6th Triennial Vietnam Symposium

13 March - 15 March 2008

Holiday Inn Park Plaza - Lubbock, Texas

The views and opinions expressed in these papers, presentations, and videos are strictly those of the presenters and authors and do not represent the Vietnam Center and Archive, Texas Tech University, or the State of Texas.

Thursday, March 13th

Video

[Sycamore]
8:00 AM. Opening Ceremony

  •   Chancellor Kent Hance, Texas Tech University  


Video

[Sycamore]
8:30 AM: The Media and the Tet Offensive

Moderator: Richard Pyle, Associated Press

  •   Barry Zorthian, USIA, JUSPAO, Saigon  
  •   Don North, War Correspondent, ABC and NBC News  
  •   William Hammond, Historian, US Army Center of Military History  


Video

[Sycamore]
10:30 AM: The Media and the Vietnam War

Moderator: William Hammond, US Army Center of Military History

  •   Peter Arnett, War Correspondent, AP, Pulitzer Prize 1966  
  •   Richard Pyle, War Correspondent, Saigon Bureau Chief, AP  
  •   George Esper, War Correspondent, Saigon Bureau Chief, AP (during fall of Saigon in April 1975)  


Video

[Atrium]
12:00 PM. Lunch

  • "Reporting the Vietnam War: 13 Years as a War Correspondent with the Associated Press." Peter Arnett, Winner of the Pulitzer Prize, 1966  


Video

[Sycamore]
1:30 PM. Session 3a: Sects, Diem, and the Early Opposition Press in the US

Moderator: Edward Miller, Associate Professor, Dartmouth College

  • "The French Connection, Part Deux: Sects and Drugs." Carmen K. Steigman, M.D., M.P.H., Independent Researcher
  • "Turning Points: Ngo Dinh Diem and the American Response to the November 1960 coup d'etat attempt." Ronald B. Frankum, Jr., Associate Professor, Millersville University of Pennsylvania  
  • "Early Roots of an 'Opposition Press': An Examination of the New York Times' Editorials from the Spring of 1965." Louis Campomenosi, PhD, Tulane University


Video

[Redwood]
1:30 PM. Session 3b: Archival Collections and Preservation

Moderator: Cynthia Chambers, PhD, Analyst, Research and Analysis Directorate

  • "Conservation and Preservation of Military Records of the Vietnam Era." Sara J. Holmes, Supervisory Preservation Specialist, National Personnel Records Center, National Archives and Records Administration
  • "Following Vietnam from Berkeley: A Guide to Library and Internet Resources on Contemporary Vietnam." Stephen Denney, Library Assistant, University of California at Berkeley  
  • "The Fate of a Canon-less Army: The Imaginative Representations of the Vietnam War Collection at La Salle University." John Baky, Director of Libraries, Connelly Library, La Salle University  


Video

[Aspen]
1:30 PM. Session 3c: Agent Orange and Herbicides in Vietnam and Thailand

Moderator: Arnold Schecter, MD, MPH, Professor of Environmental Sciences, University of Texas School of Public Health

  • "Agent Orange and Dioxin." Arnold Schecter, MD, MPH, Professor of Environmental Sciences, University of Texas School of Public Health
  • "The Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences' Health and Scientific Research on Dioxins and Agent Orange: Past, Present, and Future." David A. Butler, PhD, Institute of Medicine, National Academy of Sciences
  • "Herbicide Use in Thailand - The Relationship to the Rules of Engagement (ROE) and Use in Vietnam and Laos." Kurt Priessman, Master Sergeant, USAF (retired), Independent Researcher


Video

[Sycamore]
3:30 PM. Session 4a: Pham Xuan An: Unraveling the Mystery of a Perfect Spy

Moderator: Richard Pyle, War Sorrespondent, Saigon Bureau Chief, Associated Press

  • "Imagining Viet Nam: Misunderstanding Pham Xuan An." Kyle Horst, Independent Researcher  
  • "Will We Ever Know the Real Pham Xuan An." Larry Berman, PhD, Professor, University of California, Davis


Video

[Redwood]
3:30 PM. Session 4b: The Battle for Tan Son Nhut - Tet '68

Moderator: James Willbanks, PhD, U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, Fort Leavenworth

  • "Orientation Tour of Tan Son Nhut Air Base." Bob Laymon, CMSgt, USAF (retired), Independent Researcher
  • "The Vietcong and PAVN Historical Perspective on the Battle for Tan Son Nhut." Merle Pribbenow, CIA (retired), Independent Researcher
  • "Combined US/RVN Defense of Tan Son Nhut." Bernie DeNisio, Col, USAF (retired), Independent Researcher  


Video

[Aspen]
3:30 PM. Session 4c: Panel Discussion: "Edward Lansdale's Vietnam War: Myth, History and the Career of America's Most Famous Vietnam Intelligence Operative

Moderator: Edward Miller, PhD, Associate Professor, Dartmouth College

  •   Rufus Phillips, CIA and USAID (retired)  
  •   Jerome French, Department of Defense and USAID (retired)  
  •   Don North, War Correspondent, ABC and NBC News  


Video

[Mahogany]
3:30 PM. Session 4d: LBJ, Colby, and Nixon: The Impact of Tet and Presidential Leadership on the Course of the Vietnam War

Moderator: Justin Hart, PhD, Assistant Professor, Texas Tech University

  • "Approaching the Big Muddy: President Lyndon Baines Johnson's Early Perceptions on the War in Indo-China." Walter Jones, University of Utah  
  • "1968 and its Aftermath: Why Did the Vietnam War Continue." Carolyn Eisenberg, Professor of History, Hofstra University  
  • "Bill Colby, Tet and Revolutionary Development in Vietnam." Jeffrey Woods, Associate Professor of History, Arkansas Tech University  


Video

[American State Bank]
6:00 PM. Reception

  • "Opening Comments." W. R. Collier, President, American State Bank  
  • "Comments, Proclamation." Mayor David Miller  


Friday, March 14th

Video
Part 1


Part 2

[Sycamore]
8:30 AM. Session 5a: Major Battles of the Tet Offensive

Moderator: Ron Milam, PhD, Assistant Professor of History, Texas Tech University

  • "The Ia Drang Valley Battle? Which One." Tin Nguyen, Independent Researcher
  • "Khe Sanh: The Vanishing Enemy." Bryan G. Urquhart, Independent Researcher  
  • "A New interpretation of the Battle of Kham Duc, May 10-12, 1968." Gregory Sanders, Independent Researcher


Video
Part 1


Part 2

[Redwood]
8:30 AM. Session 5b: Personal Perspectives: The Army of the Republic of Vietnam

Moderator: James Reckner, PhD, Professor of History, Texas Tech University



Video
Part 1


Part 2

[Aspen]
8:30 AM. Session 5c: Education and the Vietnam War

Moderator: Larry Berman, Professor of Political Science, University of California, Davis

  • "Higher Education in Vietnam: USAID Contract in Eductaion, Wisconsin State University - Stevens Point and the Republic of Vietnam." Thomas C. Reich, Assistant Professor University Library, University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point
  • "Surrounded by Politics: the American Friends of Vietnam and its Educational Endeavors, 1955-1960." John Southard, Texas Tech University  
  • "Depictions of War: An Examination of the Vietnam War as Presented in High School Texts." TiTi Mary Tran, California State University


Video

[Mahogany]
8:30 AM. Session 5d: The Battle for Hue

Moderator: Andrew Wiest, PhD, Associate Professor of History, The University of Southern Mississippi

  • "New Insights into the Battle of Hue, Tet 1968." Erik B. Villard, PhD, Historian, U.S. Army Center of Military History
  • "The Battle of Hue through the Eyes of its NVA Battlefield Commander." Nguyen Ngoc Bich, Independent Researcher  


Video

[Sycamore]
10:30 AM. Session 6a: Legal Issues in the Vietnam War

Moderator: Cal Lewis, Associate Dean, Texas Tech School of Law

  • "Article 39(a) Pretrial Sessions Conducted by a True Military Judge." Daniel H. Benson, Paul Whitfield Horn Professor of Law (retired), Texas Tech University School of Law; former Major and Military Judge, Army JAGC  
  • "The Existence of a Nexus? The Military Justice Act of 1968 and the Vietnam War." Mattei Radu, Independent Researcher, Villanova University  
  • "Challenges and Problems Related to the Military Law Act of 1969." Joseph B. Conboy, Associate Dean Emeritus, Colonel US Army JAGC (retired)  


Video

[Redwood]
10:30 AM. Session 6b: Finding Thuy: What Happened after the Fifth Triennial Vietnam Symposium

Moderator: Sara J. Holmes, Supervisory Preservation Specialist, National Personnel Records Center, National Archives and Records Administration



Video

[Aspen]
10:30 AM. Session 6c: Telling Our Stories: African American Vietnam Veterans

Moderator: Ron E. Armstead, U.S. Navy Vietnam Theater Veteran

  • "Commentator." Garna Christian, PhD, Professor of History, University of Houston-Downtown  
  •   Robert Blackwell, USA, Tyler, TX  
  •   Ruben 'Sugar Bear' Johnson, USMC, Cleveland, TX  
  •   Charles Johnson, USA, San Antonio, TX  
  •   Bennie Nash, III, U.S. Navy (retired) Vietnam Era Veteran, Lubbock, TX  


Video

[Mahogany]
10:30 AM. Session 6d: Tet, the DRV, and the RVN

Moderator: Kelly Crager, PhD, Texas Tech University

  • "General Vo Nguyen Giap and the Evolution of the Plan for the 1968 Tet Offensive." Merle Pribbenow, Independent Researcher  
  • "Victory Unfulfilled: The Failure of the US/ARVN Alliance in the Wake of Tet." Andrew Wiest, PhD, Associate Professor of History, The University of Southern Mississippi  
  • "The 1968 Tet Offensive." Vu Quy Ky, Independent Researcher


Video

[Atrium]
12:00 PM. Lunch

  • "Major Debates on the History of the Vietnam War." Mark Moyar, PhD, Kim T. Adamson Chair of Insurgency and Terrorism U.S. Marine Corps University, Quantico, Virginia  


Video

[Sycamore]
1:30 PM. Session 7a: Naval Intelligence Liaison Officers in Vietnam

Moderator: Nick Carbone



Video

[Redwood]
1:30 PM. Session 7b: Vietnam and Iraq

Moderator: William Thomas Allison, PhD, Professor of History, Weber State University

  • "Two Long Wars Compared: Vietnam and Iraq." Martin K. Gordon, PhD, Faculty Associate in History, Johns Hopkins University  
  • "Vietnam v. Iraq: A Comparison of the Soliders' Experience." Gary J. Heffner, MA, SGT (former) US Army National Guard
  • "A Comparison of the Emotional and Psychological Adjustment of the Returning Veterans of Vietnam and Iraq." Bob Worthington, PhD, Lt Col, US Army (retired)


Video

[Aspen]
1:30 PM. Session 7c: Saving Lives in Vietnam: Nurses, Aidmen, and Dustoff Pilots

Moderator: Richard A. Ruth, Assistant Professor, United States Naval Academy

  • "When I have Your Wounded: The Story of Dust-Off Warfare's Greatest Life Saver." Pat Brady, MG, USA (retired), Independent Researcher
  • "Nurses in Vietnam: Heroic Angels or Reluctant Volunteers." Ron Milam, PhD, Assistant Professor, Texas Tech University  
  • "Who Goes First? Prioritizing Casualty Evacuation During the Vietnam War." Jonathan Hood, PhD, Center for Military History  


Video

[Sycamore]
3:30 PM. Session 8a: The Hue Massacre of 1968

Moderator: James Reckner, PhD, Professor of History, Texas Tech University



Video

[Redwood]
3:30 PM. Session 8b: Teaching the Tet Offensive and 1968: A Roundtable Discussion

Chair: James Willbanks, PhD, U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, Fort Leavenworth

  •   William Thomas Allison, PhD, Professor of History, Weber State University  
  •   Edwin E. Moise, PhD, Professor of History, Clemson University
  •   Ron Milam, PhD, Assistant Professor of History, Texas Tech University  


Video

[Aspen]
3:30 PM. Session 8c: Political Warfare, American Protest, and Southern Vietnamese Intellectuals

Moderator: Thomas C. Reich, Assistant Professor University Library, University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point

  • "Southern Vietnamese Intellectuals and the Events of 1968." Wynn Wilcox, PhD, Associate Professor, Western Connecticut State University  
  • "From Protests to the Media: SANE's Response to Nixon's Silent Majority in Philadelphia." Matthew Johnson, Temple University  
  • "Political Warfare in Republican Vietnam." Robert A. Silano, Independent Researcher


Video

[Atrium]
8:00 PM. Banquet

  • "Keynote Speaker." Ambassador Raymond Burghardt, Former US Ambassador to Vietnam; Director, East-West Seminars, East-West Center, Hawaii  


Saturday, March 15th

Video

[Sycamore]
8:30 AM. Session 9a: Personal Narratives and the Impact of the War

Moderator: Lynne Fallwell, PhD, Assistant Professor of History, Texas Tech University



Video

[Redwood]
8:30 AM. Session 9b: Special Operations and missions During the Vietnam War

Moderator: Edwin E. Moise, PhD, Professor of History, Clemson University

  • "Murphy was Even a Sapper: Urban Sappers in Saigon During the Tet Offensive." James M. Cloninger, Texas Tech University  
  • "Taking the Night Away from Charlie: Quiet Thruster Aircraft in the Vietnam War." Dale Ross Stith, Founder and President, Quiet Aircraft Association, Inc.
  • "Osborne's Congressional Testimony and the Denouncing of the Phoenix Program." Michael W. Cheek, American University  


Video

[Aspen]
8:30 AM. Session 9c: Multimedia Presentation



Video

[Mahogany]
8:30 AM. Session 9d: Postwar Issues and Challenges

Moderator: Kelly Crager, PhD, Vietnam Center

  • "Unxeploded Ordanance: Accident Survivors, International Organizations and Visions of the Vietnam War in Quang Tri Province, Central Vietnam." Jason Perkins, Carleton College
  • "Connecting the Dots - The Buy Out and Sell Out of Our POWs & MIAs." H. G. "Don" Mercer, Independent Researcher
  • "Creation of a Criminal Class: The Denigration of the Vietnam Veteran: 1968-1975." Ralph Thomas, Independent Researcher  


Video

[Sycamore]
10:30 AM. Session 10a: The Vietnam War in Literature

Moderator: Rich Rice, PhD, Associate Professor of English, Texas Tech University

  • "American Dream / American Nightmare." Michael Lund, PhD, Professor, Longwood University, Virginia  
  • "Opposing Images of American Combatants and North Vietnamese Communist Soldiers in Lan Cao's Monkey Bridge." Quan Manh Ha, PhD Candidate, Texas Tech University  


Video

[Redwood]
10:30 AM. Session 10b: US Navy Operations in Vietnam

Moderator: Bob Worthington, PhD, Lt Col, US Army (retired)



Video

[Aspen]
10:30 AM. Session 10c: US Soldiers Experiences in Vietnam

Moderator: James Willbanks, PhD, US Army Command and General Staff College, Fort Leavenworth

  • ""We Was Just Us:" De-racialization on the Front Lines of the Vietnam War." Gerald F. Goodwin, University of Kentucky
  • "Combat Assault into Cambodia and Night Fighting Inside the Wire." James T. Gillam, Associate Professor, Spelman College  
  • "Reminiscences of the First Neurologist Serving U.S. Forces in Vietnam (1965-66) and his 2005 Private Meeting with General Vo Nguyen Giap in Hanoi." Robert B. Daroff, MD, Case Western Reserve University


Video

[Mahogany]
10:30 AM. Session 10d: Bob Hope, The Post Exchange, and A Tale of Two Quagmires...

Moderator: Martin K. Gordon, PhD, Faculty Associate in History, Johns Hopkins University

  • "Thanks for the Memories': The Bob Hope Christmas Shows in Vietnam." Judith R. Johnson, PhD, Associate Professor, Wichita State University  
  • "PX-land: Thai Adventures in Consumerism and Americanism in South Vietnam, 1967-1972." Richard A. Ruth, Assistant Professor, United States Naval Academy
  • "A Review Essay of 'A Tale of Two Quagmires: Iraq, Vietnam, and the Hard Lessons of War'." Samuel B. Hoff, PhD, Delaware State University  


Video

[Atrium]
12:00 PM. Lunch

  •   Ambassador Charles Ray, Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense, Defense Prisoner/Missing Personnel Office; Former US Ambassador to Cambodia  


Video

[Sycamore]
1:30 PM: Accounting for our MIAs: The Role of Archival Research

Moderator: Ronald Cima, Senior Analyst for Southeast Asia, Research and Analysis Directorate

  • "MIA Archival Research in Vietnam: A Historical Perspective." Guy Bentz, Analyst, Research and Analysis Directorate  
  • "MIA Archival Research in the U.S.: Possible Applications of the CDEC Collection to Accounting." Cynthia Chambers, PhD, Analyst, Research and Analysis Directorate  
  • "Unlocking the Index to the CDEC Microfilm: Binary Computing, Information Storage, and Technological Obsolescence." Mark C. Russell, PhD, Historian, Research and Analysis Directorate


Video

[Sycamore]
3:30 PM: Discussion, Recommendations, and Closing Remarks

Moderator: Steve Maxner, Director, Vietnam Center, Texas Tech University