5th Triennial Vietnam Symposium

17 March - 19 March 2005

Holiday Inn Park Plaza - Lubbock, Texas

The views and opinions expressed in these papers, presentations, and videos are strictly those of the presenters and authors and do not represent the Vietnam Center and Archive, Texas Tech University, or the State of Texas.

Thursday, March 17th

Video
Part 1


Part 2

[Sycamore]
8:45 AM: Searching for our MIAs: The Department of Defense's Accounting Efforts and the Evolution of U.S. Relations with Vietnam

Moderator: Gary Sydow, DPMO

  •   Gary Sydow, Research & Analysis Directorate, Defense POW/Missing Personnel Office (DPMO)  
  •   Gary Flanagan, Casualty Resolution Specialist, Det. E., Hanoi, Joint POW/Missing Personnel Accounting Command (JPAC)  
  •   James Coyel, Senior Analyst and Researcher, JPAC  
  •   Ronald Cima, Senior Analyst for Southeast Asia, Researcn & Analyusis Dir., DPMO  


Video

[Sycamore]
11:00 AM: The Continuing Process of Normalization

  •   Ambassador Raymond Burghardt  


Video

[Atrium]
12:00 PM. Lunch



Video
Part 1


Part 2

[Mahogany]
1:30 PM. Session 3a: Vietnam and Iraq: Deja vu All Over Again, or Not?

Chair & Commentator: Earl H. Tilford, Grove City College

  • "Power and Secrecy: Vietnam and Iraq." John Prados, National Security Archives  
  • "Tonkin Gulf and the WMD Issue." Edwin Moise, Clemson University  
  • "The ''Other War'' in Vietnam, Afghanistan and Iraq." Marc Jason Gilbert, North Georgia College and State University  


Video

[Aspen]
1:30 PM. Session 3b: Precursors

Moderator: Ron Frankum, Millersville State University

  • "Railroads in Indo-China: Symbol of Western Mercantile Intrusion; Object of Vietnamese Anti-Colonial Revolt." Walter Jones, University of Utah  
  • "Prelude to Disaster: France's Inability to Learn from the Hell of Hoa Binh." Jeffrey D. Wilhelm, Doctoral Candidate, Texas Tech University  
  • "The Path to War: Communist Activities in the South, 1959-1960." Mark Moyar, Marine Corps University  


Video

[Redwood]
1:30 PM. Session 3c: Vioices of the Vietnamese Diaspora

Moderator: Kiem Do, Independent Study Group of the Vietnamese Community

  • "The Diaspora, Its Formation, Growth and Its Distinctive Character." Kiem Do, Former Captain, South Vietnamese Navy  
  • "The Attitude of Communist Vietnam vis-à-vis the Vietnamese Diaspora." Can Thi Bich Ngoc, MD  
  • "The Reaction of the Vietnamese Diaspora." Vu D. Hieu, Author  


Video

[Mahogany]
3:15 PM. Session 4a: Teaching about the Vietnam War

Moderator: John Clark Pratt, Colorado State University

  • "Teaching the Vietnam War through Film, with Particular Emphasis on the Ia Drang Valley and the Film 'When We Were Soldiers'." Brian Gurian, Harrisburg Area Community College  
  • "The American-Viet Nam War: Telling the Story to Our Children." Ted Engelmann, Documentary Photographer / Independent Scholar  
  • "Engaging Dropout Prevention Students with Active Learning Techniques: The Oral History of the Vietnam War as a Case Study." Thomas E. Murray, Bayside H.S., Clearwater, Flordia  


Video

[Aspen]
3:15 PM. Session 4b: Vietnamese Diaspora

Moderator: Ambassador Nguyen Xuan Phong, Texas Tech University

  • "Vietnamese Diaspora: In Search of Identity." Nguyen Le Hieu  
  • "The Plight of Vietnamese Fishermen along the Texas Gulf Coast." Son H. Mai, Doctoral Candidate, Texas Tech University  


Video

[Redwood]
3:15 PM. Session 4c: Entertaining the Troops

Moderator: Richard Verrone, Texas Tech University

  • "Command Military Touring Shows Vietnam, 1966-1973: Litmus Test for Morale." Rick Holen, Vincennes University  
  •   Ann Kelsey, County College of Morris Learning Resource Center  


 
[American State Bank]
5:30 PM. Reception

  • "Opening Commments." W. R. Collier, President, ASB  
  • "Comments, Proclamation." Mayor Marc McDougal  


Friday, March 18th

Video

[Mahogany]
8:45 AM. Session 5a: After Paris

Moderator: Larry Berman, University of California DC Center

  • "US Policy toward Vietnam, 1973-1975, and the Evacuation from Saigon." Richard Sears, Wake Forest University  
  • "The Collapse of the 1973 Peace Process in Vietnam: A Critical Analysis." Amir A. Samardar, Southwest Tennessee Community College  
  • "Beyond Quagmire: The United States and Vietnam From Animosity to Friendship." Kim-Thien T. Nguyen  


Video

[Aspen]
8:45 AM. Session 5b: Ngo Dinh Diem Era

Moderator: Ed Miller, Dartmouth University

  • "Ngo Dinh Diem & American Imperialism." Daniel Tu, Undergraduate Student, University of Tulsa  
  • "Seeing Self in Others: The Ironies of US Advocacy of Agrarian Reform in Diem's South Vietnam." Major Nathan Haas, US Military Academy, West Point  
  • "To Move a Nation: The USOM and the Refugee Crisis of 1954-1955." Ronald Frankum, Millersville State University  


Video

[Redwood]
8:45 AM. Session 5c: Vietnam: Religious & Cultural Perceptions

Moderator: Patricia Pelley, Texas Tech University

  • "JFK's Cold War Orientals: Representing the 'Vietnamese' as Allies, Enemies, and Others." Ginger Davis, Doctoral Candidate, Temple University  
  • "Millenarianism and the Politico-Religious Sects of Vietnam." Carmen K. Steigman, Graduate Student, American Military University  


Video

[Mesquite]
8:45 AM. Session 5d: Literature and the War

Moderator: Ron Milam, Texas Tech University

  • "My Anniversary: 15 Years of Teaching the Fiction of the Vietnam War." John Clark Pratt, Colorado State University  
  • "Reconciliation, Multiculturalism, and the Repositioning of the ''Vietcong'' in Lan Cao's Monkey Bridge." Yuan Shu, Texas Tech University  
  • "Literature, Plays, and the War." James McDermott, Doctoral Candidate in Theater and Performing Arts, Texas Tech University  


Video

[Mahogany]
10:30 AM. Session 6a: Diplomacy & Decision-Making

Moderator: Larry Berman, University of California, DC Center

  • "New War, New Strategies: The Diplomatic Struggle in the Post-Tet War." Lien-Hang T. Nguyen, Doctoral Candidate, Yale University  
  • "Before the Flight: Secret American Diplomatic Exchanges with President Thieu during the Peace Negotiations." George Dalley  
  • "After the Paris Accords: Politburo Decision-Making & the Spring of 1975 Offensive." Jay Veith, Independent Scholar  


Video

[Aspen]
10:30 AM. Session 6b: Vernacular Voices and Surprising Bedfellows

Moderator: Marc Jason Gilbert, North Georgia College & State University

  • "The Rhymes, They Are A-Changin': Vernacular Voices from the Vietnam War." Matthew K. Irwin, Doctoral Candidate, Texas A&M University  
  • "''What's in It for You, GI?'': The Surprising Relationship Between GI and Civilian Anti-Vietnam War Activists." Heather Marie Stur, Doctoral Candidate, University of Wisconsin-Madison  


Video

[Mesquite]
10:30 AM. Session 6c: Vietnamese Trials & Achievements

Moderator: Ambassador Nguyen Xuan Phong, Texas Tech University

  • "The Vietnamese-Americans: The Best Outcome of the Vietnam War." Dr. Nguyen Y. Duc, Vietnamese-American Heritage Foundation  
  • "Re-education and Its Aftermath." Quang X. Pham, Former USMC Pilot and author  


Video

[Atrium]
12:00 PM. Lunch: The Vietnam War in Fiction

  • "A Novel Approach to War." Hoang Au Phuong, (Bao Ninh), author of The Sorrow of War  


Video

[Mahogany]
1:30 PM. Session 7a: New Interpretations

Moderator: Larry Berman, University of California, DC Center

  • "When Americans Hate Themselves: Another Way to Remember the Vietnam War." Keith Taylor, Cornell University  
  • "The New York Times' Editorial Opposition to Lyndon Johnson's Vietnam Policies, Spring 1965." Louis J. Campomenosi, University of Southern Mississippi  
  • "The Tactical Nuclear Weapons Option in Vietnam." Ron Milam, Texas Tech University  


Video

[Aspen]
1:30 PM. Session 7b: Agent Orange - I

Chair & Commentator: John F. Guilmartin, Ohio State University

  • "The Capitalist Dilemma of Agent Orange." Jessica Kunkel, Doctoral Candidate, Texas Tech University  
  • "Operation Ranch Hand: 1961-1971." Col. Ralph Dresser, USAF (ret.)  
  • "The Many Myths Concerning 'Agent Orange'." Maj. Jack Spey, USAF (ret.), President, Ranch Hand Viet Nam  


Video
Part 1


Part 2

[Redwood]
1:30 PM. Session 7c: DASPO (Department of the Army Special Photographic Office)

Moderator: Steve Maxner, Texas Tech University

  • "The History of DASPO, followed by DASPO film: What is a Combat Photographer?." BG (ret.) Bob Gaylord  
  •   Carl Conn  
  •   Charles Abbott  
  •   Edgar Lewin  


Video

[Mesquite]
1:30 PM. Session 7d: Vietnamese Communism

Moderator: Ron Frankum, Millersville State University

  • "On the Politburo of the Communist Party of Vietnam." Abraham Leong, National Chi Nan University, Taiwan  
  • "Toward Revolution: A History of the Thought of Vladimir Lenin & Ho Chi Minh." Rusty Hawkins, Doctoral Candidate, Texas Tech University  


Video

[Mahogany]
3:15 PM. Session 8a: Army of the Republic of Vietnam

Moderator: Earl H. Tilford, Grove City COllege

  • "Were the ARVNs Any Good? (Before, During and After the Americanization)." Nguyen Tin, Author
  • "VNAF: The Rise and Fall of the World's Fourth Largest Air Force." Quang X. Pham, Former USMC Pilot and author  


Video

[Aspen]
3:15 PM. Session 8b: Agent Orange - II

Moderator: John F. Guilmartin, Ohio State University

  • "Assessment of Friendly Ground Forces' Exposure to Herbicide Spraying in Vietnam." John F. Guilmartin, Ohio State University  
  • "Were Friendly Forces Directly Exposed to USAF Herbicide Contamination in Vietnam?." Paul F. Cecil, Historian, Ranch Hand Viet Nam Association  
  • "Herbicidal Dissipation and Degradation in Relation to the Assessment of Indirect Exposure of Ground Troops." Alvin L. Young, Institute for Science and Public Policy, University of Oklahoma  


Video

[Redwood]
3:15 PM. Session 8c: River Forces in Vietnam

Moderator: James Reckner, Texas Tech University

  • "Changing Tides: Riverine Warfare in Vietnam." Robert Tidwell, Doctoral Candidate, Texas Tech University  
  • "The Factors at Work in the Construction of the Base at Dong Tam." Reagan Grau, Graduate Student, Texas Tech University  


Video

[Mesquite]
3:15 PM. Session 8d: Personal Experiences

Moderator: Richard Verrone, Texas Tech University

  • "Hero Mama, Daughter of a Vietnam Soldier KIA." Karen Zacharias  
  • "Bring Joy to Vietnam: My Time in Country and Since." Joy Wilkerson  


 
[Atrium]
8:00 PM. Banquet

  • "Keynote Speaker." Major General Ken Bowra, USA (ret.)  


Saturday, March 19th

Video

[Mahogany]
8:45 AM. Session 9a: The Vietnam War and the Election Year

Moderator: Scott Sweat, Webmaster-Wintersoldier.com & SwiftVets.com

  •   Jerome Corsi, Co-author, Unfit for Command  
  •   B. G. Burkett, Co-author Stolen Valor, served with 199th Light Infantry Bde (1968-1969)  
  •   Larry Bailey, Organizer, Kerry Lied; served as Navy Seal  
  •   Scott Swett, Webmaster - Wintersoldier.com and SwiftVets.com  


Video

[Aspen]
8:45 AM. Session 9b: China, the NLF, & Laos

Moderator: Keith Taylor, Cornell University

  • "Influence of Chinese Politico-Military Discourse upon the NLF's War in the South: The Case of the 514th VC Battalion." Martin Loicano, Doctoral Candidate, Cornell University  
  • "The National Liberation Front of South Vietnam, Myth & Reality." Phieu N. Tran, MD  
  • "Laos as a Sideshow on the Vietnam War, 1962-1973." Patit Paban Mishra, Sambalpur University, India  


Video

[Redwood]
8:45 AM. Session 9c: Strategy

Moderator: Donald Walker, Texas Tech University

  • "An Analytical Review of the Strategy Debate Between the U.S. Marine Corps and U.S. Army Regarding the Conduct of the Ground War in Vietnam." David Strachan-Morris, Doctoral Candidate, University of Wolverhampton, UK  
  • "Nixon as Commander-in-Chief: The Experience of the Easter Offensive." Col. Steve Randolph, USAF, ret.; National Defense University  
  • "Harassment and Interdiction Fire: Resolving American Strategy during the Vietnam War." Capt. John M. Hawkins, USA; US Military Academy  


Video

[Mesquite]
8:45 AM. Session 9d: Personal Accounts

Moderator: Ron Milam, Texas Tech University

  • "The Son Tay POW Raid." Bill Guenon, USAF pilot and author  
  • "An Infantry Squad Leader in Vietnam." Allen W. Sims, Vietnam vet & author  
  • "SCATBACK COMBAT COURIER, A Front Row Seat to the Air War in Vietnam." CMSgt. Bob Laymon, USAF, ret.


Video

[Mahogany]
10:30 AM. Session 10a: Vietnam Veterans Against the War

Moderator: Nancy Miller Saunders, VVAW filmmaker and documentarian and supporter, 1970-1973

  • "Use/Misuse of the Vietnam War and the Vietnam Veterans Against the War for Political Purposes." Nancy Miller Saunders, VVAW filmmaker and documentarian and supporter, 1970-1973
  • "Image vs Reality and The Manipulation Thereof for Political or Personal Gain: Swift Boat Vets vs The Reality of VVAW." Bill Hager, Served two tours in Vietnam as a Combat Engineer with the USMC, 65-66, 68; VVAW's California/Nevada regional coordicator, 1971-72.
  • "VVAW the Truth, and half-truths & lies of the Swift Boat Veterans." Terry DuBose, USA 53rd General Support Group, 67-68; VVAW's Texas Regional Coordinator, 71-72
  • "A Literary Campaign: Vietnam Refought in the Books of the 2004 Election." Alex Primm, Army Information Specialist, 68-69; VVAW member since 1971
  • "Home to War: A History of the Vietnam Veterans Movement." Gerald Nicosia, author  


Video

[Aspen]
10:30 AM. Session 10b: Pacification & Counterinsurgency

Moderator: Laura Calkins, Texas Tech University

  • "Provincial Pacification in Vietnam." Thomas J. Barnes, former Province Senior Advisor and Deputy for Cords in II CTZ  
  • "The Phoenix Program." Larry J. O'Daniel  


 
[Redwood]
10:30 AM. Session 10c: Vietnam-Related Resources

Moderator: Steve Maxner, Texas Tech University

  • "A Web-based Online Database for CIA Declassified Documents on the Vietnam War." Vinh The-Lam, University of Saskatchewan  
  • "The Virtual Vietnam Archive at Texas Tech University." Steve Maxner, Texas Tech University  
  • "Sorry 'Bout That' Uniforming of the American Soldier in Vietnam." William Brewster, Curator of Collections, Wisconsin Veterans Museum  


Video

[Mesquite]
10:30 AM. Session 10d: War Diaries

Moderator: Donald Walker, Texas Tech University

  • "Dear Diary: Fought a War Today. . . .: Exploring the Vietnam War through the Battlefield Diaries of American and Vietcong Soldiers." Todd J. Pfannestiel, Clarion University, Pennsylvania  
  • "The Diaries of Dr. Dang Thuy Tram." Frederick and Robert W. Whitehurst  


 
[Atrium]
12:00 PM. Lunch

  • "A Decade of Reconciliation: Vietnam-U.S. Relations Today and Tomorrow." Larry Berman  


Video

[Mahogany]
1:30 PM. Session 11a: The Myths of the Vietnam War

Moderator: Steve Sherman

  •   Steve Sherman, served with 5th Special Forces Group, 67-68; RADIX Foundation  
  •   Dr. Robert Turner, served as Assistant Special Projects Officer, US Embassy Saigon; Center for National Security Law, University of Virginia Law School  
  •   James McLeroy, served with 5th Special Forces Groun, MACSOG/CCN  


Video

[Aspen]
1:30 PM. Session 11b: Medicine & Healing

Moderator: Ron Frankum, Millersville State University

  • "How an Art Form (Photography) Enabled a Vietnamese Medical Program, 1965-2005." Cark E. Bartecchi, MD, University of Colorado School of Medicine  
  • "Vietnam Narrative as History and Healing." Mary E. Nguyen  
  • "Learning and Reconciliation Study Tours Through Vietnam and Vietnam Vets." Steven A. Leibo, Sage Colleges  


 
[Redwood]
1:30 PM. Session 11c: A Potpourri of Vietnam Papers

Moderator: James Reckner, Texas Tech University

  • "An Examination of Korean and Vietnamese Use of Instruction, Interrogation and Intimidation in Prisoner-of-War Camps." Jenny Hoover, Doctoral Candidate, Texas Tech University  
  • "To Bomb or Not to Bomb: The Effect of Foreign Influence on American Foreign Policy during Vietnam." Michael Johnson, Graduate Student, Texas Tech University  
  • "Vietnamese Agriculture Policies, 1982-2004." John Barnett, Doctoral Candidate, University of Arkansas  


Video

[Mesquite]
1:30 PM. Session 11d: Music and Humor

Moderator: Olga Dror, Texas A&M University

  • "War Songs: Civilian Protest As an Art Form." Elizabeth Champan, Undergraduate Student, Texas A&M University  
  • "Humor in War." Robert Vaughan, Author  


 
[Hickory]
1:30 PM. Session 11e: Winter Soldier



     
    [Sycamore]
    3:00 PM: Update on Vietnam Center

    Moderator: James Reckner, Texas Tech University



       
      [Sycamore]
      3:30 PM: Summary and Discussion & Future Recommendations

      Moderator: James Reckner, Texas Tech University