA FE deception plan for Operation SANTA FE Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Enoggera 6/21/1966 7/5/1966 6th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment security operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Enterprise III Long An Province (Rach Kien) 2/13/1967 3/11/1968 3d Brigade, 9th Infantry Division(USA); ARVN; South Vietnamese Regional and Popular Forces; 2d Battalion, 3d Infantry Division VC "considerable losses" 2,000-2,107 (VC) search and destroy operation; To clear Lon An Province of VC forces The elements of the 9th Infantry Division and the other Allies arrived in the area and began to sweep it for VC. They suffered considerable losses while most VC escaped. Operations continued through March 1968, but failed to clear Long An Province of VC. Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Entrée III Bien Hoa Province - War Zone D 2/12/1966 2/16/1966 173d Airborne Brigade (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Essex I Quang Nam Province 11/6/1967 11/17/1967 5th Marine Regiment (HQ, USMC); 2d and 3d Battalions, 5th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Esso III Phuoc Tuy Province 6/15/1969 7/15/1969 5th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment reconnaissance in force and pacification operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Evansville III 8/4/1966 8/15/1966 USA search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Ewa III Hau Nghia Province 7/8/1966 7/13/1966 1st Battalion, 27th Infantry (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Fairfax III in and around Saigon 11/30/1966 12/14/1967 a battalion each from 1st, 4th, and 25th Infantry Divisions (USA); 199th Infantry Brigade (USA); 5th Ranger Group (ARVN) 1,043 To improve security around Saigon Security around the capital was deteriorating, so Gen. Westmoreland decided to use U.S. troops in and advisory effort to inspire the Vietnamese. The II Field Force Vietnam commander assigned one U.S. Battalion to each district in Gia Dinh, where the U.S. and South Vietnamese forces were to operate jointly to resore security. Eventually the South Vietnamese would manage everything on their own. Though security did improve throughout this time, little progress was made in indentifying or eliminating the Viet Cong Infastructure (VCI). The operation ended in a stalemate and later analysis of FAIRFAX led to the establishment of the Phoenix program. Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker
Fairfax / Rang Dong III Gia Dinh and Long An Provinces 11/30/1966 12/14/1967 1st Infantry Division (USA); 4th Infantry Division (USA); 25th Infantry Division (USA); 199th Infantry Brigade (Light)(Separate)(USA)5th ARVN Division search and destroy operation in Capitol Military District Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Falcon III 1/8/1967 1/10/1967 USA security operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operaitons In Southeast Asia
Fargo III Hau Nghia Province 6/12/1966 6/14/1966 1st Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Fargo (2d Part) III Binh Long and Tay Ninh Provinces 12/21/1967 1/21/1967 11th Armored Cavalry reconnaissance in force and road clearing between An Loc and Loc Ninh Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Farm Gate RVN South Vietnam 10/11/1961 4400th Combat Crew Training Squadron (USAF); Detachment 2A, 4400the Combat Crew Training Squadron (USAF); 1st Air Commando Squadron (Provisional, USAF) VC/PAVN to assist the RVN in its struggle against an increasingly aggressive Communist foe; increasingly expanding its missions. This operation began when President Kennedy ordered the Air Force to assist the RVN. The 4400th Combat Crew Training Squadron was created to train indigenous air forces and participate in limited combat missions supporting ground forces. At first, the squadron only trained South Vietnamese airmen. Eventually the aircraft were used in other missions. They flew reconnaisance missions and provided logistical support for the U.S. Army Special Forces. After the 6th of December, FARM GATE was allowed to participate in combat missions if at least one Vietnamese national was on board for training purposes. During 1962, FARM GATE continued to support the expanding U.S. effort. They flew air strikes, but were limited only to missions that the Vietnamese could not undertake. In 1963 FARM GATE was expanded to meet the growing demand for air support. As the war continued to increase in intensity, many demands for combat sorties had to go unfilled. The planes suffered from structural failures and shortages of spare parts. Eventually the older B-26s and T-28s were replaced with A-1Es. Finally in 1965, the requirement for South Vietnamese to be carried on combat missions was dropped. Air Force markings replaced the South Vietnamese markings on the aircraft. FARM GATE flew 80 percent of the sorties in support of the ARVN. However, as U.S. involvement continued to escalate, FARM GATE lost importance. In 1967, FARM GATE disappeared long after the counter-insurgency nature of the war had changed to something more conventional. The Enyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker
Farmgate concept Use of VNAF personnel and markings on USAF plans for use of defoliation/crop destruction Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Farragut II Binh Thuan, Ninh Thuan, and Lam Dong 1/26/1967 3/23/1967 1st Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Fayette Canyon I Quang Nam Province 12/14/1968 2/28/1969 196th Infantry Brigade (Light, USA) clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Asia
Federal / Overlander 3/10/1969 4/8/1969 5th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment reconnaissance in force operation Operation FEDERAL March 10 - April 2, 1969; Operation OVERLANDER April 2 - 8, 1969 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Feline III Binh Duong Province 12/7/1965 12/8/1965 1st Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (USA); 1st Battalion, 28th Infantry (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Fillmore II Phu Yen Province - vicinity of Tuy Hoa 3/25/1966 7/21/1966 1st Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (USA)(March 25 - April 8, 1966); 2d Battalion, 327th Airborne Infantry ( - July 21, 1966); 2d ROK Marine Brigade; 47th ARVN Regiment search and destroy operation and rice harvest security follow-on to Operation HARRISON Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Finney Hill I Quang Ngai Province 3/1/1971 7/1/1971 11th Infantry Brigade (Light, USA); 198th Infantry Brigade (Light, USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Finschhafen 3/9/1970 4/7/1970 7th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment reconnaissance and ambush operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Fire Support Base (FSB) Ripcord I Thua Thien Province 7/1/1970 7/23/1970 3d Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (USA) Operation in conjuction with TEXAS STAR Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Fish Hook II Binh Dinh Province 12/10/1965 12/14/1965 2d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (HQ) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Fish Hook II II Binh Dinh Province 12/14/1965 12/16/1965 2d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (HQ, USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Fitchburg III Tay Ninh Province 11/25/1966 4/8/1967 196th Infantry Brigade (Light, USA) search and destroy operation; later phase a cover to put the 196th Infantry Brigade in position for CEDAR FALLS Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operaations In Southeast Asia
Flaming Dart DRV Dong Hoi; North Vietnam USAF PAVN/ VC 8 USAF 109 USAF to persuade the DRV that they could not persevere in billigerent actions without expecting retaliation; to retaliate for the VC mortar attack on Camp Holloway and the Pleiku airstripe. The VC mortared Camp Holloway and the Pleiku airfield on February 7, 1965. They killed 8, & wounded 109, while damaging 20 aircraft. Johnson then ordered the bombing of North Vietnamese installations at Dong Hoi as a retaliatory action. The air strikes were carried out against four targets north of the 17th Parallel. This operation was soon followed by FLAMING DART II. The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker
Flaming Dart II DRV North Vietnam 23 USA to retaliate for the killing of Americans at Qui Nhon This operation was ordered 48 hours after FLAMING DART to retaliate for the killing of 23 Americans at Qui Nhon. It is often explained as the onset of ROLLING THUNDER The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker
Flip Flop III Binh Duong Province 10/15/1965 10/15/1965 1st Battalion, 16th Infantry (USA) search and destroy and security operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Florida I Thua Thien Province 6/9/1966 6/12/1966 USMC search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Fly Low III Binh Duong Province 10/16/1965 10/16/1965 1st Battalion, 16th Infantry (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Flying Finn III Tay Ninh Province - War Zone C 1/5/1970 1/8/1970 2d Battalion, 5th Cavalry, 1st Cavalry Division (USA) destruction of 2d Battalion, 95C Regiment Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Flying Tiger VI II Binh Dinh Province 1/9/1966 1/11/1966 ROK Capitol Division search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Footboy DRV North Vietnam and North Vietnamese waters MACSOG to collect intelligence, conduct psychological warfare operations, and participate in other activities to creat dissension among the populace and to divert North Vietnamese resources Covert operations in North Vietnam and North Vietnamese waters for the purpose of collecting intelligence, conducting psychological warfare operations, and other activities to create dissension among the populace, and for diversion of North Vietnamese resources. Included Operations PLOWMAN (maritime operations), HUMIDOR (psychological operations), TIMBERWORK (inflitration of guerrilla teams), and MIDRIFF. Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Ford I Thua Thien Province 3/10/1968 3/20/1968 1st Marines (HQ, USMC); 1st Battalions, 1st Marines (USMC); 2d Battalions, 3d Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Formation Leader I 10/17/1967 10/24/1967 2d Battalion, 3d Marines (USMC) amphibious and heliborne assault, search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Forrest III Phuoc Tuy Province 11/23/1967 1/5/1968 1st Australian Task Force (HQ); 2d and 7th Battalions, Royal Australian Regiment; A Squadron, 3d Cavalry Regiment rice denial operations Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Forsythe Grove I Quang Nam Province 6/30/1969 7/3/1969 5th Marines (HQ, USMC); 1st and 2d Battalions, 5th Marines (USMC); 1st Battalion, 7th Marines (USMC) clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Fort Nisqually III Binh Duong Province; from Bear Cat to Dau Tieng 11/28/1966 5/14/1967 3d Brigade, 4th Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operation Deployment of 3d Brigade, 4th Infantry Divisionfrom Bear Cat to Dau Tieng, November 20 - December 22, 1966, and operations Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Fort Smith III Hau Nghia Province along Highway 1 6/3/1966 7/3/1966 1st Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy and pacification operation along Highway 1 Preliiminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Fort Wayne III Bien Hao Province 5/1/1967 5/4/1967 173d Airborne Brigade (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Fortress Ridge I 12/21/1967 12/24/1967 1st Marines (HQ, USMC); 3d Battalion, 1st Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Fortress Sentry I 9/17/1967 2d Battalion, 3d Marines (USMC) search and destroy operations Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Aisa
Foster I Quang Nam Province 11/13/1967 11/30/1967 7th Marines (HQ, USMC); 2d Battalion, 3d Marines (USMC); 3d Battalion, 7th Marines (USMC); 3d Battalion, 11th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United Stattes Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Frag Order 12 - 65 Phuoc Thanh Province 8/7/1965 8/11/1965 173d Airborne Brigade (USA); 1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations On Southeast Asia
Frag Order 15 - 65 III Bien Hoa Province - War Zone D 10/4/1965 10/5/1965 search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Francis Marion II Cambodian Border of the Pleiku Province; Pleiku and Kontum Provinces - Ia Drang Valley, near Chu Pong massif 4/5/1967 10/12/1967 1st Brigade, 4th Infantry Division (USA); 2d Brigade, 4th Infantry Division (USA); (2d Battalion, 8th Infantry (2/8th), 1st Battalion, 18th Infantry (1/18th), 3d Battalion, 12th Infantry (3/12th), 3d Battalion, 8th Infantry (3/8th)); 173d Airborne Brigade (USA) 1st and 10th PAVN Divisions; (95B PAVN Regiment, 32d PAVN Regiment, 66th PAVN Regiemtn, 32d PAVN Regiment) 1,203 (PAVN) search and destroy operation; To Prevent the 1st and 10th PAVN Divisions from pushing into the Central Highlands This operation followed SAM HOUSTON with the 1st Brigade patrolling from Duc Co to the Plei D'Jereng Special Forces Camp and the 2d patrolling south toward the Ia Drang Valley. The operation included eight major military engagements, during which the PAVN often attacked and then were forced to retreat due to USA artillery and air strikes. By early fall, it was obvious that the main thrust had moved into the Kontum Province at the location of operation GREELY. 0n 12 October, FRANCIS MARION and GREELY were combined into Operation MACARTHUR. Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Franklin / Lien Ket 50 I Quang Ngai Province 7/26/1966 7/29/1966 1st and 2d Battalions, 7th Marines (USMC); 2d ARVN Division search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Fredenhall Gold II Pleiku Province 5/18/1970 5/30/1970 4th Infantry Division security and combat operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Frederick Hall I Quang Nam and Quang Tin Provinces 3/18/1969 3/1/1971 196th Infantry Brigade (Light, USA); 5th ARVN Regiment clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Freedom Deal or Menu / Freedom Deal Cambodia Cambodia 8/14/1973 USAF USAF Operations in support of the Cambodian army A total of 16,527 B-52 sorties were flown Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Fremont I Quang Tri And Thua Thien Provinces 7/10/1967 10/31/1967 4th Marines, 3d Marine Division (HQ, USMC); 1st and 2d Battalions, 3d Marines (USMC); 1st and 2d Battalions, 4th Marines (USMC); 3d Battalion, 26th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Frequent Wind III South Vietnam - Saigon area, War Zone C 4/29/1975 4/30/1975 Task Force 76, US 7th Fleet; USAF PAVN To evacuate the Saigon area in the final hours before the city was captured. FREQUENT WIND began at 1051 on the 29 April. Before this, RVN aircrews had jettisoned bombs and fuel tanks on the runways leaving them unusable. Americans and endangered South Vietnamese had to be evacuated by helicopter. 865 Marines were moved to the area to provide security for the operation. 4,500 Vietnamese and 395 U.S. citizens were evacuated. The last to leave were the Marines and the demolition teams. A large-scale airlift from the U.S. Embassy had never been planned, but when the Marine commander learned that several thousand Vietnamese and Americans were stranded in the compound, he directed helicpters there. Only one CH-53 could land in the courtyard and the roof would only support CH-46s. As it got dark and thunderstorms moved in, the crowd outside the embassy left, but flying became much more difficult. Flights continued through the night with only an hour pause while the Marines were evacuated from the DAO. Meanwhile, Washington feared that refugee flights might continue forever, and at 0430 the pilots were ordered to only fly out Americans. By 0500 the last Americans and Ambassador Martin were flown from the embassy. At 0753 the last helicopters loaded the Marine security force and left for the fleet. About 420 Vietnamese were left in the compound and thousands more in Saigon. 978 Americans and about 1,100 Vietnamese had been evacuated. The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Fresh Start III War Zone C 1/29/1970 4/30/1970 11th Armored Cavalry (USA) land clearing operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Fresno (Hau Nghia Province) III Hau Nghia Province 7/13/1966 7/15/1966 2d Battalion, 27th Infantry, 2d Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Fresno (Quang Ngai Province) I Quang Ngai Province 9/8/1966 9/16/1966 7th Marines (HQ, USMC); 1st Battalion, 7th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Frisk III Binh Duong Province 12/11/1965 12/11/1965 1st Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 1st Battalion, 28th Infantry (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Frisk II III Binh Duong Province 12/17/1965 12/17/1965 1st Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 1st Battalion, 28th Infantry (USA) reconnaissance operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Fulton II Khanh Hoa, Tuyen Doc & Ninh Thuan Provinces 1st Cavalry Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Fulton Square I Quang Tri Province 10/22/1969 1/18/1970 1st Brigade, 5th Infantry Division (USA) search and clear, reconnaissance in force, rocket suppression, rice denial, and security operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Gadsen III Tay Ninh Province - War Zone C 2/1/1967 2/20/1967 25th Infantry Division (USA); 3d Brigade, 4th Infantry Division (USA); 196th Infantry Brigade (Light, USA) search and destroy operation predecessor to JUNCTION CITY Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Gaffey Blue II Binh Dinh Province 7/15/1969 7/30/1969 1st Brigade, 4th Infantry Division (USA) clear and seach operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Gallup III 8/15/1966 8/19/1966 USA search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Game Warden IV Mekong Delta 12/18/1965 River Patrol Force (USN) (Task Force 116, est. December 18, 1965) VC to halt VC inland waterways logistics and military operations This operation formed when it became obvious that Operation MARKET TIME, while successful at sea, did not work well on the inland waterways. The Navy adopted fiberglass-hulled river patrol boats (PBRs) to operate in the shallow water. These boats were based around either landing ship tanks (LTSs) or at shore installations. Bell UH-1B Iroqois helicopters, organized in Helicopter Attack Light Squadron 3 (HAL-3), provided air support and were stationed with the PBRs. VAL-4 (Navy Attack Light Squadron 4), which consisted of 0V-10 Broncos, bridged the gap between helicopter and jet. The operation included day and night patrols to inspect Vietnamese river craft, enforce curfews, establish ambushes, support Allied troops ashore, minesweep the Lon Tao channel, and insert SEALs in Mekong Delta. In 1968 parts of GAME WARDEN was combined with other task forces to conduct SEALORDS. After Vietnamization, GAME WARDEN shifted material to the South Vietnamese Navy (VNN). By December 1970, Task Force 116 was disestablished. The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Historical Atlas Of The Vietnam War, by Harry G. Summers, Jr.; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Garden City IV 9th Infantry Division Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Garfield II Darlac Province - northwest of Ban Me Thuot 2/25/1966 3/24/1966 3d Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (USA); 23d ARVN Division search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Garrad Bay I Quang Nam Province 10/25/1968 11/16/1968 2d Battalion, 26th Marines (USMC) clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Gatling II & III Phase I: Lam Dong Province; Phase II: Binh Tuy and Binh Thuan Provinces 2/1/1967 2/15/1967 1st Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (USA) search and destroy operation Phase I: February 1 - 5, 1967. Phase II: February 5 - 15, 1967 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Gator 1/14/1968 1/14/1968 1st Battalion, 6th Infantry, 198th Infantry Division (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Gem I Quang Nam Province 7/12/1967 7/15/1967 3d Battalion, 7th Marines (USMC) blocking operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Geneva Park I Quang Tin and Quang Ngai Provinces 3/18/1969 3/1/1971 198th Infantry Brigade (Light, USA) clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Georgia I Quang Nam and Quang Ngai Provinces - vicinity of An Hoa 4/21/1966 5/10/1966 4th Marines (HQ, USMC); 1st, 2d, 3d Battalions, 4th Marines (USMC); 3d Battalion, 9th Marines (USMC) clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Georgia Tar I Quang Tri Province - northeast of Khe Sanh 7/16/1969 9/25/1969 4th Marines (HQ, USMC); 1st, 2d, 3d Battalions, 4th Marines (USMC); 3d Battalions, 9th Marines (USMC) clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Geraldton III Phuoc Tuy Province 6/15/1967 6/21/1967 1st Australian Task Force search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Geronimo I II Phu Yen Province 10/30/1966 12/4/1966 1st Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Giant Slingshot IV Mekong Delta; Parrot's Beak, Vam Co River, not far from Ben Luc 12/6/1968 USN, SEALORDS (Task Force 194) VC to stop Communist infiltration from the Vam Co River and make these rivers accesible to the local inhabitants. In this area the Vam Co River flowed from converging routes on either side of the Parrot's Beak. In this pocket of Cambodian territory, Communists could establish base camps not far from the RVN capital at Saigon. Infiltration was great in this area and GIANT SLINGSHOT sought to stop the Communists and open the rivers to locals. The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker
Gibraltar II Binh Dinh Province - Song Con River Valleynorthwest of An Khe 9/18/1965 9/23/1965 1st Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (USA) search and destroy operation; to destroy VC main force battalion operating northeast of An Khe Part of Operation HIGHLAND. On September 18-19, the 2d Battalion/ 502d Airborne Infantry was heavily engaged Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Ginger 7/17/1969 8/7/1969 B Squadron, 1st Armored Regiment (Australian) Pacification operaiton in Duc Thanh District Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Gisborne 2/28/1970 3/10/1970 6th RAR/NZ (ANZAC) Battalion reconnaissance in force operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Give Up II Binh Dinh Province 12/6/1965 12/6/1965 2d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (HQ, USA); 2d Battalion, 5th Cavalry (USA) reconnaissance Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Gladiator III Binh Duong Province 12/6/1965 12/6/1965 2d Battalion, 28th Infantry (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Glenn I Quang Nam Province 12/17/1966 12/21/1966 3d Battalion, 1st Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Glenn Burnie III 1/2/1967 1/3/1967 3d Squadron, 11th Armored Cavalry (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Goethals II 7/15/1967 7/15/1967 Mobile Strike Force (5th Special Forces) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Golden Fleece I south of Danang III Marine Amphibious Force to protect rice harvest from VC seizure September 1965 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Golden Fleece (1968) 9/26/1968 11/17/1968 2d Battalion, 1st Infantry (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Golden Fleece (or Golden Fleece 7 -1)/ Lien Ket 60 I Quang Ngai Province 9/16/1966 9/27/1966 1st Battalion, 7th Marines (USMC); 4th ARVN Regiment search and destroy and security operation; to protect rice crop in Moc Duc Region Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Golden Fleece 196 - 1 I Quang Ngai Province 4/20/1967 4/23/1967 3d Battalion, 21st Infantry, 196th Infantry Brigade (USA) security operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Golden Sword 9/16/1968 10/19/1968 3d Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (USA); 3d Brigade, 82d Airborne Division Movement of the 3d Brigade, 101st Airborne Division to Northern I CTZ and the 3d Brigade, 82d Airborne Division to III CTZ Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Golden Valley I Quang Tin Province - Kham Duc Special Forces Camp 5/10/1968 5/12/1968 23d Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 2d Battalion, 1st Infantry, 196th Infantry Brigade (USA); Company A, 1st Battalion, 46th Infantry (USA); Battery A, 3d Battalion, 82d Artillery (USA) combat operations; relieve, reinforce Khum Duc CIDG The enemy surrounded the camp and the extraction appears to have been confused Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Good Friend I II Cam Ranh Bay 9/22/1965 10/19/1965 2d Battalion, 502d Infantry, 1st Brigade, 101st Infantry Division (USA) Battalion relieved 1st Battalion, 18th Infantry and secured area for arrival of 2d ROK Marine Brigade Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Good Friend II II vicinity of Qui Nhon 10/1/1965 11/13/1965 1st Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (USA); 1st Cavalry Division (USA); 2d Battalion, 7th Marines (USMC); 22d ARVN Division to permit the deployment of the ROK Capitol Division Operation in conjucture with the 22d ARVN division Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Good Luck Laos Laos; Plaine des Jarres region USAF USAF operations against the North Vietnamese and Pathet Lao forces in the Plaine des Jarres region of Laos Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations
Goodwood III Bien Hoa Province 12/3/1968 2/17/1969 1st and 9th Battalions, Royal Australian Regiment reconnaissance in force December 3, 1968 - January 1, 1969 (1st RAR); January 1 - February 17, 1969 (9th RAR); January 13 - 27, 1969 (1st RAR) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Grand I Quang Nam Province 4/21/1967 4/25/1967 3d Battalion, 7th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Granite I Thua Thien Province 10/25/1967 11/6/1967 4th Marines (HQ); 1st Battalion, 3d Marines (USMC): 1st Battalion, 4th Marines (USMC); ARVN Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Great Bend III 6/13/1967 6/20/1967 9th Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy Preliiminary Checklist Of United States Miliaty Operations In Southeast Asia
Greely II Kontum Province - Dak To area 6/16/1967 10/12/1967 173d Airborne Brigade (1st and 2d Battalions, 503d Infantry (1/503d and 2/503d), 4th Battalion, 503d Infantry (4/503)) (USA); 4th Infantry Division (USA); 1st Cavalry Division (1st Battalion, 12th Infantry (1/12th) and 3d Brigade) (USA); 5th and 8th ARVN Airborne Battalions; 42d ARVN Regiment; 5th and 8th ARVN Airborne Battalions 24th PAVN Regiment search and destroy operation; to stop a PAVN attack on Dak To In one of the bloodiest battles of the war, Alpha Company, 2/503d fought a battalion of the 24th PAVN Regiment. Though the USA claimed 513 PAVN troops were killed, only 75 bodies were found. 76 USA paratroopers were killed and 23 wounded. Because it appeared that an entire PAVN Division was present, the USA tried to force a decisive battle in the area. The 1/12th was airlifted directly into combat, and soon the 3d Brigade began a search-and-destroy. Later, the rest of the 173d entered Kontum. On 10 July, the 4/503d suffered heavy casualties from mortar and gun fire. The survivors of th 4/503d withdrew to Dak To. Later both the 4th Division and 173d Airborne troops suffered heavy casualties while attacking bunkers. The 3d Brigade and its Special Forces-Civilian Irregular Defense Group force ambushed a PAVN unit. Meanwhile, the fighting surrounding Dak To continued. By September the 173d Airborne had been so depleted that the unit withdrew to the coast. Though it was believed the 4th Division could handle the situation, conflict continued. Eventually, GREELY was combined with FRANCIS MARION into MAC ARTHUR for the decisive battle of Dak To. The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Green Ax II Pleiku Province 6/21/1969 8/5/1969 3d Brigade, 4th Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 1st and 2d Battalions, 35th Infantry (USA) clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Green Leaf III 2/5/1967 2/24/1967 USA search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Green River I Quang Tri Province - DMZ Area 1/19/1970 7/22/1970 1st Brigade, 5th Infantry Division (USA) clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Greene Ace II Pleiku Province 8/4/1969 10/16/1969 3d Brigade, 4th Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 2d Battalion, 8th Infantry (USA); 1st Battalion, 14th Infantry (USA); 1st and 2d Battalion, 35th Infantry (USA) clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Greene Basket II Pleiku Province 5/15/1969 6/21/1969 3d Brigade, 4th Infantry Division (HQ, USA) clear and search operation Prelliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Greene Bear II Kontum and Pleiku provinces 10/16/1969 1/30/1970 3d Brigde, 4th Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 1st and 2d Battalion, 8th Infantry (USA); 3d Battalion, 12th Infantry (USA); 1st Battalion, 14th Infantry (USA); 1st and 2d Battalions, 35th Infantry Division (USA); 1st Squadron, 10th Cavalry (USA) clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Greene Blue II Darlac Province 1/31/1969 2/25/1969 4th Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 2d Battalion, 35th Infantry (USA) clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Greene Bullet II Pleiku Province 10/20/1969 11/20/1969 4th Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 3d Battalion, 12th Infantry (USA); 1st Battalion, 35th Infantry (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Greene Cyclone II Pleiku Province 2/7/1969 3/12/1969 4th Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 1st Battalion, 35th Infantry (USA) clear and search operation suspended on March 4 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Greene Duece II Pleiku Province 1/30/1970 3/17/1970 3d Brigade, 4th Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 3d Battalion, 12th Infantry (USA); 1st Squadron, 10th Cavalry (USA) combat operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Greene Gallop II Pleiku Province 5/18/1969 6/30/1969 3d Brigade, 4th Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 1st Squadron, 10th Cavalry (USA) clear and search operation alternative dates: June 1 - August 2, 1969 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Greene Hurricane II Pleiku Province 3/19/1969 4/14/1969 4th Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 1st Battalion, 35th Infantry (USA) clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Greene Jack (1969) 7/15/1969 7/31/1969 3d Brigade, 4th Infantry Division (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Greene Jack (1970) II Binh Dinh Province 7/28/1970 8/16/1970 IFFV (HQ); 3d Battalion, 306th Airborne Infantry (USA) combat operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Greene Lightning II Binh Dinh Province 1/1/1971 3/13/1971 173d Airborne Brigade (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Greene Lion II Pleiku Province 4/21/1969 4/22/1969 4th Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 1st and 2d Battalions, 35th Infantry (USA) clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Greene Orange II Pleiku Province 4/14/1969 4/27/1969 4th Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 2d Battalion, 35th Infantry clear and search operation suspended April 21 - 27, 1969 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Greene Orange II II Pleiku Province 5/2/1969 5/5/1969 4th Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 1st Battalion, 14th Infantry (USA); 1st Battalion, 35th Infantry (USA) clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Greene Orange III II Pleiku Province 5/5/1969 8/4/1969 3d Brigade, 4th Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 1st Battalion, 14th Infantry (USA) clear and search operation May 5 - June 9, 1969 and June 21 - August 4 1969 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Greene Queen II Darlac Province 2/1/1969 5/6/1969 3d Brigade, 4th Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 2d Battalion, 35th Infantry (USA) clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Greene Queen II 4/30/1969 5/14/1969 3d Brigade, 4th Infantry Division (HQ, USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Greene Storm II Binh Dinh, Phu Bon, and Pleiku Provinces 2/6/1971 3/17/1971 173d Airborne Brigade (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Greene Storm / Greene Thunder II Kontum and Pleiku Provinces 1/31/1969 2/17/1969 4th Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 1st Battalion, 12th Infantry (USA); 1st Battalion, 14th Infantry (USA) clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Greene Sure II Binh Dinh Province 3/14/1971 4/21/1971 173d Airborne Brigade Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Greene Thunder II Kontum and Pleiku Provinces 1/31/1969 2/17/1969 4th Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 1st Battalion, 12th Infantry (USA); 1st Battalion, 14th Infantry (USA) clear and search operation see Operation GREENE STORM / GREEN THUNDER Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Greene Thunder II II Pleiku Province 2/28/1969 4/2/1969 2d Brigade, 4th Infantry Division (USA) clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Greene Tornado II Pleiku Province 2/25/1969 2/27/1969 4th Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 2d Battalion, 35th Infantry (USA) clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Greene Typhoon II Pleiku Province 4/17/1969 5/1/1969 4th Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 1st Battalion, 35th Infantry Division (USA) clear and search operation April 17 - 21, 1969 and April 27 - May 1, 1969 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Greene Typhoon II II Pleiku Province 5/5/1969 6/21/1969 3d Brigade, 4th Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 1st Battalion, 35th Infantry Division clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Gulf I Quang Nam Province 5/3/1967 5/7/1967 1st Marine Division (HQ, USMC); 2d Battalion, 26th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Haeng Ho 6 II Binh Dinh Province 9/23/1966 11/9/1966 ROK Capital Division 1,161 Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton
Hall II west-southwest of Cam Ranh Bay 12/18/1967 1/5/1968 5th Special Forces Group (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Hamilton Xuyen Moc District 4/3/1970 4/24/1970 8th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment search and destroy operation in Xuyen Moc District following Operation HAMMERSLEY Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Hamilton II / Buchanan II II 3/27/1966 5/5/1966 USA security operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Hammersley 2/10/1970 3/3/1970 8th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment reconnaissance and ambush operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Hancock Dragon II Pleiku Province 11/18/1970 4th Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 1st Squadron, 10th Cavalry (USA); 2d Battalion, 503d Airborne Infantry (joined December 24, 1970) combat and security operation Operation PARKS SILVER was redesignated HANCOCK DRAGON onNovember 18, 1970 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Hancock Eagle II Binh Thuan Province 2/3/1969 2/20/1969 Task Force South (HQ); 3d Battalion, 506th Airborne Infantry clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Hancock Eagle III II Binh Thuan Province 3/23/1969 3/31/1969 3d Battalion, 506th Airborne Infantry clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Hancock Flame II Binh Thuan Province 9/27/1969 10/7/1969 3d Battalion, 506th Airborne Infantry clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Hancock Gold II Binh Thuan Province 7/5/1970 7/21/1970 Task Force South (HQ); 1st Battalion, 50th Infantry (USA); 3d Battalion, 506th Airborne Infantry combat operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Hancock Hawk II Binh Thuan Province 6/16/1970 6/30/1970 3d Battalion, 506th Airborne Infantry combat operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Hancock I II Darlac Province; north of Ban Me Thout 4/26/1967 5/22/1967 3d Battalion, 8th Infantry, 4th Infantry Division (USA); 45th ARVN Regiment search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Hancock Knight II Lam Dong Province 1/31/1969 2/12/1969 173d Airborne Brigade (HQ); 3d Battalion, 503d Airborne Infantry clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Hancock Knight II II Lam Dong and Tuyen Duc Provinces 3/23/1969 3/28/1969 3d Battalion, 503d Airborne Infantry, 173d Airborne Brigade (USA) clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Hancock Knight III II Lam Dong Province 4/3/1969 4/7/1969 3d Battalion, 503d Airborne Infantry clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Hancock Queen II Binh Thuan, Binh Tuy, and Lam Dong Provinces 3/4/1967 3/22/1967 Task Force South (HQ); 3d Battalion, 503d Airborne Infantry, 173d Airborne Brigade (USA); 3d Battalion, 506th Airborne Infantry, 101st Airborne Division (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Hang Over II Ninh Thuan Province 1/3/1966 1/8/1966 2d Battalion, 327th Airborne Infantry (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Happy Valley II Binh Dinh Province - Vinh Thanh Valley (Happy Valley) 10/13/1965 10/31/1965 1st Battalion, 5th Cavalry, 1st Cavalry Division (USA) Pacification Oreliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Hard Rock 9/26/1965 9/27/1965 USMC search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Hardihood III Phuoc Tuy Province 5/16/1966 6/8/1966 173d Airborne Brigade (USA); Australian movement of 1st Australian Task Force to base camp at Ba Ria Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Hardin Falls I Quang Tin Province 12/1/1968 2/28/1969 198th Infantry Brigade (Light, USA) clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Harmon Green II and III Binh Tuy, Lam Dong, and Tuyen Duc Provinces 6/18/1968 7/1/1968 1st and 3d Battalions, 503d Airborne Infantry, 173d Airborne Brigade (USA) reconnaissance in force operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Harrisburg III Bien Hoa Province 3/7/1968 199th Infantry Brigade (Light)(Separate, USA); 3d Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (USA); 11th Armored Cavalry (USA) security operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Harrison II Phu Yen Province - south of Tuy Hoa 2/21/1966 3/25/1966 1st Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (USA); 2d ROK Marine Brigade; 47th ARVN Regiment search and destroy follow-on to Operation JEFFERSON / VAN BUREN Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Hartle Green II Binh Dinh and Pleiku Provinces 10/14/1969 11/24/1969 4th Infantry Division security operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Harvest 10/25/1968 11/2/1968 3d Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment reconnaissance in force and interdiction operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military OperationsIn Southeast Asia
Harvest Moon I Quang Nam Province; Phuoc Ha Valley, south of Da Nang 12/8/1965 12/20/1965 3d Marine Division (HQ, USMC); 2d Battalion, 1st Marines (USMC); 3d Battalion, 3d Marines (USMC); 2d Battalion, 7th Marines (USMC); 3d Battalion, 1st ARVN Regiment; 1st Battalion, 5th ARVN Regiment; 1st Battalion, 6th ARVN Regiment; 11th ARVN Ranger Battalion VC 51 (USMC) 256 (USMC) 407 (VC) search and destroy; to find and attack VC units in the Phuoc Ha Valley This operation resulted from Johnson's decision to commit ground troops and was a test of Westmoreland's strategy using search-and-destory missions. It also tested the Marine tactics and equiptment. The ARVN units attacked on their way to the operation, and had to be relieved by the Marines later. The Marines operated under a temporary command structure called Task Force DELTA. They were supposed to trap the VC from the flank and rear, but also had to rescure the ARVN. Finally on the 10 December they counterattacked overland. The Special Landing Force (SLF) had difficulty securing its landing zones until the VC withdrew into the Phuoc Ha Valley. B-52s were sent in to bomb the valley positions, but the VC had already pulled out. During this operation, the Marines learned much about coordinating attacks and air support and advanced planning. The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Harvest Moon (1967) III 4/2/1967 5th Special Forces Group parachute assault Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Hastings / Deckhouse II I Quang Tri Province, between Route 9 and the DMZ; Ngan Valley ("Helicopter Valley") 7/7/1966 8/3/1966 Task Force DELTA, 4th Marines (HQ, USMC); 1st Battalion, 3d Marines (USMC); 2d and 3d Battalions, 4th Marines (USMC); 3d Battalion, 5th Marines (USMC); 3d Battalion, 9th Marines (USMC); 3d Battalion, 12th Marines (USMC); 1st and 2d Battalions, 1st Marines (USMC) (joined 7/20 and 7/21); 1st ARVN Division; VMC PAVN 126 (USMC) 498 (USMC) 800-882 (PAVN) reconnaissance and search and destroy operation; combating PAVN thrust across the DMZ; redesignated Operation PRAIRIE on August 3, 1966 Because Westmoreland disagreed with the Marine emphasis on counterinsurgency over large-unit operations against PAVN forces, he launched them on reconnaisance operations in the Quang Tri Province to measure PAVN buildup. The code name for these operations becam HASTINGS. Throughout the extent of HASTINGS, fighting occurred between Route 9 and the DMZ. The well-equiped PAVN division often ambushed the Marines. For the first time in the war, B-52s bombed the DMZ. Some of the heaviest fighting occurred the 12-25 July. The largest and most violent operation during the war at that time, HASTINGS ended the Marine emphasis on pacification and forced them to respond to the North Vietnamese and an expanded war. Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Hat Dich 7/17/1969 7/31/1969 9th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment reconnaissance in force operations Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Hattiesburg III Tay Ninh Province 3/1/1966 3/5/1966 2d Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Hattiesburg (1967) III 3/26/1967 3/28/1967 USA search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Haverford III Gia Donh and Long An Provinces 1/13/1968 2/2/1968 199th Infantry Brigade (Light)(Separate, USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Haverford I III Gia Dinh and Long An Provinces 2/4/1968 2/18/1968 199th Infantry Brigade (Light)( Separate)(USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operaitons In Southeast Asia
Hawkesbury III Phuoc Tuy Province 9/12/1968 9/14/1968 1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment; 4th RAR/NZ (ANZAC) Battalion Reconnaissance in force operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Hawthorne / Dan Tang 61 II Kontum Province, near Dak To and at the Tou Morong Special Forces camp 6/1/1966 6/21/1966 101st Airborne Division, (1/327th Infantry, 2/502d Infantry, and 2/327th Infantry (USA)); 1st Battalion, 5th Cavalry, 1st Cavalry Division (USA); 1st Battalion, 42d Regiment (ARVN); 21st ARVN Ranger Battalion 24th PAVN Regiment 50+ (USA) 200 (USA) 500-531 (PAVN) conduct search and destroy operations; To rescue the Tou Morong Special Forces camp, First Battle for Dak To The 24th PAVN Regiment had surrounded the Vietnamese irregulars at the Tou Morong Special Forces Camp and the 1/327th and the 1st battalion, 42d Regiment ARVN fought to evacuate the garrison. Afterwards, the 1/327th followed the PAVN into the surrounding area. The PAVN attacked an artillery position. On the 7 June they seriously injured the 1/327th when it wandered into a PAVN base camp. The 2/502d was sent into the battle, and this additional infantry combined with artillery bombarment saved the 1/327th. The PAVN continued to attack at night and nearly overran a USA night position.The remaining 1/327th once again found the PAVN outside of Tou Morong, and the 2/502d acted as a blocking force from Dak To. In an attempt to entrap the PAVN Regiment, the 101st's 2/327th and the Cavalry's 1/5th and were flown in. Airstrikes and B-52 sorties resulted in many PAVN casualties. On 17 June, a conflict between a company of the 1/327th and a small PAVN force resulted in the 1st Cavalry gunships firing upon the position. Finally, the PAVN withdrew. Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United Staes Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Hayes II Kontum Province 7/17/1966 8/1/1966 3d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (USA) reconnaissance operaiton; screening mission along the Cambodian border west of Dak To and Dak Pek; surveillance of known and suspected infiltration routes Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Hayman Long Son island 11/6/1966 11/12/1966 1st Australian Task Force (HQ); 5th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment search and destroy operation on Long Son Island Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Hearldsburg III 11/29/1966 12/5/1966 USA search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Helemano III Hau Nghia Province 6/17/1966 6/21/1966 4th Battalion, 9th Infantry, 25th Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Henderson Hill I north central Quang Nam Province 10/23/1968 12/6/1968 5th Marine Regiment (HQ, USMC); 1st, 2d, 3d Battalion, 5th Marines (USMC) 700 Search-and-clear operation Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Henry Clay II Binh Dinh, Phu Bon, Phu Yen, Pleiku and Darlac Provinces 7/2/2006 7/30/1966 1st Cavalry Division (USA); 2d Battalion, 327th Airborne Infantry (USA) search and destroy operation in the Cambodian border area follow up to Operation NATHAN HALE Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Hercules / Drum Head I Quang Ngai Province 10/26/1965 10/27/1965 3d Battalion, 7th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Herkimer Mountain I Quang Tin Province 5/8/1969 7/16/1969 4th Marines (HQ, USMC); 1st, 2d, 3d Battalions, 4th Marines (USMC); 1st, 2d, 3d Battalions, 9th Marines (USMC) clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Hickory III Bien Hoa Province 10/6/1966 10/15/1966 3d Squadron, 11th Armored Cavalry (USA) search and destroy, reconnaissance operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Miiltary Operations In Southeast Asia
Hickory / Beau Charger / Lam Son 54 I Quang Tri Province 5/16/1967 5/28/1967 3d Marine Division (HQ, USMC); 1st, 2d, 3d Battalions, 9th Marines (HICKORY); 2d Battalion, 3d Marines (HICKORY); 1st and 3d Battalions, 4th Marines (HICKORY); 2d Battalion, 26th Marines (HICKORY): 1st Battalion, 3d Marines (BEAU CHARGER); 5th ARVN regiment (LAM SON 54) search and detroy operation mulitbattalion attack into the DMZ; sweep and clearing operations for project PRACTIVE NINE Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Hickory II I Quang Tri Province near DMZ 7/14/1967 7/16/1967 9th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Followed by KINGFISHER Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
High Tide III 9/23/1965 9/26/1965 search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Highland (originally Operation RAMROD) II Binh Dinh Province 8/25/1965 10/1/1965 1st Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (USA); 2d Battalion, 7th Marines (USMC) route security; to open Highway 19 between Qui Nhon and An Khe for debarkation and deployment of the 1st Cavalry Division Operation GIBRALTAR was a part of this Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Hines 2/1/1969 11/17/1970 4th Infantry Division (USA) subordinate operations were the WAYNE series (1st Brigade), the PUTNAM series (2d Brigade), and the GREENE series (3d Brigade) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Hoa Xuan Island 12/27/1965 12/27/1965 USMC search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Hoang Dieu 101 12/17/1970 1/19/1971 USMC; ARVN; ROKMC Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Hoang Dieu 103 I vicinity of Danang 2/3/1971 3/10/1971 III Marine Amphibious Force; 2d ROK Marine Brigade; 51st ARVN Regiment Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Hobart I 7/24/1966 7/28/1966 6th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment search and destroy Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Hobart II 7/28/1966 7/29/1966 6th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Hodges Black II Pleiku Province 10/20/1969 11/19/1969 4th Infantry Division (HQ); 2d Battalion, 8th Infantry (USA) clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Hollandia III Phouc Tuy Province, Long Hai Peninsula 6/8/1966 6/18/1966 173d Airborne Brigade (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Hollingsworth III Tay Ninh Province 5/7/1966 5/9/1966 1st Infantry Division (USA) Four Battalion air assault on suspected communist headquarters Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Holsworthy III 8/5/1966 8/18/1966 5th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment cordon and search Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Holt / Lam Son 286 I Thua Thien Province 7/1/1966 7/6/1966 3d Battalion, 4th Marines (USMC); ARVN Search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Homecoming North Vietnam to South Vietnam to the United States 2/12/1973 3/29/1973 U.S. POWs to obtain the release of U.S. POWs and the simultaneous final reduction in active U.S. forces. There were four stages to the return of POWs. The first began on 12 February and the last ended a day late on March 29. The POWs were initially received at Sai Gon, Ha Noi, and Hong Kong depending on whether they were released by the VC, DRV, or China respectively. Then they were flown to Clark Air Force Base in the Philippines. There they were debriefed and medically examined. Those released could go to a U.S. medical hospital for recovery. 591 U.S. POWs returned. Some had survived the longest captivity of prisoners in U.S. history and had become the focus of respect and affection. They returned to the United States to a very rare hero's welcome. The release of the POWs gave American a sucessful ending to the war. The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker
Honolulu III Hau Nghia Province - vicininty of Cu Chi 3/14/1966 3/19/1966 2d Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Hood River I Quang Ngai Province 8/2/1967 8/13/1967 1st Brigade, 101st Airborne Division Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Hooker I II Kontum and Pleiku Provinces, est of Pleiku - Lontum in vicinity of the Cambodian border 6/9/1966 6/21/1966 2d Briagde, 1st Cavalry Diviison (USA) reconnaisance and security operation; search and destroy operation west of Pleiku - Kontum in vicinity of the Cambodian border Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations Of Southeast Asia
Hop Out 11/10/1965 11/13/1965 1st Battalion, 7th Cavalry, 1st Cavalry Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Hopscotch III Bien Hoa and Binh Duong Provinces 10/4/1965 10/25/1965 2d Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (HQ, USA) search and destroy and area security operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Hoptac IV Dinh Tuong Province 6/1/1967 2/7/1968 2d and 3d Brigades, 9th Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy and security operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Hoptac I IV Dinh Tuong Province 2/7/1968 4/30/1968 2d Brigade, 9th Infantry Division (USA) security operation, security of Dong Tam Base Camp replaced by Operation KUDZU Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Hoptac VII IV Ding Tuong Province 4/8/1967 4/8/1967 2d Brigade, 9th Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Hoptac XVI IV Dinh Tuong Province 5/2/1967 5/3/1967 2d Brigade, 9th Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Hot Foot III Binh Duong Province 10/19/1965 10/19/1965 2d Battalion, 28th Infantry (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Hot Springs / Lien Ket 36 I Quang Ngai Province 4/12/1966 4/24/1966 7th Marines (HQ, USMC); 3d Battalion, 1st Marines (USMC); 2d and 3d Battalions, 7th Marines (USMC); 5th ARVN Regiment; 1st VNMC Battalion; 5th ARVN Airborne Battalion search and destroy operation; attack on staging area of 1st VC Regiment Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Houston I Thua Thien and Quang Nam border region 2/26/1968 9/12/1968 1st Marine Division (HQ, USMC); 2d Battalion, 3d Marines (USMC); 1st, 2d, 3d Battalions, 5th Marines (USMC); 2d Battalion, 7th Marines (USMC); 1st Battalion, 9th Marines (USMC); 1st Battalion, 13th Marines (USMC); 1st and 3d Battalions, 26th Marines (USMC); 2d Battalion, 27th Marines (USMC); 101st Airborne Division (elements, USA) 702 search and destroy / combat operation; clear and search operation Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Houston (2d Part) I Thua Thien Provincce 7/25/1968 9/12/1968 26th Marines (HQ, USMC); 1st and d Battalion, 26th Marines (USMC); 1st Battalion, 13th Marines (USMC) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Houston I I Thua Thien Province 2/26/1968 4/30/1968 5th Marines (HQ, USMC); 2d Battalion, 3d Marines (USMC); 1st, 2d, 3d Battalions, 5th Marines (USMC); 1st Battalion, 327th Airborne Infantry (USA); 2d Battalion, 502d Airborne Infantry (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Houston II I Thua Thien Province 5/1/1968 5/31/1968 5th Marines (HQ, USMC); 1st, 2d, 3d Battalions, 5th Marines (USMC) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Houston III I Thua Thien Province 6/1/1968 6/30/1968 5th Marines (HQ, USMC); 1st and 2d Battalions, 5th Marines (USMC) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Houston IV I Thua Thien Province 7/1/1968 7/25/1968 5th Marines (HQ, USMC); 1st, 2d, 3d Battalions, 5th Marines (USMC) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Hughes Black II Binh Dinh Province 12/2/1969 1/5/1970 2d Battalion, 8th Infantry (USA) Highway security operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Humboldt I Quang Nam Provinces 4/13/1967 4/17/1967 1st Marine Division (HQ, USMC); 3d Battalion, 1st Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Hump III Binh Duong Province - War Zone D 11/5/1965 11/9/1965 173d Airborne Brigade (USA); 1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment search and destroy operation 173d's first battle took place November 8, 1965 with 1/503d Infantry engagement Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Huntsville III 9/20/1966 9/22/1966 3d Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (USA); 48th ARVN Regiment search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations Of Southeast Asia
Idaho Canyon I Quang Tri Province 7/23/1969 9/25/1969 3d Regiment (USMC) 565 Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton
Igloo White sensor delivery operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Imperial Lake I Quang Nam Province 9/1/1970 5/12/1971 5th Marines (HQ, USMC); 1st, 2d, 3d Battalions, 5th Marines (USMC) search and clear operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Independence I Quang Nam Province 2/1/1967 2/9/1967 companies of … 1st Battalion, 1st Marines (USMC); 2d Battalion, 4th Marines (USMC); 2d Battalion, 5th Marines (USMC); 1st and 2d Battalions, 26th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Indian Scout II Binh Dinh Province 10/20/1965 11/7/1965 1st Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (HQ, USA) area security mission; movement of ROK Tiger Division into TAOR Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Indiana I Quang Ngai Province 3/28/1966 3/30/1966 1st Batalion, 7th Marines (USMC) reaction operation; reinforcing ARVN Operation QUYET TANG 72 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Inferno 1/7/1969 USAF to destroy the enemy and to produce a sustained forest fire This was Operation INFERNO until May 1968, then it became Operation BANISH BEACH. Bulk fuel was dropped from C-130s in concentrated areas. The Operation was deemed cost prohibitive based on analysis of missions flown from April 1968 - August 1968. Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Ingham III 11/18/1966 12/3/1966 1st Australian Task Force (HQ); 5th and 6th Battalions, Royal Australian Regiment search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Opreations In Southeast Asia
Initiator III Long Binh Province 12/16/1966 12/26/1966 199th Infantry Brigade (Light, Separate, USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Innamincka 9/7/1968 9/12/1968 4th RAR/NZ (ANZAC) Battalion cordon and search and reconnaisance in force operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Iola III 1/27/1967 2/3/1967 USA search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Iowa I Quang Tin Province 4/8/1966 4/10/1966 1st Marines (HQ, USMC); 3d Battalion, 1st Marines (USMC); 2d Battalion, 4th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Irish, Task Force 5/24/1969 6/24/1969 3d Brigade, 4th Infantry Division (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Iron Mountain I Quang Ngai Province - Song Tra Khuc River south to MR1/MR2 Border and west to Song Re River 2/28/1969 2/28/1971 11th Infantry Brigade (Light, USA) clear and search operation alternative dates March 17, 1969 - March 1, 1971 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Iron Triangle Operation (OPORD 25-65) III Binh Duong Province - southwest of Ben Cat, 25 miles northwest of Saigon 10/8/1965 10/14/1965 173d Airborne Brigade (USA); 1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment search and destroy Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Iroquois Grove I Quang Tri Province 6/15/1969 9/25/1969 1st Brigade, 5th Infantry Division (USA); 2d Battalion, 3d Marines (USMC) clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Irving II Binh Dinh Province - central coastal area north of Qhi Nhon 10/1/1966 10/24/1966 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile, USA); 22d Division (ARVN)(Operation DAI BANG); ROK Capital Division (Operations MANG HO 6) 18th Regiment, 3d PAVN Division fewer than 40 killed and wounded fewer than 40 killed and wounded 681 (PAVN) To fight the 18th Regiment in the Binh Dinh Province, Technically an extension of Operation Thayer I. Search and destroyr operation to clear area around Phu Cat Mountain. This operation developed from Operation Thayer I when the 1st Cavalry pushed the PAVN forces back from the Kim son Valley to the coastal plain. While the ROK Capital Division and ARVN Division set up in blocking positions, the 1st Squadron, 9th Cavalry reconnaissance team uncovered entrenched PAVN forces. More 1st Cavalry Brigades entered the conflict and support came from artillery, helicopter gunships, and naval gunfire. The most intense fighting of the conflict occurred at Hoa Hoi, where the 7th and 8th battalions of the 18th PAVN Regiment were cornered. Though very few civilians died, 10,000 became refugees. Even though IRVING offered a great display of airmobility and exemplified a combined forces operation, the PAVN were soon back in Kim Son and Suoi Ca. There were 1,000 PAVN POWs. Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Ivy, Task Force 2/2/1971 3/8/1971 173d Airborne Brigade (USA) reconnaissance and surveillance by Company C, 75th Infantry Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Jack Stay Rung Sat Special Zone 3/26/1966 4/1/1966 USMC; VNMC search and clear operation along the Long Tau shipping channel by 7th Fleet Amphibious Task Force Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Jackson / Lien Ket 54 I Quang Ngai Province 8/27/1966 8/29/1966 7th Marines (HQ); 3d Battalion (USMC), 5th Marines (USMC); 3d Battalion, 7th Marines (USMC); 4th ARVN Regiment search and destroy Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
James Bond II Binh Dinh Province 7/4/1966 7/4/1966 2d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (USA) counterintelligance raid Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Jasper Square I Quang Nam Province 4/10/1968 4/14/1968 3d Battalion, 7th Marines (USMC) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Jay / Lam Son 284 I Thua Thien Province - 10 km northwest of Hue 6/25/1966 7/2/1966 2d Battalion, 1st Marines (USMC); 2d Battalion, 4th Marines (USMC) search and destroy Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Jeb Stuart I Quang Tri and Thua Thien Provinces 1/21/1968 3/31/1968 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile)(HQ, USA); 1st and 2d Brigades, 101st Airborne Division 3,268 search and destroy mission; reenforce IIIMAF in area between Quang Tri and Hue / Phu Bai Operation in I Corps after the PERSHING operstions in II Corps. The 1st Brigade joined the rest of the division after finishing PERSHING II in late February. Terminated at the start of PEGASUS. Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; Preliminary checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Jeb Stuart III I Quang Tri and Thua Thien Provinces 5/17/1968 11/3/1968 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile, USA) 2,114 search and clear; rice denial, and pacification; clear and search operation; included Operation COMMANCHE FALLS I, II, III Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Jefferson II Phu Yen Province 1/1/1966 1/16/1966 2d ROK Marine Brigade; 47th ARVN Regiment search and destroy operation to clear mountainous area along coast south of Tuy Hoa Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Jefferson Glenn/Op Ord 13-70 (Monsoon plan 70), formerly TEXAS STAR I Thua Thien and Quang Tri Provinces 9/5/1970 10/8/1971 101st Airborne Division (Airmobile, USA); 1st ARVN Infantry Division; 1st Brigade, 5th Infantry Division (USA) PAVN; VC 2,026 PAVN/VC to shield Thua Thien and Quang Tri Provinces by patrolling Communist areas that threatened critical installations; search and destroy This was the last major offensive operation which involved U.S. ground troops. After LAM SON 719, the 101st Airborne Division had been gradually disengaged from the field, but three battalions still fought in JEFFERSON GLENN. Fire support bases were established in Thua Thien and the troops intended to shield Thua Thien and Quang Tri Provinces. Over time the 101st gradually turned the responsibility for fighting over to the ARVN 1st Infantry Division. Eventually the 101st completely disengaged. Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Jim Bowie II Binh Dinh Province - Uppery Dak Som River Valley 3/7/1966 3/28/1966 1st Cavalry Division (HQ, USA); 1st and 3d Brigades, 1st Cavalry Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Jingle Bells III 12/19/1965 12/20/1965 1st Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 1st Battalion, 28th Infantry (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
John Paul Jones II Khanh Hoa, Phu Bon, and Phu Yen Provinces 7/21/1966 9/5/1966 2d Brigade, 4th Infantry Division (USA): 1st Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (USA); 2d ROK Marine Brigade to secure Tuy Hoa and the Vung Ro Bay Area Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Joliet III 6 km east of Cu Chi 6/6/1966 6/9/1966 4th Battalion, 9th Infantry, 25th Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Junction City III War Zone C, Tay Ninh Province and bordering provinces, 70 miles north of Saigon 2/21/1967 5/14/1967 1st, 4th, 9th and 25th Infantry Divisions (USA); 3d Brigade, 4th Infantry Division (USA); 196th Infantry Brigade (Light, USA); 11th Armored Cavalry Regiment; 173d Airborne Brigade; Task Force Alpha's 1st and 5th Battalions (VMC); TF Wallace's 35th and 36th Ranger Battalion (ARVN); 3d Battalion (ARVN); 3d Battalion, 1st Cavalry Regiment (ARVN) 9th VC Division; 272d VC Regiment; 273d VC Regiment; 101st PAVN Regiment 282 1,576 2,728 To search out and destroy the VC and PAVN in the area; to destroy the Central Office for South Vietnam, the enemy's headquarters in the south; to establish a Special Forces CIDG camp and airfield at Prek Klok from which to monitor enemy movement Phase I: February 21-March 14; Phase II: March 15-April 15; Phase III: April 16-May 14. As one of the largest Allied offensive operations in the war, JUNCTION CITY involved four ARVN and 22 U.S. battalions. Many of the lessons learned in CEDAR FALLS were applied to this operation. The plan called for blocking positions with the 196th Infantry Brigade in the west and the 1st Infantry Division in the east. To the north, the 173d Airborne Brigade and the 1st Brigade, 1st Infantry Division would act as a block. Then the 11th Armored Cavalry Regiment and the 2d Brigade, 25th Infantry division would sweep in from the south. Operations GADSEN and TUCSON positioned the flanking forces. The 2d Battalion, 503d Infantry parachuted into their north formation in the only major U.S. "combat" jump of the war. Another eight infantry battalions were flown to their positions in the north in one of the largest mass helicopter lifts of the war. Then the forces to the south began their sweep. The 173d Ariborne Brigade found the VC Central Information Office. The 272d VC Regiment attacked the 168th Engineer Battalion as they built a Special Forces base camp at Prek Klok. JUNCTION CITY entered Phase II on 18 March. During this time the operation focused on clearing the eastern sector of War Zone C. The 1st Brigade, 9th Infantry Division replaced the 173d Airborne Brigade. On 19 March the 273d VC Regiment nearly overran the 9th Infantry's Troop A, 3d Squadron, 5th Cavalry at Ap Bau Bang. Troop B and C came to their aid and the Air Force conducted air support. On the 21 March, the 273d VC Regiment attacked the 3d Battalion, 22d Infantry and 2d Battalion, 77th Artillery of the 4th Infantry Division at Fire Support Base Gold. The base was relieved by the 2d Battalion, 34th Armor. One final large fight occured at LZ George. Company B, 1st Battalion, 26th Infantry came under heavy fire. Company A had to be sent in to relieve them. They withdrew to the defensive perimeter near the LZ. On 1 April, the 271st VC Regiment and the 1st Battalion, 70th VC Guards Regiment attacked. It took artillery fire, helicopter gunships, and tactical air support to drive them off. In an unplanned Phase III one mechanized battalion from the 25th Infantry Division and an ARVN battalion continued to sweep through War Zone C, but discovered very little. As a result of JUNCTION CITY, the Communists lost many troops. However, although the VC 9th Division was greatly depleted, within a year they would be back for the Tet Offensive. Also, Gen. Giap realized the vulnerability of a headquarters in South Vietnam, and after JUNCTION CITY he moved it to Cambodia. VC headquarters in Cambodia meant that the U.S. could not attack without expanding to large-scale operations outside of Vietnam. Thus the Allies only had the option to use a defensive campaign. Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton: The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Kaena III Hau Nghia Province 4/13/1966 4/14/1966 2d Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operation in support of Operation Makaha Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Kahala III Hau Nghia Province - vicinity of Cu Chi 4/16/1966 4/26/1966 2d Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Kahana I and II III Long Khanh and Binh Tuy Provinces 7/2/1966 7/31/1966 25th Infantry Division (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Kahuku III west of Cu Chi 4/6/1966 4/8/1966 2d Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (HQ); 49th ARVN Regiment search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Kailua III Hau Nghia Province 10/11/1966 11/14/1966 2d Brigade, 25th Infantry Division Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Kalamazoo 4/13/1966 4/14/1966 2d Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 1st Battalion, 5th Infantry (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Kalihi Fillhol Plantation 9/15/1966 11/14/1966 1st Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Kam II 1/20/1966 1/24/1966 USA security operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Kam II II 1/29/1966 1/31/1966 USA search operation Preliiminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Kam III II 2/9/1966 2/21/1966 USA Secuirty operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Kamehameha II 3/15/1966 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations Is Southeast Asia
Kamehameha I II Pleiku Province 1/20/1966 1/24/1966 3d Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (USA) route security on Highway 19 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Millitary Operations In Southeast Asia
Kamehameha II II Pleiku Province 1/29/1966 1/31/1966 3d Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (HQ, USA) route security on Highway 19 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Kamehameha III II Binh Dinh and Pleiku Province 2/9/1966 2/21/1966 3d Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (HQ, USA) route security on Highway 19 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Kamuela Upper Boi Loi Woods and Ben Cui Plantation 9/19/1966 10/4/1966 1st Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operations and reconnaisance Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Kansas 6/22/1966 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Kathy III Capitol Military District 9/28/1966 9/30/1966 ARVN Airborne Division (HQ); 2d and 8th ARVN Airborne Battalions Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Katum III Tay Ninh Province 9/27/1971 10/2/1971 3d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (USA); 2d Squadron, 11th Armored Cavalry (USA) Withdrawal of US personnel from FSB Katum in Tay Ninh Province near Cambodian border Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Kawela III Iron Triangle area 6/10/1967 6/25/1967 25th Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 1st Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operation in Iron Triangle area included in Operation BARKING SANDS Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Keepout seeding of Parrot's Beak area with anti-personnel mines in 1968 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Kelley Hill III 1/3/1967 1/8/1967 USA security operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Kenmore III Phuoc Tuy Province 9/29/1967 10/11/1967 1st Australian Task Force (HQ); 2d and 7th Battalions, Royal Australian Regiments search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Kent I Quang Ngai Province 10/8/1966 10/15/1966 2d Battalion, 7th Marines (USMC) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Kentucky I Quang Tri Province; Con Thien area of the DMZ 11/1/1967 2/28/1969 3d Marine Division (HQ, USMC); 1st and 2d Battalions, 1st Marines (USMC); 1st, 2d, 3d Battalions, 3d Marines (USMC); 1st, 2d, 3d Battalions, 4th Marines (USMC); 1st, 2d, 3d Battalions, 9th Marines (USMC); 1st & 2d Battalions, 26th Marines (USMC); 3d Marine Tank Battalion (USMC); 1st Brigade, 5th Infantry Division (USA) 3,921 search and destroy operation; clear and search operation Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Kentucky Cougar III Gia Dinh, Tay Ninh, and Binh Long Provinces 6/22/1969 1/31/1970 3d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (USA); 11th Armored Cavalry (USA) "Battle of Binh Long" August 1969. Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Kentucky Jumper I Thua Thien Province 2/28/1969 8/15/1969 101st Airborne Division (USA); 9th Infantry Division (cavalry elements); 3d ARVN Regiement clear and search operation Operations APACHE SNOW and MONTGOMERY RENDEZVOUS were part of this operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Keperra 1/23/1970 2/14/1970 8th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment cordon and search and reconnaissance and ambush operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Kern I Quang Ngai Province 10/1/2066 10/25/1966 9th Marines (USMC, HQ); 2d Battalion, 3d Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Keystone Blue Jay 2/1/1970 4/15/1970 redeployment (Increment III): 1st Infantry Division (USA); 3d Brigade, 4th Infantry Division (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Keystone Cardinal 9/18/1969 12/15/1969 redeployment (Increment II): 3d Brigade, 82d Airborne Division (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Keystone Eagle 7/1/1969 8/31/1969 redeployment (Increment I): 9th Infantry Division (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Keystone Mallard 12/1/1971 1/31/1972 redeployment (Increment X): 101st Airborne Division (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Keystone Oriole (Alpha) 5/1/1971 6/30/1971 redeployment (Increment VII): three infantry battalions and one air cavalry squadron Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Keystone Oriole (Bravo) 7/1/1971 8/31/1971 redeployment (Increment VIII): 173 Airborne Brigade (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Keystone Oriole (Charlie) 9/1/1971 11/30/1971 redeployment (Increment IX): 23d Infantry Division (USA), 11th Infantry Brigade (Light, USA) and 198th Infantry Brigade (Light, USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Keystone Owl 2/1/1972 4/30/1972 redeployment (Increment XI): five infantry battalions, two cavalry squadrons and four air cavalry squadrons Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Keystone Pelican 9/1/1972 11/30/1972 redeployment (Increment XIV): miscellaneous units Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Keystone Pheasant 5/1/1972 6/30/1972 redeployment (Increment XII): 3d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (USA); 196th Infantry Brigade (Light, USA); four infantry battalions Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Keystone Robin (Alpha) 7/1/1970 10/15/1970 redeployment (Increment IV): 3d Brigade, 9th Infantry Division (USA); 199th Infantry Brigade (Light)(Separate, USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Miliary Operations In Southeast Asia
Keystone Robin (Bravo) 10/16/1970 12/31/1970 redeployment (Increment V): 4th Infantry (USA); 25th Infantry Division (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Keystone Robin (Charlie) 1/1/1971 4/30/1971 redeployment (Increment VI): 1st Cavalry Division (USA); 2d Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (USA); 11th Armored Cavalry (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Keystone Wren 7/1/1972 8/31/1972 redeplyment (Increment XIII): two infantry battalions Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Khe Sanh, Siege of I Khe Sanh 1/21/1968 4/8/1968 26th Marine Regiment (USMC); 1st Battalion, 9th Marines (USMC); 37th ARVN Ranger Battalion; 1st Battalion, 13th Marine Artillery (USMC) 304th "Delta" Division (PAVN); 325th "Gold Star" Division (PAVN); 324B Division (PAVN); 68th Artillery Regiment (PAVN); 16th Artillery Regiment (PAVN) 199 (USMC); 43 (ARVN) 830 (USMC); 184 (ARVN) 10,000-15,000 to defend Khe Sanh against the Communists The siege of Khe Sanh was often paralleled with the battle of Dien Bien Phu. However, at Khe Sanh, the Marines continued to hold outposts at hills 861, 881, 558, and 950. This allowed them to keep the valley floor under surveillance. The conflict began on 21 January when several hundred rockets hit Khe Sanh and destroyed much of the Marine's fuel supply. The PAVN overran the CIDG camp at Lang Vei and settled in for the siege by building trenches, zigzag approaches, and parallels. The 304th PAVN Division attacked ARVN 34th Ranger positions in the only serious ground assault of the siege. They were beaten back by the Allies. On April 1, Operation Pegasus worked to reopen Route 9. Finally on 8 April, the 2d Battalion, 7th Cavalry reached the Marines and the siege ended. There is controversy as to what the PAVN goal was at Khe Sanh. Gen. Giap claims it was a diversion to keep the U.S. occupied while the VC and PAVN set up the Tet offensive. The United States believed at the time that the PAVN were really attempting to take Khe Sanh and carry out a Dien Bien Phu. In the end, the Marines held the outpost, but the Communists succeeded in distracting the U.S. long enough to move a great amount of men and supplies into place for the Tet offensive in 1968. Historical Atlas Of The Vietnam War, by Harry G. Summers
Kien Giang 9-1 IV Dinh Truong Province 11/16/1967 11/24/1967 2d and 3d Brigades, 9th Infantry Division (USA); 7th ARVN Division; 9th ARVN Division; 5th VNMC Battalion; US Navy Task Force 117 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
King Hit Xa An Nhut 12/10/1968 12/11/1968 9th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment village cordon and search of Xa An Nhut Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Kingfisher I Quang Tri Province, near DMZ 7/16/1967 10/31/1967 3d Marines (HQ, USMC); 3d Battalions, 3d Marines (USMC); 1st, 2d, 3d, Battalions, 9th Marines (USMC); 9th Marines (HQ); 1st, 2d, 3d Battalions, 3d Marines (USMC); 2d and 3d Battalions, 4th Marines (USMC); 1st, 2d, 3d Battalions, 9th Marines (USMC); 3d Battalion, 26th Marines (USMC) PAVN (specifically 90th and 812th Regiments) 340 (USMC) 1,462 (USMC) 1,117 (PAVN) search and destroy; To stop entry of the PAVN into Quang Tri Province Up until 28 July, there was very little contact with the PAVN. However, the 2/9 went into the DMZ and came under PAVN fire along Route 606. Air Strikes were sent to provide support and Company M of the 3/4 also lent assistance. However, because of a great many casualties, the 2/9 could not move south until defenses were strengthened and medevac could fly in. The RVN really wanted a win at Con Thien to boost their elections. The most effective enemy attack occurred on election day. They destroyed much at Dong Ha, while they also continued their attacks on Con Thien. At Con Thien, the 3/26 fought the 812th PAVN Regiment and suffered many casualties. The 3/26 drew back and the 2/4 began a search-and-destory operation. They engaged the 90th PAVN Regiment, but at dusk had to pull back. The PAVN mounted three more failed attacks on Con Thien, expending much firepower. The USMC retaliated with one of the greatest concentrations of firepower in support of a single division in the War. Still, the 2/4 lost about half of its men to death and injuries. Again on the 14 October the 2/4 confronted a PAVN force, and though it pushed back the attackers from Con Thien, the Marines suffered heavy casualties. During the last major conflict of the operation, the 2/9 dropped to fewer than 300 men. The 2/4 moved back to Dong Ha as regimental reserve. After KINGFISHER, Gen. Cushman congratulated the 2/4 on a job well done. KINGFISHER was followed by KENTUCKY and LANCASTER. Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Kings I Quang Nam Province - 25 km south-southwest of Danang 3/20/1966 3/28/1966 search and destroy Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Kings Cross III Phuoc Tuy Province 10/31/1969 12/12/1969 5th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment reconnaissance and ambush operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Kingston III Phuoc Tuy Province 9/14/1969 10/15/1969 5th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment reconnaissance and ambush operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Kipapa III Filhol Plantation 8/31/1966 9/12/1966 1st Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Kittyhawk III Ling Khanh, Phuoc Tuy, etc. Provinces 4/20/1967 5/15/1967 9th Infantry Division (USA); 3d Squadron, 5th Cavalry (USA); 3d Squadron, 11th Armored Cavalry (USA) search and destroy and reconnaissance operations Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Kittyhawk (2nd part) III Long Khanh Province 5/18/1967 3/21/1968 9th Infantry Division (USA); 11th Armored Cavalry (USA) search and destroy operation security for Black Horse Camp Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military In Southeast Asia
Klamath Falls II & III Binh Thuan, Lam Dong, and Binh Tuy Provinces 12/1/1967 1/8/1968 1st Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (USA); 2d Squadron, 7th Cavalry (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Knox II 3/3/1967 4/3/1967 DELTA Teams Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Knox (2nd Part) I Thua Thien Province 10/24/1967 11/4/1967 7th Marines (HQ, USMC); 2d Battalions, 3d Marines (USMC); 3d Battalions, 11th Marines (USMC) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Koko Head III Hau Nghia and Binh Duong Provinces 7/23/1966 8/6/1966 2d Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operation formerly Operation Mokuleia; redesignated July 23, 1966 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Kokuliea III Hau Nghia and Binh Duong Provinces 7/14/1966 7/22/1966 2d Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Kolchak I III Hau Nghia Province 2/26/1966 2/28/1966 2d Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Kole Kole III Hau Nghia, Tay Ninh, and Binh Duong Provinces 5/13/1967 12/7/1967 2d Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (USA) 645 search and destroy operation Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Kosciusko 6/15/1968 6/20/1968 4th RAR/NZ (ANZAC) Battalion reconnaisance in force operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Kramer White II Pleiku Province 10/16/1969 1/5/1970 4th Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 1st Squadron, 10th Cavalry (USA) screening operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Kudzu IV Dinh Truong Province 5/1/1968 11/20/1968 9th Infantry Division security operation; security of the Dong Tam base; reconnaissance in force; replaced Operation HOPTAC I Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Kudzu II IV Dinh Tuong Province 11/20/1968 12/16/1968 9th Infantry Division (USA) reconnaissance in force operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Kunia III Tay Ninh and Binh Duong Provinces 5/19/1967 12/7/1967 1st Brigade, 25th Infantry Division search and destroy operation in the Ho Bo Woods, Bui Loi Woods, Filhol Plantation, and the Iron Triangle. Included operations KAWELA, AKUMA, WAIMEA, and KUNIA Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Oeprations In Southeast Asia
Lafayette I Quang Nam Province 2/25/1967 2/7/1967 1st Marine Division (HQ, USMC); 1st-2d-3d Battalions, 1st Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Lahaina III Hau Nghia Province 8/7/1966 9/1/1966 2d Battalion, 27th Infantry, 2d Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (USA) pacification operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Lake I Quang Ngai Province 7/6/1967 7/12/1967 1st Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Lam Son 138 I Quang Tri and Thua Thien Provinces 10/11/1967 10/20/1967 two ARVN battalions operation conducted by the ARVN north of Operation MEDINA Preliminary Checklis Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Lam Son 245 I Thua Thien Province 8/2/1968 4/24/1969 ARVN 54th Regiment 638 Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton
Lam Son 261 I Thua Thien and Quang Tri Provinces 9/11/1968 4/24/1969 ARVN 1st Regiment 724 Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton
Lam Son 271 I Quang Tri Province 10/16/1968 4/24/1969 ARVN 2d Regiment 603 Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton
Lam Son 277 I Quang Tri Province 4/22/1969 6/20/1969 ARVN 2d Regiment 541 Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton
Lam Son 67 III Binh Duong and Bien Hoa Provinces 2/7/1967 1/31/1968 2d and 3d Brigades, 1st Infantry Division (USA): 5th ARVN Division; 18th ARVN Division; 3d VNMC Battalion security operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Lam Son 68 III Bien Hoa and Binh Duong Provinces 2/1/1968 3/10/1968 2d Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (USA); 5th ARVN Division; 18th ARVN Division search and destroy; suspended March 10, 1968 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Lam Son 719 I southern Laos across from the two northern provinces of the RVN 1/30/1971 4/9/1971 101st Airborne Division (Airmobile, USA); USA air support; ARVN 304th, 308th & 320th PAVN Divisions 1,764 (ARVN); 215-253 (USA) 3,000-3,400+ (ARVN); 1,149 (USA) 2,500+ (ARVN) 19,360-20,000 PAVN To curtail southbound shipments of supplies down the Ho Chi Minh Trail; to capture Tchepone in Laos and destroy supplies in Base Area 604 and Base Area 611; to sever the Ho Chi Minh Trail This was the first major ARVN deployment unaccompanied by U.S. advisors. By this time, Vietnamization was well under way as U.S. troops continued to withdraw. Meanwhile, the Ho Chi Minh Trail was still being used heavily to transport troops and supplies. The Cooper-Church Amendmednt would not allow the use of U.S. ground forces in Laos, even in the form of advisors or air guides. However, the U.S. provided helicopters, fighter-bombers, and B-52s for air support. Through operation DEWEY CANYON II at Khe Sanh, led by the 1st Brigade, 5th Infantry Division, U.S. troops provided logistical support and artillery fire to support the ARVN units. At the opening of the operation, 15,000 ARVN troops invaded Laos along Route 9 and moved toward Tchepone. They built fire support bases (FSBs) along the way to be used as base camps and artillery support. From these, patrols and raids could be sent into the countryside. Estimates that it would take a month for full PAVN divisions to move into the TAO proved grossly wrong. The 304th, 308th and 320th PAVN Divisions were fighting within two weeks. The ARVN advance stopped at A Luoi. After the PAVN attacked with artillery, they used tanks to assault the FSBs. Soon the FSBs fell. Meanwhile, the pivotal U.S. air power was not able to strike the PAVN because clouds prevented the use of jet fighter-bombers. While B-52s could attack in spite of the weather, the U.S. would not use them within 3 miles of the ARVN units unless absolutely necessary. The PAVN knew this and stayed close to the ARVN units to avoid U.S. fire. Even after the weather cleared, AAA and machine guns kept U.S. air power at bay. SAMs posed a problem for the B-52s. President Thieu still wanted to take Tchepone, even though it had been abandoned and had little military value. U.S. Huey helicopters transported troops into Tchepone. From there they searched for PAVN supply caches. Finally, the ARVN began withdrawing from Laos, but due to a lack of training, the retreat was very unorganized. The PAVN intensified their attacks and the Air Force was hindered again by weather and AAA fire. The retreat collapsed into a rout as the PAVN continued to attack. Half of the ARVN force survived largely due to the bravery and selflessness of U.S. helicopter pilots. At the conclusion of the operation, 108 U.S. helicopters were destroyed and another 618 were damaged. Both sides claimed a victory in the operation. President Nixon reported the success of Vietnamization while in Ha Noi the operation was termed the "heaviest defeat ever" for the Allies. However, the ARVN dependence on U.S. air support and fire was once again revealed. Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Historical Atlas Of The Vietnam War, by Harry G. Summers; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Lam Son 719 (U.S.) Part I I Quang Tri and Thua Thien Provinces 1/30/1971 4/6/1971 1st Brigade, 5th Infantry Division (USA); 11th Infantry Brigade (Light)(USA); 101st Airborne Division (USA) 20,000 ARVN and 9,000 US troops reactivated the former American base at Khe Sanh and pushed up to the Loatian border Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Oeprations In Southeast Asia
Lam Son 719 Part II Laos Laos 2/8/1971 4/8/1971 disrupt the NVA logistics along the Ho chi Minh Trail RVNAF attack into Laos with the objective of disrupting NVA logistics along the Ho Chi Minh Trail in southern Laos Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Lam Son 720 I Quang Tri and Thua Thien Provinces 4/18/1971 8/31/1971 3d Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (USA); 1st ARVN Division Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Lam Son II III Binh Duong and Bien Hoa Provinces 5/23/1966 2/8/1967 2d Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (USA) security operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Lamar Plain I southwest of Tam Ky in Quang Tin Province 5/16/1969 8/13/1969 23d Infantry (USA); 1st Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (USA); 1st ARVN Division 524 Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Lancaster I I Quang Tri Province 11/1/1967 1/20/1968 3d Marines (HQ, USMC); 1st Battalion, 1st Marines (USMC); 3d Battalion, 3d Marines (USMC); 2d and 3d Battalions, 9th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Lancaster II I Quang Tri Province 1/20/1968 11/23/1968 3d Marine Division (HQ, USMC); 1st Battalion, 1st Marines (USMC); 1st, 2d, 3d Battalions, 3d Marines (USMC); 1st, 2d, 3d Battalions, 4th Marines (USMC); 1st, 2d, 3d Battalions, 9th Marines (USMC); 2d Battalion, 26th Marines (USMC) 1,801 Multibattalion search-and-clear operations; search and destroy operation Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Lanikai III Long An Province 9/14/1966 2/13/1967 1st Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (USA) pacification operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Lanoke I Quang Nam Province 2/25/1967 2/28/1967 1st Marine Division (HQ, USMC); 2d Battalion, 5th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Lard Yar III 10/14/1967 10/14/1967 Royal Thai Army Volunteer Regiment Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Lavarack 5/30/1969 6/30/1969 6th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment ambush and reconnaissance in force operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Lawrence 4/17/1967 196th Infantry Brigade (Light)(Separate)(USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Le Loi I I Quang Nam Province 12/8/1968 2/10/1969 ARVN 1st Ranger Group 695 Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton
Lee / Lien Ket 64 I Quang Ngai Province 10/3/1966 10/10/1966 4th ARVN Regiment; 2d ROK Marine Brigade Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Leeds 10/16/1966 12/3/1966 1st Infantry Division search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Leeton III 5/3/1967 6/2/1967 Australian search and destroy Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Lejune I Quang Ngai Province 4/7/1967 4/22/1967 3d Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (USA); 2d and 3d Brigades, 1st Cavalry Division (USA); 3d Battalion, 7th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Leopard Duc Thanh District 1/1/1970 1/7/1970 A Squadron, 1st Armored Regiment (Australian) reconnaissance and ambush operation in Duc Thanh District Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Lewis and Clark II Binh Dinh and Pleiku Provinces 5/3/1966 5/15/1966 2d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (USA) reconnaissance in force from Pleiku GI to An Khe Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Lexington III Bien Hoa Province - Rung Sat Special Zone 4/17/1966 5/4/1966 2d Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (USA) saturation patrolling north of Rung Sat Special Zone as a follow up to Operation JACK STAY Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operaitons In Southeast Asia
Lexington III III Bien Hoa Province - Rung Sat Special Zone, in a thick mangrove swamp south of Sai Gon 4/17/1966 6/9/1966 1st Battalion, 18th Infantry, 1st Infantry Divison (USA); USN; ARVN VC; PAVN search and destroy operation - to find and engage sizable Communist forces, and if no major action occured, to conduct search-and-clear operations within the zone The area of Rung Sat Special Zone had long been a VC and PAVN hideout which threatened Sai Gon. The 1st Battalion, 18th Infantry conducted the operations in the area, often having to wade in hip-deep mud. The companies were rotated every 48 hours to avoid trench foot and allow time to rest. There was no major fighting in LEXINGTON III, though small conflicts occurred along the waterways. The operation ended on 9 June when the 1/18th rejoined the rest of the division to participate in the division-sized operations in EL PASO I and EL PASO II. The Encycylopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Liberty Canyon III 10/26/1968 11/20/1968 1st Cavalry Division (USA) redeployment of the 1st Cavalry Division to III Corps Tactical Zone Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Lien Ket 081 I Quang Ngai Province 2/17/1967 2/22/1967 ARVN 2d Division 813 Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton
Lien Ket 4 7/28/1965 7/29/1965 2d Battalion, 4th Marines (USMC); 3d VNMC Battalion; 51st ARVN Regiment search and destroy Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Lien Ket 414 I Quang Ngai Province 8/25/1969 12/31/1969 ARVN 4th Regiment 710 Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton
Lien Ket 531 I Quang Tin Province 8/26/1969 12/31/1969 ARVN 5th Regiment 542 Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton
Lien Ket Ten I Quang Tri Province 10/29/1965 10/30/1965 2d Battalion, 4th Marines (USMC); 3d Battalion, 6th ARVN Regiment search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Lightning II Khanh Hoa Province 11/8/1965 11/14/1965 2d ROK Marine Brigade search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Lightning Bug USAF air interdiction operations in 1966 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Lihue III Highways 1 and 22 between Cu Chi and Tay Ninh 5/2/1966 5/12/1966 2d Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (USA) security on Highways 1 and 22, between Cu Chi and Tay Ninh Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Lincoln III 9/9/1966 9/11/1966 USA search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Lincoln (I Corps) I Quang Nam Province 1/4/1967 1/9/1967 2d Battalion, 5th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliiminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Lincoln (I, II and III / Mosby I) II Darlac, Plaiku and Phu Bon Provinces 3/25/1966 4/17/1966 1st Cavalry Division (HQ, USA); 1st and 3d Brigades, 1st Cavalry Division (USA); 3d Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operations in Chu Pong and Ia Drang River areas near the Cambodian border. Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations
Linebacker I DRV North Vietnam 5/10/1972 10/23/1972 USN; USAF; USMC; ARVN PAVN turn back the Eastertide invasion; destroy military supplies inside North Vietnam; isolate the DRV from outside sources of supply; and interupt the flow of supplies and troops to the battlefields of South Vietna; US provided tactical support to ARVN After the Eastertide Offensive, President Nixon allowed the bombing of North Vietnam to resume. He countered a convetional PAVN invasion into the south with a conventional bombing of the north. LINEBACKER I began with the mining of the Haiphong harbor, as well as other North Vietnamese ports. This kept merchant ships from entering or leaving the North Vietnamese harbors until December. On the 10 May, USAF F-4 Phantoms attacked Long Bien Bridge and the Yen Vien railroad yard in Ha Noi. The strikes then moved on to destroy bridges, tunnels, and railroads leading to China. Laser guided bombs (LGBs) and electro-optically guided bombs (EOGBs) guided the munitions to targets which had been earlier proscribed due to their proximity to civilian structures. LINEBACKER moved on to petroleum storage facilities, power generating plants, military barracks, training camps, and air defense facilities. DRV imports dropped by half and the PAVN offensive stalled, allowing the ARVN to regain much lost territory. By October, 23 an agreement had been reached at the peace talks which was acceptable to Washington and Ha Noi. Nixon halted airstrikes above the 20th parallel and LINEBACKER I came to an end, though Sai Gon refused to accept the peace terms. LINEBACKER I succeeded where ROLLING THUNDER had failed for a number of reasons. Nixon had used air power more decisively, instead of behaving like Johnson and worrying about China and the USSR. Also, Nixon was not worried about politics. He had the backing of the political right and did not care about the left. The nature of the war had changed when the PAVN attacked the south in a conventional style which required tons of supplies. Also, Nixon allowed the military more latitude in deciding what targets to attack and when. And finally, precision guided munitions and new bombing technigues allowed the pilots to strike targets not allowed earlier and helped limit damage to where it was wanted to occur. LINEBACK I was the moset effective use of air power in the war. Historical Atlas Of The Vietnam War, by Harry G. Summers; The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Linebacker II (Christmas Bombing) DRV North Vietnam (Hanoi and Haiphong Harbor) 12/18/1972 12/29/1972 USAF; USN PAVN 26 aircraft shot down 1,612 civilians To bring North Vietnam back to the negotiating table; "Christmas Bombing" of North Vietnam When the peace talks collapsed on December 13, Nixon gave the DRV representatives an ultimatum to return to the negotiating table in 72 hours. When they did not, he ordered more bombing in North Vietnam. The main goal of this bombing was to bring the North Vietnamese back to the negotiating table. The only planes suitable for winter bombing were the B-52s, F-111 fighter-bombers, and A-6 Intruders. However, due to the limited amount of F-111s and A-6s, targets had to be selected for the B-52s. Mines were resown in the Hai Phong Harbor. Meanwhile, people evacuated Ha Noi and Hai Phong in anticipation of the bombing. The original plan called for a three day maximum effort campaign. The B-52s heavily hit the area over the next three nights. However, on the third night, a six percent loss of B-52s forced the Strategic Air Command (SAC) to rethink their plan. They had been operating in much the same way as in the jungle. While LINEBACKER I had been modern air warfare, the first three nights of LINEBACKER II were reminiscent of WWII with lines of planes moving toward targets at the same altitude, speed, and heading. The SAC reduced the number of planes flying sorties over the next two nights and air defense support took top priority. The number of planes shot down dropped. By Christmas, most legitimate targets in North Vietnam had been destroyed. Contrasting LINEBACKER I which was inflicted mainly by fighter bombers, LINEBACKER II was mainly a B-52 operation. Also, it was much more focused and intensive, occuring over only a few days instead of spread out of months. The North Vietnamese had time to adjust to the bombing in LINEBACKER I. LINEBACKER II was much more psychologically devastating. Bombing resumed on December 26. At dawn F-105 and F-4 fighter bombers attacked SAM sites and their guidance radars. They also attacked the runways at major airfields so that the MiGs could not take off. That night, North Vietnam was defenseless against the most concerted B-52 attack in history. They struck 10 targets in 15 minutes. Because the surviving SAMs still had missiles, two planes went down. Ha Noi began to be interested in new negotiations. Bombing continued the next night and the DRV defense seemed very sporadic and uncoordinated. During the next two nights, no more planes were shot down. B-52 crews were very confident flying over North Vietnam. Finally the DRV agreed to reopen negotiations on American terms and on 29 December Nixon limited the bombing to below the 20th parallel. Bombing continued, but LINEBACKER II had ended. This operation had a great psychological effect on the DRV leadership and helped move along the ceasefire agreement. The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Historical Atlas Of The Vietnam War, by Harry G. Summers; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Linn River I Quang Nam Province 1/27/1969 2/7/1969 7th Marines (HQ, USMC); 1st Battalion, 7th Marines (USMC); 2d Battalion, 26th Marines (USMC) clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Miitary Operations In Southeast Asia
Lion 7/5/1967 7/9/1967 2d Squadron, 11th Armored Cavalry (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Lismore III 5/1/1967 5/8/1967 Australian Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Little Rock III 10/1/1966 10/4/1966 1st Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (USA); 48th ARVN Regiment search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Little Sheba III Bien Hoa Province 12/24/1965 12/24/1965 1st Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (HQ, USA) Route and convoy security operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Logan Field I Quang Ngai Province 10/7/1968 10/13/1968 1st Battalion, 20th Infantry, 11th Infantry Brigade (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Lonesome End II Binh Dinh Province 10/14/1965 10/17/1965 1st Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (HQ, USA) Highway and are security Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Long Lance I Quang Nam Province 1/3/1966 1/8/1966 1st Battalion, 1st Marines search and destroy operaiton Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Long Reach II Plaiky Province 10/24/1965 11/26/1965 1st Cavalry Division (HQ, USA); 1st Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division - Operation ALL THE WAY; 2d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division - Operation SILVER BAYONET II; 3d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division - Operation SILVER BAYONET I search and destroy, relief of Plei Me CIDG camp; also know as Operation PLEI ME or the Pleiku Campaign Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Long Reach (Part 2) III Binh Long Province 12/5/1969 12/26/1969 11th Armored Cavalry (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Longfellow II Kontum Province 4/13/1966 5/1/1966 3d Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (USA); 42d ARVN Regiment search and destroy operation; to search the area west of Highway 14 north from Dak To toward Dak Pek; in support of USA Engineers repairing and improving Highway 14. Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Longstreet II Binh Dinh and Phu Yen Provinces 6/16/1966 6/16/1966 2d ROK Marine Brigade engineer security Preliminary Checklsit Of United States Miliary Operations In Southeast Asia
Longview 9/23/1966 10/1/1966 1st Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (USA) security operation; route clearing operation on Highway 16 between Phuoc Vinh and Bien Hoa Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Los Angeles III Binh Duong Province 3/9/1966 3/10/1966 3d Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (HQ, USA) route security and clearance operation on Highway 13 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Los Banos III Bien Hoa Province 3/23/1968 4/7/1968 3d Brigade, 101s Airborne Division (USA) security operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Louisiana Lee I Quang Tin and Thua Thien Provinces - a Shau Valley 8/15/1969 9/28/1969 3d Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (USA); 1st ARVN Division Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Lulu 3/12/1969 3/14/1969 Capitol Military Assistance Command (HQ, USA); 199th Infantry Brigade (Light)(Separate)(USA); 3d Brigade, 9th Infantry Division (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Lyon Valley 7/27/1970 8/24/1970 1st Marine Division (USMC) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Lyre Bird 8/1/1968 8/31/1968 4th RAR/NZ (ANZAC) Battalion Land clearling operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
MacArthur (1967 portion commonly known as the Battle of Dak To) II Western Central Highlands (especially Dak To Special Forces Camp and surrounding hills); Binh Dinh, Darlac, Kontum, Pleiku, and Quang Duc Provinces 10/11/1967 1/31/1969 4th Infantry Division (3d Battalion, 12th Infantry (3/12th), 3d Battalion, 8th Infantry (3/8th)) 173d Airborne (4/503d Infantry, 1/503d Infantry); 1st Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (USA); 173d Airborne Brigade (USA); 3d ARVN Airborne Brigade; 42d ARVN Regiment 24th PAVN Regiment; 32d PAVN Regiment; 174th PAVN Regiment; 66th PAVN Regiment 700+ (USA)(Battle of Dak To 376 (USA); 73 (ARVN)) 1,441 (USA) 5,731 (PAVN) (Battle of Dak To 1,644 PAVN) search and destroy/combat operation; border protection;reconnaissance in force and search operation; to stop PAVN infiltration and drive out those Communists already there. After operation GREELY, only one 4th Division battalion remained in Kontum Province. When the PAVN presented a threat to Dak To Special Forces camp, more battalions were deployed. The PAVN had been establishing good positions over the past several months. In November, the 3/12th and the 3/8th cleared out the PAVN in the hills south of Dak To. Still, in early November the 4/503d, and later more companies of the 4/503d and 1/503d who were sent in as reinforcements, were trapped in a deadly ambush on Hill 823. A few weeks later on 14 November, five ARVN battalions confronted the 24th PAVN Regiment northeast of Dak To and fought for four days to take Hill 1416. PAVN mortar fire touched off the ammunition at the Dak To airfield and destroyed two C-130 planes. Meanwhile, as Allied troops arrived, the 32d and 66th PAVN Regiments retreated to the southwest. After two days of fighting, the 3/12th took Hill 1338 from the 32d Regiment. In the climax of the Battle of Dak To, the 2/503d was sent to attack Hill 875. Companies C and D advanced up the hill, but were held off by fire from intact bunkers that the airstriked had missed. The PAVN counterattacked and practically annihilated two platoons. Company A, though in reserve, was destroyed by fire from behind. The battalion set up an emergency perimeter, but U.S. attempts to drop supplies failed when the PAVN shot down six helicopters. Even worse, a U.S. bomb fell inside the 173d's perimeter, injuring and killing many. The next evening, the 4/503d reached the 2/503d and helped to evacuate the wounded in helicopters. After seven hours of air and artillery raids, the 4/503d struggled up the hill to within 275 feet of the crest. Finally after more airstrikes and the arrival of the Cavalry's 1/12th Infantry, the U.S. reached the summit to find the camp abandoned. Some fighting continued throughout the rest of the operation, as the U.S. continued to track Communist troops. However, MACARTHUR became a border-watch operation to stop PAVN infiltration. After the Battle of Dak To the 173d received a Presidential Unit Citation, but was so badly hurt that it never again acted as a complete combat unit. Though the U.S. claimed the battle as a victory, they were completely outmaneuvered by PAVN troops and none of the four PAVN regiments were destroyed. Overall the operation lost momentum after the Battle of Dak To. Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operaitons In Southeast Asia
Macon I Quang Nam and Thua Thien Provinces; An Hoa industiral complex in Quang Nam Province 7/4/1966 10/28/1966 9th Marines (HQ, USMC); 1st, 2d, 3d, Battalions, 3d Marines (USMC); 1st, 2d, 3d, Battalions, 9th Marines (USMC) 507 search and destroy operation; Security operation for An Hoa industrial complex Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Madison I Quang Nam Province 10/21/1966 10/23/1966 3d Battalion, 1st Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Maeng Ho 10 II Binh Dinh Province 2/16/1968 3/1/1968 ROK Capital Division 664 Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton
Maeng Ho 9 II Binh Dinh Province 12/17/1967 1/30/1968 ROK Capital Division 749 Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton
Maikiki 6/3/1966 6/9/1966 2d Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (USA); ARVN search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Mailed Fist Duc Thanh District 5/1/1969 5/31/1969 B Squadron, 1st Armored Regiment (Australian) pacification and reconnaissance operations in Duc Thanh District Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Maili III Hau Nghia Province - southwest of Cu Chi 4/27/1966 5/12/1966 2d Brigade, 25th Infantry Division search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Maimi vicinity Tan Uyen 4/15/1966 1st Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (USA) road clearing operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Maine Crag I Quang Tri Province - Laotian border area west of Khe Sanh 3/10/1969 5/2/1969 1st Brigade, 5th Infantry Division (USA); 1st, 2d, 3d Battalions, 3d Marines (USMC); 1st Battalion, 12th Marines (USMC) reconnaissance in force Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Makaha III Hau Nghia Province - northwest of Cu Chi 4/11/1966 4/14/1966 2d Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Makalapa III Gia Dinh or Hau Nghia Provinces 3/18/1967 4/21/1967 Phase I: 1st Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (USA); Phase II: 1st and 2d Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operation Phase I: March 18 - April 7, 1967; Phase II: April 8 - April 21, 1967 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Makalapa II III Hau Nghia Province 4/8/1967 4/19/1967 2d Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Makiki III Hau Nghia Province 6/3/1966 6/9/1966 2d Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (USA); 49th ARVN Regiment search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Malheur I I Duc Pho District of Quang Ngai Province 5/10/1967 6/8/1967 Task Force Oregon (HQ, USA);1st Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (USA) 2d VC Regmient; 2d PAVN Division 81 (USA) 869 (VC/PAVN) search and destroy operation under OPCOM Task Force Oregon; 1st Combat mission for the 101st; to provide security along the coast and open Highway 1 & relieve Communist pressure in northern Binh Ginh, Quang Ngai, and southern Quang Tin Provinces. The area of the Quang Ngai Province had been patrolled by units reinforced with the 2d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division and the 196th Light Infantry Brigade. Then Task Force Oregon was formed in the five-provinces, allowing the Marines to move to the DMZ and easing the pressure on the 1st Cavalry in its operations in the area. Task Force Oregon began MALHEUR I on 11 May. In the firefights that erupted between the Communists and the Allies, much was physically destroyed, including homes near the buildings the U.S. bombed. By the end of May, much of Highway 1 was cleared from northern Quang Ngai Province to southern Quang Nam Province, though ambushes and patrolling would continue through July. MALHEUR II began right after the end of MALHEUR I. The U.S. forces saw almost daily contact. Meanwhile the VC and PAVN had to retreat inland to the jungle due to the pressure from helicopters and naval gunfire. In both operations, the U.S. forces began by eliminating regular Communist formations before attempting to eliminate the VC infrastructure. This way they could relieve the pressure on the local people. It became more difficult for the Communists to move among the people in the countryside. However, Allied attempts to sway villagers to the RVN often failed because the province had been under Communist control for so long. Many of the villagers were part of the VC. At the end of the two operations, many villagers had been evacuated. Their houses were burned to discourage VC use and keep the peasants from returning. The heavy use of air strikes to keep down U.S. casualties resulted in large-scale destruction in the province and many villager deaths. Though the Communist forces were driven away, they would soon return to the province and Highway 1. The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Malheur II I Quang Ngai Province 6/8/1967 8/2/1967 Task Force Oregon (HQ, USA); 1st Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Mallard I Quang Name Province 1/11/1966 1/17/1966 3d Marines (HQ, USMC); 1st Battalion, 3d Marines (USMC); 3d Battalion, 7th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Mallard (2d Part) III 8/23/1966 9/26/1966 2d Battalion, 34th Armor deployment of 2d Battalion, 34th Armor from Vung Tao to Long Binh Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Mallet (or Mallet II) III Long Khanh Province 1/28/1966 2/15/1966 2d Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (HQ, USA) search and destroy operation to open Route 15 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Mameluke Thrust I Quang Nam and Thua Thien Provinces 5/18/1968 10/23/1968 1st Marine Division (USMC) 26th Marines (HQ, USMC) from 5/19 - 7/6; 1st Battalion, 7th Marines (USMC) from 5/19 - 6/15; 1st Battalion, 13th Marines (USMC) from 5/19 - 7/6; 1st Battalion, 26th Marines (USMC) from 5/19 - 7/6; 3d Battalion, 26th Marines (USMC) from 5/19 - 8/8; 3d Battalion, 7th Marines (USMC) from 6/16 - 8/8; 7th Marines (HQ, USMC) from 7/6 - 8/8; 3d Battalion, 1st Marines (USMC) 7/6 - 8/8; 1st Battalion, 5th Marines (USMC) from 7/8 - 10/23; 5th Marines (HQ, USMC) from 7/23 - 10/23; 2d and 3d Battalions, 5th Marines (USMC) from 7/23 - 10/23 2,728 combat operation; clear and search operation Phase I: May 19 - June 15; Phase II: June 16 - October 23 Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; Preliminary Checlist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Manchester III Bien Hoa, Binh Duong, Long Khanh, and Phuoc Long Provinces - north of the Dong Nai River 12/17/1967 2/17/1968 199th Infantry Brigade (Light, USA) (12/18/67 - 1/13/68); 3d Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (1/12/68-2/17/68) search and destroy operation; replaced Operation STRIKE Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Manhattan III Binh Duong Province - Boi Loi Woods and Long Nguyen Forest north of the Iron Triangle 4/23/1967 6/7/1967 3d Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (USA); 3d Brigade, 4th Infantry Division (USA); 1st and 2d Brigades, 25th Infantry Division (USA); 11th Armored Cavalry (USA); 5th ARVN Division search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Manitowoc III 8/11/1966 8/13/1966 USA search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Marauder / An Dan 564 III Hau Nghia and Long An Provinces - along the Oriental River 1/1/1966 1/8/1966 173d Airborne Brigade (USA); 1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment; ARVN search and destroy operation 2d Battalion, 503d Infantry action Preliminary Checklsit Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Marble Mountain 8/4/1965 8/5/1965 USMC search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
March II 7/6/1967 9/3/1967 OMEGA Team (5th Special Forces Group B-50 Detachment) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Marigold U.S. Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr. to obtain peace This was the code name for a peace initiative in 1966. The Italian Ambassador to the RVN Giovanni D'Orladni and International Control Commission Janusz Lewandowski acted as a mediators. This was Moscows first attempts at the "diplomacy of peacemaking". However the roles were unclear and Lewandowski's inept diplomacy brought the operation to an end without major results. The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker
Market Time I-IV the coast of South Vietnam 3/11/1965 U.S. Vietnam Patrol Force (TF 71)(USN); after July 31, 1965 until termination in March 1973 the Vietnam Patrol Force became the Coastal Surveillance Force (TF 115)(USN); Coast Guard Squadron Three (USCG); Royal Australian Navy; South Vietnamese Navy (VNN); South Vietnamese Junk Force DRV Navy; VC to conduct surveillance of the 1,200 mile South Vietnamese coastline and halt seaborne infiltration of supplies to Communist troops The operation was organized around nine patrol sectors. Three zones of interdiction included the air surveillance zone, the outer surface barrier, and the inner or shallow-water barrier. The air surveillance zone, 100-150 miles out to sea, identified suspicious vessels, photographed them, and reported them to Coastal Surveillance Centers. The outer surface barrier was originally patrolled by destroyers, minesweepers and later radar picket escorts (DER). It operated within 40 miles of the coast. In May 1965, the USCG began to patrol this area, with the Australian aid beginning in 1967. Their mission was to stop seaborne supplies carried by trawlers. The inner barrier was patrolled by the South Vietnamese Junk Force (Coastal Force) and several USN ships. They were authorized to stop and seize any vessel finishing or trading within a 12 mile limit. In July 1965, the Junk force was integrated into the VNN. The operation was highly successful in closing down DRV supply lines by sea. From 1966 to 1967 several DRV trawlers were sunk and many more were inspected or boarded. Except for ships attempting to resupply forces after Tet 1968, no enemy ships appeared from July 1967 and August 1969. When the DRV attempted to resume their trawler traffic in August 1969, one ship was sunk and all but one were turned back. Beginning in September 1970, as a part of Vietnamization the VNN took charge of the inner screen. Combined operations continued through 1971, but by 1972 the outer barrier and the Coast Guard cutters had been turned over to the VNN. The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Historical Atlas Of The Vietnam War, by Harry G. Summers, Jr.; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Marsden 11/28/1969 12/28/1969 6th RAR/NZ (ANZAC) Battalion ambush and reconnaissance operations Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Marshall Mountain I Quang Tri Province 12/9/1968 2/28/1969 1st Brigade, 5th Infantry Division (USA) clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Maryland I Thua Thien Province 1/25/1967 1/28/1967 4th Marines (HQ, USMC); 1st Battalion, 3d Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Masher / White Wing II Bong Son Plain and surrounding areas in the Binh Dinh Provinces 1/24/1966 3/6/1966 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile, USA); 22d Division and Airborne Brigade (ARVN);1st Regiment, Capitol Division (ROKA) VC guerrilla forces; 18th, 22d, 98th PAVN regiments, 3d PAVN "Sao Vang" Division; 1st and 2d Main force VC Regiments 288 (USA) 788 (USA) 2,150-2,389 search and destroy operation; To locate and destroy enemy forces in the Bong Son Plain and surrounding areas in II corps' Binh Dinh Province. The Masher / White Wing operation became the first major campaign to cross corps boundaries when the 3d Marine Division on Operation DOUBLE EAGLE crossed into the Binh Dinh Province. The ARVN operations supporting U.S. sweeps included THAN PHONG II and LI N K T-22. During Phase I, heavy helicopter assaults near Bong Son made contact with the PAVN and VC and forced them back into the ARVN Airborne Brigade. Phase II was an air assault into the An Lao Valley by the 1st Cavalry Division's 2d Brigade. Their sweep of the area did not make enemy contact and ended when they linked with the Marines. However, the Phase III air assault into the Kim Son Valley by the 3d Brigade encountered the 93d Battalion, 2d VC Regiment and drove them for the area. In Phase IV, the 1st Brigade monitered Highway 1 while the 2d Brigade cleared the Cay Giep Mountains by pushing the enemy into the 22d ARVN division. The operation ended when the 1st Cavalry completed its circle of the Bong Son Plains and arrived back at the Cay Giep Mountains. Masher / White Wing was meant to return the civilians to the government, however the fighting resulted in many refugees. Very little pacification efforts were taken. Though thought to be destroyed, the 3d PAVN division soon returned. Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; Historical Atlas Of The Vietnam War, by Harry G. Summer, Jr.; The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United State Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Massachusetts Bay I Quang Tri Province 4/23/1969 6/15/1969 1st Brigade, 5th Infantry Division (USA) clear and search operation; rice denial operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Massachusetts Striker I Quang Nam and Thua Thien Provinces - A Shau Valley 2/28/1969 5/8/1969 2d Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (Airmobile, USA) PAVN; VC clear and search operation; reconnaissance in force operation into A Shau Valley; to build fire support bases at the southern edge of the valley; to sweep through the valley in search of PAVN and VC MACV received reports of increased PAVN logistical activity in the A Shau Valley and so sent in the 101st Airborne Division. First, they built two fire support bases at the southern edge of the valley. Weather postponed the following airmobile operations until later in the day. The 1st Battalion, 502d Infantry met resistance and the 2d Brigade was airlifted into the area. The VC and PAVN immediately broke contact, but the 101st Division uncovered weapons, ammunition, equipment, and food. A field hospital and heavy machine repair facility was uncovered on May 1. During this operation there were no major battles, but the Communist logistics system was disrupted. Later APACHE SNOW would occur in the same area. The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Massey - Harris 8/29/1970 9/20/1970 _ Squadron, 3d Cavalry (USA) food denial operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Mastiff III Binh Duong, Binh Long, and Tay Ninh Provinces 2/21/1966 2/27/1966 1st Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 2d and 3d Brigades, 1st Infantry Division (USA) 1,042 search and destroy operation; directed at enemy in and around the Michelin Rubber Plantation to include the Boi Loi woods Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Matador (last part) II Pleiku and Kontum Provinces 1/1/1966 1/20/1966 1st Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (USA) search and destroy operaiton in Cambodian area Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Matador I II Binh Dinh, Kontum, and Pleiku Provinces 12/31/1965 1/13/1966 2d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (USA) security and defense Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Matador II II Binh Dinh, Kontum, and Pleiku Provinces 1/13/1966 1/17/1966 2d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Mathews II Kontum Province 5/24/1968 6/12/1968 1st Brigade, 4th Infantry Division (USA); 3d Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Matilda 1/15/1970 1/26/1970 A Squadron, 1st Armored Regiment (Australian) armored sweep involving reconnaissance, ambush, and joint operations with RF/PF Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Matthew 6/29/1969 7/17/1969 9th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment reconnaissance in force operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Maui Peak I Quang Nam Province 10/5/1968 10/19/1968 7th Marines (HQ, USMC); 1st Battalion, 1st Marines (USMC); 2d and 3d Battalions, 5th Marines (USMC); 2d and 3d Battalions, 7th Marines (USMC) clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Mayflower 5/12/1965 5/18/1965 everyone To end the war in Vietnam via bombing halts. This operation was the first deliberate bombing pause by the U.S., halting ROLLING THUNDER for a while. The Johnson government hoped the pause would stop criticism about how the bombing affected citizens, expose the fallacies in the DRV, and pave the way for even larger air strikes. The U.S. tried to send a communique to the DRV ambassador in Moscow, but it was not opened. After other attempts to deliver a communique, bombing resumed on the 18th. This operation allowed the Johnson administration to difuse some of the criticism against their government by exposing the DRV's refusal to negotiate. It also provided a justification to escalate ROLLING THUNDER. The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social, and Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker
McClain II Binh Thuan Province 1/20/1968 1/31/1969 173d Airborne Brigade (USA); 3d Brigade, 506th Airborne Infantry, 101st Airborne Division (USA); 1st Battalion, 69th Armor, 4th Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy/combat operation; reconnaissance in force in support of pacification, continuation of Operation BYRD Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia; Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton
Meade River / Hung Quang 1/81 I Quang Nam Province 11/20/1968 12/9/1968 1st Marines (HQ, USMC); 1st, 2d, 3d Battalions, 1st Marines (USMC); 2d and 3d Battalions, 5th Marines (USMC); 1st and 2d Battalions, 7th Marines (USMC); 2d and 3d Battalions, 26th Marines (USMC); 51st ARVN Regiment cordon, clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Meadowlark 9/5/1966 9/29/1966 11th Armored Cavalry (USA) deployment of the 11th Armored Cavalry from Vung Tau to Long Binh Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Medina I Quang Tri and Thua Thien Provinces - Hai Long National Forests 10/11/1967 10/20/1967 1st Marines (HQ, USMC); 1st and 2d Battalions, 1st Marines (USMC); 1st Battalion, 3d Marines (USMC); 1st Battalion, 4th Marines (USMC); 1st Battalion, 11th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation; to destroy base camps in the I Corps area the 1/3 move into area was code named Operation BASTION HILL; two ARVN airborne battalions operated north of MEDINA on Operation LAM SON 138 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Menu Cambodia Cambodia 3/18/1969 8/15/1970 USAF PAVN To destroy supplies and disrupt the PAVN and VC base camps in the border area between Cambodia and South Vietnam; To destroy the Central Office for South Vietnam (COSV); to prevent an attack on the scale of the 1968 Tet offensive These were secret B-52 bombing of Cambodia with the code name FREEDOM DEAL. B-52 missions began to be flown in Cambodia on 18 March. This mission targeted Base Area 353 and was code named BREAKFAST. Following missions received the names SUPPER, LUNCH, DESSERT, and SNACK. The set of missions became the MENU bombing. A select few government officials knew the bomibngs were actually in Cambodia. The Air Force Chief of Staff and even the pilots flying the B-52s were unaware. ARC LIGHT strikes in South Vietnam provided cover for the bombings. The B-52s were controlled in the final moments by radar bomb navigators, and the pilots were unaware of a change in heading. The targets in Cambodia would only be a few kilometers from the targets the aircrew knew about, so the pilots did not know the difference. The navigators were told that at the last minute, new bombing corrdinates would be forwarded to them. The bombs were then dropped on these new targets, but poststrike reports showed the original targets had been struck. The actual target information would only be reported to the officials cleared for MENU bombing intelligence. Near the end of the operation The New York Times ran an article on the bombing, destroying the secrecy. After Lon Nol deposed Prince Sihanouk on 18 March 1970, ARVN operations began inside Cambodia. U.S. planes could now support ARVN troops in the open. After May 26, the covert bombing of Cambodia ended. Bombing strikes were still often referred to as "MENU bombing", but the deception ended. Later, in 1973 when the bombings were revealed in letters to a Senator, hearings were heard on MENU, further discrediting the Nixon administration. The damage done to the Communists is not known. Supply caches and base camps were undoubtedly hit, but COSVN was not near as important as speculated. However, the Easter Offensive was held off until 1972, allowing Vietnamization to continue and the withdrawal of U.S. forces to be nearly complete. The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: a Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Merino 7/18/1968 7/24/1968 3d Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment reconnaissance in force Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Mexacali III Hau Nghia Province 6/13/1966 1st Battalion, 5th Infantry (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Miami III 4/15/1966 4/20/1966 1st Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Middlesex Peak I Quang Tin and Quang Ngai Provinces 3/1/1971 7/1/1971 196th Infantry Brigade (Light, USA); 198th Infantry Brigade (Light, USA); 2d ARVN Division Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Mingo I Thua Thien Province 3/2/1968 3/7/1968 2d Battalion, 327th Airborne Infantry, 101st Airborne Division (USA); 1st Battalion, 1st Marines (USMC) search and destory operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Mississippi I Quang Nam Province 11/29/1966 12/7/1966 9th Marines (HQ, USMC); 2d Battalion, 5th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Mobile I Quang Ngia Province - 20 km north of Quang Ngia 5/25/1966 5/28/1966 17th Marines (USMC): 5th ARVN Regiment; 5th VNMC Battalion search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Mokuliea III Binh Duong and Hau Nghia Provinces 7/14/1966 7/22/1966 2d Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operation redesignated Operation COCO HEAD July 23, 1966 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Monroe III 3/25/1966 3/27/1966 2d Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Montana Mauler I Quang Tri Province 3/22/1969 4/3/1969 3d Marines Division (HQ, USMC); 1st Brigade, 5th Infantry Division (USA); 2d ARVN Regiment clear and search operation; reconnaissance in force Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Montana Mustang I Quang Tri Province 4/8/1971 7/11/1971 1st Brigade, 5th Infantry Division (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Montana Raider III War Zones C and D 4/12/1969 5/14/1969 1st Cavalry Division (USA); 11th Armored Cavalry (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Monterey I Quang Tin Province 9/28/1966 9/29/1966 1st and 3d Battalions, 5th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Monterey (2d part) 9/30/1966 10/3/1966 USA security operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Montgomerey Rendezvous I Quang Tri and Thuan Thien Provinces - A Shau Valley 6/7/1969 8/14/1969 3d Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (USA); 3d ARVN Regiment clear and search operation part of Operation KENTUCKY JUMPER Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Montgomery / Lien Ket 40 I Quang Ngai Province 5/9/1966 5/14/1966 1st Battalion, 5th Marines (USMC); 1st and 2d Battalions, 7th Marines (USMC); 2d and 5th VNMC Battalions search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Morgan I Quang Ngai Province 5/20/1966 5/22/1966 3d Battalion, 7th Marines (USMC); 2d Battalion, 4th ARVN Regiment search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Mosby I II Pleiku and Kontum Provinces 4/11/1966 4/17/1966 1st and 3d Brigades, 1st Cavalry Division (USA); 5th Battalion, 14th Cavalry (USA) reconnaissance in force along Cambodian border west of Pleiku, Kontum and Dak To element of Operation LINCOLN Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Mosby II II Pleiku and Kontum Provinces 4/21/1966 5/3/1966 2d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (USA) search and destroy operation; reconnaissance in force and interdiction of VC troops movements west of Highway 14 from Pleiku to Kontum Phase I terminated and Phase II commenced on May 1, 1966 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Muncie III 1/26/1967 2/15/1967 USA search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Mundingburra 7/14/1969 8/15/1969 6th RAR/NZ (ANZAC) Battalion reconnaissance in force, ambush, patrolling and village security Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Murray Blue II Binh Dinh Province 9/25/1970 10/12/1970 2d Battalion, 8th Infantry, 4th Infantry Division (USA) combat operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Muscatine I Quang Ngai Province 12/18/1967 6/10/1968 23d Infantry division (HQ, Americal, USA); 3d Brigade, 4th Infantry Division (USA); 11th Infantry Brigade (USA); 198th Infantry Brigade (USA) 1,129 search and destroy operation; clear and search operation Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Muscle Shoals (Dump Truck) delivery of anti-personnel subsystem sensors Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Muskagon III 6/1/1966 6/6/1966 USA search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Muskegon (2d part) 6/6/1966 6/6/1966 2d Battalion, 2d Marines (USMC) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Muskogee I Quang Nam Province 4/6/1969 4/20/1969 5th Marines (HQ, USMC); 1st, 2d and 3d Battalions, 5th Marines (USMC) clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Muskogee Meadow I Quang Nam Province 4/7/1969 4/20/1969 5th Marines (HQ, USMC); 1st, 2d and 3d Battalions, 5th Marines (USMC) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
My Lai Massacre (Operations in the hamlets of Son My village) I subhamlet My Lai 4, Son My Village, Quang Ngai Province 3/16/1968 3/16/1968 C Company, 1st Battlaion, 20th Infantry (C1/20), 11th Infantry Brigade (Light) of the 23d (Americal) Division (USA) supposed to encounter the 48th VC Local Force Battalion the operations in this area were to be search-and-destroy sweeps to capture VC operating in the area as part of the 48th VC Local Force Battalion This operation was intended to capture VC in the area of Son My village, which was nicknamed "pinkville" due to the high concentratin and activity of the VC in the area. The C1/20 was part of Task force Barker in the area and suffered from weak leadership originating with the division commander. Some elements of the 11th Brigade were considered "organized bands of thugs". The soldiers air assaulting into My Lai had been briefed to expect the 48th VC Local force Battalion. Instead they encountered only women children, and old men. Charlie Company ran wild, especially the 1st Platoon commanded by 1st Lt. Calley. Vietnamese were shot and rounded up to be executed. More were killed in hut and bunker fires and rape and pillage was everywhere. Reportedly, the atrocity ended when WO Thompson, an helicopter pilot supporting the operation, landed between the Americans and the Vietnamese. Between 200 and 500 Vietnamese were killed that day. A grand scale cover up kept the tragedy from common knowledge for a year. Later investigations led to the imprisonment of Calley. Of the 30 officers who were listed as knowing about My Lai, only 14 were charged. All except Calley, the most junior officer, were acquitted. The massacre was blamed on frustrations of the soldiers faced with losing comrades to snipers, mines and booby traps. Also the inexperience of junior leaders, poor leadership and confusion of the war's measurement of success through body counts all contributed to the reasoning behind the troops' actions. Thompson and his gunner Colburn and his crew chief Andreatta were awarded the Soldier's Medal for gallantry. The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Historical Atlas Of The Vietnam War, by Harry G. Summers, Jr.
Nahavo Warhorse I III Hau Nghia Province 12/15/1968 2/13/1969 1st Cavalry Division (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Nahavo Warhorse II III Hau Nghia Province 2/14/1969 3/28/1969 1st Cavalry Division Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Nantucket Beach I Quang Ngai Province - Batangan Peninsula and Quang Ngai City 198th Infantry Brigade (Light)(USA); 2d ARVN Division VC 48th Battalion clear and search operation; to secure the Batangan Peninsula This February 1970 operation followed BOLD MARINER. Many Gis were killed by the traps and mines and engineers had to destroy new bunkers and tunnels in much the same sites as previously. This operation highlighted the ineffectiveness of BOLD MARINER. After the conclusion of NANTUCKET BEACH, the VC 48th Battalion soon reentered the area. The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Napa / Lien Ket 56 I Quang Tin Province 9/4/1966 9/15/1966 1st and 3d Battalions, 5th Marines (USMC); 2d, 3d, 4th Battalions, 6th ARVN Regiment search and destroy operation originally EL PASO but redesignated NAPA of Sept. 5 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Napier 1/10/1970 3/10/1970 6th RAR/NZ (ANZAC) Battalion codorn and search and reconnaissance and ambush operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Napoleon I Quang Tri Province 11/4/1967 2/28/1968 3d Battalion, 1st Marines (USMC); 1st Battalion, 3d Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Napoleon / Saline I Quang Tri Province - vicinity of the Cua Viet River, Dong Ha area of Quang Tri Province 2/28/1968 12/9/1968 3d Marine Division (HQ, USMC); 2d and 3d Battalions, 1st Marines (USMC); 1st, 2d, 3d Battalions, 3d Marines (USMC); 1st and 2d Battalions, 4th Marines (USMC); 1st and 2d Battalions, 9th Marines (USMC); 2d Battalion, 26th Marines (USMC); 2d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (USA); 1st Brigade, 5th Infantry Division (USA); 3d Battalion, 21st Infantry, 196th Infantry Brigade (USA) 3,495 clear and search operation; To keep the supply line of communication open to the port facility in Dong Ha combination of Operations NAPOLEON and SALINE from Feb. 28 Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Napoleon / Saline II I Quang Tri Province 11/1/1968 2/28/1969 3d Marine Division (USMC); 1st Brigade, 5th Infantry Division (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Narasuan III Bien Hoa Province 10/20/1967 4/7/1968 9th Infantry Division (HQ, USA); Royal Thai Army Volunteer Regiment search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Nashville III 12/28/1966 12/30/1966 USA search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Nathan Hale II Phu Yen Province - north of Tuy Hoa 6/20/1966 7/2/1966 1st and 3d Brigades, 1st Cavalry Division (USA); 1st Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (USA) search and destroy west of Tuy An in the area surrounding DECKHOUSE I Action occurred on June 19-20 with the 2d Battalion, 327th Infantry, on June 21 with the 2d Battalion, 327th Infantry and the 1st Battalion, 8th Cavalry, and on June 22 with the C-2d Battalion, 327th Infantry Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Nebraska Rapids 9/5/1970 9/8/1970 23d Infantry Division (USA); 1st Marine Division (USMC); 2d ARVN Division Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Neosho I Thua Thien Province 11/1/1967 1/20/1968 4th Marines (HQ, USA); 1st Battalion, 4th Marines (USMC); 1st Battalion, 9th Marines (USMC); 3d Battalion, 12th Marines (USMC); 3d Battalion, 26th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Neosho II I Thua Thien Province 1/20/1968 1/24/1968 3d Marine Division (HQ, USMC); 2d Battalion, 4th Marines (USMC); 1st Battalion, 9th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Neppabunna 8/15/1969 9/15/1969 9th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment pacification and reconnaissance in force Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Neutralize near DMZ 9/12/1967 10/23/1967 massive air operation to neutralize the threat to Dong Ha, Gio Linh, Camp Carrol, and Con Thien originating from the area in and near the DMZ Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Nevada I Quang Ngai Province - Cape Batangan area 4/12/1966 4/17/1966 1st Battalion, 2d Marines (USMC); 2d Battalion, 7th Marines (USMC); 2d ARVN Division; VNMC search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Nevada Eagle I central Thua Thien Province 5/17/1968 2/28/1969 101st Airborne Division (Airmobile, USA); 1st Cavalry Division (USA); 3d Brigade, 82d Airborne Division (USA) VC/PAVN 3, 299 (VC/PAVN) clear and search operation; Part of the ovreall Allied pst-Tet Coutneroffensive, Battalionn-sized foray to crush the VC and PAVN forces throughout S. Vietnam. This operation was a follow up to Operation DELAWARE. It was launched during the 1968 Tet Counteroffensive. However, except for a few conflicts during airmobile patrols, little contact was made with the Communists. The 101st focused onkeeping roads open in S. Vietnam for the rice harvest. They used combat and ambush patrols, sweeps, and small operations to engage the VC/PAVN. However, the Communists avoided open battle and relied on mines and traps to deter the U.S. This operation marked the use of small groups of Communist troops as bait to bring down Allied helicopters. Once the helicopter engaged the group, concealed guns would fire. The major engagement of the operation occurred on 21 May, when a PAVN battalion broke through the perimeter of a base camp. However, by the next day the PAVN had retreated. Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
New Castle I Quang Nam Province 3/21/1967 3/25/1967 1st Marine Division (HQ, USMC); 2d Battalion, 5th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
New Life 65 III Binh Tuy Province 11/21/1965 12/17/1965 173d Airborne Brigade (USA) search and destroy and rice harvest security operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
New One III Binh Duong Province 10/21/1965 10/27/1965 173d Airborne Brigade (USA) clear and secure operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
New York / Thua Thien 177 I Thua Thien Province -Phu Thu Peninsula near Phu Bai 2/27/1966 3/3/1966 2d Battalion, 1st Marines (USMC); 3d ARVN Regiment search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Newark III 4/18/1967 4/30/1967 USA search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Niagara I area around Khe Sanh 1/5/1968 4/8/1968 USMC; USA Special Forces; USAF PAVN 1,288 PAVN observed; 10,000 PAVN estimated to locate the enemy and to use B-52 bomber strikes constanlty to counter the increasing threat of enemy buildup in the Khe Sanh area The first phase of NIAGARA was a Marine, Navy, and Air Force intelligence effort to locate the enemy using strikes, reconnaissance, and electronic warfare aircraft. It lasted until January 21, when NIAGARA II was put into effect due to the enemy attack on Khe Sanh. The operation centered around aerial bombardment and resupply. One million feet of film from the reconnaissance missions suggested 150 targets a day. Khe Sanh depended on air resupply because the PAVN had cut off the roads. During the span of NIAGARA, a steady stream of bombs fell on the enemy. Though B-52s did not usually fly sorties within two miles of friendly troops, on February 26 they were guided to within 1/6th of a mile of the perimeter to hit enemy bunker complexes. These attacks helped broke the siege and kept Khe Sanh from ever developing as far as Dien Bien Phu. Historical Atlas Of The Vietnam War, by Harry G. Summers; The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker
Niagara / Cedar Falls see Cedar Falls Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Niagara Falls (1967 set up) 1/4/1967 1/7/1967 173d Airborne Brigade (USA) search and destroy operation deception operation to place the 173d in position for CEDAR FALLS Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Nicoliet Bay I Quang Nam Province 11/7/1968 11/13/1968 26th Marines (HQ, USMC); 1st Battalion, 13th Marines (USMC); 1st and 3d Battalions, 26th Marines (USMC) clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Noble Canyon I Quang Nam Province 10/22/1970 11/3/1970 5th Marines (USMC) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Norfolk Victory 4/8/1968 4/19/1968 1st Battalion, 20th Infantry, 11th Infantry Brigade (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Norfolk Victory II I Quang Ngai Province 6/19/1968 6/29/1968 3d Battalion, 1st Infantry, 11th Infantry Brigade (USA); 2d ARVN Division clear and search operation see Chattahoochee Swamp Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Norton Falls I Quang Tri and Thua Thien Provinces 9/29/1969 11/8/1969 3d Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (USA) to screen deployment of the 4th Marines Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Norwalk 10/4/1966 10/8/1966 1st Infantry Division (USA) security operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Nowra III Phuoc Tuy 8/8/1968 9/6/1968 1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment defense of Baria and Long Dien Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Nudgee 4/20/1970 6/11/1970 8th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment reconnaissance and ambush operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Oahu III Tay Ninh Province 8/1/1966 8/31/1966 1st Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Oakland / Lien Ket 46 I Quang Ngai Province 6/29/1966 7/1/1966 2d Battalion, 7th Marines (USMC); 3d Battalion, 11th Marines (USMC); 2d Battalion, 5th ARVN Regiment; 37th ARVN Ranger Battalion search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Oceanside III Bien Hoa Province 2d Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (USA) cordon and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Oh Jac Kyo I II central coast of South Vietnam 3/7/1967 4/18/1967 2 ROK Divisions 831 To linkup two of the ROK division areas of operations along the central coast of South Vietnam Accomplished the linkup of the ROK Divisions's areas of operations. Vietnam:Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton
Ohio Rapids I Thua Thien Province 1/24/1969 2/28/1969 3d Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (USA); 1st ARVN Division reconnaissance in force operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Oklahoma Hills I southwest of Da Nang in Quang Nam Province 3/1/1969 5/29/1969 7th Marines (HQ, USMC); 1st-2d-3d Battalions, 7th Marines (USMC); 3d Battalion, 26th Marines (USMC); 51st ARVN Regiment 596 clear and search operation Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Oliver Wendell Holmes 9/13/1966 10/2/1966 1st and 2d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (USA); 3d ARVN Airborne Brigade search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Olympa III Binh Duong Province 3/24/1966 3/29/1966 3d Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Omaha 4/20/1966 4/22/1966 2d Brigade, 1st Infantry Division search and destroy operation; road clearing between Chon Thanh and Lai Khe on Route 13 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Onslow I Quang Nam Province 10/15/1967 10/17/1967 1st Battalion, 5th Marines (USMC); 2d ARVN Ranger Battalion search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Operation Plan 34A (OPLAN 34A) DRV DRV coastline mercenaries and South Vietnamese commandos PAVN minor raids to collect intelligence and attack coastal defensive positions; covert intelligence operations This operation was a covert harassment and intelligence-gathering effort along the DRV coast. The night of July 30-31, 1964, an OPLAN 34A mission attacked islands Hon Ngu and Hon Me. They only managed to fire on the islands before they had to return to the base. However, a few days later the North Vietnamese attacked the Maddox, which was involved in DESOTO, for retaliation. A possible second strike against the Maddox and C. Turner Joy occurred on 4 August. These two attacks led to the Tonkin Gulf Resolution, which basically declared war. Americans became more involved in the Vietnam War. The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker
Orange I Quang Nam Province 4/1/1966 4/11/1966 1st Battalion, 3d Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Oregon I Thua Thien Province - 20 km se of Quang Tri Province 3/20/1966 3/23/1966 2d Brigade, 1st Marines (USMC); 1st Battalion, 4th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Oregon (1967) I-III movement from III corps to I corps 4/8/1967 4/30/1967 movement of selected units from III CTZ to I CTZ Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Osage I Thua Thien Province 4/27/1966 5/2/1966 1st Battalion, 5th Marines (III MAF Sea Landing Force, USMC) rice harvest security Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Osceola I Quang Tri and Thua Thien Provinces 10/20/1967 1/20/1968 3d Marines (HQ, USMC); 1st Battalion, 1st Marines (USMC); 1st Battalion, 3d Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation same organization as Operation MEDINA Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Osceola II I Quang Tri Province 1/21/1968 2/16/1968 3d Marines (HQ, USMC); 1st Battalion, 1st Marines (USMC); 1st Battalion, 3d Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Otsego III Binh Duong Province 4/18/1966 4/20/1966 1st Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Ottawa I Thua Thien Province 8/20/1966 8/22/1966 3d Battalion, 4th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Overlander 4/8/1969 4/16/1969 4th RAR/NZ (ANZAC) Battalion reconnaissance in force and neutralization of enemy assets Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Owen Mesa I Quang Nam and Thua Thien Provinces 9/25/1968 10/14/1968 26th Marines (HQ, USMC); 3d Battalion, 26th Marines (USMC) clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Ox Trail II Binh Dinh Province 12/3/1965 12/7/1965 2d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (HQ, USA); 2d Battalion, 12th Cavalry (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Paddington III Phuoc Tuy Province 7/6/1967 7/14/1967 1st Australian Task Force (HQ); 2d and 7th Battalions, Royal Australian Regiment; 1st Squadron, 11th Armored Cavalry (USA); 9th Infantry Division (USA); ARVN search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Paddy Bridge III Hau Nghia Province 2/14/1966 2/16/1966 2d Battalion, 27th Infantry (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Palestine III 3/18/1966 3/19/1966 3d Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (USA) security operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Palm Beach IV Ding Tuong Province 1/6/1967 6/1/1967 2d Brigade, 9th Infantry Division (USA) 570 search and destroy operation Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Palm Beach II III & IV Dinh Tuong, Co Cong, Kien Hoa, and Long An Provinces and Rung Sat Special Zone 5/1/1967 5/31/1967 2d Brigade, 9th Infantry Division (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Park Silver / Hancock Dragon II Pleiku Province 3/1/1970 11/17/1970 4th Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 1st Squadron, 10th Cavalry; 2d Battalion, 503d Airborne Infantry (joined December 24, 1970 combat and security operation redesignated Operation HANCOCK DRAGON ca. November 18, 1970 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Patio 4/1/1970 5/31/1970 USAF USAF strikes in support of US ground operations into Cambodia Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Patrick II Binh Dinh Province 3/1/1968 3/31/1968 3d Brigade, 4th Infantry Division (USA) cordon and search / search and destroy operation follow on to Operation Pershing II Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Paul Bunyan 7/19/1967 9/11/1967 1st Infantry Division (USA) jungle clearing operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Paul Revere / Than Phong 14 II Darlac and Pleiku Provinces (from the Chu Pong Massif to Duc Co,and from the Cambodian border to Plei Me) 5/10/1966 7/31/1966 3d Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (USA), battalion from the 2d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (USA), Troop B, 1st Squadron, 9th Cavalry, 1st Cavalry Division (USA); 2 ARVN and ROK battalions; 6 artillery batteries (USA). PAVN "Yellow Star" Division light casualties 200-546 (PAVN) search and destroy operation; border surveillance operation in the vicinity of Chu Phong Mountain, Doc Co and Plei Me Special Forces Camp; To counter a PAVN offensive against the Special Forces border camps A task force of USA, ARVN, and ROK fought the PAVN units throughout the area. Heavy fighting occurred at Chu Pong and the PAVN soldiers took many casualties. Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Paul Revere II II Chu Pong War Zone, Pleiku Province along the Cambodian border 8/1/1966 8/25/1966 3d Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (USA), 2d and 3d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile, USA); 3d ARVN Airborne Brigade; 23d ARVN Division; 3d ROK Cavalry Regiment 2 PAVN regiments 809-861 (PAVN) search and destroy operation; To patrol and fight the enemy in the Chu Pong War Zone A larger operation than Paul Rever I, this operation began when the 3d Brigade of the 25th division took casualties while on patrol in the Chu Pong War Zone. The 2d and 3d Brigades of the 1st Cavalry, along with two battalions from the ARVN and ROK, were sent to the area. During the following weeks, 14 allied battalions fought the two PAVN regiments. Redesignated Paul Revere III on August 26, 1966 Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Paul Revere III II Pleiku Province 10/18/1966 12/31/1966 2d Brigade, 4t5h Infantry Division (USA); 2d and 3d Brigades, 25th Infantry Division (USA); 2d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (USA) search and destroy operation on the southern border of Kontum province The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Paul Revere IV II Pleiku Province near the Cambodian border, centered on the Chu Pong-Ia Drang area 10/18/1966 12/31/1966 2d Brigade, 4th Infantry Division (USA); i2d and 3d Brigades, 25th Infantry Division (USA) and 2d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile, USA) PAVN 10th Division heavy casualties in ambushes 977 A major search-and-destory operation along the Cambodian border on southern border of Kontum Province This search-and-destroy operation cnetered on the Chu Pon-Ia Drang area, and although the USA suffered many casualties in ambushes, the PAVN regiment left 977 known dead. Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Pawnee I Thau Thien Province 8/26/1966 9/6/1966 3d Battalion, 4th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Pawnee II I Thua Thien Province 9/8/1966 9/14/1966 3d Battalion, 4th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Pawnee III I Thua Thien Province 10/29/1966 12/24/1966 2d Battalion, 26th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Pecos Happy Valley 7/20/1967 7/27/1967 7th Marines (HQ, USMC); 1st Battalion, 7th Marines (USMC); 3d Battalion, 11th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation follow up was Operation STOCKTON Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Pegasus / Lam Son 207 I Quang Tri Province near Khe Sanh 4/1/1968 4/15/1968 17 U.S. and 4 ARVN battalions involved (1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile, USA); 3d Marine Division (USMC); 1st and 2d Battalions, 1st Marines (USMC); 2d Battalion, 3d Marines (USMC); 1st Battalion, 9th Marines (USMC); 1st, 2d, 3d Battalions, 26th Marines (USMC); 1st ARVN Division; ARVN airborne battalions; ARVN Ranger battalion in Khe Sanh) PAVN 1,044 (PAVN) combat operation; To relieve the Siege of Khe Sanh This operation required that the Army and Marines build LZ Stud just north of Ca Lu on Route 9. Because the Allies lacked information on the PAVN forces, the 1st Squadron, 9th Cavalry was sent to find PAVN strong points, destroy anitaircraft guns, and locate LZs. The Marines attacked north to confuse the PAVN on the 31 March. The operation officially began on the 1 April when the 1st Marines attacked westward. The 3d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division conducted air assaults halfway to Khe Sanh, and converted the LZs to fire bases as they cleared Route 9 for the Marines. On 2 April, the 3d Brigade and the Marines kept up the air assaults to the west. An air assault the next day attacked from the southeast. On the 4th, the Marines in Khe Sanh took Hill 471 while the 2d Brigade attacked an old French fort to the south. In the following days, more air assaults around Khe Sanh met with PAVN resistance. Escape routes into Laos were blocked and the fighting became sporadic. On 11 April the 1st Marines opened Route 9. Though other attacks were planned for the area, the Allies were ordered to disengage. This Operation was the first full-division air cavalry raid in history. Khe Sanh was relieved very quickly and a reenactment of Dien Bien Phu never occurred. Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Pennsylvania Square I Quang Tin Province 6/29/1970 3/1/1971 198th Infantry Brigade (Light, USA) clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Peoples Road IV Dinh Tuong Province 3/17/1968 5/21/1968 9th Infantry Division (USA) security for construction of QL4 between Cat Lay and My Tho; search and destroy / combat operation combined with Operation TRUONG CONG DINH May 21, 1968 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Perry I Quang Ngai Province 3/25/1967 3/27/1967 2d Battalion, 7th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Pershing Hoa An Province 3/18/1967 4/1/1967 search and destroy operation; refugee evactuation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Pershing I I & II Binh Dinh Province and Quang Ngai Province, northern coastal plain and Kim Son and Luoi Ci Valleys 2/11/1967 1/19/1968 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile, USA); 1st Battalion, 50th Infantry (USA); 22d AVN units 2d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (USA); 3d PAVN division; ; 22d PAVN Regiment; 610th PAVN Division; VC units 5,401 (650 PAVN during the last battle) search and destroy operation; To conduct cordon-and-search operations with ARVN and USA forces to rout the entrenched VC infastructure and establish RVN government control. The 1st Cavalry continuously swept the area pursuing the PAVN and VC forces. Helicopters allowed the 1st Squadron, 9th Cavalry to spot and engage enemy forces, and then rapldly insert battalions. Nearly 100,000 inhabitants were evacuated and sent as refugees to the RVN government when the Cavalry sprayed the area with Agent Orange to uncover PAVN and VC forces. Major victories over the Communist forces occurred north of Bong Son at Tam Quan, and at Dam Tra-O Lake. Except for brief periods of time, the entire division served in Binh Dinh until September. However, in December, PERSHING was considered a holding operation and only one brigade monitered the area. In one last battle from 6-20 December, the 1st Brigade and the 1st Battalion, 50th Infantry and 22d ARVN units fought the 22d PAVN Regiment near Tam Quan. The significance of this battle is claimed to be that the Bong son Plain was "the least affected" during Tet. Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Pershing II I & II Binh Dinh and Quang Ngai Provinces 1/20/1968 3/1/1968 2d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (USA); 4th Infantry Division (USA) PAVN; VC 614 cordon and search; search and destroy operation; To continue to fight the PAVN and VC in the area of the Binh Dinh Province Most of the division had deployed to I Corps. Before joining them, the 1st Brigade participated in PERSHING II and furthered hurt the PAVN/VC forces. However the 3d PAVN Division would soon return. Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Perth III 6/8/866 6/8/1966 USA security operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Petrie III Phou Tuy Province 6/29/1970 7/13/1970 8th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment reconnaissance and ambush operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Phoenix (Operation 8-66) III Bien Hao Province 2/26/1966 3/1/1966 173 Airborne Brigade (HQ, USA) search and destroy operation concieved by its Infantry Division. Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Phoi Hop 4/7/1970 4/19/1970 8th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment reconnaissance operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Phu Vang I I Thua Thien Province 1st and 2d Brigades 101st Airborne Division (USA); 54th ARVN Regiment Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Phu Vang III I Thua Thien Province 10/25/1968 11/6/1968 2d Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (USA); 54th ARVN Regiment Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Phu Vang IV I Thua Thien Province 12/11/1968 1/9/1969 2d Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (USA); 54th ARVN Regiment Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Piburn Lower Plai Trap Valley 12/9/1967 12/13/1967 Plei Djereng CIDG camp strike force Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Pickens Forest I Quang Nam Province - near Song Thu Bon valley 7/15/1970 8/24/1970 7th Marines (HQ, USMC); 1st and 2d Battalions, 7th Marines (USMC) clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Pickett II Kontum Province 12/6/1966 1/19/1967 1st Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (USA) search and destroy operation in conjuction with Operation PAUL REVERE Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Piedmont Swift III Hau Nghia Province 11/24/1968 11/30/1968 2d Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Pierce Arrow DRV North Vietnam USAF PAVN to retaliate for the attacks on two U.S. destroyers in the Tonkin Gulf incidents. Two U.S. destroyers where attacked in the Gulf of Tonkin on 4 August 1964. As a result of this, President Johnson ordered air strikes which were named operation PIERCE ARROW. Planes flew from the Ticonderoga and the Constellation in 64 sorties. Controversy developed over when to begin the operation. Military planners wanted a dawn attack while Johnson wanted to be able to announce it to the American people before they went to bed. The attack actually began at 1207 Vietnam time. The Vinh petroleum storage facility was destroyed and between one and three PAVN naval vessels were sunk. Two U.S. aircraft were shot down, allowing both sides to claim a victory. The American public supported the air strikes and ratings of the president improved with the bombing. The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social, & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker
Pike I Quang Nam and Quang Tin Provinces 8/1/1967 8/3/1967 1st Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Pink Rose to determine techniques used to destroy large areas of the forest and jungle "Operational evaluation to determine techniques and conditions required to destroy large areas of forest or jungle growth by fire. The procedure incorporated a combination of defoliation of the target area to dry it out and following this the delivery of a massive dose of incendiary bombs. Proposed in December 1966." Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Pinnaroo III Phuoc Tuy Province - Nui Chau Vien Mountaints 3/5/1968 4/7/1968 1st Australian Task Force; 2d and 3d Battalions, Royal Australian Regiment search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Pinnaroo (longer version) 3/5/1968 4/18/1968 3d Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Pioneer I Quang Tri Province 9/26/1968 10/4/1968 1st Brigade, 5th Infantry Division (USA); 1st Battalion, 11th Infantry (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Pioneer I I Bien Hoa Province 1/17/1966 6/18/1966 2d Battalion, 16th Infantry (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Pioneer II III Bien How Province 1/24/1966 1/26/1966 2d Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (HQ, USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Pipestone Canyon I Quang Nam Province 5/25/1969 11/7/1969 1st Marines (HQ, USMC); 1st and 2d Battalions, 1st Marines (USMC); 3d Battalion, 5th Marines (USMC); 1st Battlaion, 26th Marines (USMC); 2d ROK Maine Brigade clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Piranha I Batangan Peninsula along the coast of southern Quang Ngai Province BLT 3d Battalion, 7th Marine Regiment (USMC); BLT 1st Battalion, 7th Marines Regiment (USMC); 2d Division (ARVN); VMC VC extremely light 149 (VC) targeted a VC buildup; follow-on to operation STARLITE This operation followed STARLITE, the first major U.S. ground operation of the war. Very few Marines participated as much of the operation was carried out by the ARVN and VMC forces. PIRANHA, though longer, was much less spectacular than STARLITE. PIRANHA helped show the VC that they could not defeat the USMC in a stand-up battle. The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Pitt I Quang Nam Province 12/5/1967 12/12/1967 2d Battalion, 7th Marines (USMC); ARVN search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Pittsburg 2/25/1967 3/2/1967 1st Brigade, 9th Infantry Division (USA) spoiling attacks to locate and disrupt enemy activitiy Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Plateau II Binh Dinh Province 4/30/1970 5/4/1970 2d Brigade,4th Infantry Division (HQ, USA) Combat operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Platte Canyon I Thua Thien Province and Ruong Ruong Valley 1st Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Platypus III Phuoc Tuy Province 7/29/1968 8/13/1968 1st and 3d Battalions, Royal Australian Regiments reconnaissance in force operation in the Hat Dich area. Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Platypus (1969 version) 8/1/1969 8/14/1969 B Squadron, 1st Armored Regiment, Australian interdiction of VC movement across Route 15 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Plei Me see operation Long Beach Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Pleiku Campaign see operation Long Beach Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Pocahontas Forest I Quang Nam and Quang Tri Provinces - Hiep Duc Vallry 7/5/1968 8/3/1968 196th Infantry Brigade (Light, USA); 5th Battalion, 46th Infantry (USA); 1st Battalion, 26th Marines (USMC); 5th ARVN Regiment clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Pole Star 8/23/1966 9/23/1966 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Portsea III Phuoc Tuy Province 3/20/1967 4/17/1967 1st Brigade, 9th Cavalry (USA); 11th Armore Cavalry (USA); 1st Australian Task Force; 5th and 6th Battalions, Royal Australian Regiment; 43d ARVN Regiment; 35th ARVN Ranger Battalion search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Prairie I Quang Tri Province, Cho Thien / Gio Linh areas of the DMZ 8/3/1966 1/31/1967 3d Marine Division (HQ, USMC); 1st, 2d, 3d, Battalions, 3d Marines (USMC); 1st, 2d, 3d, Battalions, 4th Marines (USMC); 2d Battalion, 5th Marines (USMC); 2d and 3d Battalions, 7th Marines (USMC); 2d Battalion, 9th Marines (USMC); 1st and 3d Battalions, 26th Marines (USMC) 324B PAVN Division 200 (USMC, between Prairie and Prairie II) 1,000 (USMC, between Prairie and Prairie II) 1,397 PAVN search and destroy operation; To keep track of the 324B PAVN Division following HASTINGS After Operation HASTINGS, the 3d Marine Division was left in the area to monitor the 324B PAVN Division and keep it from corssing the DMZ to invade Quang Tri Province. This operation was supported by LAM SON 318. Throughout Prairie and later Prairie II, The Marines succeeded in keeping the PAVN from crossig into the Quang Tri Province. By pushing the PAVN across the Ben Hai River, the USMC kept the 324B from establishing a major operating base. Later, however, the PAVN did manage to cross back in South Vietnam. Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spence C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Prairie Fire Laos Laos MACSOG operation to collect intelligence, to locate, interdict and destroy enemy personnel on the infiltration routes through Laos into South Vietnam and to capture prisoners Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Prairie II I Quang Tri Province - Con Thien / Gio Ling areas of the DMZ 1/31/1967 3/18/1967 3d Marine Division (HQ, USMC); 1st, 2d, 3d Battalions, 3d Marines (USMC); 3d Battalion, 4th Marines (USMC); 1st and 3d Battalions, 9th Marines (USMC); 2d Battalion, 26th Marines (USMC) 324B PAVN Division 200 (USMC, between Prairie and Prairie II) 1,000 (USMC, between Prairie and Prairie II) 693 (PAVN) search and destroy operation; To monitor and stop the 324B PAVN Division from crossing the DMZ into Quang Tri Province After HASTINGS, the 3d USMC Division monitored the area. During Prairie and Prairie II, the Marines kept the 324B PAVN Division from crossing the DMZ. The Marines drove the PAVN across the Ben Hai River. Their efforts kept the PAVN from establishing a major operating base. However, in 1967 PAVN units once again crossed into South Vietnam. Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Prairie III I Quang Tri Province 3/18/1967 4/19/1967 3d Marine Division (HQ, USMC); 3d Battalion, 3d Marines (USMC); 1st and 3d Battalions, 4th Marines (USMC); 1st and 3d Battalions, 9th Marines (USMC); 2d Battalion, 26th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Prairie V I Quang Tri Province 4/19/1967 5/31/1967 3d Marine Division (HQ, USMC); 2d and 3d Battalions, 3d Marines (USMC); 1st and 3d Battalions, 4th Marines (USMC); 1st, 2d, 3d Battalions, 9th Marines (USMC); 2d Battalion, 26th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Project Practice Nine I along the southern edge of the DMZ in Quang Tri Province 5/16/1967 5/31/1967 3d Marines? USMC The McNamara Line; a barrier between North and South Vietnam along the southern edge of the DMZ; redesgnated ILLINOIS CITY June 1967 and DYE MARKER July 1967. See also Operations BEAU CHARGER / HICKORY / LAM SON 54 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Providence from Tan Uyen to Phuoc Vinh 5/17/1966 5/21/1966 1st Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operation; route security along 1st Infantry Division LOC from Tan Uyen to Phuoc Vinh Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Puckapunyal III 4/26/1967 5/1/1967 Australian search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Pulaski I Quang Nam Province 2/23/1967 2/27/1967 1st Marine Division (HQ, USMC); 2d Battalion, 4th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Purple Martin (originally MASSACHUSETTS BAY) I Quang Tri Province 2/27/1969 5/8/1969 4th Marines (HQ, USMC); 1st, 2d, 3d Battalions, 4th Marines (USMC) clear and search operation redesignated PURPLE MARTIN March 2, 1969 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Putnam Cougar II Binh Dinh Province 9/21/1969 10/28/1969 2d Brigade, 4th Infantry Division (USA) clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Putnam Panther II Kontum Province 1/31/1969 6/16/1969 2d Brigade, 4th Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 1st, 2d, 3d Battalions, 8th Infantry Division (USA); 1st and 3d Battalions, 12th Infantry (USA); 1st Battalion, 14th Infantry (USA); 1st Battalion, 22d Infantry (USA); 2d Battalion, 35th Infantry (USA) clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Putnam Paragon II Binh Dinh Province 5/18/1970 10/12/1970 2d Brigade, 4th Infantry Division (HQ, USA) search and clear operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Putnam Power II Binh Dinh Province 1/18/1970 2/7/1970 2d Brigade, 4th Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 1st Battalion, 8th Infantry (USA); 1st Battalion, 12th Infantry (USA); 1st Battalion, 22d Infantry (USA) Combat Operation alternative dates January 21 - 30, 1970 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Putnam Shark II Binh Dinh Province 1/30/1970 3/11/1970 2d Brigade, 4th Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 1st Battalion, 8th Infantry (USA); 1st Battalion, 12th Infantry (USA); 1st and 2d Battalion, 35th Infantry (USA) combat operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Putnam Tiger II Kontum and Pleiku Provinces 4/16/1969 9/22/1969 2d Brigade, 4th Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 2d and 3d Battalions, 8th Infantry (USA); 1st and 3d Battalions, 12th Infantry (USA); 1st Battalion, 22d Infantry (USA); 2d Battalion, 35th Infantry (USA) 563 clear and search operation Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Putnam Valley II Binh Dinh Province 10/12/1970 10/24/1970 2d Brigade, 4th Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 1st Battalion, 12th Infantry (USA) combat operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Putnam Wildcat II Binh Dinh Province 11/1/1969 1/18/1970 2d Brigade, 4th Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 1st Battalion, 12th Infantry (USA); 1st Battalion, 22d Infantry (USA) search and clear operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Quang Nam I Quang Nam Province 2/27/1969 6/20/1969 ARVN 1st Ranger Group 688 Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton
Quang Nam (1965) 8/11/2001 12/27/1965 USMC search and destroy operation August 11 - 25, 1965; September 10 - 14, 1965; December 27, 1965 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Quang Tin 8/9/1965 12/30/1965 USMC search and destroy operation August 9, 1965; August 13 - 14, 1965; September 12, 1965; December 30, 1965 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Queanbeyan III 10/16/1966 10/26/1966 5th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Quick Draw I Quang Ngai Province 10/2/1965 10/4/1965 3d Battalion, 7th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Quick Hop / Tyler II Binh Thuan Province 1/13/1966 1/17/1966 2d Battalion, 327th Airborne Infantry (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Quick Kick (1965) II Plaiku and Kontum Provinces 12/10/1965 12/22/1965 1st Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (HQ, USA) security Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Quick Kick (1966) III Binh Duong Province 1/3/1966 1/8/1966 1st Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (HQ, USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Quick Kick II III Binh Duong Province 1/11/1966 1/14/1966 1st Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Quick Kick III III Binh Duong Province 1/24/1966 1/26/1966 1st Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (HQ, USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Quick Kick IV II Binh Duong Province 2/3/1966 2/9/1966 1st Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Quicksilver between Ben Cat and Phuoc Vinh 12/4/1967 12/21/1967 11th Armored Cavalry (USA) security of highway between Ben Cat and Phuoc Vinh for the movement of the 101st Airborne Division Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Quintus Thrust III Phuoc Tuy Province 3/1/1969 3/9/1969 5th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment reconnaissance in force operations Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Quyet Chien IV 44th Special Tactical Zone 7/17/1968 3/4/1969 7th, 9th, and 21st ARVN Infantry Divisions; 44th Special Tactical Zone unit; 9th Infantry Division (USA) 15,953 Follow-up to Operation TRUONG CONG DINH Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Quyet Thang IV 1/1/1969 12/31/1969 7th ARVN Division; 9th ARVN Division; 21st ARVN Division Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Quyet Thang (Resolve to Win) III Sai Gon area and Bien Hoa, Gia Dinh, Hau Nghia, Lam Son and Long An Provinces 3/10/1968 4/8/1968 1st Infantry Division (USA); 9th Infantry Division (USA); 2d and 3d Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (USA); 199th Infantry Brigade (Light)(Separate)(USA); 11th Armored Cavalry (USA); 5th ARVN Division; 25th ARVN Division; ARVN Airborne Battalions; Vietnamese Marine Corp Task Forces. 22 U.S. and 11 ARVN battalions were involved 2,658 reconnaissance in force; search and destroy / combat operation Largest operation to date. Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Quyet Thang 21/38 IV An Xuyen Province 9/29/1969 12/31/1969 ARVn 32d Regiment 721 Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton
Quyet Thang 22 I Quang Ngai Province 2/24/1969 3/10/1969 ARVN 2d Division 777 Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shleby L. Stanton
Quyet Thang 25 I Quang Ngai Province 3/20/1969 3/31/1969 ARVN 4th Regiment 592 Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton
Quyet Thang II IV IV Corps Tactical Zone 1/1/1969 12/31/1969 ARVN 7th, 9th and 21st Infantry Divisions 37,874 Miltidivision operation in the IV Corps Tactical Zone to seek out Communists Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton
Rabbit Hunt III Binh Duong Province 11/27/1965 11/27/1965 2d Battalion, 2d Infantry (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Rain Dance 3/17/1969 USAF USAF support of Royal Lao counteroffensive in the Plaine des Jarres region Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Ranch Hand RVN South Vietnam 1/12/1962 1/7/1971 to deny Communist forces the use of jungle cover through defoliation and to deny them access to food crops in South Vietnam In 1961 a U.S.-RVN counterinsurgency center began evaluating the use of herbicides VC food sources and foliage. In November of 1961, the first Special Aerial Spray Flight was deplyed for Vietnam. Finally on 1 January 1962 the first planes arrived at Tan Son Nhut Airport and missions began on the 12th. They started by clearing the foliage along a major roadway north of Sai Gon. Later forests and rice-growing areas were targeted. At first the results were less succesful than expected, so the system was altered to release larger droplets and minimize drift. Also, the planes had to fly extremely close to the ground, around 150 feet, and in straight, level paths. This made them easy targets for ground fire. Tactic did change as operations expanded to the mountain passes and tightly defined areas. Even dive-bombing tactics were used. The operation continued to grow in aircraft and personnel. During the 1968 Tet Offensive, RANCH HAND crews flew airlift missions and later flew missions in Laos and Thailand. In 1969, the National Cancer Institute linked health problems to herbicide exposure. Also, claims that Cambodian land had been intentionally sprayed fueled public disapproval. For these reasons operation RANCH HAND declined. On 7 January 1971, the last three missions of the war were flown. The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker
Randolph Glen I Thua Thien and Quang Tin Provinces 12/6/1969 3/31/1970 101st Airborne Division (Airmobile, USA); 1st ARVN Infantry Division 670 combat operation; clear and search operation; to provide security on the periphery of the populated lowlands of Thua Thien Province. an effort at pacificaation in the A Shau Valley Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Ranger I III Binh Duong Province 10/19/1965 10/19/1965 1st Battalion, 16th Infantry (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Ransom Raider III Long Khanh Province 11/24/1969 11/28/1969 199th Infantry Brigade (Light)(Separate)(USA); 18th ARVN Division Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Rawlings Valley I Thua Thien Province 12/16/1968 12/24/1968 3d Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Reaction 2/29/1968 3/1/1968 1st Battalion, 20th Infantry, 11th Infantry Brigade (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Rebel Rouser III Binh Duong Province 12/31/1965 12/31/1965 3d Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (HQ, USA) road clearance and security on Highway 13 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Reconstruction II south of Tuy Hoa; Phu Yen Province 1st Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (USA); 2d ROK Marine Brigade; 47th ARVN Regiment; followon to Operation JEFFERSON / VAN BUREN Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Red Ball IV III 1/15/1966 1/19/1966 1st Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (HQ, USA) resupply convoy Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Red Ball V III Binh Duong Province 1/28/1966 2/1/1966 1st Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (HQ, USA) resupply convoy Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Red Ball VI III Bien Hoa and Binh Duong Provinces 3/3/1966 3/6/1966 1st Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (HQ, USA) route security operation for resupply convoys Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Red Ball VII III 3/27/1966 4/1/1966 1st Battalion, 28th Infantry (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Red One III Bien Hoa Province 9/29/1965 10/25/1965 2d Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 2d Battalion, 18th Infantry (USA) search and destroy and area security operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Red Snapper I Thua Thien Province 10/22/1965 10/25/1965 2d Battalion, 3d Marines (USMC); 1st Battalion, 2d ARVN Regiment; 11th ARVN Ranger Battalion search and destroy Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Remagen I Quang Tri Province 3/16/1969 4/29/1969 1st Brigade, 5th Infantry Division (USA) reconnaissance in force operation see also TASK FORCE REMAGEN Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Reno I Quang Tri Province - vicinity of Dong Ha 5/30/1966 6/8/1966 2d Battalion, 4th Marines (USMC) reconnaissance in force Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Reno (or Reno I) III 5/30/1966 6/6/1966 2d Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Republic Square I Quang Tri and Thau Thien Provinces 9/28/1969 12/6/1969 101st Airborne Division (USA) clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Retiever II III Binh Hoa and Binh Duong Provinces 1/24/1966 1/30/1966 173d Airborne Brigade (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Retriever I III Binh Hoa and Binh Duong Provinces 1/18/1966 1/20/1966 173d Airborne Brigade (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Revenger III Binh Duong Province 10/24/1965 10/24/1965 1st Battalion, 6th Infantry (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Reynella III Phuoc Tuy Province 5/8/1969 6/15/1969 9th Battlion, Royal Australian Regiment pacification operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Rhino 6/19/1967 6/23/1967 2d Squadron, 11th Armored Cavalry (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Rice I Quang Tri and Thua Thien Province 4/17/1969 5/17/1969 26th Marines (HQ, USMC); 1st and 3d Battalions, 26th Marines (USMC); 3d Squadron, 5th Cavalry, 9th Infantry Division (USMC) combat operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Rice Farmer IV conducted throughout the Delta 1/1/1969 8/31/1969 9th Infantry Division (USA); 5th ARVN Regiment; supporting forces 1,860 Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Rich I Quang Tri Province 10/23/1968 10/27/1968 1st Brigade, 5th Infantry Division (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Richland Square (originally CAROLINA BLASTER) I Thua Thien and Quang Tri Provinces - A Shau and Da Krong Valleys 8/14/1969 9/28/1969 3d Brigade, 101st Airbonre Division (USA); 3d ARVN Regiment clear and search operation redesignated Operation RICHLAND SQUARE August 17, 1969. Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Richmond III Long Khanh Province 9/22/1967 9/28/1967 3d Squadron, 11th Armored Cavalry (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Riley III Bien Hoa and Long Khanh Provinces 7/3/1967 4/7/1968 1st Brigade, 9th Infantry Division (USA); Royal Thai Army Volunteer Regiment search and destroy operation alternative dates: July 21, 1967 - April _, 1968 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Riley II III Bien Hoa and Phuoc Tuy Provinces 8/27/1967 9/18/1967 3d Squadron, 5th Cavalry, 1st Brigade, 9th Infantry Division (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Rio Blanco / Lien Ket 70 I Quang Ngai Province 11/20/1966 11/27/1966 1st Battalion, 7th Marines (USMC); ARVN search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Rio Grande / Lien Ket 81 I Quang Ngai Province 2/17/1967 2/22/1967 1st Marine Division (HQ, USMC); 1st Battalion, 5th Marines (USMC); 2d ARVN Division; 2d ROK Marine Brigade search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Ripley Center I Quang Nam Province 8/13/1970 8/31/1970 7th Marines (HQ, USMC); 1st Battalion, 5th Marines (one company, USMC); 1st Battalion, 7th Marines (one company, USMC); 2d Battalion, 7th Marines (USMC); 3d Battalion, 7th Marines (two company, USMC) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
River Raider I III Rung Sat Special Zone 2/16/1967 3/20/1967 3d Battalion, 47th Infantry, 2d Brigade, 9th Infantry Division (USA) Phase I: February 16 - March 4, 1967; Phase II: March 5-19, 1967 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Riviera III Binh Duong Province 11/30/1965 12/1/1965 1st Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 1st Battalion, 28th Infantry (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Road Runner III Binh Duong Province - Highway 13 north of Ben Cat 11/10/1965 11/15/1965 3d Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (USA) road clearance and security operation; operation to clear and secure Highway 13 north of Ben Cat action November 12, 1965 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Road Runner II III Binh Duong Province 11/18/1965 11/18/1965 3d Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (HQ, USA) security operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Road Runner III 11/20/1965 11/20/1965 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Road Runner IV 11/22/1965 11/22/1965 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Road Runner VI III 2/7/1966 2/11/1966 3d Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (HQ, USA) road clearance and security operation on Highway 13 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Roadside III Bien Hoa Province 5/13/1969 5/22/1969 5th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment reconnaissance in force operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Robertson White 6/1/1970 6/9/1970 2d Battalion, 8th Infantry (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Robin III Bien Hoa Province 10/10/1966 10/17/1966 173d Airborne Brigade (USA) operation to secure movement route of 3d Brigade / 4th Infantry Division from Vung Tau to Bear Cat Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Rock I Quang Nam Province 3/6/1968 3/10/1968 3d Battalion, 7th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Rock Crusher 4/29/1970 combined with offensive operation into Cambodia Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Rocket III Bien Hoa Province 6/5/1967 6/7/1967 1st Brigade, 9th Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Rolling Stone III Binh Duong Province 2/7/1966 3/2/1966 1st Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (USA); 1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment search and destroy and security operation; operation to provide security for 1st Engineer Battalion road construction action of February 27, 1966 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Rolling Thunder DRV North Vietnam 3/2/1965 10/31/1968 USN ; USMC; USAF PAVN hundreds hundreds hundreds 52,000 citizens air strikes at targets in North Vietnam to interdict flow of supplies south. to bomb the DRV so that it will be more inclined to surrender After FLAMING DART the military moved on to a new air campaign that would last until October 31, 1968. It was supsended from December 25, 1965 to January 31, 1966 to induce the DRV to negotiate. The Airforce and Navy expected ROLLING THUNDER to bring the DRV to the negotiation talbe relatively quickly with an acceptable cost to the U.S. They planned to strike at the DRV's vital industrial centers and force it to face economic ruin if it did not negotiate. The Navy and Marines flew from aircraft carriers in the Gulf of Tonkin. Meanwhile, the Air Force flew from bases in Don Muang, Korat, Nakhon Phanom, Takhli, Udorn, and Ubon in Thailand as well as others on Guan, Okinawa. The targets were divided into geographical packages between the Navy and Airforce. The first Package, which was north of the DMZ, was considered part of the ground war and so controlled by MACV. The other packages were controlled by Pacific Command (PACOM). Route Packages II, III, IV, and VIB were the responsibility of the U.S. Navy Seventh Fleet's Task Force 77. Packages V and VIA were the responsibility of the U.S. 7th Air Force/ 13th Air Force headquarters. B-52 bombers remained under the command of the Strategic Air Command. Air operations over Vietnam were meant to be a diplomatic signaling device slowly escalating in intensity and not destroying the DRV's ability to fight. The operation went through five phases, beginning with the bombing of barracks and other military sites and moving on to industrial targets. Johnson called seven bombing halts throughout ROLLING THUNDER to give the DRV a chance to negotiate. However the DRV used these breaks to rebuild defenses and continue to ship supplies to the South. The breaks in the bombing only told the North that the U.S. was not serious about the war. The bombing did not weaken the Communists resolve, but they did hurt the U.S. troops' determination. On April 1, 1968, Johnson called off all bombing north of the 20th parallel. Finally he ordered a halt to ROLLING THUNDER on October 31. The operation failed for many reasons. First, the conventional warfare waged in the air campaign had little impact on the unconventional warfare in the south. Also, since the DRV was an agricultural country, it could not be defeated in airstikes resembling those used on industrial countries in WWII. The economy did not depend upon an industrial base. Johnson was seeking a limited objective; he only wanted the DRV to allow the RVN to be independent and he wanted to avoid contact with China and the USSR. Air power was not well suited to limited warfarer. To continue, Johnson exercised much more control over the bombing than was necessary or prudent. He feared starting a war with China or the USSR, and also distrusted the generals. The size, location, and frequency of air strikes were determine in Washington by people who did not understand Vietnam. Pilots were not allowed to act according to the situation as they saw fit. Finally, the DRV was a very determined foe. All it had to do was outlast the U.S. and make the war too costly for the U.S. people. The failure of ROLLON THUNDER helped accomplish this. The operation cost the U.S. nealry 1,000 aircraft and hundreds of POWs, KIAs, and MIAs. the Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Historical Atlas Of The Vietnam War, by Harry G. Summers; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Rose II Binh Thuan and Ninh Thuan Provinces 11/11/1967 11/30/1967 3d Battalion, 506th Infantry, 101st Airborne Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Ross 10/14/1969 11/30/1969 6th RAR/NZ (ANZAC) Battalion ambush and reconnaissance operations Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Roundhouse III Bien Hoa and Binh Duong Provinces - War Zone D 2/4/1966 2/9/1966 173d Airborne Brigade (USA); 1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Rush I Thua Thien Province 8/5/1967 8/9/1967 4th Marines (HQ, USMC); 2d Battalion, 4th Marines (two companies, USMC); 4th Battalion, 12th Marines (USMC); 2d Battalion, 26th Marines (two companies, USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Russell Beach I Quang Ngai Province - Batangan Peninsula 1/12/1969 7/21/1969 198th Infantry Brigade (Light, USA); 3d Battalion, 26th Marines (USMC) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Sabine Draw I Quang Nam Province 10/27/1968 11/1/1968 7th Marines (HQ, USMC); 2d Battalion, 7th Marines (USMC) clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Salem III 3/13/1966 3/17/1966 1st Battalion, 18th Infantry (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Saline I Quang Tri Province 1/30/1968 2/28/1968 3d Battalion, 1st Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation combined with Operation NAPOLEON on February 28, 1968 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Sam Houston II Pleiku and Kontum Provinces 1/1/1967 4/5/1967 4th Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 2d Brigade, 4th Infantry Division (USA); 3d Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (USA) 733 search and destroy and border surveillance operation; To survey the border in the Pleiku and Kontum Provinces the 4th and 25th Infantry Divisions continued to survey the border in the Pleiku and Kontum Provinces. Followed by Francis Marion. Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
San Angelo II and III Quang Duc and Phuoc Long Provinces 1/15/1968 2/9/1968 1st Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
San Francisco III 3/16/1968 3/17/1968 3d Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (HQ, USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Santa Cruz III Binh Duong Province 12/19/1966 12/22/1966 1st Infantry Division (USA) Cordon and search Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Santa Fe (1966) III Hau Nghia Province 6/13/1966 7/4/1966 1st Battalion, 27th Infantry (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Santa Fe (1967) III Phuoc Tuy Province 10/27/1967 11/18/1967 1st Australian Task Force (HQ); 2d and 7th Battalions, Royal Australian Regiment; A Squadron, 3d Cavalry Regiment multi-brigade search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Santa Fe (1967-1968) III Long Khanh and Binh Tuy Provinces 11/2/1967 1/5/1968 1st Brigade, 9th Infantry Division (USA); 11th Armored Cavalry (USA); 2d and 7th Battalions, Royal Australian Regiment; 18th ARVN Division reconnaissance in force, road clearing and convoy escort Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Saratoga III Binh Duong, Gia Dinh, Hau Nghia, and Tay Ninh Provinces 12/7/1967 3/11/1968 25th Infantry Division (USA) 3,862 search and destroy operation Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Saturate 10/5/1969 12/4/1969 101st Airborne Division (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Sayonara II Binh Dinh Province - Binh Khe-Qui Nhon Area 9/28/1965 11/13/1965 1st Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (USA); 2d Battalion, 7th Marines (USMC) area and route security; search and destroy operation to cover deployment of Capitol ROK Division (GOOD FRIEND II) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Scalping Mustang 12/17/1965 12/20/1965 1st Battalion, 8th Cavalry, 3d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Sceptre 9/28/1968 10/6/1968 4th RAR/NZ (ANZAC) Battalion reconnaissance in force Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Scotland I Quang Tri Province (action centered in Khe Sanh area) 11/1/1967 3/31/1968 26th Marines (HQ, USMC); 3d Marine Division (USMC)(3d Battalion, 26th Marines (3/26th), 1st Battalion, 26th Marines (1/26th), 2d Battalion, 26th Marines (2/26th), 3d Battalion, 26th Marines (3/26th)); 1st Battalion, 9th Marines (USMC); 1st Battalion, 13th Marines (USMC); 37th Ranger Battalion (ARVN) PAVN 205+ (USMC) 1,688 (USMC) 1,561-1,600 (PAVN) search and destroy operation; To rid the Khe Sanh area of the PAVN who were massing in the area. Originally, only the 3/26th and the 1/26th were at Khe Sanh. Since it appeared that PAVN troops were massing in the area, the USA sent in the 3/26th. On 20 January, the 1/26th and 3/26th fought a PAVN battalion between hills 881 South and 881 North, beginning the second Battle of Khe Sanh. On 21 January the PAVN overran Khe Sanh and blew up an ammunition dump, but because of the fight the day before, they did not attack 881S and could not use both hills as fire bases. They did occupy 881N, however. The ARVN Ranger battalion soon joined the Marine battalions in and around Khe Sanh. The base at Khe Sanh itself was never actually threatened by ground forces. It was the Marines in the outlying hills and listening posts that had more impact on the operation. From their outposts, the Marines directed artillery and air strikes and alerted the base about launches from PAVN held Hill 881N. In February, at Hill 861A, the Marines were attacked by PAVN 325C Division. The PAVN 304th Division overran Lang Vei Special Forces camp on the 6th. On 25 February a PAVN company ambushed the patroling 3d Platoon, Company B, 1/26th, as well as the relief platoon. Company B suffered massive casualties, nearly two-thirds of its men were lost. The "Doomed Patrol" lost every soldier and their bodies were not recovered for two weeks. The PAVN began to withdraw in mid-March, and the last conflict occurred on 30 March when Company B, 1/26th attacked and entrenched PAVN battalion. Operation SCOTLAND then gave way to the combined forces Operation PEGASUS on 1 April 1968. Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Scotland II I Quang Tri Province - Khe Sanh 4/14/1968 2/28/1969 3d Marine Division (HQ, USMC); 1st and 2d Battalions, 1st Marines (USMC); 1st, 2d, 3d Battalions, 3d Marines (USMC); 1st, 2d, 3d Battalions, 4th Marines (USMC); 1st, 2d, 3d Battalions, 9th Marines (USMC); 1st, 2d, 3d Battalions, 26th Marines (USMC); 2d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (USA) PAVN 435 (9 from the 1/9th) USMC 2,395 (53 from the 1/9th) USMC 32 from the 1/9th USMC 3,311 PAVN clear and search operation; Continuance of USMC operations upon termination of Operation PEGASUS; To continue to clear the Khe Sanh area of the PAVN. This operation began after the termination of PEGASUS. In the beginning, 3/26th patrolled the valley west from Khe Sanh toward Hill 881S. They encountered little resistance, finding mostly the remains of the Communists. The 1/9the Marines did encounter fighting against PAVN bunkers near Hill 689. The Marines suffered more casualties leaving Khe Sanh than in the seige itself. The PAVN base was eventually abandoned, though PAVN troops remained in the area. The USMC was employing mobile tactics at the end of the operation. Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C.; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Sea Dragon DRV Coast of North Vietnam, Song Giang and Kien Giang Rivers 10/25/1966 10/31/1968 USN North Vietnamese shipping units 5 USN 26 USN to cut the southward flow of munitions and to bombard positions of military significance in the DRV. The operation began on 25 October 1966 when the first U.S. ships entered the waters north of the DMZ. The Masnfield and Hanson were to stop Communist shipments over water from North Vietnam into Quang Tri Province. By February, the area patrolled extended past the DMZ to the 20th parallel. The ships involved in the operation worked around logistic "choke points" including the mouths of the Song Giang and Kien Giang Rivers. They attacked radar stations, coastal guns, supply craft, truck columns, boat repair facilities, bridges, and SAM sites, as well as picked up Communist radar transmissions. SEA DRAGON was successful in sinking or damaging an estimated 2,000 logistics craft and inhibiting the movement of supplies south. However, the North Vietnamese did increase their defenses on shore and often fired upon SEA DRAGON ships, damaging 29 vessels, killing 5 and wounding 26. After the bombing halt in April 1968, the operation was limited to below the 19th parallel and it ended on 31 October. However, in 1972 destroyers once again went north above the DMZ to retaliate for the Easter Offensive. The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker
Seamont Phu Quoc Island 8/4/1966 8/30/1966 Gulf of Thailand Surveillance Group (US Navy) search and destroy operation; terminated with 26th Marines OPCOM to Operation PEGUSUS Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Search Turn IV Mekong Delta; Rach Gia-Long Xuyen Canal from the Bassac River to the Rach Soi Canal and southwest to the Gulf of Thailand 11/1/1968 SEALORDS (Task Force 194) USN VC to establish a blockade along the Vinh Te canal in the center of the western part of the Delta Admiral Zumwalt asked Capt. Salzer to design an operation to establish a blockade along the Vinh Te Canal bordering Cambodia. The operation, SEARCH TURN, began on 1 November. After four days, an interdiction barrier with a 24 hour river patrol was launched by NAV-FORV (Naval Forces, Vietnam). SEARCH TURN's success contributed to the establishment of TRAN HUNG DAO later. The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker
Searcy I Quang Nam Province 1/31/1967 2/9/1967 3d Battalion, 1st Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Seaside III 9/8/1966 9/8/1966 USA search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Settlement II Binh Dinh 10/16/1965 11/1/1965 2d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (HQ, USA) security of Highway 19 Operation COBRA became Operation SETTLEMENT on October 16 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Seward II Phu Yen Province 9/4/1966 10/25/1966 1st Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (USA); 1st Battalion, 22d Infantry, 4th Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy and security operation; rice protection Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Seymour III 1/28/1967 1/31/1967 Australian search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Shasta I Quang Nam Province 11/5/1966 11/19/1966 2d Battalion, 1st Marines (USMC); 2d Battalion, 3d Marines (USMC): 1st Battalion, 26th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Shasta II I Quang Nam Province 12/19/1966 12/21/1966 1st Battalion, 1st Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Shawnee I Thua Thien Province 4/21/1967 5/21/1967 4th Marines (HQ, USMC); 2d Battalion, 4th Marines (USMC); 2d Battalion, 9th Marines (USMC); 2d Battalion, 26th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Shelbyville I Quang Nam Province 9/22/1967 9/28/1967 1st Marines (HQ, USMC); 2d Battalion, 1st Marines (USMC); 1st Battalion, 3d Marines (USMC); 3d Battalion, 5th Marines (USMC); 1st Battalion, 11th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Shenandoah I III Binh Duong Province 10/16/1966 11/2/1966 1st Infantry Division (USA) reconnaissance in force / search and destroy operation Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Shenandoah II III Binh Duong and Binh Long Provinces and Loc Ninh Provinces - Ben Cat to Chon Thanh west of Highway 13 and in the jungle and rubber plantations around Loc Ninh 9/27/1967 11/19/1967 1st Infantry Division (USA) 271st and 273d PAVN Regiments; other PAVN Regiments 956-1,000 PAVN reconnaissance in force and road clearing operation One major battle of this operation occurred at Loc Ninh on the 29 October. The U.S. Special Forces and Civilian Irregular Defense Group were attacked with mortar fire. The first assault was pushed back, but the second one breached the perimeter. ARVN and Special Forces units, along with Company C of the 2d Battalion, 28th Infantry, attacked to push out the Communists. Night defensive positions (NDPs) were established to intercept the Communists as they tried to return to Cambodia. The PAVN suffered many causualties and two regiments became ineffective after their losses. Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Sheridan Sabre 11/16/1968 3/12/1969 1st Cavalry Division (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Sherman Peak 1/25/1969 2/9/1969 2d Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (USA); 1st ARVN Division Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Shining Brass/ Prairie Fire/ Phu Dung Laos cross-border operations into Laos along the Ho Chi Minh Trail U.S. Special Forces; 12 man teams including three Americans and nine Montagnard civilians under MACV-SOG control) PAVN; Pathet Lao personnel primary mission to locate targets for aerial bombing, but at times they had to fight; later operations were expanded to include emplacing antipersonnel devices, engaging PAVN or Pathet Lao personnel, assessing bomb damage, and controlling air strikes The operation began as merely locating targets for bombing and sporadic fighting, but expanded to include heavier fighting and much more involvement in the airstrikes. Eventually three Amreican-led Vietnamese battalions were used for larger missions in Laos. At first helicopters were only allowed if necessary to extricate troops by air. Later helicopter use became the norm to lift reconnaissance teams. SHINING BRASS became one of the largest and most important Special Forces operation. Its name was later changed to PRAIRIE FIRE in 1968 and PHU DUNG in 1971. The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker
Shiny Bayonet II Binh Dinh Province - Suaica River valley, 274 miles north of Saigon 10/10/1965 10/12/1965 1st Cavalry Division (USA); VN Marines Major ARVN / US drive against the NVA / VC; first operation for the 1st Cavalry Division; enemy eluded the trap by the 12th Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Short Fuse III Tay Ninh Province 1/12/1966 1/25/1966 2d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Show Low I Quang Ngai Province - 10 miles west of Quang Ngai City 3/5/1968 3/13/1968 4th Battalion, 3d Infantry (USA); 2d ARVN Division Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Sidney II 7/15/1966 7/23/1966 5th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Sierra I Quang Ngai Province 12/12/1966 1/21/1967 2d Battalion, 7th Marines (USMC) search and destroy Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Silver Bayonet (including the Battle of Ia Drang) II Pleiku Province - Plei Me area; Ia Drang Valley 10/19/1965 11/28/1965 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile, USA) (including 1st Battalion, 7th Cavalry (1/7th), 2d Battalion, 7th Cavalry (2/7th); 1st Battalion, 5th Cavalry (1/5th); 2d Battalion, 5th Cavalry (2/5th)); 3d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (USA); ARVN units operation in Pleiku Province 33rd and 66th PAVN regiments (LZ Albany included PAVN 8th Battalion) 234-305 (USA, LZ X-Ray=79+, LZ Albany=151-155) 121 (USA, LZ X-Ray): 124 (USA, LZ Albany) 1,771-3,561 (PAVN) approximately 230 search and destroy operation; To prevent the NVA from gaining control of the Central Highlands along Route 19 and splitting South Vietnam in two. Included Ia Drang Valley Battles This operation marked the PAVN's shift from reliance on VC guerrilla forces to the use of conventional military forces. It also marked the beginning of U.S. direct massive ground combat operations and the testing ground for heliborne airmobility tactics. On 19 October PAVN forces attacked the Plei Me Special Forces camp southwest of Pleiku. The 1st Cavalry and ARVN troops relieved Plei Me while testing the use of helicopters to fly troops over the enemy and land them directly into the battle. On 14 November, during what would come to be know as the Battle of Ia Drang Valley, the 1st Battalion, 7th Cavalry (1/7th) assaulted into LZ X-Ray, unknowingly into the area of the PAVN 66th. The fighting was very heavy. Reinforcements of the 2/7th and 2/5th as well as massive artillery and air strikes helped support the U.S. By 16 November, the PAVN had quit the battlefield. The 2/7th and Company A of the 1/7th moved toward LZ Albany to resume contact. The units blundered into a PAVN ambush and during the following battle, unit cohesion broke down. Air support was impossible until the units could mark their positions. Finally the 1/5th fought into LZ Albany and gathered the wounded and the 2/7th were sent in for reinforcement. The PAVN withdrew with unknown casualties. At the end of the campaign, the 1st Cavalry Division had deflected the PAVN attack and kept South Vietnam from being split in two, while displaying the effectiveness of airmobility warfare. Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; The Encyclopedia Of the Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Historical Atlas Of The Vietnam War, by Harry G. Summers, Jr.; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Silver Bayonet II II Pleiku Province - Plei Me area 11/20/1965 11/26/1965 2d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Silver City (or Silver City II) III Bien Hoa, Binh Duong, and Long Khanh Provinces - War Zone D 3/7/1966 3/23/1966 1st Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 1st Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (USA); 173d Airborne Brigade (USA); 1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment; 10th ARVN Division search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Silver Lake III Bien Hoa and Long Khanh Provinces 1/7/1967 1/19/1967 3d Brigade, 9th Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Sioux City III Bien Hoa Province - northwest of Xam Cat 9/25/1966 10/9/1966 173d Airborne Brigade (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Skysweep 1/1/1969 3/31/1969 1st Battalion, 503d Airborne Infantry (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
SLAM (Seeking, Locating, Annihilating and Monitoring) Laos Laos 9/23/1966 new concept of interdiction operations in Laotian Panhandle Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Smash I & II III Bien Hoa Province 12/16/1965 12/23/1965 1st Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 173d Airborne Brigade (Smash I, USA); 2d Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (Smash II, USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Smithfield III Phuoc Tuy Province 8/18/1966 8/21/1966 6th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Snipe Hunt interdiction missions occurred in 1966 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Somerset Plain / Lam Son 246 I Thua Thien Province - A Shau Valley 8/4/1968 8/20/1968 101st Airborne Division (Airmobile, USA); 1st Cavalry (USA); 1st ARVN Regiment PAVN search and destroy operation; to destroy the Communist forces and gain control of the valley After capturing war materials and supplies during DELAWARE, MACV wished to use SOMERSET PLAIN to destroy the communist forces and gain control of the valley. The 1st Cavalry would continue its operations while the 101st airborne would move to block the retreating PAVN. Then both USA and ARVN froces would engage the Communists. However, when the 1st Cavlary's 1st Squadron, 9th Cavalry landed, they encountered antiaircraft fire, which brought down one F-4 fighter bomber and caused wither the loss or damage of 17 helicopters. Finally, they linked up with other ARVN and 1st Cavalry units, but the PAVN would not commit to action. From then on, the operation consisted of minimal fighting. After the combat units withdrew, their reconnaisance teams placed mines, booby traps and sensors. At the end of the operation, the PAVN had suffered relatively insignificant losses while the 101st had suffered significant losses in aviation equipment. The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Song Song River 7/25/1965 7/25/1965 USMC search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Song Ve 6 I Quang Ngai Province 11/22/1965 11/24/1965 3d Battalion, 7th Marines (USMC); 3d VNMC Battalion; 11th and 37th ARVN Ranger Battalions reaction Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Spearhead 4th Battalion, 47th Infantry (USA) occurred in April 1967 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Speedy Express IV Dinh Tuong and Kien Hoa Provinces; MR IV 12/1/1968 5/31/1969 9th Infantry Division (minus 3d Brigade)(USA); 7th ARVN Division 10,899 reconnaissance in force; IV CTZ dry-weather campaign Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Spokane Rapids 2/20/1969 3/3/1969 1st Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Spragins White II Darlac Province 11/11/1969 12/30/1969 1st Brigade, 4th Infantry Divisoin (HQ, USA); 1st Battalion, 14th Infantry (USA); 2d Battalion, 35th Infantry Division (USA); 3d Battalion, 506th Airborne Infantry (USA) security operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Spread Out upper Van Cahn Valley 2d Battalion, 7th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation ca. October 1965 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Springfield III 1st Battalion, 2d Infantry (USA) ca. July 1966 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Springfield II III 7/26/1966 8/1/1966 USA search and destroy Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Stable 8/10/1966 10/10/1966 1st Logical Command arrival and movement of ROK 9th Infantry Division, 100th Logistical Command, and HQ ROKFVFC through Nha Trang and Tuy Hoa Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Stafford 4/17/1969 5/1/1969 4th RAR/NZ (ANZAC) Battalion reconnaissance in force operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Stark II 1/22/1967 2/2/1967 OMEGA Teams(B-50 Detachment) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Starlite (Starlight) I began near the Van Tuong Peninsula in Quang Tri Province, then moved south of Chu Lai in Quang Ngai Province. Included landing zones west and southwest of the hamlets Nam Yen and An Cuong 8/17/1965 8/24/1965 7th Marines (HQ, USMC); 3d Battalion, 3d Marine Regiment (3/3 USMC); 2d Battalion, 4th Marine Regiment (2/4 USMC); 3d Battalion, 7th Marine Regiment (3/7 USMC) 1st VC Regiment (60th and 80th battalions and 52nd Company) 1500 45 (USMC) 120 (USMC) 614-700 (VC) To eliminate the VC 1st Regiment with a three-pronged attack. This was the first significant action between US and VC Forces. The VC 1st Regimant had planned an attack on the airfield at Chu Lai when the Marines attempted a spoiling attack. 3/3 blocked VC escape to the south with an amphibious landing at Green Beach. 2/4 landed by helicopter inland at LZs Red, White, and Blue. Only light resistance occurred at LZs Red and White, but at LZ Blue the assult force nearly landed on top of the VC 60th Battalion and fighting ensued. The VC were overrun. The 3/3 landing party attacked An Cuong. As the LZ Blue force attempted to link up with the Green Beach force, they took heavy fire and had to withdraw back to LZ Blue. Then a company from 3/7 landed and fought the 60th VC Battalion until it broke contact. A full Commitment of the 3/7 finished the sweep of the area. The VC were pushed to the coast. Operation Starlite badly destroyed the 60th and 80th VC Battalions, leaving the 1st VC Regiment, at least temporarily, ineffective. It was the first major U.S. ground combat operation and provided a great psychological lift. Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; Historical Atlas Of The Vietnam War, by Harry G. Summers, Jr.; The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Politcal, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Steel Horse VII II Binh Dinh Province 7/25/1966 7/25/1966 6th Battalion, 16th Artillery (USA) extensive harrassment and interdiction program Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Steel Tiger Laos Laotian panhandle below the 17th parallel over the Ho Chi Minh Trail; 12/12/1964 USAF; USN PAVN to disrupt the Ho Chi Minh Trail; Joint Chiefs of Staff-approved USAF and USN armed route reconnaissance and strike operations in Pathet Lao / Viet Minh and Viet Cong areas in the Loatian Panhandle and the Plaine des Jarres. In April of 1965 Operation BARREL ROLL split in two. Operation STEEL TIGER covered the Laotian panhandle below the 17th parallel. This campaign over the Ho Chi Minh Trail in Laos was largely unsuccessful due to limited air power in the war. Originally, STEEL TIGER was meant to complement ROLLING THUNDER, however fear of Soviet or Chinese intervention limited the operation severely. Targets were selected in Washington and then sent to Sai Gon, but the target lists were very restircted. During the operation, visibility was very poor and reports of damage to the Communists were largely inaccurate. The North Vietnamese were able to quickly repair any damage to the trail or continue the movement of supplies and men by bicycle or foot. The monsoon seasan made sorties even more difficult. Also complicating the matter, Navy and Air Force planners avoided cooperation in the operations. Because the orders came from Washington, control of air operations became even more unclear. In all, it cost thousands of dollars to hit just one truck on the trail. Finally, in 1968 STEEL TIGER and TIGER HUNT merged to become COMMANDO HUNT. The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Sterling I Quang Nam Province 12/11/1966 12/16/1966 3d Battalion, 9th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Stingray I II Binh Dinh Province 3/6/1969 3/6/1969 173d Airborne Brigade (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Stingray II II Binh Dinh Province 3/11/1969 3/11/1969 173d Airborne Brigade (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Stockton Happy Valley 7/27/1967 7/29/1967 1st Battalion, 7th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Stone I Quang Nam Province 2/11/1967 2/22/1967 1st Marine Division (HQ, USMC); 1st, 2d, 3d Battalions, 1st Marines (USMC); 2d Battalion, 4th Marines (USMC); 2d Battalion, 5th Marines (USMC); 2d Battalion, 26th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Strangler I III Gia Dinh Province 2/4/1969 2/12/1969 199th Infantry Brigade (Light)(Separate)(USA) cordon and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Strangler II III Gia Dinh Province 2/13/1969 2/16/1969 199th Infantry Brigade (Light)(Separate)(USA) cordon and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Strike III 9/1/1967 11/17/1967 9th Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 2d Battalion, 47th Infantry (USA); 4th Battalion, 39th Infantry (USA) replaced by operation MANCHESTER Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Strike / Uniontown III Bien Hoa Province 11/17/1967 12/17/1967 9th Infantry Division (USA); 199th Infantry Brigade (Light)(Separate)(USA) operations consolidated November 17, 1967 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Sullivan I Quang Tri Province 9/13/1968 9/13/1968 1st Brigade, 5th Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Sultan (1967) II Kontum Province 12/1/1967 12/23/1967 Project DELTA Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Sultan (1968) II Kontum Province 1/5/1968 1/25/1968 Project DELTA Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Summerall II Darlac, Khanh Hoa, and Phu Yen Provinces 3/29/1967 4/29/1967 1st Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (USA) search and destroy operation Phase I: March 29 - April 2, 1967; Phase II: April 3 - 16, 1967; Phase III: April 17 - 29, 1967 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Sunflower 1/5/1967 2/15/1967 to negotiate peace with North Vietnam This was a peace initiative following MARIGOLD's failure. In a direct approach to Ha Noi through the DRV embassy in Moscow, along with a coinciding attempt by British Prime Minister Wilson, the U.S. and Ha Noi attempted to conduct negotiations. However, the U.S. would accept nothing less than mutual de-escalation and Ha Noi refused to talk unless all U.S. acts of war were halted first. The negotiations in Moscow ended 15 February. Meanwhile in England, Wilson argued for peace with Soviet Premeir Kosygin and presented the U.S. position without permission. This, along with further U.S. errors in negotiating doomed these talks, hurt American-British relations, and confused the USSR and DRV. During SUNFLOWER, both the DRV and the U.S. grew more rigid in their demands. The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker
Sunrise III north of Sai Gon in War Zone D ARVN VC to establish hamlets in one of the least secure areas in South Vietnam This was a pilot Strategic Hamlet program. Hamlets were constructed to remove the peasants from the countryside, and thus from VC control. A war correspondent reported that only 4 of the 14 camps were constructed by November 1962 and the main hamlet, Ben Tuong, was in bad shape. However, General Westmoreland felt the hamlets were proof that America was spending its money wisely. SUNRISE failed to relocate the peasants into hamlets. In August 1963, Ben Tuong was overrun by VC and soon they again had control of the area. The operation came to and end in August 1963. The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker
Sunset Beach III Hau Nghia Province 9/1/1966 10/11/1966 2d Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Surfside III Phuoc Tuy Province 4/22/1969 5/2/1969 5th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment reconnaissance in force operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Sussex Bay I Quang Nam Province 8/29/1968 9/9/1968 5th Marines (HQ, USMC); 2d and 3d Battalions, 5th Marines (USMC); 3d Battalions, 7th Marines (USMC) clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Sutter I Quang Tin Province 11/30/1966 12/6/1966 1st Battalion, 5th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Suwannee I Quang Nam Province 8/13/1966 8/21/1966 1st and 3d Battalions, 9th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Sweeping Mustang II II Corps Tactical Zone 12/9/1965 12/15/1965 1st Brigade,1st Cavalry Division (HQ, USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Swift I Quang Nam and Quang Tin Provinces 9/4/1967 9/15/1967 Task Force X-RAY, 1st MArine Division (HQ, USMC); 1st and 3d Battalions, 5th Marines (USMC); 2d Battalion, 11th Marines (USMC); 21st, 37th and 39th ARVN Ranger Battalions; 3d Battalion, 4th ARVN Regiment; 3d Battalion, 6th ARVN Regiment 517 search and destroy operation Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Swift Play 7/23/1968 7/24/1968 Battalion Land Team 2d Battalion, 7th Marines (USMC) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Swift Saber I Quang Nam Province 6/6/1968 3d Battalion, 1st Marines (USMC) clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Sydney I 7/4/1966 7/14/1966 6th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Sydney II 7/15/1966 7/23/1966 5th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Sylvester II sw of Qui Nhon 12/19/1967 12/31/1967 Van Canh CIDG camp; camp strike forces Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Syr III 3/6/1967 3/7/1967 Australian search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Take Out II Binh Thuan Province 12/28/1965 12/30/1965 2d Battalion, 327th Airborne Infantry, 101st Airborne Division (USA) crash recovery operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Talladega Canyon I Quang Nam Province 9/30/1968 10/5/1968 7th Marines (HQ, USMC); 2d Battalion, 7th Marines (USMC) clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Tally Ho 7/20/1966 Air and naval gunfire interdiction of LOC in southernpanhandle of North Vietnam Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Tamborine III 2/1/1967 2/8/1967 Australian search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Tampa (1966) III 3/13/1966 3/15/1966 3d Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (HQ, USA) security operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Tampa (1968) I Quang Nam Province 2/26/1968 3/3/1968 1st and 3d Battalions, 7th Marines (elements, USMC); 3d Squadron, 5th Cavalry, 9th Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Tangle Duc Thanh District 12/22/1969 12/24/1969 A Squadron, 1st Armored Regiment (Australian) pacification of Duc Thanh District Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Taro Leaf III Hau Nghia Province 2/3/1966 2/15/1966 2d Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (HQ, USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Task Force Remagen I Quang Tri Province 3/16/1969 4/29/1969 1st Brigade, 5th Infantry Division (USA) reconnaissance in force operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Tat Thang 18 II Kontum Province 4/3/1970 5/3/1970 air reconnaissance and economy of force; in support of elements of 24th Special Tactical Zone Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Taut Bow Happy Valley 2/7/1966 2/16/1966 3d Marine Reconnaissance Battalion (USMC) reconnaissance in force operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Taylor II Kontum and Pleiku Provinces 2/5/1966 2/8/1966 3d Brigade, 25th Infantry Divison (USA) search and destroy operation and road clearing. Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Taylor Common I Quang Nam Province 12/6/1968 3/8/1969 1st Marine Division (HQ, USMC); 1st and 3d Battalions, 3d Marines (USMC); 1st, 2d, 3d Battalions, 5th Marines (USMC); 2d Battalion, 7th Marines (USMC); 2d and 3d Battalions, 26th Marines (USMC) 1,299 clear and search operation Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Tennessee Pride I Thua Thien Province 6/23/1969 7/1/1969 101st Airborne Division (USA) clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Tet Offensive 1968: Battle of Hue I Hue City 1/31/1968 2/25/1968 2d, 7th and 9th Battalions, 3d Regiment (ARVN); ARVN 1st Division; VNMC; 1st Battalion, 1st Marines (USMC; 1st and 2d Battalions, 5th Marines (USMC); 1st Division (USMC); 2d Battalion, 12th Cavalry, 1st Cavalry Division (USA); 5th Battalion, 7th Cavalry, 1st Cavalry Division (USA); 3d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (USA); 101st Airborne Division (USA) VC 12th Battalion; Hue City Sapper Battalion; 6th PAVN Regiment; 4th PAVN Regiment; 24th Regiment, 304th Division (PAVN); 29th Regiment, 325C Division (PAVN): 99th Regiment, 324B Division (PAVN) 74 (USA); 142 (USMC); 384(ARVN) 507 (USA); 857 (USMC); 1,830 (ARVN) 5,000-5,113 (PAVN/VC) POW 89 (PAVN/VC) To retake the City of Hue during the Tet Offensive The Battle of Hue was the longest and bloodiest battle of the Tet Offensive. The battle began on 31 January, though the ARVN commander had already put his 1st Division on alert because he had received reports of early Tet attacks in the south on the 30th. This move helped keep the communists from completely taking Hue. Inside the city, VC and sapper regiments had been preparing for months. Because of fog on the 31st, battalion-sized PAVN forces advanced easily on the city from the west. Mortar and rocket fire followed. The 6th PAVN Regiment attacked toward the Citadel while the 4th PAVN Regiment attacked the southern part of the city and the MACV compound. By dawn the next day, the PAVN held the south part of the city, including Gia Hoi and the southern half of the Citadel. Up until this point U.S. combat forces had not been allowed in Hue and the city was very lightly defended. The PAVN easily took control of parts of the city. They began a systematic roundup of "enemies of the people" and marched them off to their graves. 3,000 civilians were never accounted for. Meanwhile, ARVN troops still held the northern half of the Citadel. Also, the Americans and Australians continued to hold the MACV compound, from which they called for aide. Because of these two Allied areas, the Communists could not take the city. The relief force sent by the USMC at Phu Bai was too small to help. Eventually, a larger Marine force was ordered to join with the ARVN forces, but they were pushed back. They continued to fight without clearing the city. The PAVN troops had captured an ARVN depot with U.S. weapons and ammunition, and their supply lines were still open. The Communists were very well-supplied. PAVN also received 5 reinforcing battalions. Meanwhile, the U.S. was restricted on mobility because of the nature of urban fighting and was not able to utilize its advantage in firepower due to the wish to not damage Hue. The ARVN commander ordered his 3d Regiment to relieve the city. On the evening of 31 January the 3d, reinforced by the 2d, 7th, and 9th ARVN airborne battalions, arrived in the city. The ARVN forces mounted an attack to retake the Citadel and north bank of the river. On 2 February, the 2d Battalion, 12th Cavalry began an air assault to cut the communist supply lines. However they ran into a blocking Communist force. The 5th Battalion, 7th Cavalry, which was to join the 2d, also ran into delays. Many of the PAVN forces in the area were ones that the U.S. had thought were around Khe Sanh. Also on 2 February, the 3d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division and the 101st Airborne held blocking postions to prevent PAVN reinforcements. The 3d Brigade attacked from the west and north and the 101st from the south. The Marines continued to bring forces to Hue. On 4 February, the Marines, with the support of Naval gunfire, began to fight house-to-house to clear the south bank. Finally on 11 February, the 1st Battalion, 5th Marines crossed the river to join the fight for the Citadel. The ARVN Division, reinforced by the VNMC and the Marines, fought house-to-house until on 21 February they met up with the 1st Cavalry Division which had been attacking from the west. On 25 February, ARVN troops found that PAVN troops had deserted the Imperial Palace. At the end of this bloody battle, about half the city was destroyed. Thousands were homeless and as many as 5,700 had been executed by the Communists. This battle helped change the attitude of the population against the Communists. There were 89 PAVN/VC POWs. Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Historical Atlas Of The Vietnam War, by Harry G. Summers, Jr.
Tet Offensive 1968: Battle of Saigon III area around Saigon 1/31/1968 3/7/1968 II Field Force Vietnam (1st Infantry Division, 9th Infantry Division, 25th Infantry Division, 101st Airborne Division, 199th Light Infantry Brigade, and 11th Armored Cavalry Regiment (USA); Australian, New Zealand, and Thai forces in the area; coordinated efforts of ARVN III and IV Corps, including the 5th, 7th, 9th, 18th, 21st, and 25th divisions) 35 Battalions (1 PAVN and 2 VC Divisions) including 5th VC Division, 7th PAVN Division, D16 VC Battalion, 267th VC Battalion, battalion from the 271st VC Regiment to protect the Sai Gon Circle In December 1967, the U.S. had turned the responsibility of the defense of Sai Gon over to the S. Vietnamese. The IIFFV battalions were sent to VC campaigns on the Cambodian border in response to Gen. Giap's attempts to draw U.S. forces away from the major cities. Luckily for the Allies, the border campagin was not on schedule. The General of the IIFFV saw something odd in the patterns of enemy movement and got permission to keep some battalions within the Saigon circle. When Tet broke out, the 35 Communist battalions were up against a much bigger IIFFV force than they anticipated. The Communists had a series of 8 major objectives to bring down the RVN government and trigger a "General Uprising". But because of the great secrecy of the plans, they suffered coordination problems. Some areas began the attack a day early and thus alerted the U.S. and ARVN units. On 31 January, a platoon attacked the Saigon Presidential Palace. Not long after this attack , the U.S. Embassy was also attacked. Though the VC Sappers never got inside of the embassy building, media pictures of the scene sent a demoralizing message around the world. However, the Embassy itself was relatively unimportant. Next the S-10 sapper battalion took the National Radio Station and planned to broadcast pre-recorded tapes proclaiming a general uprising. However, the broadcast link was severed on a prearranged signal. The VC took the ARVN depot complex at Go Vap, but the retreating ARVN troops had rendered the guns useless. At Tan Son Nhut, the VC attacked the air base. MACV sent a call for help, and 3d squadron, 5th Cavalry sent Troop C to help. Troop C was badly mauled, but halted the VC attack for awhile. Fighting was also going on at the Long Bing-Bien Hoa complex. Company A from the 9th Infantry Division's 2d Battalion, 47th Infantry was sent to relieve the attack on a large POW compound between the cities. Companies B and C were sent to Long Binh and Bien Hoa, respectively, to relieve the forces there. Meanwhile, Troop A, 3d Squadron, 5th Cavalry fought to relieve the Bien Hoa Air Base, where it linked up with the 101st Airborne Division's 2d Battalion, 506th Infantry. Except for in Cho Lon, most of the fighting inside the Sai Gon Circle was over in days. By 3 February, the N. Vietnamese were on the defensive. Most Communist survivors had traveled to this area. The Communists set up a system to execute the district's leaders and keep out the Allies. Cho Lon experienced a month-long reign of terror. Though U.S. forces entered Cho Lon on 31 January, the area was finally cleared out by 7 March. It was during the clean up of these operations that Gen. Loan was filmed executing a VC prisoner on 31 March. This image produced much outrage and anti-war feelings throughout the world. The Encyclopedia Of The Vientam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Historical Atlas Of The Vietnam War, by Harry G. Summers, Jr.
Teton I Quang Nam Province 10/11/1966 10/20/1966 3d Battalion, 1st Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Texas / Lien Ket 28 I Quang Ngai Province - 20 km southwest of Quang Ngai City - An Hao outpost 3/20/1966 3/25/1966 7th Marines (HQ, USMC); 3d Battalion, 1st Marines (USMC); 3d Battalion, 7th Marine Regiment (USMC), 2d Battalion, 4th Marine Regiment (USMC); 5th ARVN Airborne Battalion; VMC 1st VC Regiment light casualties 623 (VC) search and destroy operation; pursuit of major VC unit; To retake An Hoa outpost from the 1st VC Regiment On 19 March the VC attacked An Hoa. Though the USMC helicopters brought reinforcements, it was not thought that the outpost could be held. The next day the 3/7th Marines and 5th ARVN Battalion flew in. The allies forced the VC to withdraw and the 2/4th Marines were flown in place to intercept the retreating enemy regiment. During the following days, the allies destoryed the trapped VC. Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Texas Star I Quang Tri and Tuan Thien Provinces - A Shau Valley 4/1/1970 9/5/1970 3 brigades from the 101st Airborne Division (Airmobile, USA); ARVN 1st Infantry Division PAVN 112 (USA at Ripcord) 698 (USA at Ripcord) 1 (USA at Ripcord) 1,782+ PAVN combat operation; became Operation JEFFERSON GLENN; to regain the initiative of the 1969 A Shau Valley campaigns lost during RANDOLPH GLEN's pacification efforts; to halt PAVN infiltration Unlike RANDOLPH GLEN, operation TEXAS STAR only used one brigade of the 101st Airborne Division for pacification and development programs throughout the area. The other two brigades swept through the Quang Tri and Thua Thien provinces. By using fire support bases (FSBs), active patrolling and arial reconnaisance, the troops sttempted to halt PAVN infiltration into the area. The division suffered heavy losses, especially in the Ranger reconnaissance teams. On 11 May an entire six-man team from Lima Company, 75th Infantry was lost. The 2d Squadron, 17th Cavalry supplied the aerial reconnaissance and surveillance, but paid a high price in casualties and aircraft. The 2/18th fought the PAVN on 8 July in the largest action of the year, resulting in 139 PAVN killed and four captured. The costliest battle of the year took place at FSB Ripcord, which was under fire from 1 to 23 July. On 18 July, a U.S. helicopter crashed into the ammunition dump after being shot down. It destroyed much of Ripcord's defenses. A few days later, a report claimed there were between 9,000 and 11,000 PAVN troops facing the Allies. Because of the helicopter crash and the size of the enemy, the 300 remaining defenders of Ripcord executed a fighting withdrawal. Throughout the entire operation, U.S. military priorities for 1970 were obvious. The U.S. worked to further Vietnamization of the war, reduce U.S. casualties, meet the timetable of withdrawal of U.S. forces, and only participate in combat operations intended to increase the chances of a negotiation. Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: a Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Texas Traveler III War Zone C 11/24/1969 11/27/1969 3d Squadron, 11th Armored Cavalry (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Thayer I II Binh Dinh Province - south of Bong Son 9/12/1966 10/24/1966 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile, USA); 3d ARVN Airborne Brigade; 41st ARVN Regiment The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Thayer II II Binh Dinh Province 10/24/1966 2/12/1967 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile, USA); 25th Infantry Division (USA); VNMC Battalions 1,757 search and destroy operation Followed THAYER I and was in turn followed by PERSHING in the coastal plain and Kim Sin and Luoi Ci Valleys Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Thor I Quang Tri Province; North Vietnam 7/1/1968 7/7/1968 Provisional Corps Vietnam (HQ) rapid fire on the Cap Mui Lay Sector, Quang Tri Province, NVN Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Thunder Dragon I 5/17/1967 5/27/1967 USA/KMC search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Thunderbolt 8/6/1965 8/7/1965 USMC search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Thunderhead DRV North Vietnam, near Ha Noi 5/29/1972 6/19/1972 SEAL teams (USN); Navy helicopters PAVN 1 USN to search for the reported escaped POWs in enemy territory. Intelligence learned of a possible escape attempt by POWs near Ha Noi. Many sorties were flown to search for the escapees. Navy SEAL teams and helicopters performed surveillance, and one man was killed. However, the prisoners were never found and the operation was considered a failure. Later when the POWs were released, it was learned that they had planned to escape, but called it off because of increased prison security during the breakdown of U.S. and DRV negotiations. The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker
Tien Bo II Quang Duc Province 8/24/1968 9/9/1968 ARVN 23d Division 1,091 Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton
Tiger Balm III Phuoc Tuy Province 1/2/1969 1/4/1969 1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment; 1st Australian Civil Affairs Unit cordon and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Tiger Concordia VIII 7/24/1967 7/25/1967 3d Battalion, 47th Infantry, 2d Brigade, 9th Infantry Division (USA) riverine and airmobile search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Tiger Concrodia VI 7/17/1967 7/17/1967 3d Battalion, 47th Infantry, 2d Brigade, 9th Infantry Division (USA) riverine search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Tiger Coronado III Rung Sat Special Zone 8/23/1967 8/23/1967 3d Battalion, 47th Infantry, 2d Brigade, 9th Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operation in support of Operation CORONADO Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Tiger Coronado III III Bien Hoa Province - Rung Sat Special Zone 8/14/1967 8/16/1967 3d Battalion, 47th Infantry, 2d Brigade, 9th Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Tiger Coronado IV III Long An Province 8/29/1967 8/30/1967 3d Battalion, 47th Infantry, 2d Brigade, 9th Infantry Division (USA) riverine / airmobile search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Tiger Coronado IX IV Dinh Tuong Province 12/4/1967 12/5/1967 3d Battalion, 47th Infantry, 2d Brigade, 9th Infantry Division (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Tiger Coronado V IV Dinh Tuong Province 7/28/1967 8/1/1967 3d Battalion, 47th Infantry, 2d Brigade, 9th Infantry Division (USA) riverine, airmobile and mechanized search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Tiger Hound Laos along the Ho Chi Minh Trail in Laos; Military Regions I and II in the area from Tchepone near the 17th parallel south to Cambodia 12/5/1965 USA; USAF; USMC; USN PAVN; VC to reduce Communist infiltration along the Ho Chi Minh Trail; airstrikes against targets in southern Laos to interdict the flow of troops and supplies into the RVN This operation began in December 1965 to augment operations by STEEL TIGER. TIGER HOUND was not subjected to strict rules of engagement because this area was considered an extension of the South Vietnamese battlefield and was under Gen. Westmoreland's control. The Army, Air Force, Navy, and Marines all participated in sorties. Targets included truck, storage and bivuoac areas, bridges, buildings, and antiaircraft artillery sites. Another part of the mission was to cut roads and create traffic choke areas. The operation focused on interdiction of Communist ground forces as well as support for ARVN and U.S. long-range armed reconnaissance units. Part way through the operation, the U.S. decided it needed long-loitering aircraft, and deployed A-26s, AC-47s, AC-119s, and AC-130s. The Communists also increased their antiaircraft defenses. By the summer of 1966, 22 TIGER HOUND and STEEL TIGER planes had been shot down. The operation continued through the next few years, with an increasing number of night raids. After the air war in North Vietnam was stopped on 31 March 1968, TIGER HOUND was reduced. It finally ended with all Allied air operations in Laos in April 1973, but it had failed to stop Communist movement. The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Tiger Mountain 9/26/1970 10/10/1970 2d Brigade, 4th Infantry Division (USA) K-75th Ranger Operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Tippecanoe I Quang Ngai Province 3/13/1967 3/18/1967 1st Marine Division (HQ, USMC); 1st Battalion, 5th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Toan Thang (Complete Victory) III Capital Military District, near Sai Gon; Bien Hoa, Binh Duong, Binh Long, Binh Tuy, Gia Dinh, Hau Nghia, Long An, Long Khanh, Phuoc Long, Phuoc Tuy, and Tay Ninh Provinces 4/7/1968 5/31/1968 III ARVN Corps and II Field Force, Vietnam (42 U.S. and 37 Vietnamese battalions) (3d Brigade, 9th Infantry Division (USA); 1st Infantry Division (USA); 25th Infantry Division (USA); 199th Infantry Brigade (Light)(Separate)(USA); 11th Armored Cavalry (USA); 1st Australian Task Force; 25th ARVN Division ; 1st-2d-3d-5th-6th-7th-8th-9th-11th ARVN Airborne Battalions; 1st-2d-5th-6th VN Marine Battalions; 30th-33d-38th-81st ARVN Ranger Battalions) VC 267th Local Force Battalion; PAVN 7,645 (VC/PAVN) To stop VC and PAVN attacks on Sai Gon, motivated by the 1968 Tet Offensive This was the first of many Allied operations with the same code name. It began as 11 separate operations in the RVN, but MACV combined them into Operation TOAN THANG. In May after peace talks were announced, MACV and ARVN strengthened defenses around Sai Gon in anticipation of more VC/PAVN attacks. On the 4th, the VC launched "Mini-Tet" with attacks concentrated on Sai Gon-Bien Hoa highway bridge. The RVN Marines held the bridge. In a counterattack launched by the 25th Infantry Division, the VC were defeated near Tan Son Nhut Airport. The VC 267th managed to infiltrate Sai Gon and occupy parts of the city. The 38th ARVN Ranger Battalion eventually beat back the VC, inspite of heavy losses. Posing the most serious threat, two VC battalions did manage to capture the Y-Bridge which linked downtown Sai Gon to the Nha Be District. The 2d Battalion, 47th Infantry and the 5th Battalion, 60th Infantry, 9th Infantry Division fought for 6 days to retake the bridge and surrounding area. TOAN THANG ended on the 25th May, but Mini-Tet continued into June. Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Toan Thang 1/69 1/20/1969 1/23/1969 4th RAR/NZ (ANZAC) Battalion Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Toan Thang 41 III Cambodian Invasion, "Angel's Wing" area 4/14/1970 4/17/1970 3d Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (USA); 49th ARVN Regiment; 3d ARVN Ranger Group (36th and 52d Ranger Battalions); 31st ARVN Ranger Battalion; 10th ARVN Armored Cavalry; 18th ARVN Armored Cavalry Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Toan Thang 42 III Cambodian Invasion 4/29/1970 7/22/1970 1st Cavalry Division (USA); 9th Infantry Division (USA); 11th Armored Cavalry (USA); 5th ARVN Division; 9th ARVN Division; 18th ARVN Division; 25th ARVN Division; 7th-8th-9th ARVN Airborne Battalions; 2d and 4th ARVN Ranger Groups; 30th-31st-33d-34th-36th-36th-51st-52d ARVN Ranger Battalions Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Toan Thang 43 (Total Victory) III eastern boudaries of Tay Ninh, Binh Long, and Phuoc Long Provinces ("fishhook" area) 5/1/1970 6/30/1970 1st Cavalry Division (USA); 11trh Armored Cavalry (USA); ARVN Airbonre Division Cambodian operations Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Toan Thang 44 III Cabodian Invasion, west of Tay Ninh Province 5/6/1970 5/14/1970 25th Infantry Division (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Toan Thang 45 III Cambodian Invasion - northwest of Bu Dop, Phuoc Long Province 5/6/1970 6/27/1970 1st Cavalry Division (USA); 5th Battalion, 12th Infantry, 199th Infantry Brigade (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Toan Thang 46 III Cambodian Invasion 5/6/1970 6/27/1970 5th ARVN Division Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Toan Thang 500 III Cambodian Invasion, Parrot's Beak area 5/7/1970 5/12/1970 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Toan Thang II III Binh Duong, Gia Dinh, Hau Nghia, Long An, Long Khanh, Phuoc Long, and Tay Ninh Provinces 6/1/1968 2/16/1969 1st Cavalry Division (USA); 1st Infantry Division (USA); 9th Infantry Division (USA); 25th Infantry Division (USA); 3d Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (USA); 199th Infantry Brigade (Light)(Separate)(USA); 11th Armored Cavalry (USA); 1st Australian Task Force; Royal Thai Army Volunteer Regiment/Force; 1st-3d-5th-6th-7th-8th-9th ARVN Airborne Battalions; 1st-2d-5th-6th VN Marine Battalions; 30th-33d-35th-38th-81st ARVN Ranger Battalions security operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Toan Thang III III Binh Duong, Gia Dinh, Hau Nghia, Long An, and Tay Ninh Provinces 2/16/1969 10/31/1969 25th Infantry Division (USA); 3d Brigade, 9th Infantry Division (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Toan Thang IV III 11/1/1969 everybody Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Todd Forest I Thua Thien Province 12/31/1968 1/13/1969 3d Brigade, 101st ARVN Division Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Tolare Falls I I Quang Nam Province 10/2/1970 10/15/1970 5th Marines (HQ, USMC) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Tolare Falls II I? Quang Nam Province? 10/27/1970 5th Marines (HQ, USMC) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Toledo III 3/12/1966 3/12/1966 3d Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (USA) security operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Toledo (2d part) III Binh Tuy and Phuoc Tuy Provinces 8/9/1966 9/7/1966 173d Airborne Brigade (USA); 1st Australian Task Force; 10th ARVN Division search and destroy operation Operation DECKHOUSE III was joined by this operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Tong 6/7/1969 6/8/1969 C Company - 5th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment ready reaction against enemy force of unknown size reported to be in Hoa Long Village Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Tornado II 6/5/1967 6/7/1967 USA search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Townsville 3/23/1970 4/23/1970 6th RAR/NZ (ANZAC) Battalion reconnaissance in force operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Trail Blazer I Quang Nam Province 10/18/1965 10/24/1965 3d Marine Reconnaissance Battalion reconnaissance Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Trail Boss 3/21/1966 2d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (HQ, USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Tran Hung Dao I III Sai Gon area; Capital Military District 2/5/1968 2/17/1968 3d Battalion,7th Infantry, 199th Infantry Brigade (USA); 1st-3d-6th-8th-11th ARVN Airborne Brigades; 1st-2d-3d-4th-6th VN Marine Brigades; 30th-33d-35th-38th-41st ARVN Ranger Battalions 953 clearing operation in Saigon following Tet This operation was connected with GIANT SLINGSHOT to form BARRIER REEF on 2 January 1969. Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Tran Hung Dao II III Sai Gon area; Capital Military District 2/17/1968 3/8/1968 Slightly reduced forces from the TRAN HUNG DAO I Operation 713 clearing operation in Saigon following Tet A continuation of TRAN HUNG DAO with slightly reduced forces. Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Travis 10/31/1966 2d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (USA) emergency airlift of 2d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division to support Operation PAUL REVERE IV Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Treasure Isle or Treasure Island III Binh Duong Province 1/10/1969 1/18/1969 2d Squadron, 11th Armored Cavalry (USA) cordon and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Trinidad I Quang Nam Province 12/6/1966 12/7/1966 1st Battalion, 1st Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Trinidad II I Quang Nam Province 12/7/1966 12/11/1966 1st Battalion, 1st Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Trinity I Quang Ngai Province 1/30/1967 2/1/1967 1st Battalion, 7th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Triple Play I Quang Tin Province 10/18/1965 10/19/1965 3d Battalion, 3d Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Triple Trouble III Binh Duong Province 10/28/1965 10/29/1965 1st Battalion, 16th Infantry (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Troy I Quang Nam Province 9/1/1966 9/4/1966 2d Battalion, 1st Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Truong Cong Dinh IV Dinh Tuong and KienTuong Provinces of the IV Corps Tactical Zone 3/1/1968 5/21/1968 1st and 2d Brigades, 9th Infantry Division (USA); ARVN; Task Force 117 (USN) 1,251 (between TRUONG CONG DINH & DUONg CUA DAN) search and destroy/combat operation On 21 May, this operation combined with Operation TRUONG CONG DINH (PEOPLE'S ROAD). Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Truong Cong Dinh (People's Road) IV Dinh Tuong Province 5/21/1968 8/3/1968 9th Infantry Division Reconnaisance in Force replaced by Operation QUYET ChIEN Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Truong Cong Pen 7/25/1965 7/25/1965 USMC security and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Tuan Thang III III Sai Gon area 2/17/1969 The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker
Tucson III Binh Long Province - Long Nguyen Secret Zone and Michelin Plant 2/14/1967 2/21/1967 1st Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Tulsa III Binh Duong and Binh Long Provinces 10/8/1966 10/16/1966 1st Infantry Division (USA); 5th ARVN Division security operation; clear and prepare Route 13 between Phu Cuong and An Loc Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Turkey Shoot III Binh Duong Province 11/22/1965 11/25/1965 1st Battalion, 28th Infantry (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Tuscaloosa I Quang Nam Province 1/23/1967 1/28/1967 2d Battalion, 5th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Twickenham III Phuoc Tuy Province 5/2/1969 6/1/1969 5th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment reconnaissance in force operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Tyler II Binh Thuan Province 1/13/1966 1/17/1966 2d Battalion, 327th Airborne Infantry (USA) search and destroy operation sames as Operation QUICK HOP / TYLER Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Union I / Lien Ket 102 I Quang Name and Quang Tin Provinces (Thang Binh, Phuc Ha / Que Son Valley) 4/20/1967 5/17/1967 1st Division (USMC);1st Battalion, 1st Marines (USMC); 2d Battalion, 1st Marines(USMC); 1st and 3d Battalions, 5th Marine(USMC); 5th Marines (HQ, USMC); 1st ARVN Ranger Group 3d PAVN Regiment 220 (USMC between both Union I & Union II) 714 (USMC between both Union I & Union II) 865 (PAVN) search and destroy operation; To control the Phuc Ha / Que Son Valley The 2d Battalion, 1st Marines was hit by weapons from the 3d PAVN Regiment on 20 April. The operation began the next day with the insertion of USMC and ARVN troops. Fighting lasted until 25 April. As the PAVN retreated, only the 5th Marines were left in the area. Then on 10 May, the USMC attacked PAVN on Hill 110. Though the Communist troops severely hurt several Marine companies, the Marines continued to assault the hill. Finally, assisted by air strikes and artillery fire, the USMC overran the PAVN. This operation was followed by Union II several days later. In Union I and Union II combined there were 196 PAVN POWs. Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Union II I Quang Nam and Quang Tin Provinces 5/25/1967 6/5/1967 5th Marines (HQ, USMC); 1st-2d-3d Battalions, 5th Marines (USMC); 1st and 2d Battalions, 7th Marines (USMC); 6th ARVN Regiment 3d and 21st PAVN Regiments 220 (USMC between both Union I & Union II) 714 (USMC between both Union I & Union II) 701 (PAVN) search and destroy operation; To entrap the 3d and 21st PAVN Regiments seen in a valley in northern Quang Tin Province The Marines and ARVN battled units of the 3d PAVN Regiment north of Tam Ky. Later the 1st Battalion, 5th Marines, with the help of artillery and air strikes,took the 21st PAVN Regiment's hillside position north of Thien Phuoc in bunker-to-bunker fighting. The two UNION operations were the bllodiest Marine engagemnts at that time. The 5th Marine Regiment won the Presidential Unit Citation for its actions. In Union I and Union II combined there were 196 PAVN POWs. Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; The Encyclopedia Of the Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Union Square I Quang Tri Province 10/22/1969 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Uniontown III Sai Gon area, Long Binh, Bien Hoa Province,War Zine C, War Zone D 12/17/1967 3/8/1968 199th Infantry Brigade (Light)(Separate)(USA), (Combined the 3d Battalion, 7th Infantry and 4th Battalion, 12th Infantry); 3d Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (USA); 11th Armored Cavalry Regiment (USA) VC; PAVN 922 security operation; To assault PAVN and VC forces in the area and later to counter the Tet offensive In Decemeber the 199th and 11th Armored Cavalry Regiment engaged VC and PAVN in War Zone C. The 199th conducted its first combat assault mission during this time, and it continued to be used as a quick reaction force in the Sai Gon area. When Tet broke out in early 1968, the 199th fought insurgents in the capital until the 5th ARVN Ranger Group relieved them. Part of the 199th defended Long Binh. The brigade moved closer to Bien Hoa while the 1st Infantry Division opened Route 13 with 199th support for operations in that area. Eventually the 199th was combined with the 196th Light Infantry Brigade to form the 23d Infantry Division (Americal). It continued its operations in Quang Ngai Province. It was redesignated Operation WARM SPRINGS December 23, 1967 Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Uniontown (1966-1967) III Long Binh Area 10/11/1966 11/17/1967 173d Airborne Brigade (USA); 199th Infantry Brigade (Light)(Separate)(USA); 11th Armored Cavalry (USA) Strategic defense of Long Binh Area Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Uniontown / Strike 12/1/1967 12/17/1967 199th Infantry Brigade (Light)(Separate)(USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Uniontown I 1/14/1968 2/2/1968 199th Infantry Brigade (Light)(Separate)(USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Uniontown III - Box Springs 2/10/1968 3/28/1968 199th Infantry Brigade (Light)(Separate)(USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Upsur Stream I Quang Nam Province 1/11/1971 3/29/1971 1st Marines, 1st Marines Division (USMC) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Utah / Lien Ket 26 I Quang Ngai Province - Northwest of Quang Ngai City 3/4/1966 3/8/1966 Companies F, G, and H of the 2d Battalion, 7th Regiment (USMC), Company B of the 1st Battalion, 7th Regiment (USMC), Company B of the 2d Battalion, 4th Regiment (USMC), Company L of the 3d Battalion, 1st Regiment (USMC);1st Ariborne Battalion of the 2d ARVN Division; ARVN Infantry 36th (also called the 21st) PAVN Regiement and VC main force units 98 (USMC) 278 (USMC) 586-632 search and destroy operation; To drive out the PAVN northwest of Quang Ngai City The Marine Air Group (MAG) 36 airlifted the ARVN division and USMC companies of the 2/7th into the area during heavy resistance. The most resistance occurred at Hill 50 and just southwest at Chau Nhai. The operation was expanded with more U.S. Marine units. Company L, 3/1st and the ARVN Ariborne Battalion took Hill 50. More fighting occurred near An Tuyet where Company B, 1/7th had to be resupplied by helicopter before repelling the PAVN. Company B, 2/4th then moved in to relieve the 1/7th, only to find the PAVN had left. In the north, there was very light fighting, and the 2/7th, 3/1st, and 1/7th found abandoned defenses. The Marines destroyed PAVN fortifications on Hill 50. Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Utah Mesa I Quang Tri Province - vicinity of Khe Sanh 6/11/1969 7/9/1969 1st Brigade, 5th Infantry Division (USA); 1st and 3d Brigades, 9th Marines (USMC); 1st ARVN Division Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Valdosta III Long Khanh Province 9/1/1967 9/6/1967 11th Armored Cavalry (USA) road security operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Valiant Hunt I Quang Nam Province 12/15/1968 USN Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Valley Forge III Bien Hoa and Long Khanh Provinces 3/7/1968 3/16/1968 199th Infantry Brigade (Light)(Separate)(USA); 3d Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (USA); 2d Squadron, 11th Armored Cavalry (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Van Buren II Phu Yen Province - mountains along coast south of Tuy Hoa 1/17/1966 2/21/1966 1st Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (USA); 2d Marine Brigade (ROK); 47th Regiment (ARVN) 679 Rice harvest security follow-on to Operation JEFFERSON Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Vance Canyon I Quang Ngai Province 6/20/1968 7/2/1968 198th Infantry Brigade (Light)(USA); clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Vaucluse III 9/8/1966 9/24/1966 1st Australian Task Force (HQ); 5th and 6th Battalions, Royal Australian Regiment search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Velvet Hammer II Binh Dinh Province 4/14/1968 4/28/1968 173d Airborne Brigade cordon and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Vernon Lake I I Quang Ngai - west of Quang Ngai City 10/25/1968 11/2/1968 11th Infantry Brigade (Light)(USA) clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Vernon Lake II I Quang Ngai Province 11/2/1968 2/28/1969 11th Infantry Brigade (Light) clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Vintage Rally III Phuoc Tuy Province 12/14/1969 12/24/1969 5th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment reconnaissance and ambush operations Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Viper I III Bien Hoa Province 11/1/1965 12/14/1965 1st Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 2d Battalion, 16th Infantry; 1st and 2d Battalions, 18th Infantry (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Viper II III Bien Hoa Province 12/14/1965 1/17/1966 2d Battalion, 18th Infantry (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Virginia I Quang Tri Province - vicinity of Khe Sanh Special Forces Camp 4/17/1966 5/1/1966 1st Battalion, 1st Marines (USMC) search and destroy and reconnaissance in force operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Virginia Ridge II Quang Tri Province along the DMZ 4/30/1969 7/16/1969 9th Regiment (USMC); 1st Brigade, 5th Infantry Division (USA); 3d Marines (HQ, USMC); 1st, 2d, 3d Battalions, 3d Marines (USMC); 1st Battalion, 12th Marines (USMC) 560 clear and search operation Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Waco III Bien Hoa Province 11/24/1966 12/2/1966 1st Battalion, 503d Airborne Infantry (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Wahiawa III Hau Nghia Province - 15 km north-northwest Cu Chi in Boi Loi Woods, Ho Bo Woods, and Filhol Plantation 5/16/1966 5/27/1966 1st and 2d Brigades, 25th Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Waialua III Hau Nghia, Tay Ninh and Long An Provinces 3/7/1967 4/8/1967 2d Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In South East Asia
Waikiki III Hau Nghia Province 3/4/1966 3/4/1966 2d Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Miliary Operations In Southeast Asia
Waimea III Tay Ninh and Binh Duong Provinces 5/19/1967 12/7/1967 1st Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operation in the Ho Bo Woods, Bui Loi Woods, Fillhol Plantation, and the Iron Triangle part of Operation BARKING SANDS Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Waldron Blue II Pleiku Province 11/24/1969 1/30/1970 4th Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 2d Battalion, 8th Infantry (USA) highway security Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Walker II Binh Dinh and Pleiku Provinces - vicinity of An Khe 1/16/1968 1/31/1969 173d Airborne Brigade (USA); 1st Battalion, 69th Armor, 4th Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy and security operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Wallongong III 1/10/1967 1/28/1967 Australian search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Wallowa I Quang Nam and Quang Tin Provinces 10/4/1967 11/11/1967 23d Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 3d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (USA) search and destroy operation consolidated with Operation WHEELER November 11, 1967 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
War Bonnet 1/3/1966 1/4/1966 2d Battalion, 9th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Warfare 5/10/1966 5/12/1966 USMC search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Warm Springs III 12/18/1967 12/23/1967 199th Infantry Brigade (Light)(Separate)(USA) redesignated Operation UNIONTOWN December 23, 1967 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Wasco Rapids I Quang Ngai Province - vicinity of Song Ve River Valley 3/13/1971 3/27/1971 198th Infantry Brigade (USA); 2d ARVN Division search and clear operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Washington I Quang Ngai Province 7/6/1966 7/14/1966 1st Marine Division (HQ, USMC) reconnaissance Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Washington Green II An Loa Valley of Binh Dinh Province 4/15/1969 1/1/1971 173d Airborne Brigade (USA) 1,957 pacification operation; clear and search Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Waterford I III Binh Long Province 4/3/1968 4/7/1968 1st Infantry Division (USA) security operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Waycross III Binh Duong Province -northwest Phu Loi 3/24/1966 3/25/1966 1st Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (USA); 5th ARVN Division (elements) search and destroy operation; return to attack on 5th ARVN Division Training Center on March 23, 1966 Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Wayne I Thua Thien Province - 10 km southwest of Phu Bai 5/10/1966 5/12/1966 4th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Wayne Arrow II Binh Dinh Province 1/31/1969 2/8/1969 4th Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 3d Battalion, 8th Infantry (USA) clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Wayne Boulder II Binh Dinh Province 9/10/1969 10/11/1969 1st Brigade, 4th Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 1st Battalion, 8th Infantry (USA) clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Wayne Breaker II Binh Dinh and Pleiku Provinces 10/18/1969 1/4/1970 1st Brigade, 4th Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 1st and 3d Battalions, 8th Infantry (USA) pacification operation; security Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Wayne Dart II Pleiku Province 2/2/1969 2/7/1969 1st Brigade, 4th Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 1st Battalion, 8th Infantry (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Wayne Fast II Binh Dinh Province 6/23/1970 7/14/1970 1st Brigade, 4th Infantry Division (HQ) combat operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Wayne Forge II Binh Dinh Province 8/28/1970 10/14/1970 1st Brigade, 4th Infantry Division (HQ, USA); combat operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Wayne Green II Kontum and Pleiku Province 2/10/1969 2/28/1969 4th Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 1st, 2d, 3d Battalions, 8th Infantry (USA); 1st and 3d Battalions, 12th Infantry (USA) clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Wayne Grey II Kontum Province 3/1/1969 4/14/1969 4th Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 1st and 3d Battalions, 8th Infantry (USA); 3d Battalion, 12th Infantry (USA); 1st Battalion, 22d Infantry (USA); 1st Battalion, 35th Infantry (USA) 608 clear and search operation Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Wayne Hurdle II Binh Dinh, Phu bon and Pleiku Provinces 6/1/1970 6/26/1970 1st Brigade, 4th Infantry Division (HQ, USA) combat operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Wayne Javelin II Binh Dinh and Pleiku Provinces 4/13/1969 10/18/1969 1st Brigade, 4th Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 1st, 2d, 3d Battalions, 8th Infantry (USA); 3d Battalion, 12th Infantry (USA); 1st Battalion, 69th Armor (USA); 2d Squadron, 1st Cavalry (USA); 1st Squadron, 10th Cavalry (USA) clear and search operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Wayne Jump II Kontum Province 5/15/1970 5/25/1970 1st Brigade, 4th Infantry Division (HQ, USA) combat operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Wayne Pierce II Binh Dinh Province 8/5/1970 8/27/1970 1st Brigade, 4th Infantry Division (HQ, USA) combat operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Wayne Rock II Darlac Province 11/11/1969 12/29/1969 1st Brigade, 4th Infantry Division (HQ, USA) Pacification Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Wayne Sabre II Binh Dinh Province 10/4/1970 11/17/1970 1st Brigade, 4th Infantry Division (HQ, USA) combat operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Wayne Span I II Binh Dinh Province 7/16/1970 7/27/1970 1st Brigade, 4th Infantry Division (HQ, USA) combat operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Wayne Span II II Binh Dinh Province 7/28/1970 8/5/1970 1st Brigade, 4th Infantry Division (HQ, USA) Combat Operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Wayne Stab II Binh Dinh Province 1/30/1970 3/16/1970 1st Brigade, 4th Infantry Division (HQ, USA) combat operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Wayne Thrust II Binh Dinh Province 1/4/1970 1/30/1970 1st Brigade, 4th Infantry Division (HQ, USA) combat operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Webster I Quang Nam Province 5/15/1967 3/18/1967 3d Battalions, 7th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Wheaton III 3/17/1966 3/18/1966 2d Brigade, 1st Infantry Division (USA) recovery operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations in Southeast Asia
Wheeler I Quang Tin Province 9/11/1967 11/25/1967 1st Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (USA); 2d Squadron, 11th Armored Cavalry (USA) search and destroy operation; consolidation with Wallowa on November 11, 1967. Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operation In Southeast Asia
Wheeler Place III Binh Duong Province 1/22/1969 2/3/1969 2d Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (USA); 2d ARVN Division Preliminary Checklist Of United States Militry Operations In Southeast Asia
Wheeler/Wallowa I Quang Nam and Quang Tin Provinces (Tam Ky) 11/11/1967 11/11/1968 Task Force Oregon (TFO) (originally 196th Light Infantry Brigade, 1st Brigade of the 101st Airborne Division, and 3d Brigade, 4th Infantry Division/ later reconsituted as Americal Division (23d Infantry Division) consisting of 196th, 198th and 11th Light Infantry Brigades(USA)); 3d Brigade 82d Airborne Division; 3d Brigade and Troop B, 1st Squadron, 9th Cavalry, 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile) (USA); 3d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (USA) 2d PAVN Division and reinforcements; 60th and 70th Main Force VC Battalions 682 (USA) 2,548 (USA) 10,000-10,020 (VC / PAVN) search and destroy operation; to blunt an offensive by the PAVN 2d Division and to enable units of the 3d Marine Task Force to relocate to Quang Tri Province Operations Consilidated on November 10, 1967. Early in Operation WHEELER, the 1st Brigade, 1st Airborne and 2 battalions of the 3d Brigade, 4th Infantry left for their own divisions. They were replaced by the 3d Brigade and Troop B, 1st Squadron, 9th Cavalry of the 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile). These forces launched Operation WALLOWA on 3 October, and on 11 November, WHEELER and WALLOWA were combined. Throughout the provinces, the U.S. conducted sweeping operations. Through mid-January, the 3d Brigade, 1st Cavalry and 196th Brigade constantly fought the Communists. During the Tet Offensive, the most intensive fighting took place at Tam Ky. About this time the 3d Brigade, 82d Airborne Division also came under the Americal Division's control. By the end of the operation, the 198th Light Infantry Brigade was responsible for the area. A few conflicts occurred between this brigades 1st Battalion, 6th Infantry and the VC and PAVN in which the USA performed very well. Even though the casualties for the VC and PAVN were high, WHEELER/WALLOWA failed to permanently halt the threat of the 2d PAVN Division. Soon, new PAVN and VC replacements appeared. Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; The Encyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
While Away III Bien Hoa Province 11/21/1969 11/29/1969 2d Battalion, 16th Infantry Division (USA) security operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
White Wing II Binh Dinh Province - An Lao Valley 2/4/1966 3/6/1966 1st Cavalry Division (USA) search and destroy operation to interdict enemy fleeing from Operations MASHER Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Wiggins III Bien Hoa Province 12/27/1966 12/31/1966 2d Battalion, 3d Infantry (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asa
Wilcox II Quang Nam Province 8/10/1966 8/12/1966 USMC search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Wilderness III Tay Ninh Province 3/8/1968 4/7/1968 1st Brigade, 25th Infantry Division (USA); 199th Infantry Brigade (Light)(Separate)(USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Williams Glade I Quang Tri Province 7/12/1969 7/29/1969 3d Marine Division (HQ, USMC); 1st Battalion, 4th Marines (USMC); 1st Brigade, 5th Infantry Division (USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Wilton III 9/8/1966 9/9/1966 USA search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Winchester I Quang Nam Province - Danang 10/8/1966 12/4/1966 4th Battalion, 503d Airborne Infantry, 173d Airborne Brigade (USA) search and destroy operation; OPCON to 3d Marine Division Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Windsor III Bien Hoa Province 9/29/1968 10/12/1968 1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment reconnaissance in force operation Preliminary Checklist Of Untied States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Winfield Scott II 7/30/1967 7/30/1967 Mobile Strike Force (5th Special Forces Group)(USA) Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Wolfe Mountain I Quang Tri Province 7/22/1970 1/30/1971 1st Brigade, 5th Infantry Division (USA) combat operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Worth I Quang Nam Province 3/12/1968 3/26/1968 7th Marines (HQ, USMC); 1st and 2d Battalions, 7th Marines (USMC); 3d Squadron, 5th Cavalry, 9th Infantry Division (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operation In Southeast Asia
Wren 9/16/1966 10/19/1966 deployment of PHILCAGV from Cam Ranh Bay to Tuy Ninh Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Wright Blue II Pleiku Province 6/24/1970 6/28/1970 4th Infantry Division (HQ, USA); 2d Battalion, 8th Infantry (USA) security operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operaitons In Southeast Asia
Wyatt Earp II 3/14/1966 3/21/1966 2d Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division (USA); 2d Battalion, 35th Infantry, 25th Infantry Division (USA) reconnaissance in force and security operation on Highway 19 also see Operation BUCHANAN Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Wyoming I Quang Tin Province - 15 km northwest of Chu Lai 4/26/1966 4/30/1966 3d Battalion, 1st Marines (USMC); 2d Battalion, 5th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Xray One (or Xray I) III Bien Hoa Province 10/4/1965 10/6/1965 173d Airborne Brigade (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Yankee Team Laos Laos 5/19/1964 USAF air reconnassaince of Laos Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Yass III 11/6/1966 11/7/1966 Australian security operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Yazoo I Quang Nam Province - Happy Valley 8/27/1967 9/5/1967 7th Marines (HQ, USMC); 1st Battalion, 7th Marines (USMC); 3d Battalion, 11th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Yell I Quang Nam Province 4/17/1966 4/20/1966 1st Marine Division (HQ, USMC); 1st and 2d Battalions, 1st Marines (various compaines, USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Yellowstone III War Zone C (Tay Ninh Province) 12/7/1967 2/24/1968 2d and 3d Brigades, 25th Infantry Division (USA); 49th ARVN Regiment VC (specifically the 271st and 272d Regiments) 29 (USA, in battle on 1 Jan. 1968) 159 (USA, in battle on 1 Jan. 1968) 1,254 (300 in battle on 1 Jan. 1968) search and destroy operation; To locate and destroy VC installations in War Zone C and to prevent Communists from penetrating into the III Corps Tactical Zone At the opening of YELLOWSTONE, the USA experienced frequent mortar attacks, but very few ground contacts with the VC. However, it was obvious that War Zone C was still a major VC and PAVN logistical base. On 1 January the 271st and 272d VC Regiments assaulted the 3d Brigade's main fire support base, Burt. The VC forces charged the base and fought into the perimeter. In the intense battle that followed, close-in ariel napalm strikes were called and reserves from the perimeter were rushed in. By dawn the VC had been forced back, leaving fairly heavy casualties. After this battle, the 2d Brigade experienced continuous fighting along the Cambodian border. When the Tet Offensive broke out in 1968, half of the 25th Division's maneuver battalions were deployed in YELLOWSTONE and not able to immediately support the 1st Brigade and ARVN units. Small-unit fighting continued throughout Tet in the Tay Ning Province. Vietnam: Order Of Battle, by Shelby L. Stanton; The Enyclopedia Of The Vietnam War: A Political, Social & Military History, edited by Spencer C. Tucker; Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
York III 4/1/1966 4/7/1966 1st Battalion, 28th Infantry (USA) Search and Destory operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
York Market I Quang Tri Province 1/30/1970 4/16/1970 1st Brigade, 5th Infantry Division (USA) reconnaisance in force, search and clear, security operation, part of Operation GREENE RIVER Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Yorktown III Xuan Loc Province 6/23/1966 7/9/1966 173d Airborne Brigade (USA) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Yuba I Quang Nam Province 3/10/1967 3/12/1967 1st Marine Division (HQ, USMC); 2d Battalion, 4th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia
Yuma I Quang Ngai Province 5/15/1966 5/17/1966 3d Battalion, 7th Marines (USMC) search and destroy operation Preliminary Checklist Of United States Military Operations In Southeast Asia