Agent Orange: Oral Histories

Oral Histories are a great way to observe an individual’s actual experiences and perceptions of the war. The interviews are conducted with people after the events have occurred, sometimes right after the event or many years later. Most of the oral histories below show a brief biography of the subject, interview length and a typed transcript. Click on the gramophone icon to listen to the interview on your computer or the PDF icon to read the transcript.

Death from Agent Orange

  • Interview with Vern Greunke (03 April 2003)
    • Item #: OH0287
    • Length: 02:35:24 min/sec
    •  (USA) Vern W. Greunke, originally from Fremont, Nebraska served in the U.S. Army from 1965 until 1969. He went to South Vietnam in August 1966 as a member of the Army Security Agency and was stationed at Pleiku with the 330th Radio Research Company (RRC). Vern spent most of his tour near Cu Chi TDY with the 372nd RRC, 303rd Radio Research Battalion. Stationed at MACV advisory posts surrounding ... (more
    • Link to Greunke Audio Link to Greunke Transcript
  • Interview with Helen Hegelheimer (15 June 2004)
    • Item #: OH0367
    • Length: 3:01:36 hr/min/sec
    •  (Civilian) Helen Tennant Hegelheimer was born in Fontana CA in 1944. After graduating from high school in San Leandro CA in 1962 Helen briefly attended college before taking a job with World Airways, first in administration and then as a stewardess. In 1966 and 1967 she flew on hundreds of troop transport flights in and out of the United States, Japan, and Vietnam, including Danang, Ton Son Nhut/S... (more
    • Link to Hegelheimer Audio Part 1 Link to Hegelheimer Audio Part 2 Link to Hegelheimer Audio Part 3 Link to Hegelheimer Transcript

Exposure/Veteran’s complications with Agent Orange

  • Interview with Frank Gutierrez (24 January 2001)
    • Item #: OH0078
    • Length: 03:15:57 hr/min/sec
    •  (USA) Frank Gutierrez served in Vietnam from 1967-1970 in the 27th Infantry, 25th Division and the 576th Ordnance Co. as a rifleman, Field Wireman and Ordnance Specialist at Cu Chi and Long Binh. Mr. Gutierrez participated in the TET OFFENSIVE '68. (This interview was made possible through grants from the Helen Jones and CH Foundations). (open complete record
    • Link to Gutierrez Audio Link to Gutierrez Transcript
  • Interview with Richard Duckworth (23 March 2000)
    • Item #: OH0099
    • Length: 4:53:33 hr/min/sec
    •  Richard Duckworth served with the United States Air Force in Vietnam from 1969 to 1971. Duckworth served as a pilot and aircraft commander with OPERATION RANCHHAND and flew missions out of Da Nang and Bien Hoa. He also conducted an econometric analytical study of the U.S. Air War in Vietnam. Interview conducted by Stephen Maxner. (open complete record
    • Link to Duckworth Transcript Link to Duckworth Audio
  • Interview with Fred Pierce (2 October 1999)
  • Interview with Franklin Jones (17 April 2002)
    • Item #: OH0130
    • Length: 02:23:31 min/sec
    •  Franklin Jones served as a MACV advisor on the Binh Thuy Provincial Advisory team, Ham Tan, RVN in 1972-73. Interview conducted by Jonathan Bernstein. (open complete record
    • Link to Jones Audio Link to Jones Transcript
  • Interview with Dave Tela (11 March 2002)
  • Interview with David Holdorf (28 March 2001)
    • Item #: OH0166
    • Length: 02:27:01 min/sec
    •  (USA) David Holdorf served with the United States Army in Vietnam from 1968 to 1969. He served as a Mechanic with the7/15th Field Artillery. Interview conducted by Stephen Maxner. (open complete record
    • Link to Holdorf Transcript Link to Holdorf Audio
  • Interview with Thomas Spencer
    • Item #: OH0190
    • Length: 06:05:04 min/sec
    •  (USA) Thomas Spencer served with the United States Army in Vietnam from 1967-1970. He served as an Infantry Commander and as an Instructor with MACV Advisory Team 97. He worked in Regional and Popular Forces in Kien Phong Province. Interview conducted by Stephen Maxner. (open complete record
    • Link to Spencer Audio Part 1 Link to Spencer Audio Part 2 Link to Spencer Transcript Part 1 Link to Spencer Transcript Part 2
  • Interview with James Turner (05 December 2001)
    • Item #: OH0199
    • Length: 03:25:09 min/sec
    •  (USA) James Turner served with the United States Army in Vietnam from 1965 to 1968. He served with the 500th Intelligence Group, Detachment 1 (SMIAT) and the 519thMilitary Intelligence Battalion. He served in Khe Sanh, Da Lat, and Saigon. Interview conducted by Stephen Maxner. (open complete record
    • Link to Turner Audio Link to Turner Transcript
  • Interview with Douglas Shivers (10 October 2002)
    • Item #: OH0225
    • Length: 01:31:14 min/sec
    •  (USA) Douglas F. Shivers, originally from Little Rock, Arkansas, served in the U.S. Army from January 1968 until September 1971. He served two tours of duty in Vietnam, first from April 1969 until April 1970 in the 101st Radio Research Co., and second from September 1970 until September 1971 in the 101st RRC/509 RR Group. Interview conducted by Richard B. Verrone, Ph.D. (open complete record
    • Link to Shivers Audio Link to Shivers Transcript
  • Interview with David White (14 October 2002)
    • Item #: OH0227
    • Length: 01:26:38 min/sec
    •  (USN) David A. White, originally from Savannah, Tennessee served in the U.S. Navy from June 1966 until February 1970. David was in Vietnam from July 1968 until he was wounded and evacuated in March 1969. He served in River Section 544, River Division 593 out of Nha Be in the Mekong Delta as a gunner's mate on various boats, including PBRs. He was in the Run Sat Special Zone and participated i... (more
    • Link to White Audio Link to White Transcript
  • Interview with Joseph Pizzo (15 October 2002)
    • Item #: OH0228
    • Length: 01:49:29 min/sec
    •  (USAF, USA) Joseph L. Pizzo, originally from Houston, Texas served in the U.S. Air Force from 1966 until 1970 and in the U.S. Army from 1971 until 1976. In the USAF, Joseph was stationed at Dover AFB, Deleware with the 95th Fighter Interceptor Squadron from June 1967 until July 1969. From there he was transferred to the 18th Special Operations Squadron at Lockborne AFB, Ohio, where he stayed unt... (more
    • Link to Pizzo Audio Link to Pizzo Transcript
  • Interview with Michael Sweeney (14 November 2002)
    • Item #: OH0239
    • Length: 05:14:30 hr/min/sec
    •  (USMC) Michael L. Sweeney, originally from Denison, Texas, served in the U.S. Marine Corps from 1960 until 1980. Mike served in Vietnam from 1965 until 1969. From 1965 to1966, and again in 1967 after completing the Amphibious Warfare School at Quantico, Virginia, he was the Commanding Officer, Marine Detachment aboard the USS Hancock. In the spring and summer of 1968, he was CO, K Co., 3d Batta... (more
    • Link to Sweeney Audio Part 1 Link to Sweeney Audio Part 2 Link to Sweeney Transcript
  • Interview with Larry Wasserman (02 December 2002)
    • Item #: OH0245
    • Length: 02:36:47 min/sec
    •  (USAF) Larry Wasserman, originally from Chicago, Illinois served in the U.S. Air Force for ten years from 1966 until 1976. He did his basic training at Lackland AFB and his advanced training at Sheppard AFB, both in Texas. Larry was in Vietnam from July 1967 until July 1968 and served with the 12th Air Commando Squadron based at Bien Hoa. He was a mechanic for C-123s which took part in Operatio... (more
    • Link to Wasserman Audio Link to Wasserman Transcript
  • Interview with Elmer Hale (09 December 2002)
    • Item #: OH0247
    • Length: 03:41:02 min/sec
    •  (USA) Elmer D. Hale, originally from Lawrenceville, Illinois served in the U.S. Army in 1967 and 1968 as an infantryman with C Co., 1st Battalion, 22nd Infantry, 4th Infantry Division in the Central Highlands area. He took part in the aftermath of the TET OFFENSIVE in and around Kontum and in the fight for Chu Moor Mountain in April 1968. Interview conducted by Richard B. Verrone, Ph.D. (open complete record
    • Link to Hale Audio Link to Hale Transcript
  • Interview with Charles Hubbs
    • Item #: OH0260
    • Length: 02:26:41 min/sec
    •  (USAF) Charles H. Hubbs, originally from New York, New York and Belford, New Jersey, served in the U.S. Air Force from 1950 until 1976. He went to Vietnam in 1966 and served as C Flight Commander in the 12th Special Operations Squadron which later became the 12th Air Commando Squadron based out of Da Nang. Charlie flew 411 combat spray missions as part of Operation RANCH HAND before he complete... (more
    • Link to Hubbs Audio Link to Hubbs Transcript
  • Interview with John Hodgin (03 February 2003)
    • Item #: OH0264
    • Length: 03:24:48 hr/min/sec
    •  (USAF) John K. Hodgin, originally from Greensboro, North Carolina served in the U.S. Air Force from 1959 until 1981. Departing from Pope AFB (NC) as a member of the 347th Tactical Air Squadron, John first went to Vietnam on the first Operation RANCH HAND mission in January 1962 as a Navigator in the C-123. He continued to rotate back to South Vietnam over the next years to perform various missi... (more
    • Link to Hodgin Audio Part 1 Link to Hodgin Audio Part 2 Link to Hodgin Transcript
  • Interview with Willis F. Marshall
    • Item #: OH0269
    • length not listed
    •  (USA) Willis Fred Marshall, originally from LaGrange, Georgia served in the U.S. Army from 1966 until 1968. Fred went to South Vietnam in October 1967 and served a one year tour with MACV Advisory Team 70, 5th ARVN Infantry Division, 525th Military Intelligence Group, as an Interpreter, Advisor, Translator, Interrogator, and Inteligence Analyst near Lam Son Village in Binh Duong Province. Intervi... (more
    • Link to Marshall Audio Part 1 Link to Marshall Audio Part 2 Link to Marshall Transcript
  • Interview with Allen Trott, Jr.
    • Item #: OH0272
    • length not listed
    •  (USAF) Allen L. "Buck" Trott, Jr., originally from Washington, D.C. served in the U.S. Air Force from 1953 until 1980 and retired a Colonel. Buck served briefly in the U.S. Coast Guard before completeing his B.A. at the University of Maryland. After graduation, he joined the Air Force in 1953 and was stationed at various places around the United States and Europe, including a number of years in ... (more
    • Link to Trott Audio Part 1 Link to Trott Audio Part 2 Link to TrottTranscript
  • Interview with Bryan Grigsby
    • Item #: OH0292
    • length not listed
    •  (USA) Bryan K. Grigsby, originally from Gainesville, Florida served in the U.S. Army from 1967 until 1970. Bryan served with the Department of the Army Special Photographic Office (DASPO) and was based out of Ft. Schafter, Hawaii. As a DASPO Still Photographer and Sound Specialist, he went TDY to Asia on five occasions: once to Thailand (1968), twice to South Korea (1967 and 1968), and twice to ... (more
    • Link to Grigsby Audio Link to Grigsby Transcript
  • Interview with Martin Brady
    • Item #: OH0310
    • length not listed
    •  (USA) Martin Brady, originally from Swoersville, Pennsylvania served in the U.S. Army from 1961 until 1981. Martin was in South Vietnam as a Special Forces medic with the 5th Special Forces Group (SFG) from June to December 1963 and December 1964 to December 1965, and with the 1st SFG operating out of Okinawa, Japan, from June 1967 to February 1968 and July 1969 to July 1970. Interview conducted ... (more
    • Link to Brady Audio Part 1 Link to Brady Audio Part 2 Link to Link to Brady transcript
  • Interview with James Wheeler, Jr. (11 July 2003)
    • Item #: OH0313
    • length not listed
    •  (USA) James P. Wheeler, Jr., originally from Nashville, Tennessee served in the U.S. Army from 1963 until 1984. Jim served two tours in South Vietnam. He first went to the RVN in March 1967 and served until March 1968 with the 2nd Battalion, 8th Infantry, 4th Infantry Division as a platoon leader. Jim went back to the RVN in July 1969 and served six months with 3rd Brigade, 4th ID and six mont... (more
    • Link to Wheeler Audio Part 1 Link to Wheeler Audio Part 2 Link to Wheeler Audio Part 3 Link to Wheeler Audio Part 4 Link to Wheeler Transcript
  • Interview with Andrew DeBona
    • Item #: OH0334
    • length not listed
    •  (USMC) Andrew D. DeBona, originally from Johnstown, Pennsylvania served in the U.S. Marine Corps from 1955 until 1981 and retired a Lieutenant Colonel. Andy went to Vietnam in December 1966 and served as Battalion S-4 3/26 Marines and then CO of Mike Company, 3/26 Marines until September 1967. On his second tour from June 1971 until April 1972, he served as Senior Advisor, 7th Battalion, Vietna... (more
    • Link to DeBona Audio Part 1 Link to DeBona Audio Part 2 Link to DeBona Transcript Part 1 Link to DeBona Transcript Part 2
  • Interview with Michael Bradbury
    • Item #: OH0335
    • length not listed
    •  (USMC) Michael D. Bradbury, originally from San Francisco, California served in the U.S. Marine Corps from 1966 until 1969 and in the U.S. Air Force from 1971 until 1988. Mike served in South Vietnam in K Company, 3/26 Marines, 3rd Marine Division, from September 1967 until October 1968. He participated in operations around Camp Evans in the Cobi Tanh Tan Valley, in Hue and around Quang Tri Cit... (more
    • Link to Bradbury Audio Part 1 Link to Bradbury Audio Part 2 Link to Bradbury Audio Part 3 Link to Bradbury Transcript
  • Interview with John McNown, Jr. (13 September 2003)
    • Item #: OH0336
    • length not listed
    •  (USA) John R. McNown, Jr., served in the U.S. Army from 1967 until 1972. He was in South Vietnam as a First Lieutenant from July 1968 until July 1969. While in Vietnam, John served as a Platoon Leader and, on several occasions, Acting Company Commander in Alpha Company, 1st Battalion, 20th Infantry, 11th Light Infantry Brigade, Americal (23rd) Infantry Division in and around Duc Pho between Jul... (more
    • Link to McNown Audio Part 1 Link to McNown Audio Part 2 Link to McNown Audio Part 3 Link to McNown Audio Part 4 Link to McNown Transcript
  • Interview with Frank Vavrek (03 February 2004)
    • Item #: OH0343
    • length not listed
    •  (USA) LTCOL Frank Vavrek was born in Harrisburg PA in 1943 and volunteered for the infantry in 1963. He completed Basic and Advanced Training at Fort Jackson SC. Having also completed Ranger School, he graduated from OCS at Fort Benning GA in 1965. Frank arrived in Vietnam in August 1965 as a platoon commander in the 1/8 Cav of the First Cavalry Division, and served a full tour in that post. A... (more
    • Link to Vavrek Audio Part 1 Link to Vavrek Audio Part 2 Link to Vavrek Audio Part 3 Link to Vavrek Audio Part 4 Link to Vavrek Transcript
  • Interview with Michelle Steiner (09 March 2004)
    • Item #: OH0353
    • Length: 5:25:30 hr/min/sec
    •  (USA) Michelle Steiner was born in New York City in 1942, and entered the Army in 1961. She completed Basic Training at Ft Dix NJ and Advanced Training at the US Army Air Defense School at Ft Bliss TX. After serving with Nike missile battalions in Hawaii and Texas, as well as teaching at the Air Defense School, Michelle attended the US Army Intelligence School at Ft Holabird MD. She was posted ... (more
    • Link to Steiner Audio Part 1 Link to Steiner Audio Part 2 Link to Steiner Audio Part 3 Link to Steiner Audio Part 4 Link to Steiner Audio Part 5 Link to Steiner Transcript
  • Interview with Peggy Mikelonis (22 December 2003)
    • Item #: OH0355
    • Length: 1:09:52 hr/min/sec
    •  (USA) Peggy Mikelonis grew up and attended nursing school in Des Moines, Iowa. She joined the Army Nurse Corps through the Student Nurse Program in 1969. After Basic training at Fort Sam Houston and a year stationed at Redstone Arsenal Army Hospital (1970-1971) in Huntsville, Alabama, Peggy volunteered for assignment in Vietnam. She was stationed at the 3rd Surgical Hospital in Binh Thuy from ... (more
    • Link to Mikelonis Audio Link to Mekelonis Transcript
  • Interview with Margarethe Cammermeyer (30 March 2004)
    • Item #: OH0356
    • length not listed
    •  (USA) Margarethe Cammermeyer was born in Oslo, Norway, in 1942. She immigrated to the United States in 1951, and in 1963 earned a BS in Nursing from the University of Maryland, where she participated in the Army Student Nurse program. She attended Officers' Basic Course training at Ft Sam Houston TX, and was posted to Ft Benning GA; Nuremburg, West Germany; and Ft Lee VA. Margarethe arrived in Vie... (more
    • Link to Cammermeyer Audio Part 1 Link to Cammermeyer Audio Part 2 Link to Cammermeyer Audio Part 3 Link to Cammermeyer Transcript
  • Interview with James B. Evans (12 April 2004)
    • Item #: OH0366
    • Length: 5:47:15 hr/min/sec
    •  (USA) James ('Jim') B. Evans was born in Fort Worth TX in 1943. He attended Texas Christian University and Southwestern Medical School, earning an MD degree in 1968. He was drafted that year, attended Basic Training at Fort Sam Houston TX, and was commissioned in the Army in January 1969. In Vietnam, Jim served as a battalion medical officer with the 1/77 Armored Battalion and 1/5 Infantry Bri... (more
    • Link to Evans Audio Part 1 Link to Evans Audio Part 2 Link to Evans Audio Part 3 Link to Evans Audio Part 4 Link to Evans Transcript Part 1 Link to Evans Transcript Part 2 Link to Evans Transcript Part 3 Link to Evans Transcript Part 4
  • Interview with Beth Parks (16 June 2004)
    • Item #: OH0368
    • length not listed
    •  (USA) Beth Parks was born in Glen Falls NY in 1941, and graduated from Warrensburg High Schoolin 1959. She attended Capital City School of Nursing in Washington DC and worked as an operating room nurse at major hospitals in the Washington area. She volunteered for the Army Nurse Corps in 1966, intending to serve in Vietnam. Beth completed Basic Training at FT Sam Houston TX, and then sought a pos... (more
    • Link to Parks Audio Part 1 Link to Parks Audio Part 2 Link to Parks Audio Part 3 Link to Parks Transcript
  • Interview with M. Thomas Powers (02 June 2004)
    • Item #: OH0402
    • Length: 3:12:56 hr/min/sec
    •  (USMC) M. Thomas Powers was born in Dayton OH in 1945, and graduated from Xavier High School in Cincinnati in 1963. Tom attended the University of Dayton and worked for an insurance company until March 1966, when he enlisted in the US Marine Corps. He trained at the Marine Recruit Depot in San Diego CA and at the Marine Tank School at Camp Pendleton CA. Tom arrived in Vietnam in mid-January 1967 a... (more
    • Link to transcript of interview Link to audio of interview
  • Interview with Steve Dant (04 March 2005)
    • Item #: OH0418
    • Length: 8:02:59 hr/min/sec
    •  (USA) Steve Dant, originally from Indianapolis, IN, enlisted in the U.S. Army in 1969 and served until 1971. He was in South Vietnam in 1970 and 1971 and served the first part of his tour with Co. C, 5/46, 198th Light Infantry Brigade, Americal Division as a rifleman and the second part of his tour in Chu Lai with Headquarters Co., 198th LIB, Americal, as a driver for the 198th Brigade S-3. (open complete record
    • Link to Dant Audio Part 1 Link to Dant Audio Part 2 Link to Dant Audio Part 3 Link to Dant Transcript Part 1 Link to Dant Transcript Part 2 Link to Dant Transcript Part 3
  • Interview with David W. Taylor (05 April 2005)
    • Item #: OH0422
    • Length: 7:17:43 hr/min/sec
    •  (USA) Dave Taylor , originally from Philadelphia, PA, served in the U.S. Army between 1967 and 1971 and in the U.S. Army Reserve between 1972 and 1993. In South Vietnam Dave was an Infantry Officer with C Co., 5/46, 198th Light Infantry Brigade, Americal Division from February until June 1969. On June 3, 1969, he was wounded in action (for a second time) and evacuated to Japan and eventually back ... (more
    • Link to Taylor Audio Part 1 Link to Taylor Audio Part 2 Link to Taylor Audio Part 3 Link to Taylor Transcript Part 1 Link to Taylor Transcript Part 2 Link to Taylor Transcript Part 3
  • Interview with Janice J. Carney (24 May 2005)
    • Item #: OH0426
    • Length: 5:17:27 hr/min/sec
    •  (USA) Janice J. Carney was born (as John) in Cambridge MA and enlisted in the US Army in 1969. After training at Ft Dix NJ, Ft Sam Houston TX, and Ft Polk LA, Janice arrived in Vietnam in July 1970. She was originally assigned to the 666th Transportation Corps near Phu Bai, but moved the the 39th Transportation Bn, becoming the battalion mail clerk and courier. She participated in Lam Son 719, and... (more
    • Link to Carney Audio Part 1 Link to Carney Audio Part 2 Link to Carney Audio Part 3 Link to Carney Audio Part 4 Link to Carney Transcript
  • Interview with John (Ron) Milam
    • Item #: OH0429
    • length not listed
    •  (USA) Dr. Ron Milam enlisted in the U.S. Army in 1968 and served until 1971. He was in South Vietnam from May 1970 until May 1971 in Phu Nhon District, Pleiku Province (II Corps), working for Military Assistance Command-Vietnam as a Senior Advisor for Mobile Advisory Team 38. Ron worked with Montagnard tribes in training People's Self Defense Forces (PSDFs) to defend villages from Viet Cong and NV... (more
    • Link to Milam Audio Part 1 Link to Milam Audio Part 2 Link to Milam Audio Part 3 Link to Milam Audio Part 4 Link to Milam Audio Part 5 Link to Milam Audio Part 6 Link to Milam Audio Part 7 Link to Milam Transcript Part 1 Link to Milam Transcript Part 2 Link to Milam Transcript Part 3 Link to Milam Transcript Part 4 Link to Milam Transcript Part 5 Link to Milam Transcript Part 6 Link to Milam Transcript Part 7
  • Interview with Ralph Thompson (16 February 2006)
    • Item #: OH0516
    • Length: 2:20:39 hr/min/sec
    •  Ralph Thompson was born in 1916 in Amite LA; at age 14 he got a job on a ship, and traveled to the Middle East as well as to the US West Coast. He joined the US Army in 1937, and was trained as a hospital ward attendant at Barksdale Field LA. He was later assigned to Randolph Air Base TX, Fot Ord CA, and Camp Stoneman CA. His unit was shipped to New Zealand, and then to New Caledonia, Guadalcanal,... (more
    • Link to Thompson Transcript Link to Thompson Audio

Exposure/Veteran’s complications w/ Agent Orange (Women)

  • Interview with Charles White
    • Item #: OH0273
    • length not listed
    •  (USA) Charles White served with the United States Army in Vietnam from early January to late December 1968. He served with the 8th Battalion, 4th Field Artillery. His Battalion provided significant support to Marine operations in the I CTZ area to include support during the siege of Khe Sanh during the TET OFFENSIVE of 1968. Interview conducted by Stephen Maxner. (open complete record
    • Link to White Audio Link to White Transcript

Exposure/Veteran’s complications w/ Agent Orange (Children)

  • Interview with David Harp (08 November 2002)
    • Item #: OH0236
    • Length: 02:18:24 min/sec
    •  (USAF) David M. Harp, originally from Ashburn, Georgia served in the U.S. Air Force from 1951 until 1971. He flew C-46s out of Japan during the Korean War and, in 1959, flew 145 combat spy missions over Korea as an Intelligence Operations Officer. In 1961, David took part in Project HILO-HATTIE, flying 76 secret intelligence-gathering missions over Southeast Asia. In 1968, he was sent to South V... (more
    • Link to Harp Audio Link to Harp Transcript

Use/Spraying of Agent Orange

  • Interview with Michael Harris (22 August 2000)
    • Item #: OH0030
    • length not listed
    •  (USN) Michael Harris served with the United States Navy in Vietnam from 1968 to 1969. He served as a radioman and machine gunner with Task Force 117 of the Mobile Riverine Force. Interview conducted by Stephen Maxner. (open complete record
    • Link to Harris Transcript Link to Harris Audio
  • Interview with Jack Johnson (1 November 2000)
    • Item #: OH0069
    • Length: 04:54:21 hr/min/sec
    •  (USA) Jack Johnson received his ROTC commission in 1954 upon graduation from Iowa State College. He attended Field Artillery Officers Basic Course and applied for pilot training. He attended pilot training in 1955 and served as a Flight Instructor from 1956 to 1959. He first went to Vietnam in 1964 where he served as a Platoon Leader in the UTT Armed Helicopter Company at Tan Son Nhut Air Base unt... (more
    • Link to Johnson Audio Link to Johnson Transcript
  • Interview with Allan Cameron (3 November 2000)
    • Item #: OH0070
    • Length: 02:24:50 min/sec
    •  (New Zealand) Allan Cameron served with the Royal New Zealand Artillery in Vietnam from 1967-1968. Cameron was assigned to the 161st Field Battery and worked with Royal Australian Infantry units. Interview conducted by Stephen Maxner. (open complete record
    • Link to Cameron Audio Link to Cameron Transcript
  • Interview with Albert Childs (3 February 2000)
    • Item #: OH0095
    • Length: 4:27:38 hr/min/sec
    •  (USA) Albert Childs served with MACV and ARVN in Vietnam as an Operations NCO in Ban Me Thout (1968-69), Pleiku (1972-73), and served with the Four Party Military Commission in Phan Thiet in 1973. Interview conducted by Stephen Maxner. (open complete record
    • Link to Childs Transcript Link to Childs Audio
  • Interview with Richard Duckworth (23 March 2000)
    • Item #: OH0099
    • Length: 4:53:33 hr/min/sec
    •  Richard Duckworth served with the United States Air Force in Vietnam from 1969 to 1971. Duckworth served as a pilot and aircraft commander with OPERATION RANCHHAND and flew missions out of Da Nang and Bien Hoa. He also conducted an econometric analytical study of the U.S. Air War in Vietnam. Interview conducted by Stephen Maxner. (open complete record
    • Link to Duckworth Transcript Link to Duckworth Audio
  • Interview with Le Cao Dai (1 November 1999)
    • Item #: OH0110
    • Length: 02:43:38 min/sec
    •  Dr. Le Cao Dai attended the Lycee and graduated in 1945. Le Cao Dai also attended medical school and joined the Viet Minh in 1948. After the French departure, Le Cao Dai served as head of surgery at the Military Hospital of Hanoi. In 1966, Le Cao Dai mobilized an underground military hospital near Pleiku and Kontum which he directed for eight years. Interview conducted by Stephen Maxner. (open complete record
    • Link to Dai Transcript Link to Dai Audio
  • Interview with General Theodore Mataxis (31 March 2000)
    • Item #: OH0111
    • Length: 5:10:39 hr/min/sec
    •  (USA) The first pdf file of the interview listed below is the original version of the interview. The second pdf file is the narrator's rewritten transcript. (open complete record
    • Link to Mataxis original transcript Link to Mataxis (narrator's) rewritten transcript Link to Mataxis Audio
  • Interview with Bert Kurland (1 January 2001)
    • Item #: OH0174
    • Length: 09:20:16 min/sec
    •  (USA, USAID) Bert Kurland served multiple tours with the US Army and USAID in Vietnam from 1967 until 1975. He served with US Army Special Forces as Deputy Commander, Operational Detachment B-43 in Kien Phong, MACV CORDS Advisor in Go Cong and Kien Hoa, Deputy Senior Advisor in Kien Phong, USAID Education Advisor on Go Cong, Chief New Life Development (NLD) and Refugee Advisor in Can Tho, and he w... (more
    • Link to Kurland Audio Part 1 Link to Kurland Audio Part 2 Link to Kurland Transcript
  • Interview with Ralph Dresser (25 January 2002)
    • Item #: OH0206
    • Length: 4:58:03 min/sec
    •  (USAF) Col. Ralph Dresser volunteered to go to Vietnam as the commander in the Ranch Hand Defoliation Squadron. He was going to fly C-123 cargo planes. Colonel Dresser left for Vietnam in November of 1965 and returned to the United States November 1966. In 1968 he volunteered to go back to Vietnam with an A-37 squadron as an operations officer and he also served as an advisor to a Vietnamese fi... (more
    • Link to Dresser Audio Link to Dresser Transcript
  • Interview with Eli Haggins (22 June 2002)
  • Interview with Jack Keith (24 October 2002)
    • Item #: OH0231
    • Length: 03:48:15 hr/min/sec
    •  (USAF) Jack L. Keith, originally from Muskegon, Michigan served in the U.S. Air Force from 1943 until 1973. As a fighter pilot, he was stationed at many different bases around the United States and overseas during his career, including time at Kessler Field, Maxwell Field/AFB, Andrews Field, Homestead AFB, Langley AFB, Naha AB, Okinawa, Kimpo and Suwon ABs, Republic of Korea, Erding AS, Munich, G... (more
    • Link to Keith Audio Part 1 Link to Keith Audio Part 2 Link to Link to Keith's original transcript part1 Link to Link to Keith's original transcript part2 Link to Link to Keith's (narrator) rewritten transcript part1
  • Interview with David Harp (08 November 2002)
    • Item #: OH0236
    • Length: 02:18:24 min/sec
    •  (USAF) David M. Harp, originally from Ashburn, Georgia served in the U.S. Air Force from 1951 until 1971. He flew C-46s out of Japan during the Korean War and, in 1959, flew 145 combat spy missions over Korea as an Intelligence Operations Officer. In 1961, David took part in Project HILO-HATTIE, flying 76 secret intelligence-gathering missions over Southeast Asia. In 1968, he was sent to South V... (more
    • Link to Harp Audio Link to Harp Transcript
  • Interview with Larry Wasserman (02 December 2002)
    • Item #: OH0245
    • Length: 02:36:47 min/sec
    •  (USAF) Larry Wasserman, originally from Chicago, Illinois served in the U.S. Air Force for ten years from 1966 until 1976. He did his basic training at Lackland AFB and his advanced training at Sheppard AFB, both in Texas. Larry was in Vietnam from July 1967 until July 1968 and served with the 12th Air Commando Squadron based at Bien Hoa. He was a mechanic for C-123s which took part in Operatio... (more
    • Link to Wasserman Audio Link to Wasserman Transcript
  • Interview with Don Timmer
    • Item #: OH0254
    • Length: 02:11:48 min/sec
    •  (USN, USAF) Don R. Timmer, originally from Tipp City, Ohio served in the U.S. Air Force. After graduating from the U.S. Naval Academy in 1958, Don worked as a supply officer in Amarillo (Texas) and at McDill AFB (Florida) before undergoing flight training as a Navigator at Harlingen AFB. In August 1967, after six years at Lockborne AFB as a navigator in KC-97 and KC-135s doing airborne refuelli... (more
    • Link to Timmer Audio Link to Timmer Transcript
  • Interview with Ben Van Etten
    • Item #: OH0259
    • Length: 8:15:86 min/sec
    •  (USA) Ben Van Etten served with the United States Army in Vietnam from 1965 to 1966. After returning to the US and working at Fort Wolters as a helicopter instructor pilot, he went to work for Air America in 1968. He served in Thailand and Laos from 1968 until 1972 flying the H-34. Interview conducted by Stephen Maxner. (open complete record
    • Link to Van Etten Audio Part 1 Link to Van Etten Audio Part 2 Link to Van Etten Audio Part 3 Link to Van Etten Audio Part 4 Link to Van Etten Transcript Part 1 Link to Van Etten Transcript Part 2 Link to Van Etten Transcript Part 3 Link to Van Etten Transcript Part 4
  • Interview with Charles Hubbs
    • Item #: OH0260
    • Length: 02:26:41 min/sec
    •  (USAF) Charles H. Hubbs, originally from New York, New York and Belford, New Jersey, served in the U.S. Air Force from 1950 until 1976. He went to Vietnam in 1966 and served as C Flight Commander in the 12th Special Operations Squadron which later became the 12th Air Commando Squadron based out of Da Nang. Charlie flew 411 combat spray missions as part of Operation RANCH HAND before he complete... (more
    • Link to Hubbs Audio Link to Hubbs Transcript
  • Interview with Robert Turk
    • Item #: OH0266
    • Length: 01:54:15 min/sec
    •  (USAF) Robert A. Turk, originally from Binghamton, New York served in the U.S. Air Force from 1967 until 1988. He was in Vietnam from March 1969 until March 1970 as a member of the 12th Special Operations Squadron based at Bien Hoa and Da Nang. Robert flew 274 missions as co-pilot in UC-123ks as part of Operation RANCH HAND. Interview conducted by Richard B. Verrone, Ph.D. (open complete record
    • Link to Turk Audio Link to Turk Transcript
  • Interview with Allen Trott, Jr.
    • Item #: OH0272
    • length not listed
    •  (USAF) Allen L. "Buck" Trott, Jr., originally from Washington, D.C. served in the U.S. Air Force from 1953 until 1980 and retired a Colonel. Buck served briefly in the U.S. Coast Guard before completeing his B.A. at the University of Maryland. After graduation, he joined the Air Force in 1953 and was stationed at various places around the United States and Europe, including a number of years in ... (more
    • Link to Trott Audio Part 1 Link to Trott Audio Part 2 Link to TrottTranscript
  • Interview with Robert Fischer
    • Item #: OH0280
    • length not listed
    •  (USAF) Robert H. Fischer, originally from Abington, Pennsylvania, served in the U.S. Air Force from 1960 until 1969. Between 1962 and 1965, based out of Tachikawa, Japan, he flew cargo missions in the C-124 around Southeast Asia, including missions into the Republic of South Vietnam. From 1965 until 1967, he flew C-141s out of Dover AFB all over the world, including stops in South Vietnam. Bob... (more
    • Link to Fischer Audio Link to Fischer Transcript
  • Interview with Richard Hamilton
    • Item #: OH0288
    • length not listed
    •  (USAF) Richard E. Hamilton, originally from Portland, Oregon served in the U.S. Air Force from 1956 until 1959 and from 1962 until 1988. He also served in the California Air National Guard from 1959 until 1962. Dick first went to Southeast Asia in 1965 TDY from MacDill AFB with the 47th Tactical Fighter Squadron (TFS) and was stationed at Ubon RTAB. There he served as the Squadron Scheduling Of... (more
    • Link to Hamliton Audio Part 1 Link to Hamliton Audio Part 2 Link to Hamliton Transcript
  • Interview with Michael McGregor (16 December 2003)
    • Item #: OH0329
    • Length: 7:10:34 hr/min/sec
    •  (USA) Michael McGregor was born in South Bend, Indiana, and graduated from Indiana University. He was drafted in 1966, and completed Basic Training at Fort Campbell and Advanced Training at Fort Sill. In September 1967 Mike arrived in Vietnam and was assigned to A Battery, 1/21st Artillery, First Cavalry Division. In this mobile direct field support battery, Mike served both as a Fire Direction... (more
    • Link to McGregor Audio Part 1 Link to McGregor Audio Part 2 Link to McGregor Audio Part 3 Link to McGregor Audio Part 4 Link to McGregor Transcript
  • Interview with Anthony LaRusso
    • Item #: OH0417
    • Length: 3:06:52 min/sec
    •  (USA) Tony LaRusso, originally from Buffalo, NY, served in the U.S. Army from 1962 until 1964 and in South Vietnam from April 1963 until April 1964. He was with the 330th Transportation Co. stationed in Vung Tau and repaired rotors on helicopters and propellers on fixed wing aircraft. (open complete record
    • Link to LaRusso Audio Link to LaRusso Transcript

Effect on Vegetation

  • Interview with Frank Stone, III (21 March 2001)
    • Item #: OH0150
    • Length: 03:24:50 hr/min/sec
    •  (USAF) Frank Stone served with the United States Air Force in Vietnam from October 1968 until October 1969. He served as an O-2 pilot and Night Forward Air Controller with the 19th and 20th TASS at Bien Hoa Air Base in South Vietnam. He helped direct fire from Spooky, Shadow, and Spectre gunships in III CTZ. (open complete record
    • Link to Stone Audio Link to Stone Transcript
  • Interview with Tom Esslinger (21 August 2003)
    • Item #: OH0333
    • Length: 5:23:15 hr/min/sec
    •  (USMC) John Thomas "Tom" Esslinger, originally from Ephrata, Pennsylvannia served in the U.S. Marine Corps from 1966 until 1970. Tom went to Vietnam in September 1967 and served with India Company and Mike Company, 3rd Battalion, 26th Marines, and operated out of Camp Evans. In December 1967, his unit was sent to Khe Sanh where it eventually occuppied Hill 881 South during the 77-day seige. Af... (more
    • Link to Esslinger Audio Part 1 Link to Esslinger Audio Part 2 Link to Esslinger Transcript